Fabrice Trovero

Fabrice Trovero

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49
Publications
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Publications

Publications (49)
Poster
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The intake of a drug of abuse may result from two phenomena: the search of pleasure induced by the drug and the need to relieve withdrawal symptoms of this drug. The potency of mazindol, a potential treatment for ADHD, to reduce heroin addiction was examined by using two tests which account for these two phenomena, which are the main components of...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction and Objectives: The enhanced response to a stimulus after repeated exposure is termed sensitization. Most of addictive drugs are known to induce behavioral sensitization (e.g. locomotor activity) and cross sensitization with other drugs of abuse 1,2,3. The aim of the present study was to examine whether repeated administrations of (R,...
Article
Background: Protein Kinase C theta (PKC-θ), a serine/threonine kinase is involved in T helper 2 (Th2) cell activation and proliferation. Innate lymphoid cells 2 (ILC2) resemble Th2 cells; produce the Th2 cytokines IL-5 and IL-13, but lack antigen specific receptors. The mechanism by which PKC-θ drives innate immune cells to instruct Th2 responses...
Article
Full-text available
Alcohol-dependence is a chronic disease with a dramatic and expensive social impact. Previous studies have indicated that the blockade of two monoaminergic receptors, α1b-adrenergic and 5-HT2A, could inhibit the development of behavioral sensitization to drugs of abuse, a hallmark of drug-seeking and drug-taking behaviors in rodents. Here, in order...
Article
The validity of spontaneous hypertensive rat (SHR) as a model of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been explored by comparing SHR with Wistar rats in a test of attention, the two-choice visual discrimination task (2-CVDT). Animals were 4-5 weeks old during the training phase of the experiment and 6-7 weeks old during the testing p...
Article
Full-text available
The cysteine protease caspase-1 (Casp-1) contributes to innate immunity through the assembly of NLRP3, NLRC4, AIM2, and NLRP6 inflammasomes. Here we asked whether caspase-1 activation plays a regulatory role in house dust mite (HDM)-induced experimental allergic airway inflammation. We report enhanced airway inflammation in caspase-1-deficient mice...
Article
Full-text available
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is a complex multisystemic inherited disorder, which displays multiple debilitating neurological manifestations. Despite recent progress in the understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of myotonic dystrophy type 1 in skeletal muscle and heart, the pathways affected in the central nervous system are largely unknown. To a...
Article
Full-text available
Vesicular (v)- and target (t)-SNARE proteins assemble in SNARE complex to mediate membrane fusion. Tetanus neurotoxin-insensitive vesicular-associated membrane protein (TI-VAMP/VAMP7), a vesicular SNARE expressed in several cell types including neurons, was previously shown to play a major role in exocytosis involved in neurite growth in cultured n...
Poster
Full-text available
Results The number of choices for the large-but-delayed reward was increased by mazindol (1-10 mg/kg), modafinil (64 mg/kg) and BLK-032 (64-256 mg/kg) but was not significantly altered by BLK-030 (64, 128 mg/kg) nor by haloperidol (0.01-0.3 mg/kg). Effects of methylphenidate (Mph), d-amphetamine (D-Amphet), modafinil (Modaf) and haloperidol (Halo)...
Article
Impulsivity is a core symptom of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In the present study, we assessed the effects of two stimulants, methylphenidate and d-amphetamine and of two non stimulant noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors, atomoxetine and desipramine, on the tolerance to delay of reward, taken as an index of impulsivity, in juveni...
Article
Full-text available
Mental retardation in Down syndrome (DS), the most frequent trisomy in humans, varies from moderate to severe. Several studies both in human and based on mouse models identified some regions of human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) as linked to cognitive deficits. However, other intervals such as the telomeric region of Hsa21 may contribute to the DS phenoty...
Article
Engrailed1 is a developmental gene of the homeogene family that controls the survival of midbrain dopaminergic neurons throughout life. Since these neurons have been crucially implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD), transgenic mice lacking one En1 allele could be of particular interest for the development of an animal model for PD. We showed in En1...
Article
Impulsivity is a core symptom of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) is a strain commonly used as an animal model of ADHD. However, there is no clear evidence that psychostimulants, which are used for treatment of ADHD, reduce impulsivity in SHR. Because ADHD mainly affects children, it may be...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of various drugs which present antidepressant properties: selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs, fluoxetine), serotonin and noradrenaline-reuptake inhibitors (Desipramine) and phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDE, rolipram and tofisopam) on bone microarchitecture and biomechanical properties....
Article
Full-text available
Engrailed1 and Engrailed2 (En1 and En2) are two developmental genes of the homeogene family expressed in the developing midbrain. En1 and, to a lesser degree, En2 also are expressed in the adult substantia nigra (SN) and ventral tegmental area (VTA), two dopaminergic (DA) nuclei of the ventral midbrain. In an effort to study En1/2 adult functions,...
Article
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Article
The effect of a sulbutiamine chronic treatment on memory was studied in rats with a spatial delayed-non-match-to-sample (DNMTS) task in a radial maze and a two trial object recognition task. After completion of training in the DNMTS task, animals were subjected for 9 weeks to daily injections of either saline or sulbutiamine (12.5 or 25 mg/kg). Sul...
Article
Effects of unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) on anhedonic-like behaviour, physical state, body weight, learning and memory were investigated in three strains of mice. These strains were chosen among 11 strains that were tested in a first experiment for their sucrose consumption and preference for sucrose solutions of different concentrations...
Article
Hippocampal neuron survival/growth and gene expression have been examined after prenatal (in utero) exposure of rats to EGb 761, a leaf extract of Ginkgo biloba. Oral administration of EGb 761 (100 or 300 mg/kg/day) to pregnant dams for 5 days increased the number of hippocampal neurons (maintained in culture) of their fetuses, indicating a neurotr...
Article
Full-text available
Drugs of abuse, such as psychostimulants and opiates, are generally considered as exerting their locomotor and rewarding effects through an increased dopaminergic transmission in the nucleus accumbens. Noradrenergic transmission may also be implicated because most psychostimulants increase norepinephrine (NE) release, and numerous studies have indi...
Article
The role of α1-adrenergic transmission was tested on locomotor effects of acute or repeated morphine (5 mg/kg, i.p.) administration. Prazosin, an α1-adrenergic antagonist, administered 30 min before morphine, either systemically (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) or locally and bilaterally into the prefrontal cortex (200 pmol/side) reduced the stimulatory influence...
Article
Chronic treatment of rats by sulbutiamine induced no change in density of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and (+/-)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid receptors in the cingular cortex, but a significant decrease of the kainate binding sites, as measured by quantitative autoradiography. In the same treated animals, an increase of D...
Article
Pretreatment of rats with the extract of Ginkgo biloba termed EGb761 reduced the behavioral sensitization induced by successive D-amphetamine administrations (0.5 mg/kg) as estimated by increasing values of locomotor activity. EGb761 pretreatment also prevented the reduced density of [3H]dexamethasone binding sites in the dentate gyrus and the CA1...
Article
This study consists of two parts, first to compare the pharmacological profile of atropine and CEB-1957 substance toward muscarinic receptor subtypes. In various rat brain structures, binding properties were determined by competition experiments of [3H]pirenzepine, [3H]AF-DX 384, and [3H]4-DAMP in quantitative autoradiography of M1, M2, and M3 musc...
Article
The modulatory role of dopamine (DA) on the expression of mRNA encoding the large isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67), the biosynthesis enzyme of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), was examined in GABA neurons of two structures innervated by DA neurons originating from the ventral tegmental area (VTA): the medial frontal cortex (MFC) and th...
Article
To study the functional interrelations between the ascending dopaminergic (DA) systems, we have focused our attention on the regulation of one type of DA receptor, the D1 receptor, which is positively coupled to adenylate cyclase. The initial experiments revealed that the sensitivity of D1 receptors was not only regulated by afferent DA fibres but...
Article
Full-text available
As previously shown in vivo, noradrenergic and glutamatergic neurons can regulate the denervation supersensitivity of D1 dopaminergic (DA) receptors in the rat prefrontal cortex and striatum respectively. Therefore, the effects of methoxamine (an alpha 1-adrenergic agonist) and glutamate on the resensitization of D1 DA receptors were investigated i...
Article
The stimulation of cortical dopaminergic D1 receptors can counteract the increased locomotor activity evoked by D-amphetamine application in the nucleus accumbens (Vezina et al., Eur. J. Neurosci., 3, 1001-1007, 1991). Moreover, an alpha 1 antagonist, prazosin, prevents the locomotor hyperactivity induced by electrolytic lesions of the ventral tegm...
Article
As shown by autoradiography, peripheral injections of N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) induced a dose-dependent decrease of [3H]SCH 23390 and [3H]prazosin high-affinity binding sites in the rat prefrontal cortex. EEDQ showed similar efficacy in inactivating cortical and striatal dopamine (DA) D1 receptors, whereas prazosin-sens...
Article
As shown by autoradiography, peripheral injections of N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) induced a dose-dependent decrease of [3H]SCH 23390 and [3H]prazosin high-affinity binding sites in the rat prefrontal cortex. EEDQ showed similar efficacy in inactivating cortical and striatal dopamine (DA) D1 receptors, whereas prazosin-sens...
Article
On the basis of experiments made on striatal membranes, Leff and Creese [Molec. Pharmac. (1985)27, 184–192] have proposed that tritiated dopamine binds to a high-affinity agonist state of D1 dopamine receptors (D1h) which adopt this conformation when they are associated with the GTP-binding protein involved in the transduction process. Quantitative...
Article
Bilateral electrolytic lesions of the rat ventral tegmental area, a mesencephalic structure containing the cell bodies of ascending dopaminergic neurons, induce a behavioural syndrome characterized by a permanent locomotor hyperactivity. Acute intraperitoneal injections of prazosin, an alpha 1-adrenergic receptor antagonist, at a dose (0.5 mg/kg) w...
Article
The effects of the destruction of mixed dopamine/neurotensin (DA/NT) meso-cortical neurons were investigated by studying the development of denervation supersensitivity of DA (D1) and NT cortical post-synaptic binding sites using respectively [3H]SCH 23390 and [125I]NT as ligands. These neurons were destroyed bilaterally either by injection of 6-hy...
Article
Full-text available
Striosome- and matrix-enriched striatal zones were defined in coronal and sagittal brain sections of the rat, on the basis of 3H-naloxone binding to mu-opiate receptors (a striosome-specific marker). Then, using a new in vitro microsuperfusion device, the NMDA (50 microM)-evoked release of newly synthesized 3H-dopamine (3H-DA) was examined in these...
Article
Treatment of rat brain sections and of thalamic and striatal membranes with phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C (PIPLC), an enzyme known to hydrolyse only phosphatidylinositol and its derivatives, significantly alters the specific binding of μ- and δ-opioid ligands on their receptors. These results suggest that some opioid binding proteins are mem...
Article
Full-text available
: The contribution of dopamine (DA) afferents to the regulation of β-adrenergic receptor sensitivity (isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity) in the rat prefrontal cortex was investigated by comparing the effects of lesions affecting either both DA and noradrenaline (NA) or NA fibers alone. Bilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesions...
Article
In rat striatal slices, the autoradiographic analysis of [3H]naloxone binding allows one to define highly labelled patches corresponding to the striosomes and representing about 17% of the total striatal volume, surrounded by a poorly labelled zone, the matrix. Previous studies have shown that the density of these mu-opiate receptor binding sites i...
Article
Full-text available
A unilateral injection of 6-OHDA (6 microgram/1.5 microliter) was made into the fields of Forel in order to estimate the effects of the destruction of ascending dopaminergic (DA) pathways on the denervation supersensitivity of DA D1 receptors in the rat striatum. DA-sensitive adenylate cyclase activity was markedly enhanced in the anteromedian part...

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