Ewa Stanisławska-Glubiak

Ewa Stanisławska-Glubiak
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation

PhD

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81
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357
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Publications

Publications (81)
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of foliar application of salicylic acid (SA) on alleviating Zn stress in young wheat plants. Two rigorous pot experiments were conducted with two spring wheat cultivars growing on soil artificially contaminated with Zn. The experimental design included three levels of soil contamination with Zn: 0...
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Wstęp Mikroelementy do niedawna nie były doceniane przez rolników jako składniki, które są niezbędne do prawidłowego wzrostu i rozwoju roślin uprawnych. Obecnie wiedza na temat ich funkcji biochemicznych i fizjologicznych, jaką pełnią w roślinie, jest szeroko dostępna. Coraz więcej producentów rolnych zdaje sobie sprawę, że niedostateczny poziom od...
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The aim of the study was to revise the limit values for the assessment of the microelement concentration in the soil determined with 1 M HCl. Unlike the values used so far to determine low, medium and high concentrations, the new values indicate only the low concentration limit below which fertilisation is necessary. Moreover, the new values are di...
Article
An org. fertilizer was prepd. on the basis of CaO-hygienized municipal sewage sludge by addn. of fertilizer-grade urea, enriched superphosphate, KCl and plant-available silicate. The fertilizer showed a high efficiency in maize cultivation in pot expts. An increase in soil pH, P, K and Ca contents, as well as a significant increase in maize grain y...
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The aim of the study was to develop limit values for low microelement concentration in the soil, determined with the use of Mehlich 3 extractant for assessing their deficits in rapeseed crops. The values were prepared on the basis of 1944 fields with rapeseed, covering the whole Poland. In 2017, the samplers of Polish agro-chemical laboratories too...
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To implement the Mehlich 3 method in Polish agro-chemical laboratories, limit values for deficiency of B, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn in soil for wheat were developed. The values were developed on the basis of 1921 fields with wheat, evenly distributed throughout Poland. Soil samples were collected from these fields in 2016, together with the plants growing...
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The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics of changes in the metal concentrations in the soils contaminated with Cd, Pb, and Zn during a 5 year period. Additionally the purpose included assessment of the suitability of 1 M HCl to control soil contamination with heavy metals compared to using of aqua regia method. The study was conducted...
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of Phalaris arundinacea, Salix viminalis and Zea mays to the phytoremediation of the soil contaminated with nickel. A 2-year microplot experiment was carried out with plants growing on Ni-contaminated soil. Microplots (1 m² × 1 m deep) were filled with Haplic Luvisols soil. Simulated soil contami...
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Total copper distribution in the soil profile was determined, depending on the type of soil and Cu dose, 5 years after the application of this element. Soil samples were taken from 5 layers to 50 cm depth from microplots filled with 3 types of soil that 5 years earlier had been treated with 5 doses of Cu: 4, 8, 12, and 16 kg ha⁻¹. There was an unev...
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The aim of the study was to compare the usefulness of 1 M HCl with aqua regia, EDTA, and CaCl2 for the extraction of phytoavailable forms of Cu, Ni, and Zn on coarse-textured soils contaminated with these metals. Two microplot experiments were used for the studies. Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea), maize (Zea mays), willow (Salix viminalis)...
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Six field expts. with winter wheat were carried out to compare the fertilizer efficiency of Cu and Zn sulfates or chelates citrates applied as foliar sprays. The metal concns. in the grain was detd. The chelated Cu showed higher efficiency than CuSO4. The efficiency of Zn was lower than that of Cu and did not depend on its form.
Article
In Poland, assessment of the content of micronutrients in soil is performed using 1 M hydrochloric acid (HCl) as an extractant. The objective of this study has been to check whether 1 M HCl can be substituted by Mehlich3. In total, 330 soil samples were taken from fields cropped with winter wheat. Each sample was accompanied by a sample of wheat pl...
Article
The aim of this work was to assess the suitability of Miscanthus × giganteus and Spartina pectinata link to Cu, Ni, and Zn phytoremediation. A 2-year microplot experiment with the tested grasses growing on metal-contaminated soil was carried out. Microplots with cement borders, measuring 1 × 1 × 1m, were filled with Haplic Luvisols soil. Simulated...
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The aim of this study was to investigate the scale of the deficiency of the six basic micronutrients: B, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo and Zn in the fields of wheat grown in Poland. In the years of 2010 – 2011, 357 samples of winter wheat crops were collected from fields located in the averagely intensive farms in 16 provinces of Poland. Plants were collected in...
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Ground phosphate rock was used as a PS fertilizer in powdery and granular form (P:S ratio 10:1) for growing oats, lupine and maize in field expts. The soil pH, contents of available P and S in the soil and the concn. of phosphate(V) and the sulfate(VI) ions in water filtrate were detd. Use of the granular fertilizers resulted in minor and less rapi...
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Porównano pylistą i granulowaną postać nawozu fosforowo-siarkowego wytworzonego na bazie mielonego fosforytu Maroko, o stosunku fosforytu do siarki 10:1. Badano wpływ fizycznej postaci tego nawozu na zmiany niektórych parametrów chemicznych gleby i wody przesiąkającej przez profil glebowy. Oceniano odczyn gleby, zawartość przyswajalnego fosforu i s...
Article
Solns. of 2 corn. herbicides were modified by addn. of CuSO4 or ZnSO4 or corn. Cu and Zn chelates and applied in winter wheat culture in field expts. to control 10 weed species. The solns. used were stable during storage for 24 h. Use of the solns. did result neither in decreasing herbicides activity of the agents nor in the exceeding allowable con...
Article
Incorporation of organic materials into soil improves the soil sorption capacity, while limiting the mobility of metals in soil and their availability to plants. These effects can be taken advantage for remediation of soils polluted with heavy metals. The objective of this study is to assess the remediatory potential of peat applied to soils with c...
Article
Rock phosphate was ground and added to org. composts. After 1-2 months long composting at humidity 60%, the composts were granulated, dried to H2O content below 8% and studied for various P forms. The composting resulted in an increase in content of HCOOH, citric acid and NH4 citrate-sol. P in the rock phosphate.
Article
For ground phosphate rock (GPR) to be applied as phosphorus fertilizer, the availability of phosphorus to plants needs to be improved. One possible way to achieve this is by adding sulphur, which will accelerate decomposition of phosphate in soil owing to the activation of microbiological processes. This study involved granulation of fertilizers co...
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The purpose of the research was to examine the extent to which the type of soil co-contaminated with Cd, Pb and Zn affected the accumulation and distribution of these metals in maize; a crop that plays a significant role in feeding of animals and humans. Two 1-year microplot experiments were conducted using four types of soils. The soils were as fo...
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The objective of this study was to determine the phytotoxic level of the soil content of zinc extracted with 1 M HCl. This extractant is used in Poland for determination of concentrations of available micronutrients in soil (B, Cu, Mo, Mn, and Zn) in order to diagnose their deficits and fertilization requirements. Two micro-plot experiments were se...
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For ground phosphate rock (GPR) to be applied as phosphorus fertilizer, the availability of phosphorus to plants needs to be improved. One possible way to achieve this is by adding sulphur, which will accelerate decomposition of phosphate in soil owing to activation of microbiological processes. This study involved granulation of fertilizers compos...
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W celu zwiększenia rozpuszczalności fosforytu kompostowano go z surowcami organicznymi. Używając bioreaktora do kompostowania biomasy, przygotowano 4 warianty kompostów. Do wytworzenia kompostów użyto mielonego fosforytu oraz rozdrobnionej słomy jęczmiennej, trocin i wysłodków buraczanych. Komposty różniły się rodzajem i ilością komponentów organic...
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Badano możliwość zwiększenia agronomicznej efektywności stosunkowo niskiej jakości fosforytu poprzez odpowiedni dodatek siarki i zgranulowanie obu składników metodą kompaktowania. Skomponowano 6 wariantów nawozów fosforowo-siarkowych o różnym stosunku fosforu do siarki i przedstawiono ich skład chemiczny oraz parametry granulacji. Na podstawie zawa...
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Kompostowano naturalny mielony fosforyt z komponentami organicznymi, takimi jak słoma, trociny sosnowe i wysłodki buraczane w celu zwiększenia jego rozpuszczalności. Przy użyciu bioreaktora wyprodukowano 4 warianty kompostów, które różniły rodzajem i ilością komponentów organicznych. Działanie kompostów badano w dwuletnim doświadczeniu rolniczym z...
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W doświadczeniach rolniczych, przeprowadzonych w hali wegetacyjnej z udziałem roślin testowych, oceniano dostępność fosforu dla roślin z 6 granulowanych nawozów fosforowo- -siarkowych. Badano również przenikanie jonów fosforanowych i siarczanowych do wody przesiąkającej przez glebę, pod kątem oceny wpływu tych nawozów na środowisko. Największą efek...
Article
Ground phosphate rock was mixed with org. components (barley straw, pine sawdust, beet pulp pellets) in order to increase its soly. Four variants of composts were prepd. in a bioreactor and tested in a 2 years long agricultural expt. with pea and bean plants. Crop yield and efficiency of P recovery were the highest when phosphate rock was mixed wit...
Article
Six granulated fertilizers including compacted rock phosphate, S and molasses were tested on oats and maize in greenhouse expts. The highest total P uptake was obsd. for triple superphosphate and for the fertilizer with P:S ratio 1:3.5. The addn. of molasses was ineffective. No deep-soil penetration of phosphate ions was obsd.
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One possible way to improve the solubility of phosphate rock is by co-composting it with organic substances. Four variants of composts were made in a biomass composting bioreactor. Ground phosphate rock (GPR) and shredded barley straw, pine sawdust as well as beet pulp pellets were used as compost components. The four composts were different from o...
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The aim of this study was to check whether the addition of waste rock dust to the soil contaminated with zinc will improve the yield of reed canary grass and reduce excessive amounts of zinc in its biomass. The study was carried out in the micro-plots made of concrete, as a two-factorial experiment, in a randomized complete block design, with four...
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The purpose of this research was to examine whether the addition of waste rock dust to light soil contaminated with nickel will increase the yields of cultivated plants and reduce their excessive nickel content. The research was conducted in concrete microplots of 1 m2 dimension in the complete randomisation system, as a twofactor experiment in fou...
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Streszczenie Tradycyjne systemy nawożenia roślin uprawnych fosforem w Pol-sce obarczone są dużym ryzykiem ekologicznym związanym z łatwością przenikania fosforanów (V) do wód powierzchniowych, a także wysokimi kosztami produkcji takich nawozów. Nakłada to konieczność poszuki-wania nowych rozwiązań nawozowych, które z jednej strony stanowiły-by mnie...
Article
The aim of this study was to check whether the addition of waste rock dust to the soil contaminated with zinc will improve the yield of reed canary grass and reduce excessive amounts of zinc in its biomass. The study was carried out in the micro-plots made of concrete, as a two-factorial experiment, in a randomized complete block design, with four...
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The aim of this study was to compare the suitability of several extractants for bioavailability of boron, copper, manganese, zinc and iron in soils to plants. For each element, 3 extractants were compared: so called specific, DTPA and EDTA. The specific method was different for different elements, hot water, nitric acid, magnesium sulphate (VI) and...
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A two-year experiment was conducted in the microplot of Experimental Station IUNG – PIB in Baborówko near Poznań. The sensitivity of three species of energy crops: reed canary grass, maize and energy willow, on moderate soil contamination with copper was studied. The experiment was conducted with 3 levels of soil contamination: 50, 100 and 200 mg k...
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Fine and coarse phosphate rocks were compounded with elementary S and used as fertilizer in pot cultures of test plant to study the migration of P and S to soil and soil filtrates. The addn. of S did not result in any solubilization of phosphates. No risk to soil and aquatic environment was obsd. when the phosphate-S ratio was not lower than 10:1.
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Mixed phosphate rock-S fertilizers were used in pot cultures of oat, lupin, maize, mustard and rye to study the distribution of Cu, Mn and Zn between plant tissue and soil. Two-year expts. did not show any increase in Cu content in the plant tissue while an Increase in Zn and Mn contents were obsd. The Mn content In the plants was even much higher...
Article
Fine and coarse phosphate rocks were compounded with elementary S and used as fertilizers in pot cultures of oat, mustard, maize, lupine and rye for 2 years. An increased crop (15-142%) was achieved after addn. of the mixed fertilizers in the 2nd year of the study esp. at higher phosphate-S mass ratio (14:1 or 10:1). An increase of P content in the...
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Full-text available
Four ground phosphate rocks were studied for P comps. soluble in mineral acids, H2O and aq. solns. of NH4 citrate and HCOOH as well as heavy metals, Ca, F and Mg. Granulometric anal, was also performed. The rocks were mixed with powdered S (7.2-14.2%) to resp. fertilizers.
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A two-year experiment was carried out to compare the content of N, P, K and Mg in dry matter of winter wheat plants grown under one of the three soil tillage systems: conventional tillage with a plough (CT), minimum tillage consisting of loosening the top layer of soil down to 15 cm (MT) and zero tillage (no-tillage), where seeds were sown directly...
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Przedstawiono wyniki badań składu fizykochemicznego zmielonych surowców fosforowych, stosowanych przez krajowe zakłady wytwarzające nawozy fosforowe (Tunezja, Maroko I, Maroko II, Zin). Ze względu na skład chemiczny i zawartość przyswajalnych form fosforu należą one do fosforytów o dobrej lub wysokiej reaktywności i spełniają europejskie wymogi fos...
Article
Nawozy zawierające siarkę na skutek obniżania odczynu gleby mogą powodować zwiększone pobranie przez rośliny niektórych pierwiastków, zwłaszcza metali. Celem pracy było zbadanie, czy dodatki siarki w nawozach fosforytowo-siarkowych mogą powodować zmiany zawartości mikroskładników pokarmowych w roślinach, co może mieć znaczenie w żywieniu zwierząt....
Article
Fine and coarse phosphate rocks were compounded with elementary S and used as fertilizers in pot cultures of oat, mustard, maize, lupine and rye for 2 years. An increased crop (15–142%) was achieved after addition of the mixed fertilizers in the 2nd year of the study esp. at higher phosphate- S mass ratio (14:1 or 10:1). An increase of P content in...
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Full-text available
In a two-year microplot experiment conducted on sandy and loess soils contaminated with Cd and Pb, the response of energy willow to these metals has been analyzed as well as the results of soil reclamation using two rates of peat. Differences have been observed between the soils, both in terms of the response of plants to pollutants and the effect...
Article
Nawożenie pól uprawnych siarką może powodować zwiększoną akumulację niektórych mikroelementów w roślinach wskutek zakwaszającego działania siarki na glebę. Nadmierna zawartość tych pierwiastków może być szkodliwa zarówno dla samej rośliny, jak i jej konsumentów. Celem badań było sprawdzenie w jakim stopniu doglebowe stosowanie siarki wpływa na grom...
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Areas polluted with trace elements can be utilized by cultivation of energy crops. In 2007-2008 a microplot experiment was conducted, using willow (Salix viminalis), reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) and energy maize (Zea mays) at a site in south-west Poland. Microplots with cement borders, measuring 1 m×1 m×1 m, were filled with Haplic Luvi...
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Copper is an essential element for plants, animals and people in small, but absolutely necessary quantities. Defi ciency of this element in the diet causes many health problems at animals and people. The content of Cu in wheat grain in Poland has decreased by about 20% over the past 30 years, which adversely affects its nutritional value. The aim o...
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Evaluating differences in mineral composition of cereal crops grown in zero and conventional tillage systems have been performed with the use of the results of the experiments carried out in experimental stations of IUNG-PIB in Jelcz-Laskowice, near Wrocław (years 2002–2009) and Baborówko near Poznań (2007–2009). The study covered results of variou...
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Suitability of 1 mol HCl extractant for monitoring of soil contamination with Zn, Cu and Ni was examined and compared to that of aqua regia. A micro-plot experiment was conducted, in which soil contamination with the above metals was simulated. For all the three elements, highly significant correlations were obtained between the total Zn, Cu and Ni...
Article
In three-year field trials, conducted in West Poland, the growth and development of winter wheat grown under the zero tillage (ZT) and conventional tillage (CT) methods on four soils were investigated. The soils were different mainly in the grain fraction distribution and content of organic matter. The tested soils were sandy loam (SL), loamy sand...
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The aim of the study was to verify whether new, intensive and commonly grown winter wheat cultivars in Poland differ significantly in Cu efficiency. Winter wheat is considered as one of the most sensitive agronomic species to Cu deficiency. Copper fertilization of wheat seems to be a necessity in our country due to common Cu deficiency in Polish so...
Article
In a two-year field study, the changes in Cu, Zn, Mn and B concentrations in aerial parts of lupine and pea were observed under traditional and no-tillage system. In each year, plant material samples were collected four times at 10-day intervals, from 30 days after sowing to the flowering stage. In plants of one species but grown under different ti...
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Compared to conventional tillage method, physical and chemical properties of soil tre- ated with long-term zero-tillage method (direct drilling without ploughing) are different, especially soil porosity, moisture conditions, concentration of organic carbon and macronu- trients. The aim of a three-year field study was to compare the content of micro...
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Synopsis. W latach 2002–2005 porównywano wpływ zerowej i tradycyjnej uprawy roli na plonowanie pszenicy ozimej, jęczmienia jarego, owsa, kukurydzy, bobiku i grochu. W Jelczu-Laskowicach k. Wrocła-wia wykonano 36 doświadczeń – po 18 w każdym z badanych systemów uprawy. Doświadczenia prowa-dzono w warunkach gleb lekkich, o odczynie kwaśnym. W przepro...
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Thirty-three field trials have been carried out on soils of different acidity (pH = 4.1-7.1) to investigate the effect of foliar fertilization with molybdenum on oilseed rape. Three rates of the element: 30, 60 and 120 g Mo .ha-1, were applied on two dates: in the spring, a few days after the growing season started, and during the early stem format...
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Light soil contamination caused by gradually increasing rates of copper and zinc was simulated in a microplot experiment. Wheat, clover and maize were grown in a four-year crop rotation cycle. Toxic effect of both elements on the crops was confi rmed as videnced by depressed yields, which, however, was not accompanied by any excessive increase in t...
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In a 4-year microplot experiment the effect of excess contents of Cu and Zn in light soil was investigated. Wheat, red clover and maize were test plants. In this study Cu and Zn caused substantial yield decrease, which did not correspond to the excess of those elements in plant tissues. There was some interaction of Cu with Zn in the uptake of thos...
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Three microplot trials with spring wheat were run on soil varying for pH level. Increasing Zn doses from 5 to 200 mg·kg-1 were tested. Zn applications resulted in a substantial rise of Zn content of wheat shoots. In addition, an interaction of zinc and phosphorus in the plants was found. Contrary to most reports in literature, the interaction was n...
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The authors calculated the total sum of microelements in plants and determined the percentage share of specific elements in this sum according to the ANE method. Then, both the changes of the microelements share in the sum and the changes of absolute microelement concentrations in plant tissues depending on soil pH were investigated. The sample col...