Fabian Pitoia

Fabian Pitoia
Universidad de Buenos Aires | UBA · Department of Medicine

MD., Ph D.

About

176
Publications
133,275
Reads
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2,309
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
January 2008 - present
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Position
  • Head of Department
January 2005 - December 2011
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Education
January 2000 - June 2000
Aix-Marseille Université
Field of study
  • Molecular Biology
June 1998 - June 2001
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Field of study
  • Endocrinology
May 1995 - May 1998
Rosario National University
Field of study
  • Internal Medicine

Publications

Publications (176)
Article
Objectives: The aims of this study were to validate the proposed Latin American Thyroid Society (LATS) risk of recurrence stratification system and to compare the findings with those of the American Thyroid Association (ATA) risk of recurrence stratification system. Subjects and methods: This study is a retrospective review of papillary thyroid...
Article
For some patients with metastatic disease from differentiated thyroid cancer, remarkable results can be achieved with eradication of tumour cells through radioactive iodine ( 131 I) uptake. However, even after an adequate stimulation by thyroid-stimulating hormone and in the absence of excess iodine, only two thirds of patients with metastases show...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeTo describe the outcomes and the incidence of adverse events following active surveillance (AS) versus immediate surgery in patients with low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).Methods We prospectively evaluated 286 patients who attended the Hospital de Clínicas, with a single thyroid nodule <1.5 cm classified as Bethesda category V or V...
Article
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PurposeTo describe the experience with radioiodine-resistant differentiated thyroid cancer (RR-DTC) patients treated with lenvatinib in two university hospitals from Argentina.Methods Adult patients with a diagnosis of RR-DTC treated with lenvatinib from April 2017 to February 2020 were registered into a retrospective database. Primary objectives w...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Serum antithyroglobulin antibodies (sTgAb) affect the reliability of Tg measurement in patients with thyroid cancer. We compared the outcome of patients with detectable and undetectable sTgAb, stratified according to the initial risk of recurrence (RR); also the response to treatment in patients with detectable sTgAb treated with total thyr...
Article
Background: It has been suggested that small metastatic lymph nodes (LN) detected after initial surgery in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) can be managed with active surveillance (AS). However, there is still concern regarding the clinical outcomes of these patients. The main aims of our study were: i) to assess the frequency of g...
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Full-text available
Purpose Non-invasive encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer was reclassified as non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). These neoplasms have an extremely low malignant potential. The aim of this study was (1) to assess the prevalence of NIFTP in patients with papillary thyroid carc...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose ¹⁸F-DOPA Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (¹⁸F-DOPA PET/CT) is a sensitive functional imaging method (65–75%) for detecting disease localization in medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). We aimed: (i) to assess the clinical usefulness of ¹⁸F-DOPA PET/CT in patients with MTC and elevated calcitonin (Ctn) and CEA levels and, (ii) to...
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After the beginning of COVID-19 vaccination campaigns, several reports of thyroid disease possibly related to the COVID-19 vaccination progressively appeared in the literature, raising the question of whether the thyroid disorder might be a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine complication. The aim of this study was to analyze the data about COVID-19 vaccination and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: Non-invasive encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer was reclassified as non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). These neoplasms have an extremely low malignant potential. The aim of this study was 1) to assess the prevalence of NIFTP in patients with papillary thyroid carc...
Article
Full-text available
The cumulative evidence over the past decades has shown that the incidence of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) has exponentially increased. Approximately 10% of patients with DTC exhibit recurrent or metastatic disease, and about two-thirds of the latter will be defined as refractory to radioactive iodine (RAIR) treatment. Since this conditio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose ¹⁸F-DOPA Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (¹⁸F-DOPA PET/CT) is a sensitive functional imaging method (65-75%) for detecting disease localization in medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). We aimed: i) to assess the clinical usefulness of ¹⁸F-DOPA PET/CT in patients with MTC and elevated calcitonin (Ctn) and CEA levels and, ii) to ev...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the pandemic of the new millennium. COVID-19 can cause both pulmonary and systemic inflammation, potentially determining multi-organ dysfunction. Data on the relationship between COVID-19 and thyroid have been emerging, and rapidly increasing since March 2020. The thyroid gland and the virus infection with its...
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Purpose: the validation of a new scoring model considering the principal risk factors of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) relapse. Methods: we evaluated all DTC patients treated with thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. Three domains were considered: the demographic domain (age and gender), the surgical domain (histology and th...
Article
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La vigilancia activa (VA) es una herramienta estratégica para el manejo de pacientes con patología tumoral de lento crecimiento, utilizada con el fin de evitar tratamientos excesivos. Este enfoque emergió en las últimas décadas como una alternativa a la exposición de pacientes a un tra-tamiento definitivo y, por lo tanto, a sus efectos adversos, ha...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeTo describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with cytologically Bethesda IV category (B IV) thyroid nodules who opted for active surveillance.Materials and methodsWe prospectively evaluated 155 patients with a single thyroid nodule classified as B IV. Immediate molecular testing and/or thyroid surgery was offered, except...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The treatment of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) was modified in the last decade towards a more individualized approach according to the risk of recurrence (RR). We compared the outcomes of patients with low and intermediate RR (LRR and IRR) who received or did not receive radioiodine remnant ablation (RRA) after assess...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The treatment of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) was modified in the last decade towards a more individualized approach according to the risk of recurrence (RR). We compared the outcomes of patients with low and intermediate RR (LRR and IRR) who received or did not receive radioiodine remnant ablation (RRA) after assess...
Article
Full-text available
Larotrectinib, a highly selective TRK inhibitor, was administered to a patient with rapidly progressing radioactive iodine‐refractory papillary NTRK3 fusion‐positive thyroid cancer. The patient achieved a durable (sustained for 11 months) complete response after 2 months of treatment and complete intracranial responses in metastatic brain lesions a...
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Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is the rarest tumor of the thyroid gland, representing less than 2% of clinically recognized thyroid cancers. Typically, it has an extremely rapid onset, fatal outcomes in most cases, and a median overall survival of 3 to 10 months despite aggressive multidisciplinary management. The presence of targetable mutations in...
Article
Full-text available
Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common thyroid tumor in childhood. In advanced stages, it can present with respiratory failure. The treatment of choice is total thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine. In cases of unresectable tumors, therapy with multikinase inhibitors should be considered. A 10-year-old girl was referred for progressive respira...
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Background Acromegaly is associated with higher morbidity and mortality mainly due to cardiovascular disease. Data on the incidence and evolution of thyroid cancer in acromegaly are controversial. Our objective was to describe the characteristics of a group of acromegalic patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) and analyze their evolut...
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Resumen Existen numerosas comunicaciones de hallazgo incidental de remanentes del conducto tirogloso (CTG) posteriores a una tiroidectomía total, pero se desconoce su implicancia en pacientes con cáncer diferenciado de tiroides (CDT). Nuestro objetivo fue determinar frecuencia de detección ecográfica de remanentes del CTG posterior a la tiroidectom...
Article
Full-text available
The recent coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is placing health systems in serious challenges worldwide. Shocking statistics each day has prompted the World Health Organization to officially declare the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic in March 2020. Preliminary studies ha...
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
There are numerous reports of incidental findings of thyroglossal duct remnants (TGDR) after total thyroidectomy, but its implication on the outcome of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of TGDR detected by ultrasonography after total thyroidectomy in patients with DTC...
Article
Objectives To assess the value of ¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT for detecting recurrent/persistent disease in patients with biochemical incomplete (BIR) or indeterminate response (IR) and to assess the impact of ¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT on the therapeutic management of these patients. Methods The study included patients with BIR, in whom ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT was used within the...
Article
Active surveillance is now considered as a valid alternative to surgery by the American Thyroid Association guidelines for the management of patients with a diagnosis of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. On the other side, the same guideline proposes that those thyroid nodules smaller than 1 cm with ultrasonographic suspicious pattern should not un...
Article
In recent decades, while the incidence of thyroid cancer has increased exponentially around the world, mortality has remained stable. The vast majority of this increase is attributable to the identification of intrathyroidal papillary microcarcinomas, which exhibit slow growth rates with indolent courses. A diagnosis of thyroid cancer based upon th...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Non-invasive encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer was reclassified as non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) in 2016. These neoplasms have an extremely low potential of malignancy. Objectives: i) to assess the prevalence of NIFTP in patients with papillary thyroid c...
Article
Full-text available
La tiroglobulina sérica (Tg) es el marcador utilizado para identificar persistencia o recurrencia en pacientes con cáncer diferenciado de tiroides (CDT). La confiabilidad de su medición es nula cuando coexisten anticuerpos anti-tiroglobulina (aTg) detectables. Nuestros objetivos fueron: i) comparar la evolución de pacientes con CDT con aTg positivo...
Article
Objectives To assess the value of ¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT for detecting recurrent/persistent disease in patients with biochemical incomplete (BIR) or indeterminate response (IR) and to assess the impact of ¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT on the therapeutic management of these patients. Methods The study included patients with BIR, in whom ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT was used within the...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common thyroid tumor in childhood. Most patients are referred with locally advanced and/or distant disease at the time of diagnosis. Whenever possible, these patients should be offered total thyroidectomy and radioiodine remnant ablation; however, this approach is not always feasible, renderi...
Article
Full-text available
Rev Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín 14(1)16-21 (2019) Objetivos: Caracterizar el impacto del compromiso ganglionar en el pronóstico y la evolución del carcinoma diferenciado de tiroides, describir las opciones de manejo y/o seguimiento frente a la persistencia/ recurrencia ganglionar y revisar la evidencia acerca de la eficacia de la terap...
Article
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El enfoque actual de los pacientes con carcinoma diferenciado de tiroides (CDT) es individualizado de acuerdo al riesgo de recurrencia (RR) de la enfermedad. La clasificación estática del RR inicial podría mejorarse al aplicar el denominado riesgo dinámico, que resulta de adicionar al RR, los hallazgos que surgen durante el seguimiento. Se incluyer...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To determine the percentage of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) who accepted active surveillance as an alternative to surgery in our clinical practice and to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with Bethesda category V and VI thyroid nodules who chose active surveillance. Subjects and methods:...
Article
The stratification of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer based on their initial risk of recurrence, according to specific clinical, histopathological and perioperative data, is an important starting point for tailoring the follow-up during the first 1 to 2 years after initial therapy (surgery with or without radioiodine ablation). However,...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Metastases of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in sites different from lungs and bone are unusual (UM); their impact in management and prognosis remains unknown. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of UM, to describe their characteristics and to analyze their impact in disease outcome and mortality. Methods We retrospectively revie...
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Purpose To describe the experience of our Division of Endocrinology with multikinase inhibitor (MKI) treatment in radioiodine-resistant differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients. Methods Adults patients with a diagnosis of DTC treated with an MKI drug from March 2011 to October 2018 were registered into a retrospective database. Primary objecti...
Article
Introduction Acromegaly is associated with higher morbidity and mortality due to malignant neoplasms. However, data on the incidence and evolution of thyroid cancer in acromegaly is controversial. Objectives: To describe the clinical and biochemical characteristics of a group of acromegalic patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Iden...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The advent of multikinase inhibitor (MKI) therapy has led to a radical change in the treatment of patients with advanced thyroid carcinoma. The aim of this manuscript is to communicate rare adverse events that occurred in less than 5% of patients in clinical trials in a subset of patients treated in our hospital. Subjects and methods: Ou...
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Full-text available
Objective: The advent of multikinase inhibitor (MKI) therapy has led to a radical change in the treatment of patients with advanced thyroid carcinoma. The aim of this manuscript is to communicate rare adverse events that occurred in less than 5% of patients in clinical trials in a subset of patients treated in our hospital. Subjects and methods: Ou...
Chapter
Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) provide recommendations about the current best practice likely to offer the best outcome based upon the most reliable scientific evidence available at the time, for relevant professionals, patients, and policy makers of healthcare organizations. National CPGs thus aim to standardize high quality care amongst all...
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Resumen: Introducción: El riesgo de recurrencia en cáncer diferenciado de tiroides (CDT) se utiliza para determinar la frecuencia de las respuestas estructurales incompletas o excelentes con un valor predictivo positivo cercano al 30%. El riesgo dinámico, que evalúa la respuesta inicial al tratamiento demostró tener una proporción de varianza expli...
Article
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Las estrategias de tratamiento en pacientes con cáncer diferenciado de tiroides (CDT) se encuentran actualmente adaptadas al riesgo de recurrencia. La ablación con 131I no demostró reducir la mortalidad ni prolongar la supervivencia libre de enfermedad en los pacientes de bajo riesgo, aunque probablemente podría facilitar el seguimiento. Objetivo:...
Article
Full-text available
Distant metastases occur in around 10% of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), and half of these cases will become refractory to radioiodine therapy (RAIR). Sorafenib was the first multikinase inhibitor (IMK) approved by the FDA for patients with differentiated advanced and progressive RAIR thyroid cancer, and it is the only one appro...
Article
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Las metástasis son la principal causa de mortalidad específica en carcinoma diferenciado de tiroides (CDT). Las localizaciones más frecuentes son el pulmón y el hueso. El compromiso de otros sitios es inusual. Se desconoce el impacto que tienen en la evolución y sobrevida de los pacientes. Objetivos: evaluar la prevalencia de metástasis infrecuente...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To compare the historic risk of recurrence (RR) and response to therapy to risk stratification estimated with historical pathology reports (HPRs) and contemporary re-review of the pathological slides in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Subjects and methods Out of 210 DTC patients with low and intermediate RR who underwe...
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Full-text available
Objective Bone metastases (BM) from differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) are associated with poor survival rates. Due to the low frequency of this entity, we performed a multicentric retrospective study that aimed to evaluate the presentation, outcome and causes of death in this population. Subjects and methods We reviewed file records from 10 data...
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Objective: To evaluate two variables affecting Thyroglobulin stability in the washout of fine needle aspiration biopsies of thyroid nodules and metastatic lymph nodes. Materials and methods: Thyroglobulin stability after storage at -20 °C up to 14 days was studied in washout performed with normal saline solution and further dilutions with normal...
Article
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La presencia de metástasis a distancia en el cáncer diferenciado de tiroides es un hecho infrecuente que ocurre en menos del 10% de los pacientes. Cuando sucede, la supervivencia a 10 años disminuye significativamente. La curación es el objetivo primario, pero dado que 2 tercios de los tumores metastásicos se volverán radiorrefractarios en su evolu...
Article
6084 Background: RIFTOS MKI was designed to compare the time to symptomatic progression from study entry in patients with RAI-R DTC for whom there was a decision to treat or not to treat with an MKI in the real-life setting. Here, we report interim baseline characteristics for the first 274 patients enrolled in the study. Methods: RIFTOS MKI is a n...
Article
Full-text available
The therapeutic approach and the follow-up of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is currently individualised according to the risk of recurrence, with a lower tendency to perform remnant ablation (RA) in patients with low risk of recurrence. While response to therapy assessment has been validated for DTC patients treated by total thy...
Article
There are limited treatment options for patients with radioactive iodine–refractory, progressive differentiated thyroid cancer. Although there is consensus that multikinase inhibitor therapy should be considered in patients with progressive disease with considerable tumor load or symptomatic disease, uncertainty exists on the optimal timingto treat...
Article
Full-text available
El advenimiento de la terapia con inhibidores multicinasas (IMK) representó un cambio radical en el tratamiento de pacientes con carcinoma avanzado de tiroides. Hasta la fecha, 2 fármacos se encuentran aprobados por la Asociación Nacional de Medicamentos, Alimentos y Tecnología Médica (ANMAT) en Argentina: sorafenib, para pacientes con carcinoma di...
Article
Full-text available
Radioiodine (RAI)-refractory thyroid cancer is an uncommon entity, occurring with an estimated incidence of 4-5 cases/year/million people. RAI refractoriness is more frequent in older patients, in those with large metastases, in poorly differentiated thyroid cancer, and in those tumors with high 18-fluordeoxyglucose uptake on PET/CT. These patients...
Article
Objective: To evaluate the influence of age at diagnosis on the frequency of structural incomplete response (SIR) according to the modified risk of recurrence (RR) staging system from the American Thyroid Association guidelines. Patients and methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 268 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) f...