Fabio Babiloni

Fabio Babiloni
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Molecular Medicine

PhD

About

618
Publications
91,707
Reads
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16,544
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - December 2016
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Managing Director
January 2009 - present
Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena

Publications

Publications (618)
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the psychological characteristics of online learning on Italian students with and without hearing loss (HL) and on their parents, who were forced into isolation during the Covid‐19 pandemic. An online survey collected information on socio‐demographic data and opinions concerning online learning from 61 children (mean age 11;...
Article
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Technologies like passive brain-computer interfaces (BCI) can enhance human-machine interaction. Anyhow, there are still shortcomings in terms of easiness of use, reliability, and generalizability that prevent passive-BCI from entering real-life situations. The current work aimed to technologically and methodologically design a new gel-free passive...
Article
Objective: This pilot case-control study is aimed to estimate ‘musical effort’ and ‘musical pleasantness’ in adults normal hearing (NH) and Unilateral Cochlear Implant (UCI) users via neurophysiological indices and a cognitive-behavioural approach. Methods: 7 NH and 7 UCI subjects underwent electroencephalographic (EEG) recording with two EEG indic...
Article
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In this study, we investigate the effectiveness of binaural beats stimulation (BBs) in enhancing cognitive vigilance and mitigating mental stress level at the workplace. We developed an experimental protocol under four cognitive conditions: high vigilance (HV), vigilance enhancement (VE), mental stress (MS) and stress mitigation (SM). The VE and SM...
Article
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Pilot training and expertise are key aspects in aviation. A traditional way of evaluating pilot expertise is to measure performance output. However, this approach provides a narrow view of the pilot’s capacity, especially with regard to mental and emotional profile. The aim of this study is hence to investigate whether neurophysiological data can b...
Article
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Human errors are widely considered among the major causes of road accidents. Furthermore, it is estimated that more than 90% of vehicle crashes causing fatal and permanent injuries are directly related to mental tiredness, fatigue, and drowsiness of the drivers. In particular, driving drowsiness is recognized as a crucial aspect in the context of r...
Article
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Display and native ads represent two of the most widely used digital advertising formats employed by advertisers that aim to grab the attention of online users. In recent years, the native format has become very popular because it relies on deceptive features that make harder the recognition of its advertising nature, reducing avoiding behaviors su...
Article
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Advertising for non-profit organizations through television commercials is a valuable means of communication to raise awareness and receive donations. When it comes to social aspects, personal attitudes such as empathy are significant for reinforcing the intention to donate; and the study of eliciting emotions has critical attention in the literatu...
Article
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Driver’s stress affects decision-making and the probability of risk occurrence, and it is therefore a key factor in road safety. This suggests the need for continuous stress monitoring. This work aims at validating a stress neurophysiological measure—a Neurometric—for out-of-the-lab use obtained from lightweight EEG relying on two wet sensors, in r...
Article
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Exploration of specific brain areas involved in verbal working memory (VWM) is a powerful but not widely used tool for the study of different sensory modalities, especially in children. In this study, for the first time, we used electroencephalography (EEG) to investigate neurophysiological similarities and differences in response to the same verba...
Conference Paper
Despite the technological advancements, the employment of passive brain computer interface (BCI) out of the laboratory context is still challenging. This is largely due to methodological reasons. On the one hand, machine learning methods have shown their potential in maximizing performance for user mental states classification. On the other hand, t...
Article
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Accurate detection of driving fatigue is helpful in significantly reducing the rate of road traffic accidents. Electroencephalogram (EEG) based methods are proven to be efficient to evaluate mental fatigue. Due to its high non-linearity, as well as significant individual differences, how to perform EEG fatigue mental state evaluation across differe...
Article
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The sample size is a crucial concern in scientific research and even more in behavioural neurosciences, where besides the best practice it is not always possible to reach large experimental samples. In this study we investigated how the outcomes of research change in response to sample size reduction. Three indices computed during a task involving...
Chapter
This chapter presents some considerations about the employment of neuroscientific tool in real environments for measuring the brain and emotional activity during the consumers’ decision-making activities in different contexts of consumption and choice.
Article
Full-text available
Mental stress is one of the serious factors that lead to many health problems. Scientists and physicians have developed various tools to assess the level of mental stress in its early stages. Several neuroimaging tools have been proposed in the literature to assess mental stress in the workplace. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is one important c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mental stress is one of the serious factors that lead to many health problems. Scientists and physicians have developed various tools to assess the level of mental stress in its early stages. Several neuroimaging tools have been proposed in the literature to assess mental stress in the workplace. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is one important c...
Article
Full-text available
The past few decades have seen significant methodological and theoretical change within sensory science, including in food sciences. The physiological reaction to the Autonomous Nervous System (ANS) provides insightful information in interpreting consumers’ sensory and affective reactions. In this regard, we investigated how explicit responses of l...
Article
Tobacco addiction is one of the biggest health emergencies in the world, Antismoking Public Service Announcements (PSAs) represent the main public tool against smoking; however, smoking-related cues (SCs) often included in PSAs can trigger ambiguous cerebral reactions that could impact the persuasiveness and efficacy of the antismoking message. Th...
Article
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In several fields, the need for a joint analysis of brain activity and eye activity to investigate the association between brain mechanisms and manifest behavior has been felt. In this work, two levels of attentional demand, elicited through a conjunction search task, have been modelled in terms of eye blinks, brain activity, and brain network feat...
Article
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Fatigued driving is one of the main causes of traffic accidents. The electroencephalogram (EEG)-based mental state analysis method is an effective and objective way of detecting fatigue. However, as EEG shows significant differences across subjects, effectively “transfering” the EEG analysis model of the existing subjects to the EEG signals of othe...
Article
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Real-world experience is typically multimodal. Evidence indicates that the facilitation in the detection of multisensory stimuli is modulated by the perceptual load, the amount of information involved in the processing of the stimuli. Here, we used a realistic virtual reality environment while concomitantly acquiring Electroencephalography (EEG) an...
Article
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In deaf children, huge emphasis was given to language; however, emotional cues decoding and production appear of pivotal importance for communication capabilities. Concerning neurophysiological correlates of emotional processing, the gamma band activity appears a useful tool adopted for emotion classification and related to the conscious elaboratio...
Article
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Neuroaesthetics, the science studying the biological underpinnings of aesthetic experience, recently extended its area of investigation to literary art; this was the humus where neurocognitive poetics blossomed. Divina Commedia represents one of the most important, famous and studied poems worldwide. Poetry stimuli are characterized by elements (me...
Article
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Scents have the ability to affect peoples’ mental states and task performance with to different extents. It has been widely demonstrated that the lemon scent, included in most all-purpose cleaners, elicits stimulation and activation, while the lavender scent elicits relaxation and sedative effects. The present study aimed at investigating and foste...
Article
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In this paper, we propose a novel vigilance enhancement method based on audio stimulation of pure tone at 250 Hz. We induced two different levels of vigilance state; vigilance decrement (VD) and vigilance enhancement (VE). The VD state was induced by performing a modified version of the Stroop Color-Word Task (SCWT) for approximately 45 minutes. Li...
Book
Quest’opera rappresenta un’introduzione, dal punto di vista della psicologia e del design, all’impiego delle neuroscienze e del neuromarketing nella valutazione della user experience. Nel testo si mira ad indagare l’effetto sull’utente delle caratteristiche estetiche e funzionali di un determinato prodotto attraverso l’analisi di specifiche rispos...
Article
Full-text available
Electroencephalogram (EEG) is an effective indicator for the detection of driver fatigue. Due to the significant differences in EEG signals across subjects, and difficulty in collecting sufficient EEG samples for analysis during driving, detecting fatigue across subjects through using EEG signals remains a challenge. EasyTL is a kind of transfer-le...
Chapter
Human physiological parameters have been proven as reliable and objective indicators of user’s mental states, such as the Mental Workload. However, standard methodologies for evaluating physiological parameters generally imply a certain grade of invasiveness. It is largely demonstrated the relevance of monitoring workers to improve their working co...
Article
Full-text available
The neurophysiological analysis of cooperation has evolved over the past 20 years, moving towards the research of common patterns in neurophysiological signals of people interacting. Social Physiological Compliance (SPC) and Hyperscanning represent two frameworks for the joint analysis of autonomic and brain signals respectively. Each of the two ap...
Conference Paper
Sports activity is characterised by the influence of different factors, which relate to both psychological and emotional stress of athletes. As a consequence, mental and physical preparations are fundamental in pre-competition and competition activities. In fact, being able to manage the reactions to stressful events and high demanding conditions,...
Conference Paper
Air Traffic Control (ATC) has been classified as the fourth most stressful job. In this regard, sixteen controllers were asked to perform ecological ATC simulation during which behavioral (Radio Communications with pilots - RCs), subjective (stress perception) and neurophysiological signals (brain activity and skin conductance - SC) were collected....
Article
Full-text available
Stress is a word used to describe human reactions to emotionally, cognitively and physically challenging experiences. A hallmark of the stress response is the activation of the autonomic nervous system, resulting in the “fight-freeze-flight” response to a threat from a dangerous situation. Consequently, the capability to objectively assess and trac...
Chapter
In the last decade, a real revolution in the field of brain-computer interfaces (BCI) led from the “overt” detection of human intention to the " covert” assessment of the actual human mental states. While the first aspect is the basis of the traditional BCI systems, the latter represents the outcome of the passive BCI applications. In fact, passive...
Article
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The need for automatic detection and classification of high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) as biomarkers of the epileptogenic tissue is strongly felt in the clinical field. In this context, the employment of artificial intelligence methods could be the missing piece to achieve this goal. This work proposed a double-step procedure based on machine le...
Article
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Recent publications in the Electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain–computer interface field suggest that this technology could be ready to go outside the research labs and enter the market as a new consumer product. This assumption is supported by the recent advantages obtained in terms of front-end graphical user interfaces, back-end classification...
Article
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We investigated the contribution of specific HCI concepts to provide multimodal information to Air Traffic Controlers in the context of Remote Control Towers (i.e. when an airport is controlled from a distant location). We considered interactive spatial sound, tactile stimulation and body movements to design four different interaction and feedback...
Article
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Cognitive neuroscience techniques are used in many different domains. Among them is marketing research. The general assumption driving such research is that human brain activity can provide marketers with information that cannot be obtained otherwise. The aim of this article is to show, how cognitive neuroscience techniques and neurometrics can be...
Article
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Vigilance degradation usually causes significant performance decrement. It is also considered the major factor causing the out-of-the-loop phenomenon (OOTL) occurrence. OOTL is strongly related to a high level of automation in operative contexts such as the Air Traffic Management (ATM), and it could lead to a negative impact on the Air Traffic Cont...
Chapter
The human capacity to simultaneously perform several tasks depends on the quantity and the mode of mentally processing the information imposed by the tasks. Since operational environments are highly dynamic, priorities across tasks will be expected to change as the mission evolves, thus the capability to reallocate the mental resources dynamically...
Chapter
Neuromarketing is an area of the applied neuroscience devoted to the analysis of brain responses to marketing stimuli. It is generally perceived as promoted by commercial interest in the use of neurophysiological tools able to track the main neurophysiological signals and consumer's behavior. However, in the scientific literature, a precise definit...
Chapter
The study evaluates whether it’s possible to interpret the neurophysiological responses of the User Experience from the design perspective. Cognitive Neurosciences are providing an increasing body of knowledge about the user response, however this information is dense and not easily accessible or usable for designers. Therefore it is necessary to p...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we present a method to quantify the coupling between brain regions under vigilance and enhanced mental states by utilizing partial directed coherence (PDC) and graph theory analysis (GTA). The vigilance state is induced using a modified version of stroop color-word task (SCWT) while the enhancement state is based on audio stimulation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the European research project WorkingAge (WA), a system is being developed that will use innovative HCI methods to measure emotional, cognitive and physical strain of workers. At the same time, with the use of Internet of Things (IoTs), sensors will be able to detect environmental conditions. The purpose is to promote healthy habits of users in...
Chapter
In operational fields, there is a growing use of simulators during training protocols because of their versatility, the possibility of limiting costs and increasing efficiency. This work aimed at proposing an EEG-based neurometric of mental workload, previously validated in other contexts, as a taxonomic tool to evaluate the similarity, in terms of...
Chapter
Mental Workload is nowadays a keyword used and sometimes abused in life sciences. The present chapter aims at introducing the concept of mental workload, its relevance for Human Factor research and the current needs of applied disciplines in a clear and effective way. This paper will present a state-of-art overview of recent outcomes produced by ne...
Chapter
Car driving is a complex activity, consisting of an integrated multi-task behavior and requiring different interrelated skills. Over the last years, the number of Advanced Driver Assistance systems integrated into cars has grown exponentially. So it is very important to evaluate the interaction between these devices and drivers in order to study if...
Chapter
Product placement is a marketing technique that, by inserting products into a narrative structure, constitutes a likely effective tool to increase the visibility and notoriety of a brand. For years, the opportunities for product placement in music videos were limited. Recently, there has been a growth of interest for this tool/advertising modality...
Chapter
The measurement of the mental workload during real tasks by means of neurophysiological signals is still challenging. The employment of Machine Learning techniques has allowed a step forward in this direction, however, most of the work has dealt with binary classification. This study proposed to examine the surveys already performed in the context...
Article
Full-text available
Fatigue driving can easily lead to road traffic accidents and bring great harm to individuals and families. Recently, electroencephalography- (EEG-) based physiological and brain activities for fatigue detection have been increasingly investigated. However, how to find an effective method or model to timely and efficiently detect the mental states...
Article
Full-text available
New solutions in operational environments are often, among objective measurements, evaluated by using subjective assessment and judgment from experts. Anyhow, it has been demonstrated that subjective measures suffer from poor resolution due to a high intra and inter-operator variability. Also, performance measures, if available, could provide just...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing the level of automation in air traffic management is seen as a measure to increase the performance of the service to satisfy the predicted future demand. This is expected to result in new roles for the human operator: he will mainly monitor highly automated systems and seldom intervene. Therefore, air traffic controllers (ATCos) would of...
Article
Purpose In the business and data analytics community, intuition has not been discussed widely in terms of its application to executive decision-making. However, the purpose of this paper is to focus on new global research that combines intuition, trust and analytics in terms of how well C-level executives trust their intuition. Design/methodology/...
Article
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The goal of biometrics is to recognize humans based on their physical and behavioral characteristics. Preliminary studies have demonstrated that the electroencephalogram(EEG) is potentially more secure and private than traditional biometric identifiers. At present, the EEG identification method targets specific tasks and cannot be generalized. In t...
Article
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This paper presents the first comprehensive review on vigilance enhancement using both conventional and unconventional means, and further discusses the resulting contradictory findings. It highlights the key differences observed between the research findings and argues that variations of the experimental protocol could be a significant contributing...