Fabio Fratini

Fabio Fratini
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Heritage Science

About

40
Publications
16,420
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255
Citations
Citations since 2017
24 Research Items
201 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
Over the years, people’s interest in protecting the natural environment and its resources has increased significantly. In this context, natural parks have become a new tourist destination, which has grown exponentially in recent decades and developed into mass tourism. This made it necessary to realize adequate infrastructures (roads, accommodation...
Conference Paper
This paper focuses on the analysis of buildings used for tobacco processing, built in the first half of the 20th century in Tuscany (province of Arezzo), by studying construction techniques, materials, and preservation issues. Since the 16th century, in Tuscany, the sites involved in the cultivation of tobacco are both the upper Val Tiberina and Va...
Conference Paper
One of the characteristic features of villages and towns is the paths that run through them. These often bear the traces of an ancient culture, which is manifested both in the materials used and in the construction and maintenance practices implemented in different territories. Rediscovering these traces is essential to understanding and safeguardi...
Article
Full-text available
In Tuscany, the vernacular architecture of the countryside between Siena and Florence (Chianti territory), and the monumental architecture of towns such as Prato and Pistoia together with the surrounding villages, extensively used a local limestone, the Pietra Alberese. It is a grey marly limestone, very resistant to decay, which takes on a whitish...
Book
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Villages et quartiers à risque d’abandon sont aujourd’hui une problématique commune à des nombreuses régions de la Méditerranée, considérée comme un point stratégique dans les nouvelles politiques européennes. L’abandon progressif des zones internes est une constante dans les pays caractérisés par le sous-développement économique, avec les phénomèn...
Article
The serpentinite is a metamorphic rock with a particular texture and colour ranging from light to dark green that was used in the Middle Ages architecture of Eastern Liguria and Central Tuscany as an element of embellishment of high value. This value was in relation to its aesthetic aspect but also to the high processing cost due to its hardness, r...
Chapter
The archaeological survey of architectures, if supported by structural and diagnostic analyses, can offer the possibility of documenting and interpreting transformations undergone by buildings related to specific dynamics in response to destructive natural events occurring over time. This data, if correctly interpreted, can have significant repercu...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the advances in the use of optical and electronic microscope for study of the minero-petrographic and microchemical features of lime binders of ancient mortars are discussed for various case studies. Mortars belonging to several historic periods and with different functions in building structures and archaeological sites were selecte...
Article
Full-text available
The earthen architecture widely spread in many countries of Europe, America, Asia, Africa, testifies to a particular material and immaterial culture. Nevertheless, it is a fragile heritage, which needs continuous maintenance. To encourage the preservation of such evidence of building techniques, an experimental campaign aimed at the development and...
Article
Full-text available
The Pietra Alberese is a marly limestone belonging to the Ligurian series (Monte Morello Formation of Eocene age). It is a material rarely mentioned in the historical Florentine architecture because the Pietraforte, the stone of the Medieval Florence and the Pietra Serena, the stone of the Renaissance, were the main lithotypes commonly used in thos...
Article
In this paper, the unknown and peculiar construction technique employed in vernacular buildings of the Algerian region of Souf is addressed. Traditional architectures of this desert area are made of unusual building material, the Desert Rose stone. Also, typical buildings are covered with domes that outline a unique urban landscape included in the...
Article
Piedmont is characterized by the presence of numerous earthen buildings mainly concentrated in the province of Alessandria. Studies conducted over the last decade, however, have shown the presence of interesting examples of these buildings also in the provinces of Asti, Torino, Biella and Cuneo. They are generally two-storied rural constructions, b...
Article
The on-site assessment of the effectiveness and durability of conservation treatments have several drawbacks which have their origin in the demands of the owners (both from the aesthetical point of view and with the need to conclude the restoration as soon as possible), and in the requirements of the restorer related with the logistic of the yard a...
Article
An experimental approach in order to investigate the possibility that some Italian limestones were used for the production of Roman Cement is proposed. Three types of Pietra Alberese, a marly limestone used since Roman times for the production of “lime” in Tuscany (Italy), were selected. By burning of these stones, specimens of binders were realize...
Article
Full-text available
Widely spread in many countries, earthen architectures bear important and significant witness to knowledge, building techniques, and technological culture. The preservation of the earthen architectural heritage, as well as the use of this material in contemporary architecture, asks for the experimentation and the development of proper materials and...
Article
Fired bricks have been used for construction purposes in China for at least two thousand years. Since the mid-19th century the manufacture of bricks has shifted from an old to a new system. The unique Chinese blue brick has been gradually replaced by the European red brick and other modern products. This study focuses on Shanghai as a representativ...
Article
Full-text available
This paper shows the results of a multidisciplinary study carried out on the mortars from the Late Roman Villa dell’Oratorio (fourth-sixth ad), an aristocratic mansion built in the lower Valdarno (Florence, Italy). Thirty-one bedding mortar and plaster samples were analysed through optical microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray powder diffra...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents the results of a multianalytical study carried out through laboratory investigations on building materials of “Punta Troia Castle” in Marettimo Island (Sicily). The main aims of the work were to characterize the petrographic nature and to determine the geological provenance of the stone materials used to build the castle as well...
Article
The aim of this paper is to identify the mechanisms responsible for the chromatic alteration of Pietra Serena sandstone, the stone used in Florentine Renaissance architecture. This stone has a bluish-grey colour when fresh, but is often oxidized acquiring an ochre-brown or reddish colour on buildings. A mineralogical, chemical, petrographic and phy...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The territory of Southern Tuscany, on the Lazio border, is characterized by the presence of extensive pyroclastic deposits emplaced by the Latera Volcano (part of the Monti Vulsini volcanic district). The area displays a peculiar tabular morphology, which was incised by deep gorges; these latter are characterized by a particular microclimate able t...
Article
Aim of the present work is the characterization of mortars coming from religious, monumental and civil buildings significantly damaged by the 2009 earthquake in L’Aquila (Italy). The mortar characterization is performed in order to understand their characteristics (quality) in terms of raw materials, production and mix proportion. Moreover, in orde...
Article
Full-text available
The Vie Cave are a suggestive network of roads deeply entrenched in the rock, dating back to the Etruscan civilization; these ancient roads connect various settlements and necropolises existing mainly in the area of Sovana, Sorano and Pitigliano towns (Southern Tuscany, Italy). The Vie Cave are located in a peculiar geomorphological site, character...
Article
Full-text available
Portoro is one of the most famous Italian black limestones due to its characteristic golden-yellow veins on a black background. It was used since Roman times, mainly in the city of Luni. Since the Middle Ages, its use is widespread in Genoa, and from the XVII century, it became one of the most common stones in religious buildings throughout Italy....
Article
Full-text available
The Roman catacombs of St. Tecla, Domitilla and St. Mark, Marcellian and Damasus located south of the centre of Rome were extensively investigated in this research, to study the technology of lime-based mortars and techniques of mural painting used by the ancient fossori to execute the decorated surfaces. The integrated minero-petrographic and micr...
Article
Full-text available
In the historical center of Valencia (Spain), the brick facades of the civil and residential buildings which were built or modified in the end of the XVIII century and the beginning of the XX century, have been protected and decorated with continuous renderings. According to the constructive tradition, the renderings had to be made with lime mortar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper reports the results of an experimental investigation carried out in order to determinate the physical and mechanical properties of the earth material utilized in the Drâa valley (Morocco) for the building made of pisé and adobe. In Drâa valley, a millennial heritage of earthen buildings of great architectonic value (ksar and kasbah) is pr...
Article
Ion beam induced luminescence (IBIL) was applied, along with cathodoluminescence (CL), on seven samples of marbles of historic and architectural interest. The CL colours, observed in a cold cathode device, have been related to the IBIL spectra. Moreover, a detailed analysis of the IBIL spectral features has made it possible to disclose the influenc...
Article
Full-text available
In the Church of Santa Felicita in Florence, the old Chapter Hall represents one of the few rooms which survived to the suppression of the old Benedictine monastery. This chapel still hosts in their original position the XIV century frescos by Niccolò di Pietro Gerini representing The Crucifixion and Christ and the seven Virtues. In the XVII centur...

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Projects (2)
Project
(Re)discover heritage and improve the conservation