Fabio Porru

Fabio Porru
Erasmus MC | Erasmus MC · Department of Public Health

Doctor of Medicine
I am applying a systems thinking approach in the field of social epidemiology to investigate early child development.

About

19
Publications
65,955
Reads
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331
Citations
Introduction
My research is focused on is on public mental health. While working on my PhD on the determinants of mental health with a life-course approach and from an occupational perspective, I am investigating the possibility to introduce screening strategies for mental disorders in high-risk groups.
Additional affiliations
October 2018 - December 2019
Erasmus MC
Position
  • Research Assistant
May 2018 - October 2018
Erasmus MC
Position
  • Research Intern
Description
  • I am working on many projects concerning mental health.
May 2018 - November 2020
Erasmus MC
Position
  • Research Intern
Education
July 2018 - April 2019
Erasmus MC
Field of study
  • Medicine
June 2017 - September 2017
February 2014 - September 2014
Wroclaw Medical University
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Objective: There are no validated instruments to measure education-related stress in Brazilian university students. Thus, we aimed to translate and test internal reliability, convergent/discriminant validity, and measurement equivalence of the Higher Education Stress Inventory (HESI). Methods: The translation protocol was carried out by two inde...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Since the COVID-19 pandemic began, there have been concerns related to the preparedness of healthcare workers (HCWs). This study aimed to describe the level of awareness and preparedness of hospital HCWs at the time of the first wave. Methods: This multinational, multicenter, cross-sectional survey was conducted among hospital HCWs fro...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Since the COVID-19 pandemic began, there have been concerns related to the preparedness of healthcare workers (HCWs). This study aimed to describe the level of awareness and preparedness of hospital HCWs at the time of the first wave. Methods: This multinational, multicenter, cross-sectional survey was conducted among hospital HCWs fro...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background Since the COVID-19 pandemic began, there have been concerns related to the prepared-ness of healthcare workers (HCWs). This study aimed to describe the level of awareness and preparedness of hospital HCWs at the time of the first wave. Methods This multinational, multicenter, cross-sectional survey was conducted among hospital...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mental health problems are highly prevalent among university students. Stress due to student life challenges may be a risk factor for poorer health. This study investigates to what extent student life challenges and changes therein are associated with mental health and self-rated health. Methods In a longitudinal study with 568 Italian...
Data
Supplementary file of the article "Associations of university student life challenges with mental health and self-rated health: A longitudinal study with 6 months follow-up", by Porru et al., 2021.
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are highly prevalent among university students. Stress due to student life challenges may be a risk factor for poorer health. This study investigates to what extent student life challenges and changes therein are associated with mental health and self-rated health. METHODS: In a longitudinal study with 568 Italia...
Article
Full-text available
About one year ago, we wrote about how the COVID-19 pandemic was unfolding worldwide and started to impact our personal and professional lives (1). Little did we know that, one year later, more than 2.5 million people would have died, with the highest death tolls in Europe, North America, and Latin America (2). Whereas in many countries, life expec...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Mental health problems are highly prevalent among university students, but little is known about their underlying determinants. This study explores mental health among university students, the association between “effort-reward imbalance” (ERI), overcommitment and mental health, and to what extent ERI and overcommitment explain gender d...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of the current study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the University Stress Scale (USS) among Italian medical students. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional observational study based on data from an online crosssectional survey from 11 to 23 December 2018. A total o...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Italy has one of the world’s oldest populations, and suffered one the highest death tolls from Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Older people with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), and in particular hypertension, are at higher risk of hospitalization and death for COVID-19. Whether hypertension medications may increase the risk for dea...
Article
Full-text available
We live in unprecedented modern times experiencing how an outbreak of a particular viral disease, COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, also commonly referred to as the Coronavirus, is disrupting societies and personal lives. The virus is likely to spread to most, if not all, countries, illustrating the interconnectedness of the world. At the time of wri...
Article
Full-text available
Background In the last decade academic stress and its mental health implications amongst university students has become a global topic. The use of valid and theoretically-grounded measures of academic stress in university settings is crucial. The aim of this study was to examine the factorial structure, reliability and measurement invariance of the...
Thesis
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: Mental disorders are a leading cause of health loss worldwide due to six features: (i) high prevalence, (ii) first onset typically early in life, (iii) often chronic or acute with high relapse rate, (iv) high disability index, (v) comorbidities, (vi) association with early mortality. During the last years, growing attention was given...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentazione in lingua italiana della tesi intitolata "Mental health among University students: the UniCares Project".
Article
Full-text available
Burnout has a long tradition of studies in the workplace and recently researchers suggested burnout is also rising among university students. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) is considered a valid measure of burnout. However, the student version of the MBI (MBI-SS) has received limited empirical support. The aim of this paper is to analyze the f...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Autism Spectrum Disorder is considered one of the most serious developmental disorders that affecting social interactions and communication. However, around 1 out of 160 children are diagnosed with Autism. Hypothesis suggest variety of genes play a role in the etiologic of this disorder. Previous trials tried to use Buspirone as a par...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mental health problems are a risk factor for loss of paid employment. This study investigates (i) the relation between depressive symptoms and different involuntary pathways of labour force exit and (ii) explores gender and geographical differences in this relation. Methods: The study population consisted of 5263 individuals in paid emp...

Questions

Questions (29)
Question
Dear colleagues,
I am looking for software for Systems mapping and Causal loop diagrams. It would be wonderful if any of you with experience in this could share some information.
Have you used any? Any advice or feedback? Pros and cons?
Thanks in advance,
Fabio
Question
Lately, I noticed a rising number of colleagues sharing their preprint. I did not realize this was even possible because I never saw people doing it. With the COVID19 crisis, it became more and more common.
I thought the idea was to share as soon as possible results which could be beneficial for a quicker response to COVID19. I liked the concept, but I also felt kind of doubtful: there is a reason if we adopted the peer-reviewed system and reject the publishing style of predatory journals.
Moreover, I start to see around also preprinting of articles about topics which are not demanding a quick response, as much as they need a good one.
I found that ScienceOpen describes Preprint as "a format to share early-stage results with a larger community for feedback, while retaining the right to publish formally in scholarly journal at a later date."
So, it seems a way to discuss as an open community, like used to be probably in the past before the rise of the public-or-perish way to do science. I wonder whether it is, really. If people actually gets feedbacks, like it would be in a face-to-face presentation, or simply get reads.
What is your idea about preprinting? And what is your experience?
Question
A few days ago a colleague of mine made me think about the impact the COVID19 crisis will have on cohort studies. Especially those focused on causes of mortality and the elderly will be deeply impacted by the number of deaths due to the pandemic.
Is this something manageable?
How big is this matter in your mind?
How can this be handled?
Question
Hi everybody!
About 6 months ago I started a data collection thought online questionnaires sent by email. I got almost 2000 people at baseline, with 60% who agreed to be contacted again for the follow-up (online questionnaire, about 10 minutes) in order to investigate associations over time.
In your mind, considering the size of the sample, the online recruitment, what should be the response rate needed I should concretely wish to get to have a "strong" dataset for my analysis?
Under which response rate I should quit the idea to use the longitudinal information?
Is there any?
I would love to hear your idea and your experience with this matter.
Thanks in advance for sharing!
Question
Hi everybody,
I running a data collection for an observational study (with follow up) among 50.000 students. I would like your opinion about the response rate. What response rate would be a sufficient one? What about a good one?
Thanks in advance!
Question
Hello everyone,
Nowadays there is much going on about LGBT+. Sensibility concerning gender and sexual orientation are on the ride. I would like to ask you how you deal with gender while collecting data through online questionnaire.
Are you asking biological gender at birth?
Are you giving as options male/female/other/not declare?
Are you giving as options male/female/not binary?
Can anyone suggest a better way?
And what about methodology? Are you including in the analysis? I recently collected a sample of around 5000 cases for a researc about mental health. Only about 20 claimed themselves as "else". How would you deal with it?
Excluding them from your analysis?
Including even if the sample is definitely not consistent enough?
Thanks in advance. Any input is very much welcome!
Question
Dear colleagues,
I have been struggling a lot about Ethic Committee. At the moment, I am working on observational studies and I would like to know if investigating suicidal ideation in a specific timeframe (in the last 12 months), and not "at the moment" would make necessary the approval by the Ethic Committee.
Does anyone know anything about it?
Thanks in advance!
Question
Hi everybody,
do you use any specific platform while seeking for grants? Can you advice any?
Thanks in advance
Question
I have been performing a regression using ad dependent variable an ordinal variable. I later realized I had to use an ordinal regression instead. Nevertheless, I wondered what could be the consequences of that mistake for my analysis. Anyone can explain me that?
Question
Hi everybody,
I am going to perform a mediation analysis using SPSS. My dependent variable is categorical, while the dependent one is a continuos one (a sum of score of different items with likert scale).
I have to investigate the possible effect of a few categorical variable as mediators. What is in your mind the best approach in order to do that on SPSS?
Thanks in advance,
Fabio

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The COVID-19 pandemic has deeply impacted our professional and personal lives. As a public health professional focused on occupational medicine and epidemiology, I have tried to contribute to the literature to this topic. In particular, I have worked on two editorials for the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, and I have coordinated the data collection on COVID-19 patients in Italian hospitals which were used in two studies.
Project
The WORKLONG project has 4 objectives: 1. Evaluation of policy measures to increase retirement age. 2. Impact of interventions to promote health on working life expectancy. 3. Impact of increasing the retirement age on health and health disparities. 4. Cost-effectiveness analysis of successful policies and interventions. More info on WORKLONG: http://www.worklong.eu/
Project
Our project aims to investigate the determinants of mental health among university students.