Fabienne Glowacz

Fabienne Glowacz
University of Liège | ulg · Department of Psychology - Clinic of Delinquency, Social Maladjustement and Integration Processes

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Publications

Publications (89)
Article
Résumé Objectifs Les mesures sanitaires prises pour faire face à la pandémie de COVID-19 ont donné lieu à un confinement strict de la population dont les effets délétères ont été étudiés notamment sur le plan de la santé mentale. Notre étude a pour objectif d’explorer les facteurs associés à l’intimité et au vécu des couples au cours de cette péri...
Article
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In the 1970s intimate partner violence became recognized as a major societal problem in Europe. The study of the processes that enable victims to emerge from this violence is still topical. Even more so when it concerns male victims, who remain an under-studied population. This article examines the processes involved in bringing an end to intimate...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has led to governments taking a number of restrictive measures. Confinement at home during the COVID-19 crisis could have major implications on mental health and alcohol use behaviors among the whole population. The present study focuses on the role of individual characteristics, contextual factors, and mental health variables...
Article
Background: This study took place in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The present research assesses the association between lockdown conditions (such as time spent at home, living environment, proximity to contamination and social contacts), mental health (including intolerance of uncertainty, anxiety and depression) and intimate partner viol...
Article
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Background. This study took place in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The present research assesses the association between lockdown conditions (such as time spent at home, living environment, proximity to contamination and social contacts), mental health (including intolerance of uncertainty, anxiety and depression) and intimate partner viole...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the psychological well-being of students. Several stressors (such as socioeconomic and education-related contexts) could influence mental health, as well as individual and relational dimensions. This study proposes to evaluate the predictive effect of these factors on anxiety and depressive symptoms among students...
Article
Subject : In the 1970s, domestic violence was put on the political agenda as a societal problem. Since then, research exploring the dynamics of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has multiplied, but the study of sexual violence between partners is still topical. This article examines female victims’ experiences of intimate partner sexual violence (IPS...
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Slut shaming is defined as the stigmatization of an individual based on his or her appearance, sexual availability, and actual or perceived sexual behavior. It can take place in physical or virtual spaces. The present study questions the impact of this form of sexism in virtual spaces on girls and interrogates the interaction between the values tha...
Preprint
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Background: This study took place in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The restrictive confinement measures put in place to counter the virus’ spread could have major consequences for the mental health and intimate relationships between romantic partners. The present research assesses the association between lockdown conditions (such as time sp...
Article
Introduction Numerous studies have focused on the association of dating violence (DV) and alcohol use. However, little research has as yet assessed their co-occurrence in short timeframes. Objective This study aims to investigate alcohol use in the two hours preceding DV and in the two hours following DV. Method College students (n = 649, 71% fem...
Article
Study Questions: This study has explored the contribution of several individual factors towards the prediction of Radicalism Intention and Approval. Its focus is on youth, their significance quest and multiple perspectives of injustice. Also, a distinction has been made between the approval of an Islamist form of radicalization and the legitimation...
Article
La recherche sur la désistance et la désistance assistée porte majoritairement sur une population adulte. L’étude de la désistance des adolescents et jeunes adultes est relativement récente, et doit être approfondie afin de mieux comprendre les mécanismes sous-jacents aux sorties de la délinquance au sein de cette population. L’objectif de cette ét...
Article
Dating violence (DV) is a serious social problem among adolescents and emerging adults, both boys and girls are victims and perpetrators. The current study aimed to investigate correlates of DV perpetration among Belgian youths. We examined facets of empathy and verbal skills as protective factors, and facets of impulsivity as risk factors for psyc...
Article
To control the COVID-19 pandemic, governments have implemented restrictions. This study evaluates psychological distress related to the crisis and identifies predictive factors of anxiety/depression according to age. 2,871 adults were recruited through an online questionnaire during the lockdown. Three subsamples were identified: 18–30; 30–50; > 50...
Article
Terrorist attacks in several European countries have led to increased interest in understanding deradicalization and disengagement as a way to increase the effectiveness of future interventions. Desistance has been less studied, even though it provides an interesting frame of reference. We analyzed the desistance narratives of three young people wh...
Article
Among the various interventions developed in the field of sexual delinquency, the Good Lives Model (GLM), a humanistic and positivist rehabilitation model that focuses on identifying needs and developing internal and external resources, is of growing clinical interest. The foundations of GLM and of desistance are based on a positive conception of c...
Article
Prevention in the field of violent radicalization has become a societal issue. Many initiatives and preventive actions are carried out all over Europe, mobilising a numerous media. However, few prevention measures are evaluated. The article focuses on the evaluation of a project conducted by the Théâtre de Liège (in Belgium) around the play "Nadia"...
Article
Résumé Les recherches sur le terrorisme se sont centrées sur les processus de radicalisation violente afin de comprendre comment des individus, le plus souvent de jeune âge, s’engagent dans ces voies de violences. Notre étude porte sur l’analyse des trajectoires de radicalisation de jeunes judiciarisés pour des faits qualifiés de participation aux...
Article
Les peines alternatives à la prison sont apparues il y a plus de 20ans. Celles-ci ont un intérêt tant au niveau sociétal, pour désengorger les prisons, qu’au niveau individuel, pour offrir une sanction moins « destructrice » à l’auteur. En effet, la prison aggrave les vulnérabilités psychologiques et sociales préexistantes du justiciable (De Beaure...
Article
Le modèle socio-subjectif de la désistance suppose une interrelation complexe entre les changements personnels et les changements sociaux. Ainsi, l’individu et donc ses caractéristiques personnelles, ses capacités cognitives et affectives interagissent avec son environnement pour permettre une sortie de la trajectoire délinquante. Nous avons mené u...
Article
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Youth can experience conflicts with their dating partner and then need strategies to solve such conflicts. Research is scarce regarding positive conflict resolution strategies in a dating context. Considering research on various interpersonal relationships (e.g. friendships, dating, marriage), the present study examined how dimensions of empathy, v...
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While dating violence has been being studied since Makepeace’s seminal work (1981), neither its societal nor theoretical background has been examined so far. The present manuscript then goes back to the acknowledgment and study of domestic violence via two perspectives: conflict theory and feminist thought. Underlining their convergences and diverg...
Article
Résumé Objectifs Les soins psychiatriques nécessitent parfois l’application d’une mesure de protection à l’égard d’un patient. Une procédure d’urgence peut être activée par le Procureur du Roi qui peut décider d’hospitaliser sous contrainte, sur base de l’avis écrit d’un médecin, la personne dans un service psychiatrique. La présente étude comport...
Article
Cette recherche a pour objectif de comprendre le processus de désistance à partir de l’étude du récit de trois adolescents délinquants récidivistes. Pour ce faire, ces jeunes en transition vers l’âge adulte ont réalisé un entretien semi-directif puis ont répondu à quelques questionnaires. Les données collectées ont été analysées en suivant la métho...
Article
Introduction Dating violence, as well as the broader field of intimate partner violence, has mainly been investigated with two conflict-related questionnaires (Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationship Inventory CADRI, Conflict Tactics Scale CTS). Indeed, the respondents have to report aggressive behaviors that occurred in a context of conflict. S...
Article
Risk behaviors are well known to be higher in adolescents and emerging adults. Drug use and delinquency present several common predictive factors. The aim of the present study was to assess the contribution of individual factors (aggression, impulsivity, empathy, and cognitive distortions) to delinquent behaviors, alcohol use and cannabis consumpti...
Article
Young people’s romantic relationships can be marked with various forms of dating violence (DV). However, adolescents and emerging adults do not necessarily acknowledge this violence because of their attitudes toward dating violence. Our study aims to study dating violence and attitudes toward this phenomenon through two well-established questionnai...
Article
Introduction: Adolescence is a crucial period of psychosexual development during which sexuality may express in a violent way. Objectives: Our study analyzes the conducts of sexual coercion acted and experienced by adolescents, implying two distinct samples of teenagers (n1 = 301/40 % girls; n2 = 355/65 % girls). The first study focuses on evaluati...
Article
Introduction: Adolescence is a crucial period of psycho-sexual development during which sexuality may express in a violent way. Objectives: Our study analyzes the conducts of sexual coercion acted and experienced by adolescents, implying two distinct samples of teenagers (n1 = 301/40% girls; n2 = 355/65% girls). The first study focuses on evaluatio...
Article
Full-text available
Frequently viewed as benign gestures or awkward attempts of seduction, until few street harassment had been ignored by scientific literature as well as by politic and mediatic scene. In July 2012, Sophie Peeters’ report “Femme de la rue” is broadcasted. Highlighting ordinary sexism on the street, this story affects public opinion, arouses an import...
Article
Most of the research in the field of domestic violence, in psychology and criminology has focused on dynamics of violence (cycle of violence); the impact of violence on victims and recidivism for perpetrators. The attention was put on risk factors increasing the probability of committing domestic violence. Protective factors and the processes of de...
Article
While dating violence has been being studied since Makepeace’s seminal work (1981), neither its societal nor theoretical background has been examined so far. The present manuscript then goes back to the acknowledgment and study of domestic violence via two perspectives: conflict theory and feminist thought. Underlining their convergences and diverg...
Article
Runaway behaviors among teenagers have been studied for some 40 years. Still, because runaway and homeless youths have often been confounded, little is known about what really defines a runaway adolescent. This study targets three objectives in a mixed-method design relying on data from official files and interviews: the descriptions of teenagers r...
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Background Pregnancy and childbirth are two critical stages in a woman’s life. Various studies have suggested that psychological distress is common during the year after childbirth. The objectives of this exploratory study were (1) to explore the needs of mothers in the year following childbirth; (2) to compare these needs between mothers who did n...
Article
Introduction: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug with the highest prevalence reported among 15- to 24-year-olds. This specific period of emerging adulthood constitutes a critical age for substance use and for future consumption. Cannabis use patterns change during college or university and the post-college transition; users are at grea...
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Revue internationale de criminologie et de police technique et scientifique 2/17 151 * Professeure, Expert Judicaire près des Tribunaux, Service de Psychologie clinique de la délin-quance, des inadaptations sociales et des processus d'insertion Résumé Notre recherche porte sur le traitement judicaire donné aux mineurs auteurs de faits qualifiés inf...
Chapter
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Les déficiences intellectuelles (DI) sont considérées depuis les débuts de la criminologie comme un élément susceptible de participer à la violence, notamment sexuelle. Ce chapitre proposera un aperçu des récentes études scientifiques en la matière, en distinguant l’agresseur sexuel avec DI de l’agresseur sexuel présentant un trouble du spectre aut...
Article
Résumé À l’adolescence, les relations amoureuses sont une étape développementale majeure dans le rapport à l’autre. Ces relations (re)questionnent l’attachement aux parents et voient naître l’attachement aux partenaires amoureux : tous deux mobilisent une dynamique de sécurité et d’autonomie. Ces relations impliquent aussi l’intimité, où se jouent...
Article
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Au cours des dernières décennies, la violence conjugale a fait l’objet d’un intérêt majeur par la science et la société, donnant lieu à l’élaboration de textes légaux et à des stratégies judiciaires, psycho-sociales et préventives spécifiques. Ces avancées ont été initiées par la mobilisation des mouvements féministes qui ont sensibilisé la société...
Chapter
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À ce jour, les phases évolutives de la sexualité normative chez les enfants et les adolescents restent difficiles à étudier, et l’évolution de la sexualité non normative est difficile à cerner dans sa globalité. Il en va ainsi pour l’obtention de résultats de recherches qui renseignent sur les facteurs de développement des enfants et des adolescent...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore the judicial treatment given to juvenile having commited sexual offenses. The decisions taken by Crown and the juvenile Court are reffered. We tried to answer this goal by reviewing more specifically the case of three district of Belgium. The study is based on the analysis of 150 judicial records that allowe...
Data
Teen dating is a developmental stage questioning dramatically the relationships to be expected with others, especially when feelings of tenderness and love are involved. It mobilizes parental attachment and the internal working models related to it, while being colored by the emerging romantic attachment and its brand new internal working models. A...
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Anchored in the actuarial field, risk assessment is a tool clinicians are more and more likely to use (because they can or have to) among delinquents. But, due to epistemological differences, an important debate has been occurring between the clinical evaluation and the actuarial one since the fifties. This paper suggests a media between those pers...
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Les gangs européens représentent un sujet de préoccupation central sur tous les plans, que ce soit préventif, répressif, sécuritaire ou éducatif. En Belgique, depuis le début des années 1990, les bandes urbaines (terme préféré à celui de gang) intéressent la communauté scientifique, les acteurs sociaux, la police et les médias. Lorsque nous exploro...
Chapter
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Delinquent and criminal behaviors are often the result of adverse conditions in the family and the neighborhood, or of affiliations with delinquent peers. However, case studies as well as large surveys have shown that even in adverse conditions, many children and adolescents do not engage in delinquency; they are “resilient.” In the explanation of...
Article
Teenage pregnancy arouses lots of questions and remains a worldwide social and public health problem. This phenomenon is problematic because it is often associated with socio-economic, family and psychological difficulties.
Article
Criminology leads us to work with hard to reach populations and requires a structured methodological approach and to consider the characteristics of the meeting environment. As part of our research on delinquent or deviant youth groups, specificity appeared in early empirical approaches. An exclusivity notion is agreed between each member of the gr...
Chapter
Full-text available
A general process would exist by which, firstly adolescents oppose themselves to the parents’ authority and seek for acceptance among their peers. This leads to a spiral when the youth tries to resolve his cognitive dissonance between the immoral acts he is invited to commit with his friends and his personal value system learned in his family, scho...
Article
Cette recherche, réalisée sur une population de 319 adolescents (150 filles et 169 garçons) âgés de 15 à 19 ans, présente deux grands objectifs. Premièrement, elle vise à évaluer l’impact de l’accessibilité et de la visualisation de la pornographie au niveau des représentations de ce média et de la sexualité. Deuxièmement, elle vise à évaluer l’inf...
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The impact of pubertal development on the psychological and social functioning of the teenager arouses a particular interest; the most recent research shows the existence of complex relationships between pubertal development and the manifestation of internalized and externalized disorders. Two predominant hypotheses are used for explaining influenc...
Chapter
The aim of this article is to review some common opinions on changes in pubertal timing and shed new light both on the indicators used in assessing pubertal timing and the underlying mechanisms. While emphasis is usually placed on the advancement in timing of female puberty, it appears that timing also changes in males, both towards earliness for t...
Article
Criminology leads us to work with hard-to-reach populations and requires a structured methodological approach and to consider the characteristics of the meeting environment. As part of our research on delinquent or deviant youth groups, specificity appeared in early empirical approaches. An exclusivity notion is agreed between each member of the gr...
Article
This study examined the relationships between protective factors and involvement in risk behaviour of Italian adolescents with friends involved in risk. Protective factors were drawn from models of peers and from individual skills (perceived regulatory self-efficacy, intolerant attitudes about deviance) and orientation (to health, school, religion)...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction This study concerns resilience related to juvenile delinquency among victims of sexual abuse: sexual abuse has been recognized as a powerful risk factor for the emergence of deviant and criminal behavior. Objective Our study aims to explore and highlight the protective factors that prevent victims of sexual abuse from engaging in a de...
Chapter
This capter is devoted to describe and explain the development of externalized problem behavior in adolescence. These behaviors are a-normative in reference to moral or social norms but are frequent and, in a certain way, normative, in the adolescent development. The risk and protective factors are presented allowing to describe a “ spiral of delin...
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Full-text available
Aggressive behaviours in adolescence often originate in early development. This study tested three longitudinal pathways starting in early childhood, in a sample of 325 Belgian participants (162 girls) assessed every 1 or 2 years from birth through age 14. Structural equation models supported the ‘‘mother early dissatisfaction’’ pathway toward adol...
Article
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Through qualitative interviews with persons living in a dozen of Belgian communities, who have accepted to answer questions about their lifestyle, we have examined the relations between their lifestyle and their drug use and self-reported delinquency. The use of the snowball sampling method among illicit drug users from ambulatory drug treatment ce...
Article
Full-text available
Through qualitative interviews with persons living in a dozen of Belgian communities, who have accepted to answer questions about their lifestyle, we have examined the relations between their lifestyle and their drug use and self-reported delinquency. The use of the snowball sampling method among illicit drug users from ambulatory drug treatment ce...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to identify two sub-populations of sex offenders based on the age of the victims and on the age difference between the abuser and the victim (child sexual abusers vs. peer sexual abusers), and to compare the personality characteristics of these two subgroups with those of juvenile non-sex offenders. The group was composed...
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Full-text available
The interrelations between pubertal timing and psychosocial maturation are discussed in three perspectives: the consequences of abnormally precocious or delayed puberty on psychosocial functioning; the impact of lower (early) or upper (late) borderline normal timing of puberty on adolescent exploratory behaviors; and the study of variations in age...
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Domestic violence need specific attention and legislations to be overcome. Unless specific actions, these violence remain in the private sphere and the states are reluctant to intervene. The criminological researches show different points that can lead to new practices on the penal scene and underline the need to specific training for justice and p...
Article
This paper and the next, report on the experience of adolescent care in an ambulatory and multidisciplinary center based on a bifocal medical and psychological strategy. Two thirds of the adolescents are referred by a physician. The most common reasons are one or several somatic symptoms with a background of emotional complaints. Those reasons are...
Article
This paper, and the former report on the experience of adolescent care in an ambulatory and multidisciplinary center based on a bifocal medical and psychological strategy. This process integrates the health care providers in the center as well as family and school people interacting with the adolescent who is looked at as the central issue. In this...

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