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In recent decades, the food cultures of the Pacific populations have undergone a profound transition, particularly because the increasing trade exchanges with Western countries have facilitated access to a wide range of processed foods. Essentially, a new normative model of eating is now taking the place of the traditional models. The aims of this...
Background: Food consumption, sleep duration and overweight were assessed in rural and urban Melanesian adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 312 rural and 104 urban adolescents (11-16 years old) was conducted. Food intakes were assessed by a 26-item food frequency questionnaire and then categorised into the number of serves from eac...
Objectives: In recent decades, food cultures of the Pacific populations have undergone a sharp transition, particularly caused by the fact that trade exchanges with western countries facilitate access to a wide range of processed foods. This already has a major incidence on chronic diseases in the next decades since today 35% of 11-16 years old New...
Atelier Biodiversité en Océanie, Nouméa, NCL, 24-/06/2019 - 25/06/2019 https://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010078411
Workshop Biodiversity in Oceania, Nouméa, NCL, 24-/06/2019 - 25/06/2019
Being resilient in the face of our vulnerabilities (socio-economic transition AND climate change) requires a better understanding of how we can adapt in a “sustainable” way. A Western model of action and thought has been proposed in many fields (education, health, economy, etc.) and is now part of the history of Pacific island societies. “Indigenous knowledge and practices” (knowledge, know-how, interpersonal skills, orality, stories, community, educational, health, economic, social, linguistic practices, etc.) are subjects of research which may have an impact in the resilience of Pacific island populations and meet challenges of improving health and well-being and societal development in a context of high vulnerabilities in the Pacific island (Vanuatu and New Caledonia)
The goal is to promote and revitalise family agriculture to improve the health of Pacific populations and ensure food security in the context of rapid social and economic transformations and climate change, which effect are particularity harmful to Pacific islands.
The Melanesian and Polynesian populations living in New Caledonia have a high prevalence of overweight and obesity. However, little is known about the factors associated with this heightened risk of overweight in these Pacific populations. Previous studies have examined the Pacific islanders separately because they often lived in very different areas. However, New Caledonia today has a highly diverse population: high and low income, rural and urban, and a range of ethnic groups with substantial cultural differences. We think that New Caledonia can be considered as 'open laboratory', with all the diversity of the Pacific region living on one island.