Fabrizio Gianni

Fabrizio Gianni
National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS · Section of Physical, Chemical and Biological Oceanography

PhD in Marine Ecology

About

27
Publications
12,892
Reads
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415
Citations
Citations since 2016
14 Research Items
363 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
Dr. Fabrizio Gianni has a postdoctoral position at the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics in Trieste, Italy. His main interests are focused on benthic species distribution, habitat mapping and modelling, Marine Protected Areas, marine conservation, ecological restoration and environmental education.
Additional affiliations
May 2018 - present
National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Research topic: development of a habitat suitability model of marine plants in the Gulf of Trieste and evaluation of impacts causing their regression. Supervisor: Dr Bandelj V.
September 2016 - September 2016
Italian Institute for the Environmental Research (ISPRA)
Position
  • Voluntary collaborator
Description
  • Research topic: assessment of large-scale changes in abundance and distribution of fish species related to climate change by fishers’ knowledge questionnaires.Supervisor: Dr Azzurro E.
September 2015 - August 2016
University of Nice Sophia Antipolis
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Lectures and practical classes of marine biology, phycology, statistics to Bachelor's and Master's students.

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
Implementing effective marine monitoring to detect and track ecosystem shifts, biodiversity alteration, and habitat loss is one of the most crucial challenges to meet the objectives set out by the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework and by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The lack of coordinated and harmonized monitoring frameworks at...
Article
Full-text available
Connectivity is a fundamental ecological property affecting stability, resilience and recovery of marine populations, in particular in networks of patchy habitats as the Mesophotic Biogenic Habitats of the Northern Adriatic Sea. Specific information on the dispersal behaviour of many species living in these habitats is lacking, thus the connectivit...
Article
Full-text available
The role of herbivorous fish in threatening marine forests of temperate seas has been generally overlooked. Only recently, the scientific community has highlighted that high fish herbivory can lead to regime shifts from canopy‐forming algae to less complex turf communities. Here, we present an innovative herbivorous Fish Deterrent device (DeFish),...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change and biological invasions are rapidly reshuffling species distribution, restructuring the biological communities of many ecosystems worldwide. Tracking these transformations in the marine environment is crucial, but our understanding of climate change effects and invasive species dynamics is often hampered by the practical challenge o...
Article
Coastal areas have been transformed worldwide by urbanization, so that artificial structures are now widespread. Current coastal development locally depletes many native marine species, while offering limited possibilities for their expansion. Eco-engineering interventions intend to identify ways to facilitate the presence of focal species and thei...
Article
Full-text available
Canopy-forming algae are declining globally due to multiple disturbances. This decline has recently been on the increase due to the spread of some tropical herbivorous fishes. This new phenomenon has drawn attention to the effects of fish herbivory in temperate areas, which have been assumed to be negligible compared to that of invertebrates, such...
Article
Macroalgae is one of the Biological Quality Elements (BQE) used by several indexes conceived in the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) for the assessment of the Ecological status of coastal water bodies. Among them, CARLIT index, based on the cartography of rocky-shore littoral communities, has been extensively and successfully applied in the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to the emergent phenomenon of the toxic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis ovata, public awareness on benthic microalgae increased in the Mediterranean over the past decades. Forming dense blooms close to public beaches, this toxic species can affect human health by direct intoxications, e.g. over aerosols and skin contact. Leading to first incidents re...
Thesis
Loss of marine forests of large brown seaweeds has been observed in recent decades, causing a reduction of ecosystem biodiversity. In the framework of the MMMPA project, this PhD aimed to address some important topics related to the conservation and restoration of algal forests, the role of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and fish herbivory. Differen...
Technical Report
Full-text available
With the aim to address some of the complex needs of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) management, the results of the “Monitoring Mediterranean Marine Protected Area” project (MMMPA) are here synthesized in a series of timely and original guidelines.
Article
Full-text available
Background. Life stage transitions (e.g., settlement and recruitment), characterized by high mortality rates, act as selective bottlenecks for fi shes with a bipartite life cycle. Mortality at these stages is usually selective and potentially affected by larval history. This process is refl ected in an inconsistency in larval traits' distribution b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Mediterranean Sea, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are nearly 700, covering approximately 5% of the sea surface, but merely 0.1% of the Mediterranean's total surface is included in no-take zones. Mediterranean MPAs are often established according to political or socioeconomic criteria more than nature conservation aspects, and only less than h...
Article
Five biometric parameters (shell height, shell length, nacreous height, nacreous width and hinge length) were measured for two populations of Pinctada radiata (Leach, 1814) within shallow coastal waters of the Maltese Islands, in the central Mediterranean Sea, as part of a demographic study of the species. In terms of shell height, both populations...
Article
Full-text available
Cystoseira species are some of the most important marine ecosystem-engineers, forming extended canopies comparable to land forests. Such forests are sensitive to human disturbances, like the decrease in water quality, the coastal development and the outbreak of herbivores. Conspicuous historical declines have been reported in many regions and sever...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study gives a first molecular insight into the genetic structure of Pinctada radiata by analysing a mitochondrial DNA marker in four South-Central Mediterranean populations of this lessepsian bivalve. Specimens were collected from four central Mediterranean locations. Six polymorphic sites were found, defining seven haplotypes. Haplotype and n...
Article
Full-text available
It is estimated that sandy beaches cover only 2.2 per cent of the Maltese coastline. Although small in size, Maltese pocket beaches exhibit complex geomorphological interactions. A granulometric analysis of Maltese beach deposits may thus shed further light on the understanding of these interactive processes and provide baseline information on how...
Article
Nine coastal water bodies off the Maltese Islands (Central Mediterranean) were identified within the Water Framework Directive. The degree of spatial and seasonal variability in the ocean colour chlorophyll-a values (monthly re-analysed values originating from MODIS, MERIS and SeaWiFS sensors available from the MyOcean Marine Core Service) for thes...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
It is a Marie Curie Initial Training Network (Call FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN), funded by the European Commission within the 7th Framework Programme and has started on January 1, 2012. MMMPA aims to train the next generation of MPA scientists and managers, equipping them with a flexible set of skills essential within a wide range of professional environments, including public administration, local authorities, industry and academia. They will focus on the most important aspects that need adequate conservation. In particular, researchers will maturate the experience to: identify species listed in the Barcelona Convention (Protocol ASPIM, Annex II); monitor their distribution and health state; follow adequate experimental designs; evidence spill-over effects; develop fishery management at the local level, develop management guidelines, engage with stakeholders and the society at large. These experiences will stem from a highly interdisciplinary network, leading in taxonomy, ecology, biology conservation, bio-cartography, and socio-economy. Furthermore, they will be trained in a range of soft skills including science communication/outreach, as it is essential at the delicate interface between science, the management of natural assets and the public at large. Training and hands-on experiences will be delivered by a strong network of world-class experts in MPA management which will provide a highly focused learning environment. The consortium includes 7 Full (5 Universities, 1 Research centre, 1 SME) and 6 Associated partners (5MPAs, 2 SMEs), and will recruit 10 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) and 4 Experienced Researchers (ERs). Both Full and Associated partners have strong collaborative links with other (MPAs) scientists, professionals and managers and are, therefore, well placed to deliver a comprehensive training network. The planned rotation will expose ESR/ERs to each partner, enhancing intersectoral exchanges and strengthening the Mediterranean Research Area by developing an exciting programme that is attractive to the global research community. http://www.mmmpa.eu/