Evert Zinzen

Evert Zinzen
Vrije Universiteit Brussel | VUB · Movement and Sports Training (BETR)

Phd Motoric Revalidation and Physiotherapy

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43
Publications
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731
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Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Scaled tennis is the downsized version of adult tennis and aims to allow youth players to play a type of tennis that resembles adult tennis. However, since the different scaling conditions (red, orange, lime and green tennis court) were chosen pragmatically it is unclear whether the match play characteristics of scaled tennis resemble those of adul...
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Maintaining euhydration is important for optimal health, performance and recovery, but can be challenging for alpine skiers when training in a relatively cold but dry environment. This study aimed to evaluate hydration status, fluid loss and fluid intake in adolescent alpine skiers during a training camp. Twelve athletes aged 14.3 ± 0.9 years volun...
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Full-text available
Although it is believed that physical activity, sedentary, and dietary behavior (i.e., energy balance-related behavior) may decrease the risk of burn-out, the association between both is currently not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to synthesize studies investigating the relationship between energy balance-related...
Article
Purpose: Unrefreshing sleep and lowered physical activity are commonly observed in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients, but how they might influence each other remains unexplored. Therefore, this study simultaneously examined the exercise capacity, sleep characteristics and physical activity in CFS patients. Methods: Handgrip strength and cy...
Article
Background: Hospital workers with physically demanding jobs are at risk for developing recurrent LBP. There is a lack of studies evaluating multidisciplinary prevention of low back pain (LBP) in hospital workers.OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial evaluates the effect of a multidisciplinary prevention program, focusing on a client-centred...
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Full-text available
Background The teaching profession is characterized by high levels of stress and physical complaints, which might be improved through regular participation in physical activity (PA). However, the effect of PA on mental and physical health is not always consistent and depends on the type of PA performed. The aim of this study was to examine the ment...
Article
Objective The primary aim of this study was to describe and analyse the physical activity and sedentary levels of secondary school teachers in Flanders. A secondary aim was to collect information regarding a possible worksite intervention of special relevance to secondary school teachers. Design Mixed-methods quantitative and qualitative enquiry....
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Limited scientific evidence suggests that physical activity is directly related to cognitive performance in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). To date, no other study has examined the direct relationship between cognitive performance and physical fitness in these patients. This study examined whether cognitive performance and physical fi...
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This study aimed to assess total energy expenditure (TEE) and specific habitual physical activities in adolescent sprint athletes. Two methods used to estimate TEE, an activity diary (AD) and SenseWear armband (SWA), were compared. Sixteen athletes (6 girls, 10 boys, mean age 16.5 ± 1.6 yr) simultaneously wore a SWA and completed an AD and food dia...
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A systematic review was undertaken to examine whether patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) differ from healthy sedentary controls in physiological exercise capacity, physical activity level and muscle strength. From the available literature, it can be concluded that patients with CFS perform less physical activity during daily life, and hav...
Article
Low-back problems (LBP) are one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders in the general population, with reported lifetime prevalences of 50% to 80%. Also, certain sports participants (e.g. gymnasts, alpine skiers, runners) are at risk of LBP and its repercussions. This epidemiological study was undertaken to examine the lifetime and 1-year pre...
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Full-text available
Back complaints are a common in society. An analytical cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out among 366 steel plant workers to examine the prevalence and association between lower back problems (LBP) and family and workplace related psychosocial risk factors. Using inclusive and stringent definitions for LBP, point prevalence was 35....
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An analytical cross-sectional epidemiological study carried out among 109 manganese plant workers aimed to examine the prevalence and association between lower back problems (LBP) and occupational risk factors. Outcome was defined using a guided questionnaire and a functional rating index. Exposure to occupational risk factors was determined using...
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Full-text available
An analytical cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out among 109 manganese plant workers to examine the prevalence and association between lower back problems (LBP) and family and workplace related psychosocial risk factors. Outcome (LBP) was defined using a guided questionnaire and a functional rating index. Exposure to family and wor...
Article
The objective was to determine the association between the prevalence of lower back problems (LBP), fear-avoidance beliefs and pain coping strategies using an analytical cross-sectional epidemiological study among a group of 366 workers in a South African stainless steel industry. Outcome (LBP) was defined using a questionnaire and a functional rat...
Article
The purpose of this study was to determine the association between the prevalence of lower back problems, fear-avoidance beliefs, and pain-coping strategies in using an analytical cross-sectional epidemiological study among a group of 109 workers in a South African manganese industry. Outcome (LBP) was defined using a guided questionnaire and funct...
Article
The etiology of work-related back disorders is often population specific. The objective of this study was to identify and establish the association of occupational risk factors with the prevalence of low back (LB) problems in a semi-automated South African Steel industry. The design entailed an analytical cross-sectional epidemiological study among...
Article
In a group of 699 Belgian nursing professionals, we estimated body composition using the four-component anthropometric model, relying on the equations originally formulated by Matiegka in 1921 and later revised by Drinkwater and colleagues. We estimated muscle mass using the more recent formula proposed by Martin and co-workers. A discrepancy was n...
Article
Surface EMG (SEMG) has been used frequently to study motion techniques or skills, body positions, material or equipment used, training-methodology and learning processes in sports and ergonomics. Little if any information is available on the effect of the geographical environment on the neuromuscular control of an athlete or workman during his/her...
Article
Manual handling is a source of occupational stress, particularly for nursing personnel. High levels of biomechanical strain are associated with lifting and transferring patients, especially when the tasks are performed in flexed and twisted positions that induce an increased risk of functional and musculoskeletal problems. The use of adjustable bed...
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To determine relations to low-back problems (LBP), different prevalence rates are used. The disadvantage of using different selection criteria is that studies are not comparable, except where they provide the same results. The present aim was to establish whether different prevalence selection criteria lead to different answers on a newly formed se...
Article
In a group of 699 Belgian nursing professionals, body composition was estimated using the 4-component anthropometrical model, relying on the formulae originally formulated by Matiegka (1921) and revisited by Drinkwater et al. (1986). The estimation of muscle mass was substituted by the more recent formula proposed by Martin et al. (1990). An import...
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Full-text available
Poor muscle strength, relative to the physical demands of specific jobs, is considered a risk factor for low back pain. To gain an understanding of the underlying mechanisms, this study questioned whether muscle strength was related to task performance and low back load in nursing tasks. Trunk extension, elbow flexion and knee extension strength we...
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This study retrospectively surveyed 1,216 nurses at hospitals in Belgium and The Netherlands. Data concerning workloads, musculoskeletal symptoms, work loss and psychosocial factors were collected by questionnaire. Lifetime prevalence rates for musculoskeletal problems and low back trouble were significantly lower in the Dutch hospitals than the Be...
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Full-text available
The effects of height-adjustable beds in hospitals on the subsequent prevalence of low-back problems among nurses depend on the capacity to reduce low-back stress by bed-height adjustment. This capacity was investigated in the present study. Professional nurses performed patient-handling tasks at a standard and an individually chosen bed height. Pe...
Article
The purpose of this study was to provide electromyographic feedback for (1) pedagogical advice in motor learning, (2) the ergonomics of materials choice and (3) competition. For these purposes: (1) EMG data were collected for the Stem Christie, the Stem Turn and the Parallel Christie (three basic ski initiation drills) and verified for the complexi...
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Full-text available
Few of the indirect methods for measuring body composition have every been validated against direct human cadaver evidence. Computed tomography (CT), like NMR, has proved to be an important diagnostic tool and they appear to be the techniques of the future for body composition studies. The purpose of the present study (Cadaver Analysis Study III),...
Article
Full-text available
The influences of two benzodiazepines (triazolam 0.25 mg and flunitrazepam 2 mg) on isokinetic and isometric muscle performance and on cardiovascular parameters were examined after a standard period of sleep. A randomized and double-blind test procedure was used (n = 15). Triazolam had no significant (p < 0.05) influence on either of the test condi...

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Projects (3)
Project
Given the steep increase in incidence and prevalence of burn-out, effective interventions are needed. Improving energy balance related behaviour may be a promising strategy to counter burn-out in high-risk populations, such as secondary school teachers and principals. Therefore, the purpose of this PhD project is to investigate the relationship between energy balance related behaviour (i.e. physical activity, sedentary behaviour and dietary behaviour) and burn-out in secondary school teachers and principals.
Project
Prevalence, Etiology and Screening for LBP