Evgenia V Gerasimovskaya

Evgenia V Gerasimovskaya
University of Colorado | UCD · Department of Pediatrics, Section of Critical Care Medicine

PhD

About

58
Publications
8,495
Reads
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1,686
Citations
Education
November 1999 - December 2001
University of Colorado
Field of study
  • vascular biology, signal transduction
March 1998 - March 1999
Yale University
Field of study
  • molecular biology, signal transduction
August 1987 - April 1994
Cardiovascular Research Center, Moscow, Russia
Field of study
  • biochemistry

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Full-text available
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have originally been described as a family of receptors activated by hormones, neurotransmitters, and other mediators. However, in recent years GPCRs have shown to bind endogenous metabolites, which serve functions other than as signaling mediators. These receptors respond to fatty acids, mono- and disaccharides,...
Article
Full-text available
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive cardiovascular disorder in which local vascular inflammation leads to increased pulmonary vascular remodeling and ultimately to right heart failure. The HDAC inhibitor butyrate, a product of microbial fermentation, is protective in inflammatory intestinal diseases, but little is known regarding its effec...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of COVID-19 disease, caused by SARS-CoV-2 beta-coronovirus, urges a focused search for the underlying mechanisms and treatment options. The lung is the major target organ of COVID-19, wherein the primary cause of mortality is hypoxic respiratory failure, resulting from acute respiratory distress syndrome, with severe hypoxemia, often r...
Article
Full-text available
Purinergic G-protein-coupled receptors are ancient and the most abundant group of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The wide distribution of purinergic receptors in the cardiovascular system, together with the expression of multiple receptor subtypes in endothelial cells (ECs) and other vascular cells demonstrates the physiological importance of...
Article
Full-text available
Angiogenic vasa vasorum (VV) expansion plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH), a cardiovascular disease. We previously showed that extracellular ATP released under hypoxic conditions is an autocrine/paracrine, the angiogenic factor for pulmonary artery (PA) VV endothelial cells (VVECs), acting via...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammation is a well-known feature of heart failure. Studies have shown that while some inflammation is required for repair during injury and is protective, prolonged inflammation leads to myocardial remodeling and apoptosis of cardiac myocytes. Various types of immune cells are implicated in myocardial inflammation and include neutrophils, macro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
sponding author's email: evgenia.gerasimovskaya@ucdenver.edu Rationale to the study: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a cardiovascular disease, in which local vascular inflammation leads to increased vascular remodeling and ultimately to heart failure. Currently, used therapies are predominantly vasodilators and do not effectively reduce vascular rem...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The vasa vasorum is microcirculatory network that provides oxygen and nutrients to the adventitia and media of large blood vessels. Our previous studies demonstrated that neovascularization of the VV network can be observed in the pulmonary artery (PA) of chronically hypoxia hypertensive calves. This hypoxia-induced VV neovascularization associates...
Article
Intravascular ATP and adenosine have emerged as important regulators of endothelial barrier function, vascular remodeling and neovascularization at various pathological states, including hypoxia, inflammation and oxidative stress. By using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and bovine vasa vasorum endothelial cells (VVEC) as representat...
Article
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Pathological vascular remodeling is observed in various cardiovascular diseases including pulmonary hypertension (PH), a disease of unknown etiology that has been characterized by pulmonary artery vasoconstriction, right ventricular hypertrophy, vascular inflammation, and abnormal angiogenesis in pulmonary circulation. G protein-coupled receptors (...
Article
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Objective: Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) from neprilysin (NEP) null mice exhibit a synthetic phenotype and increased activation of Rho GTPases compared with their wild-type counterparts. Although Rho GTPases are known to promote a contractile SMC phenotype, we hypothesize that their sustained activity decreases SM-protein expressio...
Article
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Angiogenesis is an energy demanding process, however, the role of cellular energy pathways and their regulation by extracellular stimuli, especially extracellular nucleotides, remain largely unexplored. Using metabolic inhibitors of glycolysis (2-deoxyglucose, 2-DG) and oxidative phosphorylation (oligomycin, rotenone, and FCCP) we demonstrate that...
Chapter
Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (PH) or WHO Group 3 PH comprises a heterogeneous group of diseases sharing the common feature of chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling. Despite the fact that patients with WHO Group 3 PH are much more likely to die as a result of their underlying lung disease than from complications of PH, the presence...
Conference Paper
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) are regarded as advanced tools in biomedical science in disease diagnostics and therapies. We report the synthesis of antibody-conjugated nanoparticles (Ab-SPIO) that combine MRI behavior of nanoparticles with the selective and specific targeting of cellular proteins. Our novel Ab-SPIO will serve as...
Article
Full-text available
Angiogenic expansion of the vasa vasorum (VV) is an important contributor to pulmonary vascular remodeling in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension (PH). High proliferative potential endothelial progenitor-like cells have been described in vascular remodeling and angiogenesis in both systemic and pulmonary circulations, however their role in h...
Article
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Background: In a neonatal model of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension, a dramatic pulmonary artery adventitial thickening, accumulation of inflammatory cells in the adventitial compartment, and angiogenic expansion of the vasa vasorum microcirculatory network are observed. These pathophysiological responses suggest that rapidly proliferating vasa vaso...
Article
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The vascular adventitia acts as a biological processing center for the retrieval, integration, storage, and release of key regulators of vessel wall function. It is the most complex compartment of the vessel wall and is composed of a variety of cells, including fibroblasts, immunomodulatory cells (dendritic cells and macrophages), progenitor cells,...
Article
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Increased cell proliferation and migration, of several cell types are key components of vascular remodeling observed in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Our previous data demonstrate that adventitial fibroblasts isolated from pulmonary arteries of chronically hypoxic hypertensive calves (termed PH-Fibs) exhibit a "constitutively activated" phenotype ch...
Article
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In severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), vascular lesions are composed of phenotypically altered vascular and inflammatory cells that form clusters or tumorlets. Because macrophages are found in increased numbers in intravascular and perivascular space in human PAH, here we address the question whether macrophages play a role in pulmonary v...
Article
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Vascular remodeling plays a pivotal role in a variety of pathophysiological conditions where hypoxia and inflammation are prominent features. Intravascular ATP, ADP and adenosine are known as important regulators of vascular tone, permeability and homeostasis, however contribution of purinergic signalling to endothelial cell growth and angiogenesis...
Article
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Platelets contribute to vascular homeostasis and angiogenesis through the release of multiple growth factors, cytokines and nucleotides, such as ATP and ADP. Recent reports have demonstrated a marked growth-promoting effect of total platelet extracts and selected platelet growth factors on therapeutic angiogenesis. However, since endogenous adenine...
Article
Full-text available
A rapidly emerging concept is that the vascular adventitia acts as a biological processing center for the retrieval, integration, storage, and release of key regulators of vessel wall function. It is the most complex compartment of the vessel wall and comprises a variety of cells including fibroblasts, immunomodulatory cells, resident progenitor ce...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular ATP and ADP have been shown to exhibit potent angiogenic effects on pulmonary artery adventitial vasa vasorum endothelial cells (VVEC). However, the molecular signaling mechanisms of extracellular nucleotide-mediated angiogenesis remain not fully elucidated. Since elevation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) is required for...
Chapter
Full-text available
Our previous studies demonstrated that angiogenic expansion of the vasa vasorum network can be observed in the pulmonary artery adventitia of chronically hypoxic calves. Because extracellular ATP and ADP are important regulators of vascular cell function, we hypothesized that these nucleotides may contribute to vasa vasorum neovascularization induc...
Book
Full-text available
Extracellular purines and pyrimidines (ATP, ADP, UTP and adenosine) are released into the extracellular milieu in response to a variety of stress conditions and act as important regulators of vascular homeostasis. This new book is uniquely focused on the signaling actions of extracellular purines in endothelial cells and the crucial role of extrace...
Article
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We recently reported that vasa vasorum expansion occurs in the pulmonary artery (PA) adventitia of chronically hypoxic animals and that extracellular ATP is a pro-angiogenic factor for isolated vasa vasorum endothelial cells (VVEC). However, the sources of extracellular ATP in the PA vascular wall, as well as the molecular mechanisms underlying its...
Article
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Expansion of the vasa vasorum network has been observed in a variety of systemic and pulmonary vascular diseases. We recently reported that a marked expansion of the vasa vasorum network occurs in the pulmonary artery adventitia of chronically hypoxic calves. Since hypoxia has been shown to stimulate ATP release from both vascular resident as well...
Article
The precise cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating adventitial vasa vasorum neovascularization, which occurs in the pulmonary arterial circulation in response to hypoxia, remain unknown. Here, using a technique to isolate and culture adventitial fibroblasts (AdvFBs) and vasa vasorum endothelial cells (VVECs) from the adventitia of pulmonary a...
Article
Full-text available
An increasing volume of experimental data indicates that the adventitial fibroblast, in both the pulmonary and systemic circulations, is a critical regulator of vascular wall function in health and disease. A rapidly emerging concept is that the vascular adventitia acts as biological processing center for the retrieval, integration, storage, and re...
Article
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Long-term exposure (persistent or intermittent) of man and most mammalian species to hypoxia results in the development of pulmonary hypertension. Significant changes in the structure of pulmonary vessels accompany the hypertensive process and include marked thickening of both the media and adventitia with particularly striking fibroproliferative c...
Article
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In contrast to cell types in which exposure to hypoxia causes a general reduction of metabolic activity, a remarkable feature of pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblasts is their ability to proliferate in response to hypoxia. Previous studies have suggested that ERK1/2, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, and mammalian target of rapamycin (m...
Article
Full-text available
In most mammalian species, chronic exposure to hypoxia leads to pulmonary hypertension and vascular remodeling. The adventitial fibroblast, because of its ability to proliferate in response to hypoxia, is thought to be a critical cell in the remodeling process. However, the transcription factors driving hypoxia-induced fibroblast proliferation have...
Article
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Extracellular nucleotides are increasingly recognized as important regulators of growth in a variety of cell types. Recent studies have demonstrated that extracellular ATP is a potent inducer of fibroblast growth acting, at least in part, through an ERK1/2-dependent signaling pathway. However, the contributions of additional signaling pathways to e...
Article
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Hypoxic preconditioning is protective against oxidant-related damage in various organs, such as the heart. We previously showed that rats exposed to hypoxia also exhibit resistance to lethal pulmonary oxygen toxicity. The underlying mechanism and whether similar preconditioning is applicable to cellular models is unknown. In the present study, it w...
Article
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Substantial experimental evidence supports the idea that the fibroblast may play a significant role in the vascular response to injury, especially under hypoxic conditions. Fibroblasts have the ability to rapidly respond to hypoxic stress and to modulate their function to adapt rapidly to local vascular needs. Fibroblasts appear to be uniquely equi...
Article
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Important autocrine/paracrine functions for the adenine nucleotides have been proposed in several tissues. We addressed the possibility that extracellular ATP would modulate/mediate hypoxia-induced adventitial fibroblast growth. Acute hypoxia (3% O(2), 10-60 min) increased extracellular ATP concentrations in adventitial fibroblasts and in lung micr...

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