Fabien Pierrel

Fabien Pierrel
University of Grenoble-CNRS · TIMC-IMAG laboratory

PhD

About

56
Publications
6,886
Reads
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2,402
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - present
Grenoble Alpes University
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Poursuit of the research project on coenzyme Q biosynthesis together with Ludovic Pelosi, Assistant Professor.
January 2008 - December 2014
Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission
Position
  • CNRS Researcher
Description
  • Development of a fundamental research project on Coenzyme Q biosynthesis in microorganisms and mammalian cells.

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a lipid-soluble compound with important physiological functions and is sought after in the food and cosmetic industries owing to its antioxidant properties. In our previous proof of concept, we engineered for CoQ10 biosynthesis the industrially relevant Corynebacterium glutamicum, which does not naturally synthesize any CoQ....
Article
Full-text available
Coenzyme Q (CoQ) serves as an electron carrier in aerobic respiration and has become an interesting target for biotechnological production due to its antioxidative effect and benefits in supplementation to patients with various diseases. Here, we review discovery of the pathway with a particular focus on its superstructuration and regulation, and w...
Article
Full-text available
The Molybdenum/Tungsten-bispyranopterin guanine dinucleotides (Mo/W-bisPGD) family of Formate Dehydrogenases (FDHs) plays roles in several metabolic pathways ranging from carbon fixation to energy harvesting owing to their reaction with a wide variety of redox partners. Indeed, this metabolic plasticity results from the diverse structures, cofactor...
Article
Francisella tularensis is the causative agent of tularemia. Because of its extreme infectivity and high mortality rate, this pathogen was classified as a biothreat agent. Francisella spp are strict aerobe and ubiquinone (UQ) has been previously identified in these bacteria. While the UQ biosynthetic pathways were extensively studied in Escherichia...
Preprint
Francisella tularensis is the causative agent of tularemia. Because of its extreme infectivity and high mortality rate, this pathogen was classified as a biothreat agent. Francisella spp are strict aerobe and ubiquinone (UQ) has been previously identified in these bacteria. While the UQ biosynthetic pathways were extensively studied in Escherichia...
Article
Full-text available
Apicomplexa are obligate intracellular parasites responsible for major human diseases. Their intracellular survival relies on intense lipid synthesis, which fuels membrane biogenesis. Parasite lipids are generated as an essential combination of fatty acids scavenged from the host and de novo synthesized within the parasite apicoplast. The molecular...
Article
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Antibiotic‐tolerant persisters are often implicated in treatment failure of chronic and relapsing bacterial infections, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have remained elusive. Controversies revolve around the relative contribution of specific genetic switches called toxin–antitoxin (TA) modules and global modulation of cellular core function...
Article
Ubiquinone is an important component of the electron transfer chains in proteobacteria and eukaryotes. The biosynthesis of ubiquinone requires multiple steps, most of which are common to bacteria and eukaryotes. Whereas the enzymes of the mitochondrial pathway that produces ubiquinone are highly similar across eukaryotes, recent results point to a...
Article
The three presently known enzymes responsible for arsenic-using bioenergetic processes are arsenite oxidase (Aio), arsenate reductase (Arr) and alternative arsenite oxidase (Arx), all of which are molybdoenzymes from the vast group referred to as the Mo/W-bisPGD enzyme superfamily. Since arsenite is present in substantial amounts in hydrothermal en...
Article
Full-text available
Many proteobacteria, such as Escherichia coli , contain two main types of quinones, benzoquinones represented by ubiquinone (UQ) and naphthoquinones such as menaquinone (MK) and dimethyl-menaquinone (DMK). MK and DMK function predominantly in anaerobic respiratory chains, whereas UQ is the major electron carrier in the reduction of dioxygen. Howeve...
Preprint
Ubiquinone is an important component of the electron transfer chains in proteobacteria and eukaryotes. The biosynthesis of ubiquinone requires multiple steps, most of which are common to bacteria and eukaryotes. Whereas the enzymes of the mitochondrial pathway that produces ubiquinone are highly similar across eukaryotes, recent results point to a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many proteobacteria, such as Escherichia coli, contain two main types of quinones, benzoquinones represented by ubiquinone (UQ) and naphthoquinones such as menaquinone (MK) and dimethyl-menaquinone (DMK). MK and DMK function predominantly in anaerobic respiratory chains, whereas UQ is the major electron carrier used for reduction of dioxygen. Howev...
Article
Full-text available
Coenzyme Q (CoQ), a redox-active lipid, is comprised of a quinone group and a polyisoprenoid tail. It is an electron carrier in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, a cofactor of other mitochondrial dehydrogenases, and an essential antioxidant. CoQ requires a large set of enzymes for its biosynthesis; mutations in genes encoding these proteins caus...
Article
Full-text available
In order to colonize environments with large O 2 gradients or fluctuating O 2 levels, bacteria have developed metabolic responses that remain incompletely understood. Such adaptations have been recently linked to antibiotic resistance, virulence, and the capacity to develop in complex ecosystems like the microbiota. Here, we identify a novel pathwa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most bacteria can generate ATP by respiratory metabolism, in which electrons are shuttled from reduced substrates to terminal electron acceptors, via quinone molecules like ubi quinone. Dioxygen (O 2 ) is the terminal electron acceptor of aerobic respiration and serves as a co-substrate in the biosynthesis of ubi quinone. Here, we characterize a no...
Article
Full-text available
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiencies are a group of heterogeneous conditions that respond to ubiquinone administration if treated soon after the onset of symptoms. However, this treatment is only partially effective due to its poor bioavailability. We tested whether vitamin K2, which was reported to act as a mitochondrial electron carrier in D. melano...
Article
Ubiquinone (UQ), also called coenzyme Q, is a polyprenylated lipid that is conserved from bacteria to humans and is crucial to cellular respiration. How the cell orchestrates the efficient synthesis of UQ, which involves the modification of extremely hydrophobic substrates by multiple sequential enzymes, remains an unresolved issue. Here, we demons...
Article
Full-text available
Coenzyme Q is a lipid that participates to important physiological functions. Coenzyme Q is synthesized in multiple steps from the precursor 4-hydroxybenzoic acid. Mutations in enzymes that participate to coenzyme Q biosynthesis result in primary coenzyme Q deficiency, a type of mitochondrial disease. Coenzyme Q10 supplementation of patients is the...
Article
Full-text available
Ubiquinone (UQ), also referred to as coenzyme Q, is a widespread lipophilic molecule in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes in which it primarily acts as an electron carrier. Eleven proteins are known to participate in UQ biosynthesis in Escherichia coli, and we recently demonstrated that UQ biosynthesis requires additional, nonenzymatic factors, some...
Article
Coenzyme Q (Q) is a redox lipid that is central for the energetic metabolism of eukaryotes. The biosynthesis of Q from the aromatic precursor 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HB) is understood fairly well. However, biosynthetic details of how 4-HB is produced from tyrosine remain elusive. Here, we provide key insights into this long-standing biosynthetic p...
Article
COQ2 (p-hydroxybenzoate polyprenyl transferase) encodes the enzyme required for the second step of the final reaction sequence of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) biosynthesis. Its mutations represent a frequent cause of primary CoQ deficiency and have been associated with the widest clinical spectrum, ranging from fatal neonatal multisystemic disease to late-on...
Article
The UbiB protein kinase-like (PKL) family is widespread, comprising one-quarter of microbial PKLs and five human homologs, yet its biochemical activities remain obscure. COQ8A (ADCK3) is a mammalian UbiB protein associated with ubiquinone (CoQ) biosynthesis and an ataxia (ARCA2) through unclear means. We show that mice lacking COQ8A develop a slowl...
Article
Full-text available
The ubiquitous ATP synthase uses an electrochemical gradient to synthesize cellular energy in the form of ATP. The production of this electrochemical gradient relies on liposoluble proton carriers like ubiquinone (UQ), which is used in the respiratory chains of eukaryotes and proteobacteria. The biosynthesis of UQ requires three hydroxylation react...
Article
Full-text available
Coq6 is an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of coenzyme Q, a polyisoprenylated benzoquinone lipid essential to the function of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, this putative flavin-dependent monooxygenase is proposed to hydroxylate the benzene ring of coenzyme Q (ubiquinone) precursor at position C5. We...
Article
Full-text available
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is able to use para-aminobenzoic acid (pABA) in addition to 4-hydroxybenzoic acid as a precursor of coenzyme Q, a redox lipid essential to the function of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The biosynthesis of coenzyme Q from pABA requires a deamination reaction at position C4 of the benzene ring to substitute t...
Article
Full-text available
Quinones are essential building blocks of respiration, a universal process dedicated to efficient harvesting of environmental energy and its conversion into a transmembrane chemiosmotic potential. Quinones differentiate mostly by their midpoint redox potential. As such, γ-proteobacteria such as Escherichia coli are characterised by the presence of...
Article
Iron is an essential element for almost all organisms. In eukaryotes, it is mainly used in mitochondria for the biosynthesis of iron-sulphur clusters and heme-group maturation. Iron is delivered into the mitochondrion by mitoferrins, members of the mitochondrial carrier family (MCF), through an unknown mechanism. In this article, the yeast homologs...
Article
Full-text available
Ubiquinone, also called coenzyme Q, is a lipid subject to oxido-reduction cycles. It functions in the respiratory electron transport chain and plays a pivotal role in energy generating processes. In this review, we focus on the biosynthetic pathway and physiological role of ubiquinone in bacteria. We present the studies which, within a period of fi...
Article
Full-text available
Ubiquinone (coenzyme Q or Q8) is a redox active lipid which functions in the respiratory electron transport chain and plays a crucial role in energy-generating processes. In both Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, the yigP gene is located between ubiE and ubiB, all three being likely to constitute an operon. In this work,...
Article
Full-text available
Human COQ6 encodes a monooxygenase which is responsible for the C5-hydroxylation of the quinone ring of coenzyme Q (CoQ). Mutations in COQ6 cause primary CoQ deficiency, a condition responsive to oral CoQ10 supplementation. Treatment is however still problematic given the poor bioavailability of CoQ10. We employed S. cerevisiae lacking the ortholog...
Article
Full-text available
Coenzyme Q (ubiquinone or Q) is a redox-active lipid found in organisms ranging from bacteria to mammals in which it plays a crucial role in energy-generating processes. Q biosynthesis is a complex pathway that involves multiple proteins. In this work, we show that the uncharacterized conserved visC gene is involved in Q biosynthesis in Escherichia...
Article
Full-text available
Most of the Coq proteins involved in coenzyme Q (ubiquinone or Q) biosynthesis are interdependent within a multiprotein complex in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Lack of only one Coq polypeptide, as in Δcoq strains, results in the degradation of several Coq proteins. Consequently, Δcoq strains accumulate the same early intermediate of the Q6 b...
Article
Coenzyme Q (Q), an essential component of eukaryotic cells, is synthesized by several enzymes from the precursor 4-hydroxybenzoic acid. Mutations in six of the Q biosynthesis genes cause diseases that can sometimes be ameliorated by oral Q supplementation. We establish here that Coq6, a predicted flavin-dependent monooxygenase, is involved exclusiv...
Article
Iron is an essential nutrient for cells. It is unknown how iron, after its import into the cytosol, is specifically delivered to iron-dependent processes in various cellular compartments. Here, we identify an essential function of the conserved cytosolic monothiol glutaredoxins Grx3 and Grx4 in intracellular iron trafficking and sensing. Depletion...
Article
Yeast ubiquinone or coenzyme Q(6) (Q(6)) is a redox active lipid that plays a crucial role in the mitochondrial electron transport chain. At least nine proteins (Coq1p-9p) participate in Q(6) biosynthesis from 4-hydroxybenzoate (4-HB). We now show that the mitochondrial ferredoxin Yah1p and the ferredoxin reductase Arh1p are required for Q(6) biosy...
Article
Full-text available
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells lacking the cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) assembly factor Coa2 are impaired in Cox1 maturation and exhibit a rapid degradation of newly synthesized Cox1. The respiratory deficiency of coa2Δ cells is suppressed either by the presence of a mutant allele of the Cox10 farnesyl transferase involved in heme a biosynthesis or t...
Article
Full-text available
The assembly of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) in yeast mitochondria is dependent on a new assembly factor designated Coa2. Coa2 was identified from its ability to suppress the respiratory deficiency of coa1Δ and shy1Δ cells. Coa1 and Shy1 function at an early step in maturation of the Cox1 subunit of CcO. Coa2 functions downstream of the Mss51-Coa1 st...
Article
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The twin-Cx9C motif protein Pet191 is essential for cytochrome c oxidase maturation. The motif Cys residues are functionally important and appear to be present in disulfide linkages within a large oligomeric complex associated with the mitochondrial inner membrane. The import of Pet191 differs from that of other twin-Cx9C motif class of proteins in...
Article
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G93A SOD1 transgenic mice overexpressing CCS protein develop an accelerated disease course that is associated with enhanced mitochondrial pathology and increased mitochondrial localization of mutant SOD1. Because these results suggest an effect of mutant SOD1 on mitochondrial function, we assessed the enzymatic activities of mitochondrial respirato...
Article
Full-text available
The assembly of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) in yeast mitochondria is shown to be dependent on a new assembly factor designated Coa1 that associates with the mitochondrial inner membrane. Translation of the mitochondrial-encoded subunits of CcO occurs normally in coa1Delta cells, but these subunits fail to accumulate. The respiratory defect in coa1De...
Article
Full-text available
MiaE catalyzes the posttranscriptional allylic hydroxylation of 2-methylthio-N-6-isopentenyl adenosine in tRNAs. The Salmonella typhimurium enzyme was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified enzyme is a monomer with two iron atoms and displays activity in in vitro assays. The type and properties of the iron center were investigat...
Article
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Transition metal ions are required for many aspects of mitochondrial physiology. Copper, iron, manganese and zinc are cofactors in metalloenzymes and metalloproteins within the organelle. Little is known how cells maintain optimal pools of these metal ions for mitochondrial function. This review documents the available literature on mitochondrial m...
Article
The radical-S-adenosylmethionine (radical-AdoMet) enzyme MiaB catalyzes the posttranscriptional methylthiolation of N-6-isopentenyladenosine in tRNAs. Spectroscopic and analytical studies of the reconstituted wild-type and C150/154/157A triple variant forms of Thermotoga maritima MiaB have revealed the presence of two distinct [4Fe-4S](2+,1+) clust...
Article
Full-text available
A mitochondrial matrix copper ligand (CuL) complex, conserved in mammalian cells, is the likely source of copper for assembly of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) and superoxide dismutase 1 (Sod1) within the intermembrane space (IMS) in yeast. Targeting the copper-binding proteins human Sod1 and Crs5 to the mitochondrial matrix results in growth impairmen...
Article
Copper is required within the mitochondrion for the function of two metalloenzymes, cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) and superoxide dismutase (Sod1). Copper metallation of these two enzymes occurs within the mitochondrial intermembrane space and is mediated by metallochaperone proteins. Cox17 is a key copper donor to two accessory proteins, Sco1 and Cox1...
Article
Full-text available
Sco1 is a metallochaperone that is required for copper delivery to the CuA site in the CoxII subunit of cytochrome c oxidase. The only known missense mutation in human Sco1, a P174L substitution in the copper-binding domain, is associated with a fatal neonatal hepatopathy; however, the molecular basis for dysfunction of the protein is unknown. Immo...
Article
Full-text available
The last biosynthetic step for 2-methylthio-N6-isopentenyl-adenosine (ms2i6A), present at position 37 in some tRNAs, consists of the methylthiolation of the isopentenyl-adenosine (i6A) precursor. In this work we have reconstituted in vitro the conversion of i6A to ms2i6A within a tRNA substrate using the iron-sulfur MiaB protein, S-adenosylmethioni...
Article
Full-text available
In Escherichia coli, the MiaB protein catalyzes the methylthiolation of N-6-isopentenyl adenosine in tRNAs, the last reaction step during biosynthesis of 2-methylthio-N-6-isopentenyl adenosine (ms2i6A-37). For the first time the thermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima is shown here to contain such a MiaB tRNA-modifying enzyme, named MiaBTm, and...
Article
Full-text available
The product of the miaB gene, MiaB, from Escherichia coli participates in the methylthiolation of the adenosine 37 residue during modification of tRNAs that read codons beginning with uridine. A His-tagged version of MiaB has been overproduced and purified to homogeneity. Gel electrophoresis and size exclusion chromatography revealed that MiaB prot...

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