Fabiola López Barrera

Fabiola López Barrera
Institute of Ecology INECOL | INECOL · Ecología Funcional

PhD Forest Ecology
Research Scientist INECOL

About

93
Publications
47,235
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
Fabiola López Barrera currently works at the Institute of Ecology INECOL. Fabiola does research in forest ecology and restoration. Their current project is ' Cloud Forest Restoration.'
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
Fundación Internacional para la Restauración de Ecosistemas (FIRE)
Position
  • Coordinadora de Formación de capacidades en Restauración Ecológica
Description
  • https://www.linkedin.com/groups/12006266
Education
October 1999 - February 2004
The University of Edinburgh
Field of study
  • forest ecology

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Full-text available
Compared to shade coffee plantations, sun-grown coffee is not considered very biodiversity-friendly, but little is known about how the management practices for this crop and landscape characteristics affect species diversity. Some predatory staphylinids (rove beetles) are important biological control agents in many agricultural systems, but have no...
Article
Full-text available
Old-growth forest loss drives the global biodiversity crisis. Nevertheless, this impact could be buffered by the increasing expansion of secondary (regenerating) forests, which can provide supplementary habitat for wildlife. We tested this hypothesis assessing the effect of old-growth and secondary forest cover on the abundance and immature-to-fema...
Article
Full-text available
El paisaje del bosque de niebla es muy dinámico y ha sido modificado por múltiples factores. Debido a su origen e historia natural y a las presiones antropogénicas, este paisaje se configura por mosaicos de vegetación con diferentes grados de perturbación, donde se requiere de diversas estrategias de intervención para recuperar la conectividad y la...
Article
Bracken (Pteridum arachnoideum) is an invasive fern species that slows or inhibits forest regeneration over vast areas worldwide, affecting biodiversity, ecosystem functions and productivity. To overcome arrested succession, effective restoration interventions are necessary. We examined the effects of planting pioneer shrubs on establishment succes...
Article
Restoration of tropical montane cloud forest landscapes is urgently required. Assisting the regeneration of endangered and shade tolerant tree species is essential for both the recovery of this vulnerable group and of ecological processes. However, there is limited species‐specific information regarding tree performance under different disturbance...
Research
Full-text available
Noviembre 2020-enero 2021 clavigero.iteso.mx 18 núm. Experiencias mexicanas en la restauración de ecosistemas Sociedades que restauran En México, alrededor de 48% del área cubierta por vegetación muestra cierto nivel de degradación y desertificación, lo que hace necesario un trabajo coordinado. 6 y 7 5 Foto: Marinés de la Peña HACIA LA RESTAURACIÓN...
Article
Litterfall is an indicator of ecosystem function and its temporal dynamics can be used to evaluate self-organizing ecosystems on a recovery trajectory following restoration. Few studies have evaluated the recovery trajectories of forest litterfall by simultaneously monitoring forest restoration strategies and reference ecosystems. The general objec...
Article
Tree regeneration of late-successional, animal-dispersed and/or timber species in restored forests is key to the recovery of ecological functions and interactions, as well as ecosystem services. We assessed whether active restoration is more effective than passive restoration at increasing the recovery of these groups in the tree seedling community...
Article
Tree planting is a common strategy for forest restoration. The use of mid-and late-successional species is less common, but could accelerate succession, enhance diversity and secure their presence. In this study, we determined the survival and growth of 559 saplings from nine native mid-and late-successional species after three years of growth unde...
Article
Full-text available
Planted forests contribute to maximizing timber production but their role as valuable habitat for diversity is of increasing concern, particularly in tropical montane cloud forest (TMCF) landscapes, which present extremely high diversity and endemism. We compared tree diversity, potential timber productivity and estimated net revenues in planted fo...
Article
Full-text available
Las actividades humanas ocasionan la destrucción de los ecosistemas y la restauración ecológica nos brinda la oportunidad de recuperar parte de la biodiversidad y servicios ambientales que estamos perdiendo. Veremos cómo la restauración del paisaje involucra acciones que se pueden realizar tanto en las ciudades, así como hasta en los sitios donde a...
Article
Full-text available
México es un país con un alto capital natural y cultural, sin embargo, en las últimas décadas, su alta biodiversidad se ha visto afectada por actividades de alto impacto como la ganadería, la agricultura, la urbanización y la minería. Esto ha generado consecuencias negativas en la provisión de los servicios de los ecosistemas de los cuales depende...
Article
Full-text available
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) are considered an important policy tool for promoting forest conservation and restoration. The effectiveness of PES programs is typically evaluated by their capacity to reduce deforestation within and around parcels receiving these payments. Larger, landscape-scale, impacts of these programs on processes such a...
Article
Bracken (Pteridum arachnoideum) is an invasive fern species that slows or inhibits forest regeneration over vast areas worldwide, affecting biodiversity, ecosystem functions and productivity. To overcome arrested succession, effective restoration interventions are necessary. We examined the effects of planting pioneer shrubs on estab- lishment succ...
Article
In tropical landscapes, forest remnants have been reduced to narrow strips of vegetation along rivers and streams surrounded by agricultural land that affects biodiversity, depending on the habitat and landscape characteristics. To assess the effect of riparian forest loss on the diversity of Staphylininae predatory rove beetles, we considered two...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical forest restoration initiatives are becoming more frequent worldwide in an effort to mitigate biodiversity loss and ecosystems degradation. However, there is little consensus on whether an active or a passive restoration strategy is more successful for recovering biodiversity because few studies make adequate comparisons. Furthermore, studi...
Article
Full-text available
La restauración del bosque de niebla es una tarea urgente. Para que los proyectos sean exitosos y lleven a la recuperación de la estructura, diversidad y función del ecosistema se requieren los siguientes pasos: el diagnóstico de la condición del sitio, la definición de las metas y objetivos, así como la selección de las estrategias y la planificac...
Article
Forest restoration may support recovery and conservation of biodiversity. However, the response of biodiversity to forest restoration is likely to vary depending on the restoration strategy used and taxa considered. Our goal was to assess the recovery of amphibians, a highly threatened biological group, in three cloud forests under different restor...
Poster
Full-text available
Tropical montane cloud forest is a priority ecosystem for restoration due to its high diversity and the provision of ecosystem services. We assessed the effectiveness of active (mixed plantation with native species) and passive (areas adjacent and non-adjacent to mature cloud forest) restoration strategies implemented in pastures with 21 years of e...
Article
Full-text available
Recent criticisms of, and financial limits on, payment for hydrologic services (PHS) programs suggest that rigorous, spatially explicit evaluations are urgently needed to improve their effectiveness in conserving forest cover and to justify payments. To evaluate the effectiveness of Mexico’s PHS programs in the Pixquiac and Gavilanes subwatersheds...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF) host high biodiversity and endemicity and are severely threatened by illegal selective logging, deforestation, fragmentation and climate change. The fragments of TMCF present high heterogeneity over short spatial intervals and a regional forest restoration approach must therefore incorporate seedling performanc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los árboles y arbustos nativos, fuera y dentro de los potreros, generan beneficios importantes para la productividad, la retención y mejora del suelo, el manejo del recurso agua, además proveen de hábitat y alimento a la fauna silvestre y no menos importante, conforman paisajes hermosos. Esta contribución presenta una breve revisión del concepto de...
Article
Cloud forest tree species are reported to be shifting and retracting their distributional ranges in response to increasing temperatures. However, there is limited information regarding the impact of increasing temperatures on the recruitment of cloud forest trees, a critical phase in population dynamics. Evaluating the establishment of introduced s...
Article
Full-text available
Publicado como ARTÍCULO en Agrociencia 52: 875-893. 2018. RESUMEN El monocultivo de la palma de aceite (Elaeis guineensis) muestra incremento en el mundo. Las plantaciones han impactado los paisajes tropicales por la disminución de la vegetación natural o el remplazo de otros cultivos. La expan-sión del cultivo de la palma de aceite en México aumen...
Article
Full-text available
Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) monocrop has increased worldwide. Plantations have had an impact on tropical landscapes decreasing natural vegetation or replacing other crops. The cultivation of oil palm in Mexico increased and this trend will likely continue. However, there are no documents about the regions where this crop has increased and its impa...
Article
Full-text available
Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) monocrop has increased worldwide. Plantations have had an impact on tropical landscapes decreasing natural vegetation or replacing other crops. The cultivation of oil palm in Mexico increased and this trend will likely continue. However, there are no documents about the regions where this crop has increased and its impa...
Article
Tropical montane cloud forest is a priority ecosystem for restoration due to the diversity and ecosystem services it provides and because it is under severe threat. Forest restoration can be achieved by active interventions and/ or natural regeneration (passive restoration). However, there has been little comparison of the effectiveness of active v...
Article
Among recovery strategies for secondary and degraded tropical forests, the introduction of tree species is one of the most commonly used. This is achieved particularly through the planting of nursery-grown seedlings (i.e. seedling introduction). Another less common technique, but one that could prove efficient, is sowing seeds (i.e. direct seeding)...
Article
Full-text available
La ecología de la restauración es una disciplina científica que a partir de la teoría ecológica desarrolla principios para guiar la práctica de la restauración de los ecosistemas. El objetivo de esta revisión es exponer una síntesis de la situación actual y las perspectivas de la ecología de la restauración en México, así como los retos de la inves...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical forest restoration is increasingly seen as an activity that may counteract or reduce biodiversity loss. However, few studies monitor fauna or consider measures of functional diversity to assess restoration success. We assessed the effect of a tropical montane forest restoration program on species and functional diversity, using amphibians...
Article
Full-text available
Cloud forests (CF) are highly diverse and severely threatened by deforestation, degradation, and climate change. Seedling transplantation of threatened and valuable tree species is a strategic technique that contributes to CF restoration; however, there is limited basic information regarding tree species functional traits and the microhabitat requi...
Article
Full-text available
Unplanned selective logging for charcoal and firewood is a common practice in tropical montane cloud forest (TMCF), a high priority ecosystem for biodiversity conservation at the global scale. However, limited information is available regarding the impact of such logging on forest regeneration. We evaluated the abundance and composition of tree reg...
Article
Full-text available
Riparian vegetation is a distinctive and ecologically important element of landscapes worldwide. However, the relative influence of the surrounding landscape on the conservation of the biodiversity of riparian remnants in human-modified tropical landscapes is poorly understood. We studied the surrounding landscape to evaluate its influence on leaf-...
Data
Results from spatial autocorrelation of the landscape predictors to examine whether the proximity in remnants or buffers of surrounding landscape influenced the regressions of generalized linear models (A and B) or multivariate distance-based linear models (C and D). (XLSX)
Data
Sampling completeness and alpha diversity of the leaf-litter ants associated with 12 remnants of riparian vegetation in central Veracruz, Mexico. The lower and upper 95% confidence intervals for each diversity measure are given in brackets. Numbers listed as abundance indicate the sum of all species occurrences per remnant during both dry and wet s...
Data
Rank-abundance curves of the leaf-litter ant assemblages associated with remnants of riparian vegetation in central Veracruz, Mexico. Only species with a relative abundance higher than 5% (above dashed line) in a given remnant are shown. Ant species are numbered in accordance with S2 Table. (TIF)
Data
Dendrograms from standard hierarchical clustering based on the Jaccard (0Dβ), Sørensen (1Dβ), and Morisita-Horn (2Dβ) similarity indices of the leaf-litter ant assemblages associated with remnants of riparian vegetation. The dendrogram displays with black continuous lines the divisions for which the SIMPROF test rejects the null hypothesis (where a...
Data
Landscape metrics for all twelve remnants of riparian vegetation in central Veracruz, Mexico. (XLSX)
Data
Leaf-litter ants collected in each remnant of riparian vegetation in the central mountainous region of Veracruz, Mexico. All species are sorted by subfamily and tribe. Number listed indicate the observed species occurrences in each site. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Ante la degradación, fragmentación y pérdida de los bosques a nivel global, existe la meta de la comunidad internacional de restaurar 150 millones de hectáreas de tierras degradadas y deforestadas para el año 2020. México ha manifestado su compromiso de iniciar la restauración en 8.5 millones de hectáreas para el año 2020, lo que supone enormes esf...
Article
Full-text available
Compared to enrichment planting techniques, direct seeding may represent a viable low-cost method to ensure the conservation and recovery of forest ecosystems. However, it is necessary to identify the environmental factors that affect seed germination and seedling establishment in order to improve the success of this technique. It has been suggeste...
Article
Full-text available
Germination and emergence of the endangered cloud forest oak species Quercus germana, Q. insignis, Q. sartorii and Q. xalapensis were observed under different light conditions (sun vs. shade) in a secondary forest fragment (SFF) and in a greenhouse (GRE). Seed weight variability was evaluated for each species and its relationship to germination and...
Chapter
Full-text available
The ongoing degradation, fragmentation and loss of natural forests, makes management activities for ecological restoration a priority. To recover the structure and function of these natural ecosystems, basic scientific knowledge is needed urgently. Minimal restoration intervention (passive restoration) aims to halt anthropogenic disturbance and to...
Chapter
Wetlands provide numerous environmental goods and services, and in the tropics they are used to raise cattle. The introduction of African forage species tolerant to flooding has had a negative impact on wetlands. In 2007 a project to restore a " popal " , a freshwater herbaceous broadleaf wetland, was conducted. This wetland had been invaded by the...
Article
Full-text available
Soil seed banks may contribute to forest recovery, but the presence of exotic grasses may represent a constraint for the natural regeneration process. This study aims to evaluate the composition of seed banks in three successional stages of the lower montane peri-urban forest in Veracruz, Mexico, and experimentally determine the role of an exotic g...
Article
Acorn removal and predation are processes that can influence forest dynamics and the ecological niche segregation of sympatric oak species. Different factors affect these processes, including differences in acorn germination rate and exposure to predators and/or dispersers. This study evaluated acorn removal and predation patterns in three threaten...
Article
Full-text available
La mayor amenaza al bosque mesófilo de montaña en los alrededores de Xalapa, Veracruz, es la conversión a asentamientos humanos y urbanización, por lo que la restauración ecológica de este bosque en áreas periurbanas representa una acción decisiva para la recuperación y reconexión de áreas verdes y remanentes de bosque. En este artículo se describe...
Article
Full-text available
Riparian remnants are linear strips of vegetation immediately adjacent to rivers that may act as refuges for biodiversity, depending on their habitat quality. In this study, we evaluated the role of riparian remnants in contributing to the diversity of leaf-litter ants by determining the relationship between ant diversity and several riparian habit...
Chapter
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Riparian remnants are linear strips of vegetation immediately adjacent to rivers that may act as a biodiversity refuge depending on the habitat quality. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between richness of leaf-litter ant assemblages and the height and cover of the canopy of the remnants of riparian vegetation in Verac...
Article
Full-text available
The greatest threat to the cloud forest around Xalapa, Veracruz, is the conversion to human settlements and urbanization, therefore ecological restoration of this forest in peri-urban areas represents a decisive action for recovery and reconnection of green areas and forest remnants. This article describes the initial ecological conditions or basel...
Article
Quercus insignis has some of the largest acorns of any oak in the world and according to current red lists is considered critically endangered in Mexico and near threatened in Guatemala and Panama. In spite of this there have been no studies of its regeneration ecology with the aim of implementing species recovery plans. In this study, one-year-old...
Article
Full-text available
Of the most common types of land use, agroecosystems put enormous pressure on many groups of biological organisms. Amphibians are not the exception and here we show the value of these habitats to the conservation of this group. We evaluated the diversity of amphibians in coffee plantations (traditional and specialized shade) and also in fragments o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Freshwater wetlands are highly productive natural ecosystems that maintain high biodiversity and provide a wide range of environmental services. In spite of their importance, these ecosystems have suffered severe disturbances owing to their destruction and degradation as a result of a wide variety of human impacts. The integrity of freshwater wetla...
Article
Full-text available
Context. The processes of fragmentation, habitat loss, degradation and their combined effects are formidable threats to amphibian populations. Aims. We evaluate the effect of three land use-type variables and nine landscape matrix quality factors on amphibian presence in four coffee agro-ecosystems and two cloud-forest fragments in central Veracruz...
Article
Full-text available
Natural regeneration of tree populations is fundamental for the long-term maintenance of forest communities. Regeneration can be understood as a continuous cycle of ecological processes, such as pollination, seed development, seed dispersal and predation, germination and seedling establishment, among others. In the long term, the success and domina...
Article
Full-text available
Qué son los humedales? Cuando se habla de humedales lo primero que viene a la mente son los manglares, sistemas naturales do-minados por agua con mangles que presentan raíces espectaculares que sobresalen de la superficie del agua, semejando grandes zancos. Existen diferentes tipos de humedales y, a pesar de la variedad de sus atributos en todo el...
Article
Full-text available
Seed dispersal by birds may play a major role in the successful natural forest restoration process as birds can deposit pioneer and primary seeds species, thereby defining the recovery of plant community composition over time. In this study, seed ingestion and dispersion by frugivorous birds were analyzed as processes facilitating the restoration o...
Article
Full-text available
Seed dispersal by birds may play a major role in the successful natural forest restoration process as birds can deposit pioneer and primary seeds species, thereby defining the recovery of plant community composition over time. In this study, seed ingestion and dispersion by frugivorous birds were analyzed as processes facilitating the restoration o...
Article
Examining the potential for ecological restoration is important in areas where anthropogenic disturbance has degraded forest landscapes. However, the conditions under which restoration of degraded tropical dry forests (TDF) might be achieved in practice have not been determined in detail. In this study, we used LANDIS-II, a spatially explicit model...