Fabian M Jaksic

Fabian M Jaksic
Center of Applied Ecology and Sustainability (CAPES) · Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Doctor of Philosophy
I will be Professor of UC and Director of CAPES until June 30, 2024.

About

449
Publications
97,145
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
13,740
Citations
Citations since 2016
104 Research Items
4444 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
Introduction
Fabián M. Jaksic has a BS in Biology (University of Chile), a PhD in Zoology (University of California-Berkeley), is a certified senior ecologist (Ecological Society of America), and a member of the Chilean Academy of Sciences. He is a full professor (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile), director of the Center of Applied Ecology and Sustainability (CAPES), and author of ca. 300 scientific papers, 44 book chapters, and 15 books. Invasion ecology is his main research interest.
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - January 2012
Center for Advanced Studies in Ecology and Biodiversty (CASEB)
Position
  • Director
Description
  • To lead, coordinate, and administer the Center’s science/business/transfer/outreach model to ensure its correct operation.
July 1982 - June 2024
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Research, teaching at graduate and undergraduate levels, organization of scientific meetings, application to research funds, evaluation of scientific papers, projects, academic promotions, and fellowships.
August 1979 - March 1983
University of California, Berkeley
Position
  • Curatorial Assistant
Description
  • Collecting, identification, cataloguing, and curation of herpetological specimens
Education
August 1979 - December 1982
March 1970 - August 1977
University of Chile
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (449)
Book
Full-text available
Prefacio de Fabian Jaksic: La primera edición de este libro, aparecida en 2000, se agotó en 2004. Cinco generaciones de estudiantes de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile la usaron como libro de texto para el curso Ecología de Comunidades del Doctorado en Ecología. Al parecer, estos usuarios quedaron satisfechos y empezaron a recomendarlo...
Book
Full-text available
En la primera parte de este libro se entrega información relevante sobre este grupo de aves, que permite comprender su evolución, su anatomía y sus sentidos. Asimismo, se incluye información sobre su reproducción, conducta, poblaciones, uso de hábitat, conservación y manejo sustentable. La información procede tanto de la bibliografía existente, com...
Book
Full-text available
Presentación de Carola Solari, periodista: Conocí a Fabián porque tuve que entrevistarlo. En septiembre de 2020 publiqué un artículo sobre los hermanos Jaksic, Fabián e Iván, pues ambos habían obtenido el Premio Nacional: Fabián el de Ciencias Naturales, en 2018, e Iván el de Historia, en agosto de ese año. La crónica que escribí se titulaba “Dos m...
Book
Full-text available
En esta tercera edición se mantienen los mismos contenidos de la segunda, con el gran cambio que Leopardus colocolo es tratado como tres especies diferentes, siguiendo los últimos hallazgos genéticos: L. garleppi, L. colocola y L. pajeros. Se incluyen nuevas ilustraciones y fotos de estas tres especies.
Book
Full-text available
Este libro se organiza en tres partes. La primera tiene siete capítulos que entregan el andamiaje conceptual de las invasiones biológicas. Bajo un marco teórico explícito se proveen herramientas para comprender la complejidad del fenómeno, con énfasis en sus aspectos ecológicos. Para ello, se visualiza el fenómeno como un proceso de expansión geogr...
Article
Full-text available
Fire is one of the main drivers of anthropogenic disturbances in temperate forest ecosystems worldwide, with multiple effects spread across ecological networks. Nevertheless, the biodiversity effects of fire are poorly known for species-diverse groups such as arthropods. In this research, we used a burn gradient generated two and three years after...
Article
Full-text available
Background The systematics of Liolaemus magellanicus has been relatively well researched, but despite its recognition as the southernmost lizard in the world, scant attention has been paid to the discovery, distribution, biogeography, and ecology of this lizard at the southern tip of South America. I hereby research such aspects and collate the mos...
Article
Full-text available
We reviewed existing studies on the European rabbit in Chile regarding history, control, epidemiology, ecology, and economic impacts, comparing them with Australia's accumulated knowledge about the same topics. We focused especially on the resulting gaps and challenges to orient efforts toward controlling and managing rabbits in Chile. The European...
Data
California quail in Chile weight and length data
Article
Full-text available
Con el objetivo de comparar un área silvestre protegida con un sector suburbano perturbado en cuanto a su diversidad de micromamíferos, se recolectan egagrópilas de Lechuza Blanca (Tyto alba) obtenidas del sector La Aurora de Curacaví, que se identifica como una zona suburbana con cierto grado de perturbación; y otras obtenidas del Parque Nacional...
Article
Full-text available
500 years after the Magallanes-Elcano Expedition along the South American coasts, we analyzed the vernacular records of biological species reported in the Relación of this trip, written by Antonio Pigafetta, in addition to the Derrotero, by Francisco Albo. We found 40 vernacular names corresponding to 42 scientifically nominated species (13 plants,...
Article
Full-text available
Background During the last two decades, researchers have suggested that the changes of malaria cases in African highlands were driven by climate change. Recently, a study claimed that the malaria cases ( Plasmodium falciparum ) in Oromia (Ethiopia) were related to minimum temperature. Critics highlighted that other variables could be involved in th...
Book
Full-text available
Cada ciertos años, Chile nos recuerda que es un país sísmico y volcánico, con terremotos o erupciones que tienen consecuencias físicas, sociales y económicas. Pero también suceden en nuestro territorio otras expresiones de la naturaleza, como sequías o inundaciones. Quienes habitamos a orillas del océano Pacífico nos encontramos bajo la influencia...
Article
Full-text available
Disease dynamics theory predicts that after the introduction of an infected individual into a susceptible population, the number of infected individuals will grow exponentially until a point at which the depletion of the susceptible class starts to affect the rate of increase of the infectious class. The disease then starts to self-limit its own ra...
Article
Full-text available
Disease dynamics theory predicts that after the introduction of an infected individual into a susceptible population, the number of infected individuals will grow exponentially until a point at which the depletion of the susceptible class starts to affect the rate of increase of the infectious class. The disease then starts to self-limit its own ra...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El objetivo de esta memoria de carácter anual es informar a la ciudadanía chilena sobre las leyes de relevancia ambiental discutidas en el Congreso Nacional y cómo sus representantes han votado en cada una de ellas, haciendo público, notorio y sobre todo fácilmente accesible el registro ambiental de cada uno de los parlamentarios en ejercicio. Este...
Preprint
Full-text available
Este es un adelanto de mis Memorias en prensa.
Book
Full-text available
Dado que he sido parte activa de la generación y desarrollo de la ecología científica en Chile, creo que he conocido e interactuado con todos sus máximos exponentes. Referirme a cada uno de ellos y lo que hemos compartido habría sido demasiado extenso en mis Memorias, por lo que he decidido hacerlo en este capítulo online, que es una suerte de apén...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Chile atraviesa un momento histórico en el que es posible elaborar una nueva Carta Fundamental que consolide los valores que requiere la sociedad chilena del siglo XXI, en donde el Estado se debe hacer cargo de las garantías y deberes de los ciudadanos de hoy relacionados con vivir en un medio ambiente sano que no sólo permita la conservación actua...
Article
Full-text available
The coexistence of ecologically similar species is facilitated by differential use of resources along habitat, diet, and/or temporal niche axes. We used feces of non-native rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), hare (Lepus europaeus), goat (Capra hircus), and the native plains viscacha (Lagostomus maximus) to compare the utilization of spatial and trophi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A team of 3 scientometrists led by John loannidis published in 2020 an extensive and updated data-base (ca. 6.9 million researchers in 22 disciplines and 176 sub-disciplines), ordering them according to a composite bibliometric index that measures their whole trajectory (career-long) impact and their annual impact at year 2019. They rep...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo estudia la sequía de 1968 como un fenómeno climático severo asociado con la crisis política y social que irrumpió en Chile a fines de esa y la siguiente década. A partir del análisis de bibliografía, prensa escrita y crónicas de sesiones del Senado, se pondera el factor climático como un aspecto relevante en el desarrollo de los acont...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo aborda las interrelaciones entre clima y sociedad durante la década de 1870 en Chile a partir del análisis de fuentes históricas como el Boletín de la Sociedad Nacional de Agricultura, El Mercurio de Valparaíso, los Mensajes Presidenciales y el libro El Clima de Chile publicado en 1877 por Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna. Tras exponer el crí...
Article
Full-text available
In the freshwater basins of central Chile, 28 exotic species have been introduced, which have contributed to increase taxonomic diversity. Nevertheless, how these species have modified the components of functional diversity in these assemblages, a key aspect in learning about their present and future stability within an ecosystem, is unknown. In th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El objetivo de esta memoria de carácter anual es informar a la ciudadanía chilena sobre las leyes de relevancia ambiental discutidas en el Congreso Nacional y cómo sus representantes han votado en cada una de ellas, haciendo público, notorio y sobre todo fácilmente accesible el registro ambiental de cada uno de los parlamentarios en ejercicio. Este...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El proyecto de ley propone una estrategia climática de largo plazo y establece para ello un conjunto de principios, definiciones, instrumentos de gestión e instituciones que buscan crear un modelo de gobernabilidad multinivel (nacional, regional y local), para articular desde el Estado una respuesta al desafío de cambio climático. Parte de la insti...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cada ciertos años, Chile nos recuerda que es un país sísmico y volcánico, con terremotos o erupciones que tienen consecuencias físicas, sociales y económicas. Pero también suceden en nuestro territorio otras expresiones de la naturaleza, como sequías o inundaciones. Quienes habitamos a orillas del océano Pacífico nos encontramos bajo la influenci...
Article
Full-text available
Urban forests are conformed by a variable representation of native and exotic species. Because these species differ in the morpho-functional traits that possess, they may have a differential participation in the provision of ecosystem services in cities. Here, we compare ecosystem services inferred from morpho-functional traits of native and exotic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The coexistence of ecologically similar species is facilitated by differential use of niche axes (i.e. habitat, diet, and temporal gradients). Like in many other arid regions, mammal assemblages in arid Argentina are composed by native and nonnative medium-sized herbivores such as European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and the native plains viscac...
Article
Full-text available
Background Ioannidis et al. (2020) reported a standardized estimate of scientific productivity obtained from a worldwide database of 6,880,389 scientists who published at least 5 papers picked up by the Scopus database, and elaborated a ranking of ca. 120,000 scientists by both whole trajectory (career-long) impact and their current impact at year...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Se realiza una recopilación bibliográfica de los datos sobre la invasión de Lycalopex griseus (Zorro Gris) en la Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego con el objetivo de describir y analizar los antecedentes publicados sobre la introducción, invasión y efectos de Lycalopex griseus en dicho lugar. Se sabe que este cánido fue introducido en la Isla en 1951...
Article
Full-text available
Los vínculos entre fenómenos meteorológicos severos y las crisis políticas, sociales y económicas, suscitadas en el devenir histórico, no han sido precisamente el foco de atención en la historiografía nacional. El objetivo de este estudio se concentra en analizar los efectos económicos, políticos y sociales del fenómeno El Niño 1982-1983 en un cont...
Article
Full-text available
Los vínculos entre fenómenos meteorológicos severos y las crisis políticas, sociales y económicas suscitadas en el devenir histórico no han sido precisamente el foco de atención en la historiografía nacional. El objetivo de este estudio se concentra en analizar los efectos económicos, políticos y sociales del fenómeno El Niño 1982-1983 en un contex...
Book
Full-text available
For millennia humans have served as dispersing agents for other organisms. Thus, the patterns and processes associated with human movement across geographical, biogeographical, and political boundaries are reflected in the current distribution of plants, animals, and microorganisms. For this reason, the consideration of contextual aspects, both his...
Chapter
Full-text available
The propagules that have survived the primary dispersion barrier are able to found a colony, initially of reduced population size. From that point on, the newly arrived species may be called exotic (see Fig. 1.7). The colony will be successful if it persists and expands, occupying a larger area in the recipient region. In a broad sense, the persist...
Chapter
Full-text available
Biological invasions can be defined as phenomena in which a species extends its geographic range, occupying regions in which it was not previously present (Elton 1958; Mack et al. 2000; Kolar and Lodge 2001; Lockwood et al. 2007). Despite the apparent simplicity of this definition, from an ecological point of view, invasions are a complex and, by t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Once established, exotic species can impact the composition and functioning of the ecosystems they invade (Hulme 2007). Although the magnitude of this impact may vary from imperceptible to conspicuous (Williamson 1996), these species may now be collectively called “invasive” (Table 1.1), and their very presence is conceived negatively (Williamson 1...
Chapter
Full-text available
It is widely recognized that anthropogenic activity modifies habitat conditions and species composition in freshwater communities (Abell et al. 2008). The conservation status of the freshwater communities, and particularly of the freshwater fish fauna, is worrying because a massive compositional change in diversity is undergoing (Mack et al. 2000;...
Chapter
Full-text available
Globalization has caused modifications not only in cultural and economic patterns around the globe but also in the biological heritage of the countries involved (Vitousek et al. 1996). The increment in commercial connection and transport between remote regions of the planet has favored an unprecedented exchange of flora, fauna, and microorganisms (...
Chapter
Full-text available
Various means and mechanisms promote the translocation of species (Mack et al. 2000). However, the onset of primary dispersal does not ensure the successful completion of this stage because in most cases the organisms that initiated it will not survive (Kolar and Lodge 2001). Williamson (1996) estimated that only 10% of the species will make it to...
Chapter
Full-text available
Once the founding colony is established, it can begin to expand its secondary distribution range (see Fig. 1.7). Such expansion will not only imply the occupancy of a larger distribution area but also an increase in population size (Sakai et al. 2001). Therefore, the concept of range expansion brings together two coupled population components: the...
Chapter
Full-text available
As we have seen in the previous chapter, the presence of invasive species is often associated with the extinction of native species (Wilcove et al. 1998; Ricciardi 2004). Although the generality of this fact has been questioned by some authors (Didham et al. 2005; Davis 2009), there is no doubt that once arrived and established, invasive species ca...
Article
Full-text available
The interactions between climate and history have been insufficiently studied, but have acquired new urgency in the context of the current global climate crisis. Most Chilean territory is affected by the oceanic-atmospheric El Niño-Southern Oscillation, but the political, economic and social impacts of this climate fluctuation (that results in eith...
Article
Full-text available
La extraordinaria sequía de 1924: Crisis socio-ecológica e irrupción del poder militar en Chile 1 The extraordinary drought of 1924: Socio-ecological crisis and irruption of military power in Chile 1 Pablo Camus 2 y Fabián Jaksic 3 RESUMEN Las interacciones entre clima e historia no han sido suficientemente estudiadas pero han adquirido gran releva...
Article
Full-text available
During the last two decades, researchers have suggested that the increase of the malaria incidence rate in tea plantations in the Kericho district in Kenya was driven by climate change. Critics suggested that others variables could be involved in the increase of the malaria burden, such as HIV and human population size. Population ecologists have d...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El objetivo de esta memoria de carácter anual es informar a la ciudadanía chilena sobre las leyes de relevancia ambiental discutidas en el Congreso Nacional y cómo sus representantes han votado en cada una de ellas, haciendo público, notorio y sobre todo fácilmente accesible el registro ambiental de cada uno de los parlamentarios en ejercicio. Este...
Technical Report
Full-text available
La tercera cuenta pública del Presidente Sebastián Piñera se realizó en un momento excepcional. Por un lado, la pandemia del COVID-19 asola Chile y al mundo entero, renovando la urgencia porque las decisiones de política pública se tomen con la mejor evidencia y conocimiento disponible y con la participación de todos los afectados. Por otro lado, e...
Article
Full-text available
Fires have a considerable impact on biological communities and ecosystems, within which the assessment of burned habitats requires consideration of indicator species or assemblages useful for monitoring. The short-term effects of fires can be easily deduced from analysing assemblages of animals with short generation times and high fertility rates, s...
Article
Full-text available
Fires have a considerable impact on biological communities and ecosystems, within which the assessment of burned habitats requires consideration of indicator species or assemblages useful for monitoring. The short-term effects of fires can be easily deduced from analysing assemblages of animals with short generation times and high fertility rates,...
Article
Full-text available
Background We determine the occurrence of self-citations among 36 Chilean ecologists with the highest h index values recorded in Web of Science. Because the practice of self-citation is perceived as negative by inflating a given researcher’s impact factor, we evaluate if those ecologists (five of them having been awarded the National Prize in Natur...
Article
Full-text available
The Neotropical region is an important reservoir of functional diversity of freshwater fish in the world. Recent studies have shown that functional and taxonomic diversity in this region has increased as a consequence of the introduction of exotic species. However, little is known about how this phenomenon has modified functional diversity at the w...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Exotic species' introductions together with extinction of native species represent the main mechanisms driving biotic homogenization of freshwater fish assemblages around the world. While generally ichtyofaunistic realms transit towards biotic homogenization, for conservation purposes it is essential to understand what specific mechanisms are...
Article
Human-dominated environments alter the availability and quality of resources for many species, especially for scavengers that have large home ranges and plastic foraging behaviors that enable them to exploit novel resources. Along the western slope of the Andes, the modification of natural landscapes have resulted in significant declines in native...
Article
Full-text available
The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is considered an ecosystem engineer. It roots up the ground looking for forage, generating patches of different sizes and without vegetation. Studies of wild boar's impact on vegetation can be addressed in two contrasting ways: short-term effects (immediately after boar's disturbance) and long-term effects. Short-term stu...
Article
Full-text available
The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is considered an ecosystem engineer. It roots up the ground looking for forage, generating patches of different sizes and without vegetation. Studies of wild boar’s impact on vegetation can be addressed in two contrasting ways: short-term effects (immediately after boar’s disturbance) and long-term effects. Short-term stu...
Article
Full-text available
For most of southern South America, the food habits of Magellanic Horned owls (Bubo magellanicus) are well known. In Chile, several researchers have reported the owl's diet in northern xerophytic environments, as well as subpolar forests; however, other than a short note on the owls' summer diet in Punta Dungeness (Martínez 2018), no major studies...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El objetivo de esta memoria de carácter anual es informar a la ciudadanía chilena sobre las leyes de relevancia ambiental discutidas en el Congreso Nacional y cómo sus representantes han votado en cada una de ellas, haciendo público, notorio y sobre todo fácilmente accesible el registro ambiental de cada uno de los parlamentarios en ejercicio. Este...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es explorar algunas relaciones entre clima e historia reciente de Chile. Sin caer en un determinismo geográfico proponemos que eventos climáticos extremos pueden originar agitación y malestar social relevantes. Los años 1899 y 1900 han sido los dos años seguidos más lluviosos de nuestra historia republicana y ocasionaron...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Considering its population, Chile is one of the leading countries in scientific research in Latin America. Historically, ecology and environmental sciences have shown productivity and scientific excellence. Proof of this is the award of public funding to the Center for Advanced Studies in Ecology & Biodiversity (CASEB), operational since...
Article
Full-text available
Aim/Background: Considering its population, Chile is one of the leading countries in scientific research in Latin America. Historically, ecology and environmental sciences have shown productivity and scientific excellence. Proof of this is the award of public funding to the Center for Advanced Studies in Ecology and Biodiversity (CASEB), operationa...
Working Paper
Full-text available
Background: Considering its population, Chile is one of the leading countries in scientific 26 research in Latin America, even though economic resources dedicated to research dwindled 27 in the last quinquennium. Historically, ecology and environmental sciences have shown 28 productivity and scientific excellence at the national level. Proof of thi...
Article
Full-text available
Phenology of species, the coupling of vital activities to specific times of the year, plays a main role in ecosystem functioning and is expected to be affected by global change. We analysed the temporal structure of 52 amphibian communities in South America encompassing a latitudinal range from 7º to 34º south. Phenological modularity – species ten...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este capítulo se presenta una actualización del estado de la biodiversidad en Chile en el ámbito de su composición, de su estado de conservación y de sus principales amenazas. También se recapitulan los avances del país en materia de legislación para la preservación de nuestro patrimonio natural y para responder a los acuerdos internacionales su...
Article
Full-text available
La manipulación con fines científicos de vertebrados terrestres en poblaciones naturales chilenas se debe realizar previa autorización del SAG y de Comités de Bioética institucionales. Obtener dichas autorizaciones es cada vez más complejo; los trámites no se adecúan al quehacer científi co ni al conocimiento sobre el efecto de la manipulación en l...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN La manipulación con fi nes científi cos de vertebrados terrestres en poblaciones naturales chilenas se debe realizar previa autorización del SAG y de Comités de Bioética institucionales. Obtener dichas autorizaciones es cada vez más complejo; los trámites no se adecúan al quehacer científi co ni al conocimiento sobre el efecto de la manipul...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are known to pose a potential risk to human, wildlife, and ecosystems' health. In Chile, pollutants are distributed in altitudinal, latitudinal, and anthropogenic gradients with higher concentrations in central Chile. The bioaccumulation and biomagnification of POPs primarily impacts species located at the top o...
Article
Full-text available
Anthropogenic food subsidies and waste disposals have become a new food resource for wildlife, including the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus), a situation that implies benefits and health risks. To increase understanding of Andean Condor feeding habits in the most anthropized area in Chile, we analyzed 280 pellets collected during 2016 from one roost...
Article
Full-text available
La investigación se llevó a cabo en 6 áreas del SNASPE: Norte (Parque Nacional Fray Jorge y Reserva Nacional Las Chinchillas), Centro (Reserva Nacional Lago Peñuelas y Parque Nacional Río Clarillo) y Sur (Parques Nacionales Conguillío y Villarrica). Se recolectaron 211 egagrópilas pertenecientes a Tucúquere (Bubo magellanicus) y Lechuza Blanca (Tyt...