Eviatar Nevo

Eviatar Nevo
University of Haifa | haifa · Institute of Evolution

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1,031
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Publications

Publications (1,031)
Article
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Soil bacteria respond rapidly to changes in new environmental conditions. For adaptation to the new environment, they could mutate their genome, which impacts the alternation of the functional and regulatory landscape. Sometimes, these genetic and ecological changes may drive the bacterial evolution and sympatric speciation. Although sympatric spec...
Article
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The boletoid genera Butyriboletus and Exsudoporus have recently been suggested by some researchers to constitute a single genus, and Exsudoporus was merged into Butyriboletus as a later synonym. However, no convincing arguments have yet provided significant evidence for this congeneric placement. In this study, we analyze material from Exsudoporus...
Article
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Barley is an important founder crop as human food for thousands of years and is currently a key agricultural commodity for the beverage industry and animal feed. However, the stress tolerance of barley has been significantly reduced during the domestication and breeding processes. At the microsite “Evolution Slope”, Tabigha, Israel, wild barley (Ho...
Article
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Ferns appear in the fossil record some 200 million years before angiosperms. However, as angiosperm‐dominated forest canopies emerged in the Cretaceous period there was an explosive diversification of modern (leptosporangiate) ferns, which thrived in low, blue‐enhanced light beneath angiosperm canopies. A mechanistic explanation for this transforma...
Article
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Fusarium head blight (FHB) caused by Fusarium pathogens is one of the most devastating fungal diseases of small grain cereals worldwide, substantially reducing yield quality and food safety. Its severity is increasing due to the climate change caused by weather fluctuations. Intensive research on FHB control methods has been initiated more than a d...
Book
This book is devoted to the diversity of the rust fungi of Israel. In total, 181 species belonging to 18 genera of Pucciniales are described, from which 4 genera such as Caeoma, Cumminsiella, Ochropsora, and Pucciniastrum, together with 23 species are new for Israel, including 3 novel species Caeoma origani, Puccinia biteliana, and Puccinia rayssia...
Article
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Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) caused by Fusarium graminearum pathogens constitutes a major threat to agricultural production because it frequently reduces the yield and quality of the crop. The disease severity is predicted to increase in various regions owing to climate change. Integrated management where biocontrol plays an important role has been s...
Article
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Chloroplast retrograde signaling networks are vital for chloroplast biogenesis, operation, and signaling, including excess light and drought stress signaling. To date, retrograde signaling has been considered in the context of land plant adaptation, but not regarding the origin and evolution of signaling cascades linking chloroplast function to sto...
Article
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Ecological divergence at a microsite suggests adaptive evolution, and this study examined two abutting wild barley populations, each 100 m across, differentially adapted to drought tolerance on two contrasting soil types, Terra Rossa and basalt at the Tabigha Evolution Slope, Israel. We resequenced the genomes of seven and six wild barley genotypes...
Article
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Cellular senescence is an important anticancer mechanism that restricts proliferation of damaged or premalignant cells. Cellular senescence also plays an important role in tissue remodeling during development. However, there is a trade-off associated with cellular senescence as senescent cells contribute to aging pathologies. The naked mole rat (NM...
Article
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Determining the mechanisms by which a species adapts to its environment is a key endeavor in the study of evolution. In particular, relatively little is known about how transcriptional processes are fine-tuned to adjust to different environmental conditions. Here we study Drosophila melanogaster from ‘Evolution Canyon’ in Israel, which consists of...
Article
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The naturally occurring wild barley mutant eibi1/hvabcg31 suffers from severe water loss due to the permeable leaf cuticle. Eibi1/HvABCG31 encodes a full ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, HvABCG31, playing a role in cutin deposition in the elongation zone of growing barley leaves. The eibi1 allele has pleiotropic effects on the appearance of...
Article
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Key message In this study we systematically identified and classified PKs in Triticum aestivum, Triticum urartu and Aegilops tauschii. Domain distribution and exon–intron structure analyses of PKs were performed, and we found conserved exon–intron structures within the exon phases in the kinase domain. Collinearity events were determined, and we id...
Data
Fig. S1 Translation fidelity does not correlate with species body mass.
Article
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Whether errors in protein synthesis play a role in aging has been a subject of intense debate. It has been suggested that rare mistakes in protein synthesis in young organisms may result in errors in the protein synthesis machinery, eventually leading to an increasing cascade of errors as organisms age. Studies that followed generally failed to ide...
Article
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The subterranean blind mole rat (Spalax) is adapted to underground life stresses genomically, proteomically, and phenomically. It has been studied multidisciplinarily as an evolutionary model, and a potential medical therapy resource. The four parapatric species in Israel, are climatically adapted. Here, we examine coagulation, and blood properties...
Article
Grasses began to diversify in the late Cretaceous Period and now dominate more than one third of global land area, including three-quarters of agricultural land. We hypothesize that their success is likely attributed to the evolution of highly responsive stomata capable of maximizing productivity in rapidly changing environments. Grass stomata harn...
Chapter
The analysis of stress-responsiveness in cereal plants is an important route to the discovery of genes conferring stress tolerance and their use in breeding programs. High temperature is one of the environmental stress factors that can affect the growth and quality characteristics of barley (Hordeum vulgare). Almost all stresses induce the producti...
Article
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This paper presents information about Boletus poikilochromus, B. pulchrotinctus, and B. pulverulentus in Israel. These species are reported for the first time in Israel, and also B. pulchrotinctus and B. poikilochromus are reported for the first time in Asia. Furthermore, these three species are reported for the first time in association with Querc...
Article
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Spiny mice, Acomys cahirinus, colonized Israel 30,000 y ago from dry tropical Africa and inhabited rocky habitats across Israel. Earlier, we had shown by mtDNA that A. cahirinus incipiently sympatrically speciates at Evolution Canyon I (EC I) in Mount Carmel, Israel because of microclimatic interslope divergence. The EC I microsite consists of a dr...
Article
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Incipient sympatric speciation in blind mole rat, Spalax galili, in Israel, caused by sharp ecological divergence of abutting chalk-basalt ecologies, has been proposed previously based on mitochondrial and whole-genome nuclear DNA. Here, we present new evidence, including transcriptome, DNA editing, microRNA, and codon usage, substantiating earlier...
Article
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Data on species composition and morphology of Dinoflagellata (Dinophyta) of the Mediterranean Sea coastal waters of Israel (Haifa) are presented. To date, Dinoflagellata of the Mediterranean Sea have been studied mostly in its western and central regions. The eastern part of the sea is less explored; data on the dinoflagellates of the coastal water...
Article
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Differences in the way human and mouse fibroblasts experience senescence in culture had long puzzled researchers. While senescence of human cells is mediated by telomere shortening, Parrinello et al. demonstrated that senescence of mouse cells is caused by extreme oxygen sensitivity. It was hypothesized that the striking difference in oxygen sensit...
Article
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Increase of nitric oxide production resulted in the development of oxidative-nitrosative stress that is considered to be an etiological cause of many diseases, including diabetes mellitus (DM). Recently, it was found that red blood cells (RBCs) are able to produce nitric oxide (NO), and due to the ability of hemoglobin to bind to nitric oxide, are...
Article
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Genome-wide analysis demonstrates extensive genomic adaptive complexes involved in sympatric speciation between blind mole rats (Spalax galili) in abutting populations living in basalt and chalk soils. Among the gene ontology (GO) enrichment, musculature and metabolism stood out in basalt dwellers while nutrition and neurogenetics were highlighted...
Data
Data S1. Original sequence alignments of 56 zokors respectively for the 26 Tas2r genes.
Data
Table S1. GenBank accession numbers for human and mouse Tas2r sequences that were used for blast researching the zokor Tas2r genes. Table S2. Primers (5′ to 3′) for amplifying and sequencing the Tas2r genes of zokors. Table S3. Plants found in zokor over‐winter caches or vicinity quadrats and their tastes as well as overall appearance frequencies...
Article
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The ability to detect bitter tastes is important for animals; it can help them to avoid ingesting harmful substances. Bitter taste perception is mainly mediated by bitter taste receptor proteins, which are encoded by members of the Tas2r gene family and vary with the dietary preference of a specific species. Although individuals with different geno...
Article
Proteostasis is an integral component of healthy aging, ensuring maintenance of protein structural and functional integrity with concomitant impact upon health span and longevity. In most metazoans, increasing age is accompanied by a decline in protein quality control resulting in the accrual of damaged, self-aggregating cytotoxic proteins. A notab...
Article
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Epigenetic modifications play significant roles in adaptive evolution. The tumor suppressor p53, well known for controlling cell fate and maintaining genomic stability, is much less known as a master gene in environmental adaptation involving methylation modifications. The blind subterranean mole rat Spalax eherenbergi superspecies in Israel consis...
Article
With diabetes mellitus and increased glucose concentrations, the mitochondria electron transport chain is disrupted, superoxide anions are overproduced, and oxidative stress develops in cells. Thus, preventing oxidative stress can produce a decrease in the antioxidant system activity and an increase in apoptosis in immune cells. The application of...
Article
The morphology and phylogeny of a species of Entyloma on Scandix verna (Apiaceae, Apioideae, Scandiceae) collected in the Mount Carmel and Lower Galilee regions of Israel were studied using light microscopy and ITS rDNA sequence analyses. The fungus differs morphologically from other species on hosts of subfamily Apioideae: E. bupleuri, E. heloscia...
Article
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Heparanase is an endoglycosidase that cleaves heparan sulfate side chains of proteoglycans, resulting in disassembly of the extracellular matrix underlying endothelial and epithelial cells and associating with enhanced cell invasion and metastasis. Heparanase expression is induced in carcinomas and sarcomas, often associating with enhanced tumor me...
Article
Data on species composition and morphology of Dinoflagellata (Dinophyta) of the Mediterranean Sea coastal waters of Israel (Haifa) are presented. To date, Dinoflagellata of the Mediterranean Sea have been studied mostly in its western and central regions. The eastern part of the sea is less explored; data on the dinoflagellates of the coastal water...
Article
Full-text available
Both of the uplift of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) and the development of East Asian monsoon system (EAMS) could have comprehensively impacted the formation and evolution of Arid Central Asia (ACA). To understand how desert plants endemic to ACA responded to these two factors, we profiled the historical population dynamics and distribution range shi...
Article
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Background The current analysis of transposon elements (TE) in Drosophila melanogaster at Evolution Canyon, (EC), Israel, is based on data and analysis done by our collaborators (Drs. J. Gonzalez, J. Martinez and W. Makalowski, this issue). They estimated the frequencies of 28 TEs (transposon elements) in fruit flies (D. melanogaster) from the ecol...
Article
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Background: Cold stress is regarded as a key factor limiting widespread use for bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon). Therefore, to improve cold tolerance for bermudagrass, it is urgent to understand molecular mechanisms of bermudagrass response to cold stress. However, our knowledge about the molecular responses of this species to cold stress is large...
Article
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Sympatric speciation (SS), i.e., speciation within a freely breeding population or in contiguous populations, was first proposed by Darwin [Darwin C (1859) On the Origins of Species by Means of Natural Selection] and is still controversial despite theoretical support [Gavrilets S (2004) Fitness Landscapes and the Origin of Species (MPB-41)] and mou...
Article
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In Fig. 2 of this Article, the CLOCK protein sequence of the blind mole rat (Spalax) was inadvertently used to represent that of the naked mole rat (Heterocephalus glaber) in both the sequence alignment (Fig. 2a) and the resulting phylogenetic tree (Fig. 2b). On the basis of this analysis, it was proposed that the expanded glutamine-rich region of...
Article
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The tool-assisted extractive foraging capabilities of captive (zoo) and semi-captive (sanctuary) bonobo (Pan paniscus) groups were compared to each other and to those known in wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) cultures. The bonobos were provided with natural raw materials and challenged with tasks not previously encountered, in experimental setting...
Article
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Association mapping is a powerful approach to detect associations between traits of interest and genetic markers based on linkage disequilibrium (LD) in molecular plant breeding. In this study, 150 accessions of worldwide originated durum wheat germplasm (Triticum turgidum spp. durum) were genotyped using 1,366 SNP markers. The extent of LD on each...
Research
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Abstract: Comparative analysis of algal communities in the rivers of Israel was completed to highlight the infuence of environmental variables on biodiversity. The study revealed that 671 species of algae and cyanobacteria belonging to nine taxonomic divisions were present during 2002-2009 in the Yarqon, Alexander, Hadera, Qishon, Oren, Lower and...
Article
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is accompanied by the development of hypoxia, which disturbs the physicochemical properties of the erythrocyte membrane and further leads to the occurrence of anemia and a reduction of the lifespan. In response, the body activates compensatory reactions directed at a renewal of the red blood cell pool and an increase in tissu...
Article
Oxidative-nitrative stress develops as a result of hyperglycemia under diabetes mellitus. Formation of excessive reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species leads to different cytotoxic effects and ultimately to increased cell death by apoptosis of immune-competent blood cells. This study showed the influence of medicinal mushroom (MM) ad...