Eyal Ben-Ari

Eyal Ben-Ari
Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee · Kinneret Institute for Society, Security and Peace

PhD

About

197
Publications
37,398
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1,816
Citations
Citations since 2016
58 Research Items
772 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (197)
Article
The military covenant is a set of morally binding expectations marking the exchange between military, society, and the state. Its base is the military’s duality: like other large public institutions delivering services and its uniqueness in holding the monopoly over the use of legitimate organized state violence. The covenant is a form of relationa...
Article
Every country possessing an armed force has a military covenant: a set of shared, often implicit, expectations between the military and society. Derived from the social contract, the military covenant focuses on the willingness of soldiers to make sacrifices and forgo certain rights enjoyed by civilians in return for recognition of their important...
Article
This article develops an analytical model of force composition that combines the advantages of conscription with those of an all-volunteer force. Using Israel as a hypothesis-generating case study, it argues that mandatory military service has undergone changes centered on five key organizing principles: selective conscription, early discharges, el...
Article
Full-text available
This Armed Forces & Society forum is dedicated to exploring recent trends in the characteristics of military reserves and of the changing character of reserve forces within the armed forces within the military, the civilian sphere, and in between them. To bring new and critical perspectives to the study of reserve forces and civil–military relation...
Preprint
p>This article develops an analytical model of force-composition that combines the advantages of conscription with those of an all-volunteer force. Using Israel as a hypothesis-generating case study, it argues that mandatory military service has undergone changes centered on five key organizing principles: selective conscription, early discharges,...
Preprint
p>This article develops an analytical model of force-composition that combines the advantages of conscription with those of an all-volunteer force. Using Israel as a hypothesis-generating case study, it argues that mandatory military service has undergone changes centered on five key organizing principles: selective conscription, early discharges,...
Book
This volume explores and develops new social-scientific tools for the analysis and understanding of contemporary military missions in theatre. Despite the advent of new types of armed conflict, the social-scientific study of militaries in action continues to focus on tools developed in the hey-day of conventional wars. These tools focus on such cl...
Article
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) routinely rotate ground forces in and out of the Occupied Territories in the West Bank. While these troops are trained for soldiering in high-intensity wars, in the Territories they have long had to carry out a variety of policing activities. These activities often exist in tension with their soldierly training and e...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Article
This article analyzes the social and institutional dynamics by which knowledge in Japanese studies is produced in the English-using academic world, the dominant global academic system, which as such is an arbiter for much of what “we” take as research. It utilizes the case of Japanese Studies as the analytical focus because it has been the site of...
Article
This article reexamines and develops the analytical metaphor of “Reserve Soldiers as Transmigrants” in three directions. First, we advance the notion of transmigration by linking it to the explicit and implicit “contracts” or agreements struck between the military and individuals and groups within and outside of it. Second, we show that the “manage...
Article
This study examines reserve military service from a perspective of social construction—the ways in which the reservist’s conscious experiences are constructed to give meaning to military service. Content descriptions of conscious experiences of reserve military service are identified in past studies. Constructions fell into four broad categories: (...
Chapter
The term “creativity”—and related expressions like originality, imagination, innovation or inspiration—has become a key word in today’s media and cultural industries. Indeed, the term (frequently in concert with allied notions) is variously used as a guiding organizational principle, a marker of a peculiar form of production, a mobilizing and motiv...
Article
Full-text available
Enacted in 2008, 60 years after Israel Defense Forces was established, the Israeli Reserves Law is a striking expression of the decline of military autonomy in a democratic country. While not aimed at reducing the military's discretion in regard to the training, deployment, and compensation for reservists, the formal enactment of the Law in effect...
Article
Full-text available
In contemporary conflicts, militaries participate in multi-member mission formations: temporary structures established for specific missions and composed of diverse armed forces, governmental organizations, and civilian entities. To achieve flexible, coherent, collective action, these formations must be designed to be adaptable both to in-theater c...
Book
The purpose of this volume is to broaden scholars' analytical perspective by placing the creative industries in frameworks that compare and contrast them with other kinds of entities, organizations, and social forms that mix creativity and production. In other words, this volume aims to set out an emerging agenda for the study of creativity in the...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses the complementary work of psychological notions and courts in handling suicides occurring in the course of military service. We suggest the category of mutuality between individuals and social settings as an analytic perspective for the study of suicide, illuminating not only how suicide is constructed, but also theorizing th...
Article
Full-text available
This exploratory study investigates the social and cultural significance of creative nonfiction books about Special Operations Forces. It makes three arguments. First that these volumes are constructed along the classic lines of “hero” narratives that center on the experiences of protagonists overcoming adversity and danger to succeed. Second, with...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the importation of new gender ideals into a highly masculine organization through top-down and bottom-up processes. We analyze how a dominant group of men undo and redo gender in order to reproduce their supremacy and create a new, “improved” form of masculinity. Based on qualitative research on the practice of debriefing in t...
Book
This book explores the multiplicity of special times and spaces in Japan within which people get together to decide, celebrate or play, in gatherings such as organizational meetings, community festivities, preschool games or drinking bouts. It analyzes these gatherings in relation to the theoretical model of sociocultural frames, examining how such...
Book
Full-text available
This book sets out the major social scientific approaches to the study of Special Operations Forces. Despite consistent downsizing, over the past two decades the armed forces of the industrial democracies have seen a huge growth in Special Operations Forces (SOF). Through increasing numbers of personnel and more frequent deployments, SOF units have...
Article
Full-text available
For two months during the war in Gaza (summer of 2014) Hamas bombarded the kibbutzim in the vicinity using rockets and mortar shells, and exercising tunnel warfare. A century after its establishment dilemmas about kibbutz life similar to those arising during the decades of struggle were raised by members when they had to stand the test of survival...
Article
In this article, we use the case of the Israeli military occupation of the Palestinian territories to offer a microsociological analysis of military violence in noncombat situations. Utilizing the insights of Randall Collins, we suggest that in order understand these encounters, the emotional dimensions of violent behaviors must be linked to the in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Based on a conceptual framework for analyzing social navigation, this article suggests looking at military leadership in processual terms: at how leadership is something that emerges in situations marked by continuous trial and error not only between commanders and subordinates but between them and a host of other significant others all within the...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter describes how increased juridification and demands to apply international humanitarian law (IHL) have influenced the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). The authors analyze the IDF's compliance with IHL and other legal frameworks through a multilevel and multidimensional model of military compliance describing the law and external institution...
Article
Full-text available
This study centers on the relation between militaries, violence, and publicly available digital images. Military websites can be characterized as forms of representation of national institutions comparable to the sites of any large organization. However, the way these websites publicly frame and explain the military’s use of organized violence has...
Article
The special operations forces (SOF) of the industrial democracies have suddenly and rapidly grown in numbers and resources during the past decades. Most explanations for this growth focus on factors external to the armed forces. We argue that the enlargement of SOF is also the result of internal organizational dynamics. First, we compare SOF to oth...
Article
This article deals with lawyers in the Israeli military in the context of military operations. Based on an organizational analysis of military lawyers' hybrid roles, it argues that (1) military legal advisors belong to two professional communities that are highly partisan; (2) they fulfill a variety of roles that include mediation between the profe...
Article
Night is more than a separate time, it's a separate place altogether, freed from the constraints of our daytime lives. Step with us into the darkness.
Chapter
Full-text available
This book is based on the contention that in the wake of the many interventions that the industrialized democracies have undertaken since the end of the Cold War, things are slowly but steadily changing. In these countriesthere is much less enthusiasm for stability and support operations, counterinsurgency, humanitarian missions, or ‘small’ warstha...
Book
This book, based on fieldwork carried out in Japan between 1981 and 1983, is a study of two residential communities in the context of Japan's post-war urban and social developments. Rather than attempting a comprehensive ethnographic account of the two communities studied, it represents an effort to examine some questions bearing upon the changing...
Article
Full-text available
This article is an exploratory study of the factors influencing the management of diversity at the unit level. This management is carried out through ongoing negotiations between troops and commanders and is heavily influenced by the character of the unit within which bargaining takes place and involves the active role of both sides. The most impor...
Article
In recent years, popular culture production in East and Southeast Asia has undergone major changes with the emergence of a system that organizes and relocates production, distribution, and consumption of cultural goods on a regional scale. Freed from the constraints associated with autonomous national economies, popular culture has acquired a trans...
Article
Let us begin with four pictures: first, a multinational action movie being financed by producers from Hong Kong and filmed in Mainland China, Taiwan, Malaysia or Thailand; second, a housewife from the Philippines watching a Korean family drama on TV; third, a group of Indonesian fans translating a Japanese comic book into Bahasa; and fourth, Kitty-...
Article
Full-text available
In this article the authors examine two set of issues that constrain contemporary peace support operations (PSOs): one centered on the kinds of knowledge prevalent in PSOs and the second involving the organizational structures that characterize them. The authors' aim is to show the deep discursive and structural limitations and contradictions that...
Article
Full-text available
In today’s world, adolescents and children sometimes act as combatants whodirectly participate in hostilities. Yet more often they are deployed as auxiliaries (forexample, as lookouts or messengers) or in various support roles (as gardening, roadmaintenance, delivery of food, cleaning, cooking, conveying goods and providingsexual services) (Boothby...
Article
Full-text available
This concluding epilogue places the individual studies presented in the special volume in wider perspective. The importance of studying reserve forces centers on (1) their centrality in missions carried out by the militaries of the contemporary industrial democracies and (2) their unique cultural and organizational characteristics. Concretely, rese...
Article
Full-text available
A former chief psychologist of IDF declares that in Israel, military service is as natural a life-course stage as are pregnancy and birth. 1 A feature magazine article describes how a veteran of the 1973 war discovers and comes to terms with "his" post-traumatic syndrome, and how he is currently involved in litigation for emotional damage.2 A senio...
Article
Examines the combat experience of Israel's ground forces in the Al-Aqsa Intifada in order to offer a set of innovative concepts for understanding irregular warfare. The combat experience of Israel's ground forces in the second Palestinian uprising, the Al-Aqsa Intifada (2000-2006), is given full critical attention in this engaging study. Based on e...

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Projects (2)
Archived project
This article addresses the processes and outcomes of the in-migration of new managerial ideas – "organizational learning", "safety consciousness," and semi-democratic management – into a highly masculine organization. Initially framed by actors as potentially threatening accepted notions of masculinity they are subsequently reframed and transformed into a new form of upgraded masculinity. Specifically, based on participant observation of debriefings, interviews with flight crews and media coverage, this article focuses on the practice of debriefing in the Israeli Air Force to explore how new managerial ideas, standing in contrast to stereotypical masculine norms, are integrated into locally embedded organizational processes in ways that not only reinforce dominant masculine models but elevate them into an "improved" – "upgraded" – form of masculinity.