Ewa Gruszczyńska

Ewa Gruszczyńska
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities | SWPS · Faculty of Psychology

PhD

About

57
Publications
18,765
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
390
Citations

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Full-text available
Objective The aim of this study to examine the amount of the total variance of the subjective well-being (SWB) of psychotherapists from 12 European countries explained by between-country vs. between-person differences regarding its cognitive (life satisfaction) and affective components (positive affect [PA] and negative affect [NA]). Second, we exp...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine cross-cultural differences, as operationalized by Schwartz's refined theory of basic values, in burnout levels among psychotherapists from 12 European countries during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. We focused on the multilevel approach to investigate if individual- and country-aggregated level val...
Article
Full-text available
Vaccination hesitancy is an important barrier for the effective control of the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying determinants of COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy is essential in order to reduce mortality rates. Further, given the variability of the factors and the different recommendations used in each country, it is important to conduct cross-country r...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine the heterogeneity of change of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among people living with HIV (PLWH) in a 1-year prospective study. The goal was also to identify sociodemographic and clinical covariates and differences in baseline coping strategies. Particularly, time since diagnosis and positive reframing coping were...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The goal of the research was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Polish adaptation of the Stress Mindset Measure (SMM; general version, SMM-G, and specific version, SMM-S). Methods: Study 1 was an online survey conducted among 1651 adults (81% women, aged 18-84 years). To assess the theoretical validity of the SMM, the followi...
Preprint
Objective The aim of this study was to examine cross-cultural differences, as operationalized by Schwartz's refined theory of basic values, in burnout levels among psychotherapists from 12 European countries during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. We focused on the multilevel approach to investigate if individual- and country-aggregated...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of this study was to analyze the eudaimonic and hedonic well-being of parents of children with cancer by considering the role of a global stressor—the COVID-19 pandemic. One group of parents was assessed during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the other was assessed before it occurred. It was hypothesized that there may be a cumulative effec...
Article
Full-text available
Background In June 2021, 40 years have passed since the first cases of HIV infection were detected. Nonetheless, people living with HIV (PLWH) still suffer from intense HIV-related distress and trauma, which is nowadays mostly linked to the still-existing stigmatization of PLWH. Objectives The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to...
Article
Full-text available
Aim. The study aimed to present the Polish version of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT-PL) by Schaufeli et al. and to assess its validity and reliability. The tool measures the core symptoms of burnout (BAT-C): exhaustion, mental distance, cognitive and emotional mpairment, and its secondary symptoms (BAT-S): psychosomatic complaints and psychologi...
Article
Full-text available
The study examined the factor structure of burnout, as measured with the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory. The participants were 235 employees of a public administration agency who assessed their burnout online for 10 consecutive working days. Two models were tested with multilevel confirmatory factor analysis, assuming the same one or two-factor struct...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The aim of this study was to verify if subjective well-being (SWB) modifies the autoregressive effect of daily emotions and if this emotional inertia predicts long-term changes in SWB among people living with HIV (PLWH). Methods The 131 participants had medically confirmed diagnoses of HIV and were undergoing antiretroviral therapy. They...
Article
Full-text available
Objective. The aim of this study was to examine individual differences in the day-by-day relationship between negative affect (NA) and rumination in terms of their inertia, innovation, and cross-lagged effects among people living with HIV (PLWH). Methods. The participants were 217 PLWH with confirmed diagnoses of HIV and undergoing antiretroviral...
Article
Full-text available
The article describes a position statement and recommendations for actions that need to be taken to develop best practices for promoting scientific integrity through open science in health psychology endorsed at a Synergy Expert Group Meeting. Sixteen Synergy Meeting participants developed a set of recommendations for researchers, gatekeepers, and...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to explore the well-being trajectories of adaptation to retirement in relation to individual and cultural differences, with a particular focus on gender. The sample consisted of 596 retirees (330 German, 266 Polish, 59% female) assessed four times within 12 months. Subjective well-being was evaluated with a multivariate app...
Article
Full-text available
Beata A Basinska,1 Ewa Gruszczynska2 1Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland; 2Faculty of Psychology, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, PolandCorrespondence: Beata A BasinskaFaculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, Gdansk 80-233, Poland...
Article
Full-text available
For parents, a child’s oncological disease is a critical life event with a high burdening potential, which changes the functioning of the whole family on many different levels. It triggers various coping strategies with this situation, including religious-based coping. This topic has been somewhat rarely explored, and thus, the aim of the study was...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Changes of affective well-being are usually analysed either as longitudinal processes or as daily fluctuations. We used a three-burst diary study to combine these perspectives. Method: The participants were 211 patients with a diagnosis of HIV infection. In three bursts with 6-month intervals, they completed an online diary for five con...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Changes of affective well-being are usually analysed either as longitudinal processes or as daily fluctuations. We used a three-burst diary study to combine these perspectives. Method: The participants were 211 patients with a diagnosis of HIV infection. In three bursts with 6-month intervals, they completed an online diary for five...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose We examined whether three types of personality (i.e. resilient, undercontrolled and overcontrolled) based on the Big Five personality taxonomy could be replicated among people living with HIV (PLWH). We also aimed to establish significant sociodemographic and clinical covariates of profile membership and verify whether these profiles are re...
Article
THE FULL TEXT IS AVAILABLE AT THE FOLLOWING WEBSITE: https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/HJSCMT2MWGNTRBIW63PU/full?target=10.1080/16066359.2019.1642332 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Background: Despite a growing number of studies confirming the positive role of forgiveness and gratitude in al...
Article
Full-text available
The study examined the trajectories of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and perceived social support (PSS) among people living with HIV (PLWH), with a special focus on gender differences. The participants included 252 PLWH (18% female) undergoing antiretroviral therapy. HRQoL (WHO Quality of Life-BREF; WHOQOL Group, 1998) and PSS (Berlin Soci...
Article
Full-text available
Background The relationship between positivity, i.e., the proportion of positive and negative emotions, and job burnout may be of a curvilinear shape. From a theoretical point of view, it is a causal relationship, since positivity can be regarded as a proximal dimension of occupational well-being, and burnout as a distal one. However, previous stud...
Article
Full-text available
The current study explored the level of posttraumatic growth (PTG), treated as the explained variable, and its relationship with the level of satisfaction with life (SWL) and the Big Five personality traits, while controlling for several socio-medical variables, among people living with HIV. Participants were 470 individuals with a confirmed diagno...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The aim of the study was to develop a Polish adaptation of the Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R) by A. Osman et al. The questionnaire is a self-descriptive measure of suicidal tendencies (suicidal behaviors, including ideation and attempts) composed of four questions. Methods: A total of 926 university and post-graduate...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives. The aim of this systematic review was to analyse, synthesise and review existing results on posttraumatic growth (PTG) among PLWH. In particular, we investigated the relationship of PTG with sociodemographic, HIV-related clinical variables, positive and negative psychological correlates as well as HIV-related social issues among PLWH....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the heterogeneity of changes in affective states, i.e., positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect, as well as the sociodemographic and clinical covariates of these changes among people living with HIV (PLWH) in a 1-year prospective study. Method Participants were 141 ambulatory patients (15% female) wi...
Article
Aims: Early maladaptive schemas described by Young theoretically underlie the development of psychopathology, including substance use. The key assumption is that the schemas do not act in isolation but create configurations that are, at least to a certain extent, distinctive for specific disorders. Thus, the aim of the current study was to examine...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine the heterogeneity of the sample of people living with HIV (PLWH) in terms of psychological well-being (PWB) using the latent profile analysis. Participants were 530 people with confirmed diagnosis of HIV+. The study was cross-sectional with psychological well-being operationalized by health related quality of li...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine the consistency of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV (PLWH) by breaking down the variance of repeated HRQoL measures into trait, state, and method components and to test the stability of HRQoL over time. In addition, we wanted to examine whether HRQoL tr...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The aim of this study was to examine the buffering role of time-varying received and provided support in the relationship between stress and end-of-day mood among people living with HIV. In addition, the moderating role of intimate relationships in this buffering effect was verified. Methods The participants included 115 patients with a...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to examine the moderating effect of optimism on the relationship between daily pain-daily affect. Fifty-four female patients with rheumatoid arthritis completed self-report measures of optimism (once), daily pain and daily positive and negative affect for 7 consecutive days during hospitalization. Results of multilevel rand...
Article
THE FULL TEXT IS AVAILABLE AT THE FOLLOWING WEBSITE: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/zSdXFqHQDaWsXtrxRDs9/full ------------------------------ Background: The first studies concerning changes in moral virtues during alcohol addiction therapy were published during the last decade. However, as all of these studies applied a variable-oriented approa...
Article
Greater knowledge is needed of potential predictive factors for suicide in cases of alcohol addiction. Therefore, the aim of the study was to identify the socio-demographic variables and clinical factors associated with alcohol dependence which may have an influence on the occurrence of suicidal thoughts in alcohol-dependent patients. A group of 51...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to explore heterogeneity of change in state affect following the introduction of insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes. State affect was assessed twice among 305 patients: just before the introduction of insulin therapy and at 1-month follow-up. Latent class growth modeling showed that negative affect (NA) increa...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between coping strategies and subjective well-being (SWB) among people living with HIV (PLWH) using the latent profile analysis (LPA) with control for socio-medical covariates. Methods: The sample comprised five hundred and thirty people (N = 530) with a confirmed diagnosis of HIV+....
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The aim of the study was to prepare the Polish adaptation of the Young Schema Questionnaire S3-PL. The scale is a self-assessment tool designed to measure 18 early maladaptive schemas. Methods: The sample consists of 1,529 adults (927 women and 585 men), aged 18-85 years (mean age was 32 years), from non-clinical groups. Results: A...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine whether the relationship between the ratio of job-related positive to negative emotions (positivity ratio) and job burnout is best described as linear or curvilinear. Participants were 89 police officers (12% women) and 86 firefighters. The positivity ratio was evaluated using the Job-related Affective Well-bein...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The aim of the study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal effects of provided and received support on older adults' subjective well-being (positive affect and depression) and to examine whether being a recipient of institutional care moderates these effects. Methods: Social support (provided and received), positive aff...
Data
Dataset for “Well-being and Institutional Care in Older Adults: Cross-Sectional and Time Effects of Provided and Received Support” in.sav format. (SAV)
Article
Background Efforts to better understand the phenomenon of the ‘bottom’, the beginning of the process of turning away from alcohol, are important for both theoretical and practical goals. The conservation of resources theory by Hobfoll may represent a suitable framework to base these attempts around. Aim The aim of the study was to examine the role...
Conference Paper
Background. To explore trajectories of emotional state following initiation of insulin among type-2 diabetes patients. Method. Emotional state was assessed twice among 305 patients: just before conversion to insulin therapy and then one month later. Results. Latent class growth modeling showed that negative emotions (NE) increased in 80% of the s...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between affective state, pain, and coping in hospitalized women with rheumatoid arthritis, including both between- and within-person perspectives. Participants were 95 female patients between 24 and 82 years of age (M = 50.91; SD = 13.80). For three consecutive days, they rated each night the...
Article
The present study aim determine sub-group trajectories of change on measures of diet and exercise following acute coronary syndrome. 150 participants were assessed in hospital, 1 month and 6 months subsequently on measures including physical activity, diet, illness beliefs, coping and mood. Change trajectories were measured using latent class growt...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to verify psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS). Specifically, theoretical 4-factor structure (based on the dimensions of pleasure and arousal) and reliability of the original - 20-item JAWS (van Katwyk et al., 2000) and the shortened - 12-item (Schaufeli and Van...
Article
Full-text available
Background The longitudinal course of depressive symptoms among the elderly was examined over a one-month follow-up period. The aim of the study was to identify clusters of change as well as their correlates, including demographic variables and coping strategies (brooding, reflection, co-rumination, and positive reappraisal). Participants and proce...
Article
-Prior work has indicated that sense of coherence and trait anxiety are overlapping constructs. This study assessed this overlap in explaining emotional states during a task situation. Participants were 150 students, randomly assigned to a control and an experimental group. The experimental task was to put a jigsaw puzzle together under time pressu...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to explore the role of positive and negative aspects of well-being in a breast reconstruction decision, described in terms of the transtheoretical model of change (TTM). The study comprised 216 women after total mastectomy in the cross-sectional design. The positive aspects of well-being were measured using the Rosenberg Se...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the study was to verify whether two kinds of emotion-focused coping, namely strategies aimed at reducing negative emotions (palliative coping [PC]) and strategies aimed at inducing positive emotions (salutary coping [SC]) are related longitudinally to relevant affective states. Positive and negative state affects were assessed among...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to examine mediational effects of positive and negative emotions (PEs and NEs) on the relationship between cognitive appraisal and coping after myocardial infarction (MI). Subjects were 163 patients assessed a few days after their first MI episode for cognitive appraisal using the Situation Appraisal Questionnaire developed...
Article
Full-text available
The Orientation to Life Questionnaire (SOC-29) for the measurement of the sense of coherence, the key construct of a popular theory by Antonovsky, has no univocally established construct validity. The aim of the study was to explore differential and convergent aspects of its construct validity. An attempt was made to determine the relationships bet...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The overall aim of the SAFEST project is to test novel methods for mapping populations and monitoring social network and vaccination-related data. http://safest.3ahealth.com/#about
Project
The main goal of this project is to examine the temporal relationships between minority stress level, HIV/AIDS stigma and its mechanisms (internalized, anticipated and enacted HIV/AIDS stigma), perceived social support and three aspects of functioning of people living with HIV (PLWH), inspired by the definition of health of World Health Organization: psychological well-being (i.e. satisfaction with life, positive and negative affect, PA/NA), social as well as physical aspects of functioning of this patient group. These relationships will be observed within two temporal perspectives: classical longitudinal assessment (questionnaire assessments) and intensive longitudinal design (online daily diaries assessment) with control of wide spectrum of sociodemographic and HIV - related clinical variables. Our project may provide greater insight into mechanisms responsible for PLWH’s stigmatization, which can be an adjunct to develop better targeted interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma and enhance PLWH’s well-being. This issue is especially important in Poland, as the topic of HIV/AIDS stigma does almost not exist in the Polish scientific literature and the overall psychosocial care for PLWH in Poland remains still at a very poor level.
Project
Given recent technological advances (e.g. online surveys, smartphones, fitness trackers), the possibilities for studying experiential, physiological, and behavioral processes in the social sciences have become much easier. These advancements allow for multiple measurements on the individual level and a focus on within-person differences, rather than between-person differences. Such data contain a wealth of information about the dynamics and processes as they unfold over time. These daily fluctuations of psychological phenomena can be studied using intensive longitudinal methods. The number of studies based on intensive longitudinal data, including experience sampling or daily diaries, has been substantially increasing in recent years. This comes to demonstrate that these designs allow new research questions to be addressed, as well as old ones to be revisited. The aim of this Special Issue is to point towards the opportunities that these methods provide and to showcase examples of diary studies conducted across distinct subdisciplines of social psychology.