F. Bethke

F. Bethke
Centre for Global Cooperation Research, University of Duisburg-Essen · Global Governance

PhD

About

20
Publications
16,812
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240
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2010 - March 2014
University of Greifswald
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (20)
Article
Full-text available
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, a majority of countries worldwide have introduced severe limitations on the freedom of assembly, if not an outright lockdown, in many cases complemented by restrictions on further civil and political rights. Although restrictions were generally considered necessary to save lives and protect health care systems...
Chapter
In this chapter, a relational model of political regimes is introduced. It assumes that democracy depends on the establishment and maintenance of stable and cooperative relations between four key actors: (1) the government, (2) the opposition, (3) security forces, and (4) citizens. Transitions represent critical junctures during which relations amo...
Chapter
This chapter connects and compares our results from previous chapters with recent research in comparative politics and transition research, social movement and contentious politics research, and resistance studies. It also discusses limitations and possible extensions of our research design. We call for further cross-pollination with related fields...
Chapter
This chapter summarizes our findings from previous chapters and connects them to debates about democratic crisis in the West and elsewhere. Our case studies show that maintaining democracy is an ongoing process and that democracy needs active citizens to mobilize in its defence. Crucially, democracies are more resilient than they sometimes get cred...
Chapter
Comparing cases of democracies induced by nonviolent resistance (NVR) with democracies which were installed through other means, this chapter finds that the former are much more resilient than the latter. NVR-induced democrackies, on average, survive longer, are more likely to pass the two-turnover test of democratic consolidation, and score higher...
Chapter
Having established that political transitions induced by nonviolent resistance (NVR) lead to more resilient democracies, this chapter analyses the causal mechanisms linking resistance to democratic consolidation. Using statistical analyses and in-depth case studies of Benin and Chile, we identify three mechanisms: First, NVR levels the political pl...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Development cooperation is increasingly being conducted in conflict-affected states. As violent conflicts grow and spread, so does the expectation that development cooperation will constructively contribute to their resolution. At the same time, current conflict dynamics put decades of development progress at risk. The development-peace nexus is no...
Book
‘At a time when authoritarianism is resurgent and democracy is under threat globally, this timely book shines a light on a critical but underappreciated driver of democratization: ordinary citizens.’ —Maria J. Stephan, Director, Program on Nonviolent Action, USIP, USA. ‘This insightful book is essential reading for all interested in democratizatio...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that successful non-violent resistance (NVR) campaigns promote democracy compared with violent revolutions and top-down liberalization. However, research to date has not examined the character and quality of the democratic regimes following NVR campaigns, or evaluated the mechanisms that produce this effect. In this pape...
Chapter
Der Rückzug der USA aus den multilateralen Abstimmungsprozessen trifft die Vereinten Nationen (VN) hart, die durch die zunehmende Großmacht-konfrontation ohnehin geschwächt sind. Deutschland hat als nichtständi-ges Mitglied im Sicherheitsrat in den nächsten zwei Jahren die Chance, die friedenspolitischen Kapazitäten der VN zu schützen und zu stärke...
Poster
Das Projekt untersucht die langfristigen Effekte unterschiedlicher Transitionsmodi (friedlicher und ge-waltsamer Widerstand bzw. ohne vorhergehende Mas-senmobilisierung) auf demokratische Konsolidierung. Das Projekt zielt darauf ab diese Effekte quantitativ genauer zu erforschen und zugleich qualitativ die Mechanismen zwischen friedlichem Widerstan...
Article
Previous research has shown that nonviolent resistance (NVR) campaigns are beneficial for democratization. However, research to date has not considered whether nonviolent revolutions succeed long term in bringing about democratic consolidation. In this paper, I address this gap by analyzing the effect of NVR on democratic consolidation, using data...
Article
Full-text available
Research suggests that nonviolent resistance (NVR) campaigns are more successful in deposing dictators than armed rebellions. However, ousting dictators is only the first step in the process of democratization. After deposing an autocratic regime, societies enter a transition phase where they must learn to consolidate the gains of democracy and bar...
Article
Full-text available
Concepts such as the ‘failed state’ are jointly produced by academics and political actors and hence connect academia and global politics. Little attention has been spent to study such concepts and the practices that create them and sustain their relevance. We develop an innovative framework for studying concepts. Relying on actor-network theory, w...
Article
Full-text available
Research suggests that nonviolent resistance (NVR) campaigns are more successful in deposing dictators than armed rebellions. However, ousting dictators is only the first step in the process of democratization. After deposing an autocratic regime, societies enter a transition phase where they must learn to consolidate the gains of democracy and bar...
Article
Der Artikel unternimmt eine vergleichende Analyse von Indizes zur Messung von fragiler Staatlichkeit. Zentrales Anliegen ist dabei die Überprüfung der Reliabilität und Validität der Messinstrumente. Die Analyse ergibt, dass die untersuchten Indizes zwar relativ zuverlässig das gleiche Phänomen abbilden, jedoch das Konzept fragile Staatlichkeit nich...
Article
Full-text available
In post-colonial Africa many rulers relied on so called ‘divide-and-rule’ politics to survive in office. The concept of divide-and-rule describes a strategy for rulers to sustain power by exploiting coordination problems among potential rivals. Rulers can break up rival concentrations of power by making discriminatory offers/sanctions or simply des...
Article
Full-text available
Die politikwissenschaftliche Forschung zu Staatskollaps, Staatszerfall und fragiler Staatlichkeit weist deutliche Schwerpunkte und Blindstellen auf. Besonders augenfällig ist der Mangel an einer systematischen Ursachenforschung. Eine Folge davon ist, dass in der wissenschaftlichen Literatur zwar eine Vielzahl kausaler Hypothesen formuliert, aber bi...
Article
Full-text available
In post-colonial Africa many rulers relied on so called coup-proofing strategies to survive in office. Coup-proofing generally refers to the creation of structures that minimize the possibilities of political and military elites to stage a coup and thereby depose the ruler. One important coup proofing tool is the appointment and dismissal of key po...
Article
Beitrag zum Autorenworkshop des Arbeitskreises "Demokratieforschung" der Deutschen Vereinigung für Politische Wissenschaft (DVPW) in Verbindung mit der "Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft" (ZfVP) zum Thema "Indizes in der Vergleichenden Politikwissenschaft" vom 14.5. bis zum 16.5.2009 an der Universität Leipzig. Zusammenfassung Der f...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
Project
The aims of the project are twofolded: A quantative study tries to answer the question if the nature of resistance (i.e. either armed or nonviolent) influences the quality of post-struggle democracy. Furthermore, qualitative case studies aim to identify the causal mechanisms through which nonviolent resistance - in contrast to violent resistance and top down transitions - transmits its effects even after more than a decade of democratic consolidation.