Eytan Tepper

Eytan Tepper
McGill University | McGill · Institute of Air & Space Law

Doctor of International Law


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Publications (6)
This chapter discusses the impact of space exploration and utilization on global society and globalization. Globalization, with its cross-border interconnection, interdependence, and engagement, increases the need for supranational regulation, i.e. global governance. The chapter, therefore, continues with a review of global space governance and how...
This article presents a groundbreaking new model for the management of natural resources, introduced into New Zealand (NZ) law in line with the worldview of the indigenous Maori. The article goes on to analyze the model through the lens of the theory of Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom and her design principles for managing common-pool resources. Build...
The 2009 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences Laureate, Elinor Ostrom, refuted Hardin's classic "tragedy of the commons" and found strong empirical proof, in lab and in the field, across countries and sectors, favoring polycentric governance of complex economic systems. Ostrom's research of diverse institutional arrangements for governing common-pool r...
Conference Paper
The 2009 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences Laureate, Elinor Ostrom, studied diverse institutional arrangements for governing common-pool resources (CPRs) and public goods. Ostrom found strong empirical proof, in lab and in the field, across countries and sectors, that collective action is feasible and that decentralized local institutions perform be...
Israel's space industry emerged from defense necessity, having its first launch in 1988. State budget was always low and mostly defense related, lately $76 million, of which only $3 million for the civil program administered by the Israeli Space Agency. The $3 million was highly leveraged, as 80% of the investment in space-related R&D in Israel so...


Cited By


Projects (3)
The Earth’s orbital space is congested with debris. They include abandoned fuel tanks, loose bolts and defunct satellites. Their significant and growing number creates a serious risk of collision with functional satellites, which could jeopardize communication and transportation systems. Mitigation, monitoring and remediation solutions are required to protect the Earth’s orbital space. The expansion of the space community intensifies the risk of collision. An increasing number of countries, including developing countries, now have their own satellites and numerous private corporations plan to launch satellites in the near future. This represents a critical challenge for the sustainable use of the Earth’s orbits. In this context, this project considers how the growing number of space actors and their increasing heterogeneity affect the governance of orbital space.
This study inquires into the legal status of the principle of international cooperation in space activities and the Chinese perspective in this regard. Furthermore, the study presents theoretical and practical models for cooperation, utilizing economic theory and the practice of China, with a comparative case study of Israel. The importance of the research lies in the importance associated to international cooperation, in particular with regards to space activities, the unclear legal status of the principle and the intrinsic complexities and barriers for its implementation.
The research builds on theories from international relations (Regime Theory) and institutional analysis (polycentric governance & management of common-pool resources) to suggest a feasible model for making global law in a divided world, using the case of the regulation of space activities. Power in international politics is increasingly diffused to non-state actors, rising powers etc. Multilateral arrangements are difficult to establish and even maintain and multilateralism in general is contested. The governance of space activities is no exception, with a long stagnation in rulemaking leaving un-answered even the most pressing challenges - space debris, weaponization of space and mining space resources. Moreover, some states have already resorted to unilateral action and national legislation, in what may become a trend of retreat from multilateral arrangements. To address the governance deficit, this research compares three concepts from three disciplines: international relations’ ‘regime complex’, institutional analysis’ ‘polycentric governance’ and international law’s ‘fragmentation’; further, it synthesizes the lessons from these three concepts to governance design. The research aims to draw the road to the governance of space activities by suggesting a feasible and efficient model for governance that may suit also other issue-areas in international affairs.