Fabio Cavaliere

Fabio Cavaliere
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea | UPV/EHU · Departamento de Neurociencias

About

51
Publications
6,822
Reads
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2,186
Citations
Citations since 2017
1 Research Item
684 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
Education
January 1998 - July 2002
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Field of study
  • neuroscience

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Synucleinopathies are a group of diseases characterized by the presence of intracellular protein aggregates containing α-synuclein (α-syn). While α-syn aggregates have been shown to induce multimodal cellular dysfunctions, uptake and transport mechanisms remain unclear. Using high-content imaging on cortical neurons and astrocytes, we here define t...
Article
We previously demonstrated that activation of ATP P2X receptors during oxygen and glucose deprivation inhibits neuroblast migration and in vitro neurogenesis from the subventricular zone (SVZ). Here, we have studied the effects of adenosine, the natural end-product of ATP hydrolysis, in modulating neurogenesis and gliogenesis from the SVZ. We provi...
Article
Full-text available
Neural regeneration resides in certain specific regions of adult CNS. Adult neurogenesis occurs throughout life, especially from the subgranular zone of hippocampus and the subventricular zone, and can be modulated in physiological and pathological conditions. Numerous techniques and animal models have been developed to demonstrate and observe neur...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular ATP, related nucleotides and adenosine are among the earliest signaling molecules, operating in virtually all tissues and cells. Through their specific receptors, namely purinergic P1 for nucleosides and P2 for nucleotides, they are involved in a wide array of physiological effects ranging from neurotransmission and muscle contraction...
Article
Full-text available
The role of P2X7 receptors and pannexin-1 channels in ischemic damage remains controversial. Here, we analyzed their contribution to postanoxic depolarization after ischemia in cultured neurons and in brain slices. We observed that pharmacological blockade of P2X7 receptors or pannexin-1 channels delayed the onset of postanoxic currents and reduced...
Article
Full-text available
Multipotent cells from the juvenile subventricular zone (SVZ) possess the ability to differentiate into new neural cells. Depending on local signals, SVZ can generate new neurons, astrocytes, or oligodendrocytes. We previously demonstrated that activation of NMDA receptors in SVZ progenitors increases the rate of oligodendrocyte differentiation. He...
Article
Full-text available
Background The ability to recreate an optimal cellular microenvironment is critical to understand neuronal behavior and functionality in vitro. An organized neural extracellular matrix (nECM) promotes neural cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. Here, we expanded previous observations on the ability of nECM to support in vitro neuronal...
Article
Neurotoxic effects of amyloid β peptides are mediated through deregulation of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and signaling, but relatively little is known about amyloid β modulation of Ca2+ homeostasis and its pathological influence on glia. Here, we found that amyloid β oligomers caused a cytoplasmic Ca2+ increase in cultured astrocytes, which was...
Article
Full-text available
1-42 β-Amyloid (Aβ(1-42)) peptide is a key molecule involved in the development of Alzheimer's disease. Some of its effects are manifested at the neuronal morphological level. These morphological changes involve loss of neurites due to cytoskeleton alterations. However, the mechanism of Aβ(1-42) peptide activation of the neurodegenerative program i...
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Topographical and biochemical characteristics of the substrate are critical for neuronal differentiation including axonal outgrowth and regeneration of neural circuits in vivo. Contact stimuli and signaling molecules allow neurons to develop and stabilize synaptic contacts. Here we present the development, characterization and functional validation...
Article
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We used multipotent stem cells (MSCs) derived from the young rat subventricular zone (SVZ) to study the effects of glutamate in oligodendrocyte maturation. Glutamate stimulated oligodendrocyte differentiation from SVZ-derived MSCs through the activation of specific N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits. The effect of glutamate and NMDA on o...
Article
Purinergic signalling in neurons and glia is relevant to acute and chronic neurological diseases. In particular, emerging evidence indicates that adenosine can play a neuromodulatory role in balancing GABA and glutamate neurotransmission and thus, have a tremendous therapeutic potential for the treatment of epilepsy. On the other hand, signalling v...
Article
Amyloid beta (Abeta) oligomers accumulate in brain tissue of Alzheimer disease patients and are related to pathogenesis. The precise mechanisms by which Abeta oligomers cause neurotoxicity remain unresolved. In this study, we investigated the role of ionotropic glutamate receptors on the intracellular Ca2+ overload caused by Abeta. Using rat cortic...
Article
Functional and reliable in vitro models of Parkinson's disease (PD) are valuable for studying mechanisms of dopaminergic degeneration before proceeding to animal testing. At present, all in vitro models involve substitute cell types and thus their direct relevance to PD is questionable. Here, we describe an organotypic culture model which conserves...
Data
Space-time parameters used in the simulations. (0.03 MB DOC)
Data
Ciliated cells in the SVZ of organotypic cultures. This organotypic culture at 10 DIV was recorded at 20× magnification with 190 frames of 10 milliseconds of delay, for a total length of 10 seconds. (4.28 MB MOV)
Data
Computer simulation of neuroblast migration in the absence of PPADS. The video illustrates a representation of neuroblast migration (by means of counted DCX cells) from the SVZ to the cortex during 120 hours after OGD. SVZ is represented at the bottom right and the cortex at the top left of the video. The density of neuroblasts is represented by a...
Data
Computer simulation of neuroblast migration in the presence of PPADS. The video shows a representation of neuroblast migration (represented in terms of counted DCX cells) from the SVZ to the cortex during 120 hours after OGD in the presence of 100 µM PPADS. The SVZ is represented at the bottom right, and the cortex at the top left of the video. The...
Data
Characterization of cortex/SVZ/striatum organotypic cultures: the SVZ. Organotypic cultures at 10 DIV were primed in culture with 20 µM BrdU and fixed 2 hours later. BrdU (which labels proliferating cells) is shown in green and DCX (a neuroblast marker) in red in the SVZ. Bars represent 100 µm and 50 µm. Abbreviations: cx, cortex; cc, corpus callos...
Data
Materials and methods for organotypic cultures and mathematical model. (0.14 MB DOC)
Data
Characterization of cortex/SVZ/striatum organotypic cultures: the cortex. Organotypic cultures at 10 DIV were infected with pLVTHM-GFP and pictures of the cortex were taken with 10× (A) and 63× (B) magnification. (C) 3D reconstruction performed by LSM1 software after Z stack acquisition. (0.10 MB TIF)
Data
Model domains: cortex (in red) and subventricular zone (in green). (0.04 MB TIF)
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Activation/inhibition modalities of ATP. A low concentration of ATP is represented on the left side of the curve (activation response, Aa) and a high concentration is on the right (inhibition response, Ai). (0.05 MB TIF)
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Pharmacodynamics of PPADS. (0.04 MB TIF)
Data
Constant parameters used in the simulations. Symbols c, t and s represent cells, time (in minutes), and spatial (in centimeters) unity, respectively. (0.09 MB DOC)
Article
Full-text available
We have developed a rat brain organotypic culture model, in which tissue slices contain cortex-subventricular zone-striatum regions, to model neuroblast activity in response to in vitro ischemia. Neuroblast activation has been described in terms of two main parameters, proliferation and migration from the subventricular zone into the injured cortex...
Article
In this work, we mainly used the organotypic model of rat hippocampus to demonstrate the protective role of the P2 receptor antagonist trinitrophenyl-adenosine-triphosphate (TNP-ATP) during oxygen/glucose deprivation. Among the P2X receptors that TNP-ATP specifically blocks, mainly P2X1 seems to be involved in the processes of cell damage after oxy...
Article
A number of studies have already established the role of the subventricular zone in sustaining adult neurogenesis in different brain regions and under different pathological conditions, but nothing is reported about the role of this germinal area in preserving cell viability. In this work, we developed an organotypic culture model of the forebrain...
Article
Increased neurogenesis in response to brain injury is considered a mechanism of regeneration after neuronal loss. Using organotypic hippocampal cultures (OHC), we investigated the interplay between neuronal damage (propidium iodide uptake), microglia activation (OX-42 immunohistochemistry), cell proliferation (bromodeoxyuridine incorporation), and...
Article
The past few years have witnessed increasing interest in the field of purinergic signalling and have recognised ATP as an extracellular messenger eliciting a wide array of physiological effects in several different tissues. These effects range from simple bio­ logical events such as neurotransmission, secretion and vasodilatation, to complex biolog...
Article
Extracellular nucleotides exert a variety of biological actions through different subtypes of P2 receptors. Here we characterized in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells the simultaneous presence of various P2 receptors, belonging to the P2X ionotropic and P2Y metabotropic families. Western blot analysis detected the P2X1,2,4,5,6,7 and P2Y1,2,4,6,...
Article
In the present work, we used a unique cortical/striatal/subventricular zone organotypic model in order to analyze the role of resident microglia in oxygen/glucose deprivation and to check the presence and modulation of several P2 receptors in the cortex. Immunofluorescence with the microglial marker OX42 and pharmacological experiments with indomet...
Article
It is well established that both extracellular ATP and glutamate exert a critical role during metabolic impairment, that several P2 receptor subunits are directly involved in this action and that a strong relationship exists between glutamatergic and purinergic signals. Therefore, here we studied the molecular behavior of the purinergic metabotropi...
Article
The P2X 7 receptor for extracellular ATP is the main candidate, among P2 receptors, inducing cell death in the immune system. Here, we demonstrate the direct participation of this receptor to cell damage induced by oxygen/glucose deprivation, in the ex vivo model of organotypic hippocampal cultures. By pharmacological and immunological approaches,...
Article
ATP is a potent signaling molecule abundantly present in the CNS. It elicits a wide array of physiological effects and is regarded as the phylogenetically most ancient epigenetic factor playing crucial biological roles in several different tissues. These can range from neurotransmission, smooth muscle contraction, chemosensory signaling, secretion...
Article
In the present work we examined the involvement of selected P2X receptors for extracellular ATP in the onset of neuronal cell death caused by glucose/oxygen deprivation. The in vitro studies of organotypic cultures from hippocampus evidenced that P2X2 and P2X4 were up-regulated by glucose/oxygen deprivation. Moreover, we showed that ischemic condit...
Article
In this study, we monitored the direct expression of P2 receptors for extracellular ATP in cerebellar granule neurons undergoing metabolism impairment. Glucose deprivation for 30-60 min inhibited P2Y1 receptor protein, only weakly modulated P2X1, P2X2 and P2X3, and up-regulated by about two-fold P2X4, P2X7 and P2Y4. The P2X/Y antagonist basilen blu...
Article
In this study we investigate the presence, modulation and biological function of P2 receptors and extracellular ATP in cultured cerebellar granule neurons. As we demonstrate by RT-PCR and western blotting, both P2X and P2Y receptor subtypes are expressed and furthermore regulated as a function of neuronal maturation. In early primary cultures, mRNA...
Article
ATP released in the extracellular space by neuronal injury can influence neighboring neurons via activation of purinergic receptors. In vitro data suggest the involvement of ATP and purinergic receptors as trophic agents in different biological events such as neuritogenesis and cell survival. Recently, in vivo studies have demonstrated modification...
Article
Full-text available
Curcumin, in addition to its role as a spice, has been used for centuries to treat inflammatory disorders. Although the mechanism of action remains unclear, it has been shown to inhibit the activation of NF-kappaB and AP-1, transcription factors required for induction of many proinflammatory mediators. Due to its low toxicity it is currently under...
Article
In this work we investigate cell survival after glucose deprivation and/or chemical hypoxia and we analyse the neuroprotective properties of selected antagonists of P2 ATP receptors. We find that in rat cerebellar granule neurones, the antagonist basilen blue prevents neuronal death under hypoglycaemia. Basilen blue acts through a wide temporal ran...
Article
Our previous work in neuronal cultures has shown that several antagonists of P2 ATP receptors prevent cell death evoked by hypoglycaemia, chemical hypoxia, mitochondria dysfunction, as well as glutamate-dependent excitotoxicity and low potassium-induced apoptosis. Experiments are now designed to examine which biological pathway contributes to cell...
Article
Our previous work in neuronal cultures has shown that several antagonists of P2 ATP receptors prevent cell death evoked by hypoglycaemia, chemical hypoxia, mitochondria dysfunction, as well as glutamate-dependent excitotoxicity and low potassium-induced apoptosis. Experiments are now designed to examine which biological pathway contributes to cell...
Article
In a previous study we used P2 receptor antagonists to inhibit diverse responses that nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes and coordinates in PC12 cells and we suggested that P2 receptors partake in the NGF signalling cascade. In this paper, we examine the direct role of extracellular P2 receptor agonists as neurotrophic factors. ATP and 2-Cl-ATP pro...
Article
In this work we investigate cell survival after glucose deprivation and/or chemical hypoxia and we analyse the neuroprotective properties of selected antagonists of P2 ATP receptors. We find that in rat cerebellar granule neurones, the antagonist basilen blue prevents neuronal death under hypoglycaemia. Basilen blue acts through a wide temporal ran...
Article
The pheochromocytoma PC12 cell line that develops neuronal characteristics of sympathetic cells after treatment with nerve growth factor (NGF) represents a well-established cellular model system for studying NGF signalling. Interesting information on the different mechanistic pathways of NGF can be obtained by adopting the pharmacological approach...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I want to study the effect of a drug in neuronal differentiation/neurogenesis from SVZ to OB. The drug is infused by pump in the laterl ventricle of 2 months rats for 15 days. I will analyse nestin and DCX expression in SVZ and OB. Which protocol for BrdU injection should I use? Every day? every 2 days? several injections only the first day?

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