Fabio Massimo Petti

Fabio Massimo Petti
Museo delle Scienze, Trento, Italy | MTSN · Sezione di Geologia

Ph.D

About

100
Publications
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1,120
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Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza"

Publications

Publications (100)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the early 2000s, digital photogrammetry has become increasingly popular in ichnology. Such approach has enabled the digitisation of footprints and the objectivisation of data collected in the field. In particular, the opportunity to analyse the footprints through colour-coded images represents a powerful tool to highlight the morphological ch...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
More than 200 early-middle Cenomanian dinosaur tracks are preserved on three different horizons of a quarry near the municipality of Sezze, 70 km southeast of Rome. The ichnological analysis was performed by combining traditional methods and new tools, such as high-resolution digital photogrammetry and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The study...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Esperia tracksite, located 30 km south of Frosinone (central Italy), is characterised by about 80 dinosaur footprints, Aptian in age (Petti et al., 2008). Despite the strong slope, the surface was investigated using close-range and aerial photogrammetry, to obtain more accurate morphological details on the poorly preserved tracks. Due to the hi...
Article
Full-text available
We provide here the most complete census of the Italian Triassic tetrapod ichnosites ever published based on an extensive literature review, integrated with previously unpublished data. Most ichnosites are located in the Southern Alps but track-bearing localities are also described in the Western Alps, in Northern Apennines, Maritime Alps and in Sa...
Article
Full-text available
We provide a list of contribution by Italian scientists to tetrapod ichnology with papers on both material from Italy and abroad. Foreign author's contributions on tetrapod ichnology based on material from Italy are also considered. The list updates the previous one published by D'Orazi Porchetti et al. (2008) and, as a result, includes works from...
Article
The Permian-Triassic mass extinction (PTME, ca. 252 Mya) was one of the most severe biotic crises of the Phanerozoic, eliminating > 90% of marine and terrestrial species. This was followed by a long period of recovery in the Early and Middle Triassic which revolutionised the structure of both marine and terrestrial ecosystems, triggering the new ec...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports the state of the art of research on the Jurassic tetrapod footprints from Italy. Most dinosaur ichnosites are located in the Southern Alps (Northeastern Italy, Veneto, Trentino Alto-Adige) with the exception of Mattinata (Southern Italy, Gargano Promontory, Apulia) and the Burano River ichnosite (Central Italy, Central Apennine...
Article
Full-text available
The tetrapod footprints from the Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) of Italy come from the upper Moscovian San Giorgio Formation of Sardinia and the lower Gzhelian Corona Formation of the Carnian Alps. They include exclusively anamniote tracks: the ichnogenera Batrachichnus and Limnopus and tetrapod tracks indet. similar to Matthewichnus. The occurrence...
Article
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The Laurinswand section in the Rosengarten/Catinaccio Massif (Dolomites, Southern Alps, Italy) covers the Permian–Triassic boundary in a proximal marine setting. The section has been studied for palynology, ostracods and carbonate microfacies. Five microfacies types are defined for the carbonates of the Bellerophon Formation (Changhsingian) in this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Toarcian gravity flow deposits, referable to mass-transport deposits (MTDs), were identified in three key-sectors of the Reatini and Narnesi-Amerini Mts (Centrai Apennines). These calciclastics replace at different stratigraphic levels the Toarcian reddish clays and marls of the Rosso Ammonitico Fm, belonging to the Umbria-Marche-Sabina succession....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A three-year research project has been conducted to examine the Permian–Triassic boundary interval in various outcrops across the Southern and Eastern Alps and across different palaeoenvironmental settings with a multidisciplinary approach. The study area includes the Dolomites and Carnic Alps of Northern Italy (Southern Alps) and the Lienz Dolomit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Matera, in the UNESCO List since the 1993, as well as other villages such as Gravina, Ginosa and Massafra, is located along the western flank of the Apulia Foreland (Southern Italy) and developed on spectacular river valleys slopes (locally “gravine”), cut in Plio-Pleistocene carbonate rocks. Due to their exceptional exposure these rocks have been...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Toarcian calciclastic deposits made of pelagic carbonate elements embedded in other pelagic carbonates were identified in two key-sectors of the Umbria-Sabina Apennine: the Reatini and Narnesi-Amerini Mts. The studied outcrops pertain to basinal successions of the Umbria-Marche-Sabina type and, in particular, to the Rosso Ammonitico Fm of three dif...
Poster
Full-text available
In 1999, with the discovery of thousands of dinosaur footprints in an abandoned limestone quarry near Altamura (Murge area, southern Italy), the interest of the scientific community toward the dinosaur ichnological record in Apulia started, and in the following twenty years, several other dinosaur tracksites were discovered in the region (Nicosia e...
Article
This paper provides a guide to the field trip of the 2018 edition of the Paleodays, the annual congress of the Società Paleontologica Italiana (Trento, 6–8 June 2018), dedicated to the terrestrial ecosystems of the Dolomites between the late Permian and the Middle Triassic. It is structured into three stops (Fig. 1). We will first visit two outcrop...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate mapping and three-dimensional models are crucial for studying tracks and tracksites at different scales. The use of small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for mapping and three-dimensional modelling is becoming increasingly common, allowing the capture of high-resolution images comparable to those obtained by terrestrial laser scanners and...
Poster
Full-text available
Description of a Toarcian succession which shows usual terms of Monte Serrone Mars and Rosso Ammonitico, enriched by several and always different re-deposited and reworked layers. Biostratigraphy is based on ammonites found in autoctones layers. Several coeval or more ancient fossils have been found inside allochthonus layers.
Article
A new study of the ichnotaxonomy and palaeoecology of the Late Pennsylvanian San Giorgio Basin's trace fossils was carried out. The tetrapod tracks were attributed to Batrachichnus salamandroides and to indet. tracks with a possible small temnospondyl and/or lepospondyl affinity. The invertebrate trace fossils include locomotion traces (Diplichnite...
Article
Full-text available
Dinosaurs diversified in two steps during the Triassic. They originated about 245 Ma, during the recovery from the Permian-Triassic mass extinction, and then remained insignificant until they exploded in diversity and ecological importance during the Late Triassic. Hitherto, this Late Triassic explosion was poorly constrained and poorly dated. Here...
Article
In Italy, vertebrate ichnology developed rather recently, especially starting from the 70’s of the last century. However, fossil footprints from Italian continental successions were known since the 19th century. The first scientific note was published by Curioni (1870), after a short report on the same material by Geinitz (1869). Curioni described...
Article
For almost fifty years, the spirit and core values of the Italian Geological Society have been preserved with the help of a particular person: its historical General Secretary Achille Zuccari (1926-2015). In 2016, after long time, a general assembly of the scientific institution firstly took place without that bow-tie wearing gentleman and his inse...
Article
In XIX century, Italy represented an essential step for scientists aimed to study its most typical and significant geological sites. The result was the publication of a great number of papers dealing with the geological features of Italy in all the European languages. Among them, the German geologist Otto Hermann Wilhelm Abich was undoubtedly one t...
Article
Full-text available
The Permian-Triassic mass extinction (PTME) had an enormous impact on life in three ways: by substantially reducing diversity, by reshuffling the composition of ecosystems and by expelling life from the tropics following episodes of intense global warming. But was there really an 'equatorial tetrapod gap', and how long did it last? Here, we conside...
Article
Full-text available
The late Palaeozoic is a pivotal period for the evolution of terrestrial ecosystems. Generalised warming and aridification trends resulted in profound floral and faunal turnover as well as increased levels of endemism. The patchiness of well-preserved, late Permian terrestrial ecosystems, however, complicates attempts to reconstruct a coherent, glo...
Article
Full-text available
Nell'archivio del Servizio Geologico d'Italia - Biblioteca ISPRA sono state di recente ritrovate 24 carte geologiche acquerellate inedite del Kaiserlich Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt appartenenti alla serie cartografica Geologische Spezialkarte der Österreichisch-Ungarischen monarchie in scala 1:75.000. Queste mappe riguardano il settore n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Lopingian was characterised by an aridisation and substantial sea-level changes. Hence, the fossil record of this time interval is strongly affected by ecological and taphonomic factors inherent to these long-term processes. Integrated sedimentological and paleontological studies in the Bletterbach gorge (Dolomites, N-Italy) allow reconstructin...
Poster
Full-text available
Il MUST (Museo Universitario di Scienze della Terra) è il nuovo museo del Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, nato dalla fusione dei tre musei di Mineralogia, Geologia e Paleontologia. La nuova struttura museale è in fase di costruzione e occuperà gran parte degli spazi precedentemente occupati dai tre musei precedenti e includerà anche aree espos...
Article
Italian physicians have been interested in geology since the fifteenth century or earlier, with leading figures carrying out fundamental and enlightening studies in both fields of competence. Refined cultured men including Bernardino Ramazzini, Antonio Vallisneri, Tommaso Antonio Catullo, Carlo Gemmellaro, Leopoldo Pilla, Giuseppe Meneghini, Gaetan...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we provide an updated review of the tetrapod footprint association discovered in the Bletterbach Gorge (Southern Alps, NE Italy) from the ‘70s. We provide global-scale analysis integrating paleontological and climatic data highlight the importance of the Bletterbach ichnoassociation as key reference for low-latitude terrestrial ecosys...
Chapter
In the last three decades vertebrate ichnology went through a renaissance due the discovery of new tracksites and the application of rigorous analytic methods (e.g., synapomorphy analyses). This finally allowed full hypothesis testing and a better integration of vertebrate ichnology in paleobiologic, paleoecologic and paleobiogeographic studies. In...
Poster
During the “Sabato al Museo” (7 and 21 May 2016) and the European Night at the Museums (21 May 2016) events, organized by the “Polo museale Sapienza” (PmS - https://web.uniroma1.it/polomuseale/), the Italian Geological Society (SGI - http://www.socgeol.it/) designed and realized six laboratories for children. These were carried out in two of “Sapie...
Poster
Full-text available
During the “Sabato al Museo” (7 and 21 May 2016) and the European Night at the Museums (21 May 2016) events, organized by the “Polo museale Sapienza” (PmS - https://web.uniroma1.it/polomuseale/), the Italian Geological Society (SGI - http://www.socgeol.it/) designed and realized six laboratories for children. These were carried out in two of “Sapie...
Chapter
Full-text available
Immediately after the unification of Italy, in March 1861, due to the initiative of Quintino Sella, a project started with the aim of deepening the geological knowledge of the country through geological mapping. The Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Trade (MAIC) issued in July 1861 a Royal Decree setting up an Advisory Council for the rea-lizat...
Poster
Full-text available
The early geological studies of Libya were carried out by Rolland (1880) who made the first geological map. Nevertheless, Italian geologists have conducted pioneering studies, and accurately described the stratigraphical architecture of the country. Taramelli and Bellio (1890) published a volume devoted to the geography and geology of Africa, in wh...
Article
The Southern Alps represent one of the classical areas for the study of Late Paleozoic to Early Mesozoic stratigraphy. Spectacular outcrops allow exceptional insights into the genesis of the Permian continental-marine succession, Middle-Upper Triassic carbonate platforms and Jurassic shallow-marine to coastal successions. This area played an import...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To date a number of dinosaur tracksites have been discovered within the Mesozoic shallow marine deposits of the Apulia Carbonate Platform, spanning from the ?Tithonian to the lower Santonian. In a disused quarry near the town of Molfetta (central Apulia, southern Italy), a new diverse ichnoassemblage is exceptionally well exposed at the top of a ci...
Article
Full-text available
At war with the eagles " represents the first national event organized by the History of Geosciences Section, established in 2012 by the Italian Geological Society in order to recover and endorse the national geological culture. A century after the Italian intervention in the First World War, the meeting focuses on the role of geologists and cartog...
Article
Full-text available
In the Archive of the Geological Survey of Italy-ISPRA Library, 24 hand-colored and unpublished geological maps of the KKGR Geologische Spezialkarte were recently discovered. These maps cover the NE sector of Italy and concern the territories annexed by Italy at the end of the First World War. The comparative analysis carried out with the Austrian...
Article
Full-text available
At war with the eagles represents the first national event organized by the History of Geosciences Section, established in 2012 by the Italian Geological Society in order to recover and endorse the national geological culture. A century after the Italian intervention in the First World War, the meeting focuses on the role of geologists and cartogra...
Article
Full-text available
We present a holistic approach to the study of early archosauriform evolution by integrating body and track records. The ichnological record supports a Late Permian–Early Triassic radiation of archosauriforms not well documented by skeletal material, and new footprints from the Upper Permian of the southern Alps (Italy) provide evidence for a diver...
Poster
Full-text available
After a long ‘epistemological sleep’ of almost two centuries, a renewed interest is finally focusing the pivotal role of Italian scientists in the early development of Earth Sciences. Study after study, the key contribution of prominent pre-unitarian Italian scientists from Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519), to Giovanni Battista Brocchi (1772-1826) has...
Article
Full-text available
We report the discovery of two large tridactyl footprints from the late Carnian (Tuvalian) of the Southern Alps (NE Italy). The tracks can be confidently attributed to a dinosaur trackmaker with an estimated body length of about 5 meters. These specimens are part of a diverse ichnofauna testifying to the coexistence of large and small dinosaurs, di...
Article
Full-text available
We review the Triassic record of terrestrial plants and animals from the Southern Alps at more than 60 sites. The Triassic tetrapod track record seems to mirror the global body fossil record of diapsids (with the exception of the Olenekian record), but is almost completely devoid of synapsids and amphibians. During the Bithynian-Pelsonian interval...
Chapter
The sediments that outcrop in the Sant'Angelo Romano area are rich in fossils. Worthy of mention are the Mesozoic fossils, such as ammonites, bivalves, gastropods and brachiopods. There are several species that have been established right on specimens found in this area.
Article
Three dinosaur footprints were found, preserved as natural casts, on the roof of a First World War tunnel in the Pasubio Massif (Trentino Alto-Adige, northeastern Italy). The Austro-Hungarian Army used the tunnel until 1918, presumably to connect the front-with the back line. The tracks are tridactyl, two of which are organized in a trackway, and p...