Evgeni Varshaver

Evgeni Varshaver
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration | RANEPA · Institute of Economic Research

PhD in Sociology

About

73
Publications
10,106
Reads
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97
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2019 - April 2019
Museum of Moscow
Position
  • Organiser of the exhibition
July 2017 - December 2017
United Nations ESCAP
Position
  • Team member
Description
  • United Nations ESCAP project "Enhancing Economic and Social Benefits of International Migration in North and Central Asia".
January 2017 - present
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
Position
  • Research Leader
Description
  • Research project "Second Generation Migrants in Russia in the Young Adult Age: Patterns of Integration"
Education
September 2010 - November 2016
September 2009 - September 2010
Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya
Field of study
  • Counter-Terrorism Track
September 2008 - September 2009

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
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Статья отвечает на вопросы о том, когда и почему закавказские и среднеазиатские мигранты приобретают жилье в России и как приобретение жилья связано с интеграцией. Основной тестируемой моделью является теория линейной ассимиляции, дополненная резидентным компонентом. Эмпирическая база исследования — массовый всероссийский опрос в социальных сетях (...
Book
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Данный сборник статей подготовлен по результатам студенческой экспедиции «Конструирование этничности в локальных контекстах в Дагестане», состоявшейся в июле 2021 года в рамках проекта НИУ ВШЭ «Открывая Россию заново». Объединенные общей темой этничности, статьи предваряются введением за авторством руководителя экспедиции Е.А. Варшавера. Во введени...
Preprint
Full-text available
В статье описывается положение дел в современных конструктивистских исследованиях этничности. Возникнув в 1960-х в антропологии под влиянием социологических конструктивистских теорий, эти исследования долгое время находились в диалоге с по сути сконструированными ими «примордиализмом» и «эссенциализмом». Этот диалог, однако, по многим причинам исче...
Article
В статье предпринята попытка описания подмосковного города Котельники на предмет этномиграционной анклавизации и резидентной концентрации мигрантов. В ходе исследования, послужившего базой для статьи, на основании совокупности социологических методов — среди которых глубинные и экспертные интервью, наблюдение, анализ документов — была реконструиров...
Article
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В статье приводятся результаты исследования факта складывания мест резидентной концентрации мигрантов в российских городах-миллионниках, а также механизмов, объясняющих процесс такого складывания. Исследование осуществлялось с использованием смешанных методов сбора данных в 15 городах. Было проведено 877 экспресс- и 108 экспертных интервью. Согласн...
Book
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В этой монографии авторы дают ответы на вопросы о том, как расселены мигранты в российских городах, складываются ли там места их резидентной концентрации и в чем специфика российского случая на международном фоне. In this book authors describe settlement patterns of migrants in Russian cities, answer the question about emergence of their residenti...
Article
This article describes the normative system that attempts to regulate online behaviour in the sphere of premarital romantic relationships of the second-generation migrants whose parents came to Russia from societies of the South Caucasus which regulate female behaviour more strictly. Based on a mixed-method study, which included a survey, a series...
Article
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Мигранты относятся к числу уязвимых групп, для которых столкновение с чрезвычайной ситуацией, такой как ураган или эпидемия, как правило, сопряжено с особенно высокими рисками. Эти риски могут быть нивелированы или, наоборот, усилены в зависимости от того, как группа реагирует на эту ситуацию. Имеющиеся научные работы содержат в большей степени экс...
Article
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International studies prove the relationship between migrants settlement patterns and their integration. Russian researchers have studied integration for many years but not migrants settlement patterns. The authors aim at filling this gap and describing different aspects of migrants settlement in Moscow and the Moscow Region as affecting integratio...
Preprint
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The report describes the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on international migrants in Russia. It isbased on the survey, carried out in April-May 2020. The survey was launched on Russian social networking sites. The targeting procedure was applied in order to recruit respondents. The overall number of respondents was 2074. Surveyed were both migrant...
Article
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Favorable demographic situation implies that the newly arrived migrants are willing to stay and the local population does not intend to leave the area. The article attempts to assess the perception of Russia as a place of living by different groups of mobile youth. The article is focused on the following groups of people aged 18-30: (1) working mig...
Article
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This article is based on research of international ethnic-migrants’ residential concentrations in Russian cities. The research is based on the uncertainty as to whether such concentrations exist in Russia; there is scholarship which both supports and refutes this thesis. Stemming from the social-ecology approach of the Chicago School of Sociology,...
Article
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The article describes the pattern of the formation of immigrant neighbourhoods in Sweden based on the neighbourhood of Rinkeby in Stockholm as an example. The research involves an analysis of related published studies and empirical data, which made it possible to analyse the urban history of Stockholm and synthesise the causes, premises and the tim...
Article
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This article gives an account of residential patterns in the Moscow satellite city of Kotelniki, with a particular focus on the residential concentration of migrants and possible ethnic enclavization. The article draws on sociological research conducted using a variety of methods: in-depth and expert interviews, observation, and document analysis....
Article
Full-text available
International studies prove the relationship between migrants’ settlement patterns and their integration. Russian researchers have studied integration for many years but not migrants’ settlement patterns. The authors aim at filling this gap and describing different aspects of migrants’ settlement in Moscow and the Moscow Region as affecting integra...
Article
Full-text available
Приводятся результаты сравнительного анализа характеристик расселения этнических мигрантов и их детерминант в глобальных городах (Париж, Сингапур, Сидней и Москва). Статья написана на основании релевантной литературы, а также полевой работы в указанных городах, включавшей экспертные интервью со специалистами по урбанистике и интеграции мигрантов, н...
Article
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В статье представлены результаты двухлетнего исследовательского проекта, посвященного интеграционным характеристикам мигрантов второго поколения в молодом взрослом возрасте (18—35 лет) из Закавказья и Средней Азии в России. Исследовательский проект включал интернет-опрос, осуществленный посредством таргетирования в социальных сетях (N=12524), и сер...
Article
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Статья посвящена правовому положению временно пребывающих трудящихся иностранных граждан из стран Евразийского экономического союза и прочих стран Содружества Независимых Государств. В тексте анализируются вопросы их социального страхования, депортации, административного выдворения, последующих въездов на территорию России и правила пребывания член...
Article
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Статья описывает правовое положение трудящихся временно пребывающих иностранных граждан из стран Евразийского экономического союза (ЕАЭС) и прочих стран Содружества Независимых Государств (СНГ). В тексте резюмируются правила, регулирующие пересечение границы, пребывание, трудовые отношения, налогообложение граждан государств ЕАЭС и прочих стран СНГ...
Article
Contributing to literature on composition of social ties of migrants, this article argues that “co-ethnic” ties, often included into analysis as a homogeneous entity, are either the ones obtained in the sending society, thus connecting a migrant to his relatives and neighbors from the community of origin, or the ones acquired in the receiving socie...
Article
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Приводятся результаты сравнительного анализа характеристик расселения этнических мигрантов и их детерминант в глобальных городах (Париж, Сингапур, Сидней и Москва). Статья написана на основании релевантной литературы, а также полевой работы в указанных городах, включавшей экспертные интервью со специалистами по урбанистике и интеграции мигрантов, н...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of current demographic situation in Russia, migration is considered one of the most efficient ways of population maintenance if not upsurge. Labour migrants coming to Russia are mostly young people. Moreover, in recent years, the youth who grew up in migrant families — the so called second generation migrants, the 1.5 generation migr...
Article
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This article examines integration of second-generation migrants from Transcaucasia and Central Asia (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan) in the Tyumen region, namely their social ties, characteristics of their romantic partners and spouses, language competences and ethnic identifications. The empirical basis for the research in...
Article
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This study examines the integration of second-generation migrants from Central Asia and Transcaucasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan) in the Tyumen region, namely their educational and employment trajectories as well as socio-economic characteristics of their parents and the regional context of integration. The paper is ba...
Article
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The paper deals with birth rate among labor migrants from two countries, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, in Russia. The study is based on an online survey of women migrants from those countries, held in 2018. It is argued that differences in regulation of stay of labor migrants from the two countries in Russia which emerged after Kyrgyzstan had joined t...
Article
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The article presents the results of a two-year research project devoted to the integration of second generation migrants in the young adult age range (18-35 years old) from the regions of Transcaucasia and Central Asia currently living in Russia. The project includes an online survey where respondents were recruited using a targeting procedure on s...
Article
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This article addresses the question of whether one can speak of localized migrant communities in contexts without ethnic neighbourhoods. While recognizing that space plays an important role for the emergence and sustenance of migrant communities, we argue that the conventional neighbourhood-based understanding of localized migrant communities limit...
Article
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The article considers the relationship between migration from Central Asia to the Russian Federation and gender relations. In particular, the paper describes the age-sex composition of the migration flows from three countries of the subregion (Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan) and discusses the case of Kyrgyzstan with its active female migration....
Article
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This article reflects the first results of the research project dedicated to the integration trajectories of the second generation migrants of the young adult age in Russia. Based on the series of the in-depth interviews with young adults of Armenian and Azerbaijani descent taken in Moscow it describes patterns of structural, social, cultural and i...
Article
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This article contains a review of research in the realm of neurophysiology of ethnicity. According to this body of research, there are zones of the brain which get active in response to demonstration of ethnic stimuli. Among these zones are amygdala, anterior cingulate cortex, fusiform face area and others. The article describes the research focuse...
Article
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This article describes the results of a project focused on the integration of migrants in Moscow’s urban neighborhoods. It comprises two parts. The first part encompasses the scholarly knowledge and best practices of integration in local contexts and results in a theoretical framework for the project. The second part provides a thorough description...
Article
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В предисловии к специальному номеру журнала "Городские исследования и практики" описывается прагматика появления этого номера именно в такой форме, а также приводятся краткие описания материалов, в него вошедших. Материалы в тем -- трех типов. Оригинальные научные статьи, переводная классическая статья Алехандро Портеса и Мин Чжоу, посвященная теор...
Article
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Методологически слабым местом активно развивающейся в России в последние годы городской антропологии является область анализа данных и формализации выводов по результатам работы. Результаты исследований нередко остаются на уровне текстовых описаний «первого порядка», переход же к аналитическим обобщениям не осуществляется. В статье предложен инстру...
Article
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The article is focused on the following questions: how and by what means migrants learn about the changes in migration legislation; what factors affect the level of migrants' awareness about the changes; what information channels are effective, or vice versa lead to misunderstanding of the law. The authors carried out a mixed method research that i...
Article
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In the introduction to the special issue of the Urban Studies and Practices Journal the authors answer the question about the idea behind the issue. They also briefly describe the articles of the issue and the forum, which is the special section, in which the leading scholars of migration studies are asked about the dynamic in accumulation of the s...
Article
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Playgrounds form one of the types of public spaces with the widest possible access and thus imply opportunities for interethnic contact. This contact, in turn, can contribute to migrant social integration - meaning a weakening of migrant-non-migrant stereotypes and a formation of new social ties between these two 'groups' - or, on the contrary, lea...
Article
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Evaluation and assessment, having become part and parcel of project management in large international non-governmental organizations and policy-making in the economically-developed countries nowadays, are still rare in the sphere of migrant integration practices all over the world. The abundance of migrant integration initiatives together with the...
Article
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This article describes the results of quantitative value research of the Muslims of Dagestan and outlines the difference between religious groups present in this republic of Russia. It also presents information on the determinants of the justification of violence (in its different forms). According to this analysis, religious groups have certain va...
Article
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The article presents results of the comparison of the education level, income and socioeconomic positions of the second generation migrants of Armenian and Azerbaijani descent aged 18–30 years old and corresponding Russian population overall. Data on second generation migrants were gathered in the course of the online-survey with targeting in socia...
Thesis
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В диссертационной работе на основе анализа теоретико-методологических ресурсов из социологии и смежных сфер знания представлена теоретическая модель для понимания явления этнических границ в местных сообществах, а также методология эмпирического исследования этого явления в городских районах. Определяя этнические границы как социальное явление, скл...
Chapter
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The paper presents results of the research project which included analysis of the local level migrant integration practices in other countries and development and testing of integration practices in one of Moscow neighborhoods. Analysis of the experience of other countries, first of all European ones, allowed authors to delineate a number of “rules...
Article
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Urban anthropology that has been rapidly developing recently in Russia has its methodological soft spot that is data analysis and formalization of conclusions. Research results often remain as first-order textual descriptions without transition to the analytical generalizations. This article suggests a tool that is able to diversify the methodologi...
Article
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Issues related to the integration of migrants can often be found at the centre of public attention in contemporary Russia. These discussions, however, are seriously limited in scope due to the absence of any common understanding of the term 'integration' and a lack of knowledge about actual integration policies and measures implemented in other sta...
Preprint
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В данной работе представлены результаты исследования, в ходе которого были разработаны, реализованы и апробированы три практики интеграции мигрантов на локальном уровне в Москве в 2015 году. Первая практика – это проведенная в одной из школ «живая библиотека», эффективность которой в снижении стереотипов в отношении «этнических меньшинств» до этого...
Article
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This article problematized approach segment assimilation theory for the allocation of a single «ethnic» community as the direction of integration. Based on a survey of migrants from Kyrgyzstan to Moscow demonstrates that the «ethnic» community consists of «Patriotic-related» and «national» social circle, and that belonging to a particular range ass...
Method
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This text presents a manual for organizing intercultural events. The recommendations were developed during the project conducted in 2014-2015, which was dedicated to the implementation of migrant integration events and their impact assessment. In the framework of the project, we studied integration characteristics of migrants in two Moscow neighbor...
Article
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This article describes coexistence of two social orders in modern Dagestan. The appearing Islamic social order opposes well established “coalitional clinch” — the social order that emerged after the collapse of the Soviet Union. New institutional economics approach is the main analytical tool in the article. On the case of how people choose between...
Preprint
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English Abstract: This text presents the results of the survey of 350 Kyrgyz migrants in Moscow conducted in Kyrgyz and Russian languages. The aim of the survey was to define the typical integration tracks of migrants. Integration is defined as a process of potential transformation in three main interconnected spheres, namely: (1) in social network...
Article
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English Abstract: This article describes results of sociological research that aims to explaina social conflict over a landholding in Dagestan, Russia. The research was carried out within qualitative research methodology on the basis of interviews, observations and group discussions held at the landholding and in communities of the conflict partici...
Article
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The article presents the results of a research project aimed to explore migrant communities in Moscow. The research was focused on communities found in ethnic cafes and involved 140 hours of observation in about 80 cafes and more than 200 interviews with owners, employees and clients. Four types of communities that recur from café to café were dete...
Article
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The paper looks as the segment of ethnic companies in Moscow on the case of Kyrgyz organizations which provide services predominantly or exclusively to Kyrgyz migrants, on the basis of the research conducted by the GMER RANEPA in 2014 (survey of 240 migrants from Kyrgyzstan and 20 expert interviews). Moscow has witnessed formation of the segment of...
Article
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This text presents the results of a study in which we have sought answers to questions of: what kinds of migrant communities exist in Moscow, how they arise and function, what types of people they unite, and how they are structured. Due to the peculiar circumstances encountered by migrants in the process of integration into the cityscape and social...
Preprint
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Russian Abstract: Конфликты и споры, связанные с землей случаются на Северном Кавказе с большой регулярностью. В особенности это касается тех республик, на территории которых проживает много народов. Эти конфликты опасны тем, что касаются межнациональных отношений, отсылающих к исторической памяти людей и групп, населяющих те или иные территории. В...

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Projects

Projects (8)
Project
Этничность: теория и эмпирические исследования - Ethnicity: theory and empirical research
Project
Migrants’ integration is strongly associated with their settlement patterns. Among such patterns is the emergence of their residential concentration places. Moreover, such places may strongly differ in terms of mechanisms of their emergence, types of migrants living there, as well as the nature of association between living there and integration. Since 2018 the Group has been researching upon settlement patterns and residential concentrations of migrants in Russia in the international context. Интеграция мигрантов связана с характеристиками их расселения; в этой связи, среди прочего, важно, насколько складываются или не складываются места резидентной концентрации мигрантов. Такие места, кроме того, как следует из международного опыта, могут быть очень разные в том, что касается их складывания, типов мигрантов, в них проживающих, и связи проживания в них с интеграционными характеристиками. С 2018 года Группа занимается исследованиями характеристик расселения мигрантов, а также механизмами складывания мест резидентной концентрации мигрантов в России на международном фоне.
Archived project
The first wave of the post-Soviet migration system, which appeared on the ruins of the Soviet Union, brought into Russia substantial numbers of Armenian and Azerbaijani ethnic migrants who fled from economically disadvantaged and war-affected republics of South Caucasus. Currently the first cohort of their children entered the age of young adulthood, thus can be assessed in respect to the entire set of integration patterns. Characteristics of their education and labor market position as compared with local young adults as well as their social ties composition, identity patterns and usage of different languages are examined within the wide scale research project. The project combines an all-Russian survey with in-depth studies in Russian regions which differ in terms of their economic profile and ethnic composition. According to the preliminary results, second generation migrants in Russia are well educated: in 70% of cases they acquire BA degree or higher as compared with 40% among locals, at the same time they get vocational diplomas 5 times less often than locals. Their education is well converted into labor market positions: among second generation migrants there are more managers and specialists, while blue-collar jobs are twice more often taken by locals. The labor market positions in turn get converted into higher salaries – young adult Armenian and Azerbaijani second generation migrants earn 1,4 times more than locals and 5 times more often locate themselves in the highest income group. Their social ties are rarely purely ethnic and they socialize with Russians quite well, however more than in half of the cases among three best friends there is a co-ethnic person. Their identity is inclusive and combines identification with ethnic category and loyalty toward the Russian state. They are proficient in Russian language (there is no difference between them and locals), at the same time their level of their parents’ mother tongue is lower: in most of the cases they understand and speak but don’t read and write. Первая постсоветская миграционная волна привела в Россию значительное число армян и азербайджанцев, которые бежали из экономически неблагополучных и пострадавших от войны республик Закавказья. В настоящее время первая когорта их детей вошла в молодой взрослый возраст (young adulthood), в связи с этим ее можно оценить на предмет всех аспектов интеграции. В рамках исследовательского проекта рассматриваются образовательные характеристики мигрантов второго поколения, а также их позиции на рынке труда, в сравнении с местными жителями того же возраста, круги общения и паттерны самоидентификации. Проект включает в себя всероссийский опрос и глубинное региональное исследование в субъектах Российской Федерации, отличных по своему экономическому профилю и этническому составу.