Evelyne Roueff

Evelyne Roueff
Observatoire de Paris · Laboratory for the Study of Radiation and Matter in Astrophysics

PhD

About

535
Publications
28,291
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12,119
Citations
Citations since 2016
129 Research Items
6106 Citations
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,000
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,000
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,000
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,000

Publications

Publications (535)
Preprint
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Understanding the initial properties of star-forming material and how they affect the star formation process is key. From an observational point of view, the feedback from young high-mass stars on future star formation properties is still poorly constrained. In the framework of the IRAM 30m ORION-B large program, we obtained observations of the tra...
Article
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The ionization fraction in neutral interstellar clouds is a key physical parameter controlling multiple physical and chemical processes, and varying by orders of magnitude from the UV irradiated surface of the cloud to its cosmic-ray dominated central regions. Traditional observational tracers of the ionization fraction, which mostly rely on deuter...
Article
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Atoms and molecules have long been thought to be versatile tracers of the cold neutral gas in the universe, from high-redshift galaxies to star forming regions and proto-planetary disks, because their internal degrees of freedom bear the signature of the physical conditions where these species reside. However, the promise that molecular emission ha...
Preprint
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In the context of the IRAM 30m Large Program GEMS, we present a study of thioformaldehyde in several starless cores located in star-forming filaments of Taurus, Perseus, and Orion. We investigate the influence of the environmental conditions on the abundances of these molecules in the cores, and the effect of time evolution. We have modelled the ob...
Article
Context. In the context of the IRAM 30 m Large Program Gas phase Elemental abundances in Molecular CloudS (GEMS), we present a study of thioformaldehyde (H 2 CS) and its deuterated versions (HDCS and D 2 CS) in several starless cores located in a selected set of star-forming filaments of Taurus, Perseus, and Orion. These regions have different star...
Article
Rate coefficients for dissociative recombination and state-to-state rotational transitions of the D$_{2}^{+}$ ion induced by collisions with very low-energy electrons have been reported following our previous studies on HD+ and H$_{2}^{+}$. The same molecular structure data sets, excitations ($N_{i}^{+} \rightarrow$$N_{f}^{+}=N_{i}^{+}+2$ for $N_{i...
Preprint
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Rate coefficients for dissociative recombination and state-to-state rotational transitions of the D$_{2}^{+}$ ion induced by collisions with very low-energy electrons have been reported following our previous studies on HD$^{+}$ and H$_{2}^{+}$ [9,10]. The same molecular structure data sets, excitations ($N_{i}^{+} \rightarrow$ $N_{f}^{+}=N_{i}^{+}...
Article
We report the first detection in space of the single deuterated isotopologue of methyldiacetylene, CH 2 DC 4 H. A total of 12 rotational transitions, with J = 8–12 and K a = 0 and 1, were identified for this species in TMC-1 in the 31.0–50.4 GHz range using the Yebes 40m radio telescope. The observed frequencies allowed us to obtain, for the first...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the first detection in space of the single deuterated isotopologue of methyldiacetylene, CH2DC4H. A total of 12 rotational transitions, with J = 8-12 and Ka = 0 and 1, were identified for this species in TMC-1 in the 31.0-50.4 GHz range using the Yebes 40m radio telescope. The observed frequencies allowed us to obtain, for the first time,...
Article
We report the first detection in space of the single deuterated isotopologue of methylcyanoacetylene, CH 2 DC 3 N. A total of 15 rotational transitions, with J = 8–12 and K a = 0 and 1, were identified for this species in TMC-1 in the 31.0–50.4 GHz range using the Yebes 40 m radio telescope. The observed frequencies were used to derive for the firs...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the first detection in space of the single deuterated isotopologue of methylcyanoacetylene, CH$_2$DC$_3$N. A total of fifteen rotational transitions, with $J$ = 8-12 and $K_a$ = 0 and 1, were identified for this species in TMC-1 in the 31.0-50.4 GHz range using the Yebes 40m radio telescope. The observed frequencies were used to derive fo...
Article
We report the first detection in space of the two doubly deuterated isotopologues of methyl acetylene. The species CHD 2 CCH and CH 2 DCCD were identified in the dense core L483 through, respectively, nine and eight rotational lines in the 72–116 GHz range using the 30 m telescope of the Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM). We combined...
Article
Full-text available
Context. Carbonaceous nano-grains play a fundamental role in the physico-chemistry of the interstellar medium (ISM) and especially of photon-dominated regions (PDRs). Their properties vary with the local physical conditions and affect the local chemistry and dynamics. Aims. We aim to highlight the evolution of carbonaceous nano-grains in three diff...
Article
Full-text available
Context. The large disparity in physical conditions from the diffuse interstellar medium (ISM) to denser clouds such as photon-dominated regions (PDRs) triggers an evolution of the dust properties (i.e. composition, size, and shape). The gas physics and chemistry are tightly connected to these dust properties and are therefore affected by dust evol...
Preprint
Full-text available
The large disparity in physical conditions from the diffuse interstellar medium (ISM) to denser clouds such as photon-dominated regions (PDRs) triggers an evolution of the dust properties (i.e. composition, size, and shape). The gas physics and chemistry are tightly connected to these dust properties and are therefore affected by dust evolution and...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the first detection in space of the two doubly deuterated isotopologues of methyl acetylene. The species CHD2CCH and CH2DCCD were identified in the dense core L483 through nine and eight, respectively, rotational lines in the 72-116 GHz range using the IRAM 30m telescope. The astronomical frequencies observed here were combined with labor...
Preprint
Full-text available
Gas phase Elemental abundances in Molecular CloudS (GEMS) is an IRAM 30m Large Program designed to estimate the S, C, N, and O depletions and gas ionization degree, X(e-), in a set of star-forming filaments of Taurus, Perseus and Orion. Our immediate goal is to build up a complete database of molecular abundances that can serve as an observational...
Article
Gas phase Elemental abundances in Molecular CloudS (GEMS) is an IRAM 30 m Large Program designed to provide estimates of the S, C, N, and O depletions and gas ionization degree, X(e ⁻ ), in a selected set of star-forming filaments of Taurus, Perseus, and Orion. Our immediate goal is to build up a complete and large database of molecular abundances...
Article
Our observations of TMC-1 with the Yebes 40 m radio telescope in the 31.0–50.3 GHz range allowed us to detect a group of unidentified lines, showing a complex line pattern indicative of an open-shell species. The observed frequencies of these lines and the similarity of the spectral pattern with that of the 2 0, 2 –1 0, 1 rotational transition of H...
Preprint
Full-text available
Our observations of TMC-1 with the Yebes 40 m radio telescope in the 31.0-50.3 GHz range allowed us to detect a group of unidentified lines, showing a complex line pattern indicative of an open-shell species. {}The observed frequencies of these lines and the similarity of the spectral pattern with that of the 2$_{0,2}$-1$_{0,1}$ rotational transiti...
Article
Full-text available
Context. CO isotopologue transitions are routinely observed in molecular clouds for the purpose of probing the column density of the gas and the elemental ratios of carbon and oxygen, in addition to tracing the kinematics of the environment. Aims. Our study is aimed at estimating the abundances, excitation temperatures, velocity field, and velocity...
Article
Context. Carbon monosulphide (CS) is among the most abundant gas-phase S-bearing molecules in cold dark molecular clouds. It is easily observable with several transitions in the millimeter wavelength range, and has been widely used as a tracer of the gas density in the interstellar medium in our Galaxy and external galaxies. However, chemical model...
Preprint
Full-text available
CS is among the most abundant gas-phase S-bearing molecules in cold dark molecular clouds. It is easily observable with several transitions in the millimeter wavelength range, and has been widely used as a tracer of the gas density in the interstellar medium in our Galaxy and external galaxies. Chemical models fail to account for the observed CS ab...
Article
Full-text available
Context. Nonlinear behavior in interstellar chemical models has been recognized for 25 years now. Different mechanisms account for the possibility of multiple fixed-points at steady-state, characterized by the ionization degree of the gas. Aims. Chemical oscillations are also a natural behavior of nonlinear chemical models. We study under which con...
Article
Full-text available
Context. The ionization fraction in the neutral interstellar medium (ISM) plays a key role in the physics and chemistry of the ISM, from controlling the coupling of the gas to the magnetic field to allowing fast ion-neutral reactions that drive interstellar chemistry. Most estimations of the ionization fraction have relied on deuterated species suc...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an overview of the current status of the Virtual Atomic and Molecular Data Centre (VAMDC) e-infrastructure, including the current status of the VAMDC-connected (or to be connected) databases, updates on the latest technological development within the infrastructure and a presentation of some application tools that make use of th...
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Full-text available
This paper presents an overview of the current status of the Virtual Atomic and Molecular Data Centre (VAMDC) e-infrastructure, including the current status of the VAMDC-connected (or to be connected) databases, updates on the latest technological development within the infrastructure and a presentation of some application tools that make use of th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Non-linear behavior in interstellar chemical models has been recognized for 25 years now. Different mechanisms account for the possibility of multiple fixed-points at steady state, characterized by the ionization degree of the gas. Chemical oscillations are also a natural behaviour of non-linear chemical models. We study under which conditions spon...
Preprint
Full-text available
Molecular hydrogen being unobservable in cold molecular clouds, the column density measurements of molecular gas currently rely either on dust emission observation in the far-IR or on star counting. (Sub-)millimeter observations of numerous trace molecules are effective from ground based telescopes, but the relationships between the emission of one...
Preprint
Full-text available
The ionization fraction plays a key role in the physics and chemistry of the neutral interstellar medium, from controlling the coupling of the gas to the magnetic field to allowing fast ion-neutral reactions that drive interstellar chemistry. Most estimations of the ionization fraction have relied on deuterated species such as DCO+, whose detection...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is intended to give a comprehensive overview of the current status and developments of the Paris Observatory STARK-B, MOLAT and SESAM databases which can be interrogated thanks to interoperability tools. The STARK-B database provides shifting and broadening parameters of different atomic and ionic transitions due to impacts with charged...
Article
Context. Carbon fractionation has been studied from a theoretical point of view with different models of time-dependent chemistry, including both isotope-selective photodissociation and low-temperature isotopic exchange reactions. Aims. Recent chemical models predict that isotopic exchange reactions may lead to a depletion of ¹³ C in nitrile-bearin...
Preprint
Full-text available
C-fractionation has been studied from a theoretical point of view with different models of time-dependent chemistry, including both isotope-selective photodissociation and low-temperature isotopic exchange reactions. Recent chemical models predict that the latter may lead to a depletion of $^{13}$C in nitrile-bearing species, with $^{12}$C/$^{13}$C...
Preprint
Full-text available
CO isotopologue transitions are routinely observed in molecular clouds to probe the column density of the gas, the elemental ratios of carbon and oxygen, and to trace the kinematics of the environment. We aim at estimating the abundances, excitation temperatures, velocity field and velocity dispersions of the three main CO isotopologues towards a s...
Article
Context. Sulphur is one of the most abundant elements in the Universe. Surprisingly, sulphuretted molecules are not as abundant as expected in the interstellar medium and the identity of the main sulphur reservoir is still an open question. Aims. Our goal is to investigate the H 2 S chemistry in dark clouds, as this stable molecule is a potential s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sulphur is one of the most abundant elements in the Universe. Surprisingly, sulphuretted molecules are not as abundant as expected in the interstellar medium, and the identity of the main sulphur reservoir is still an open question. Our goal is to investigate the H$_{2}$S chemistry in dark clouds, as this stable molecule is a potential sulphur rese...
Article
Full-text available
Deuterium and lithium are light elements of high cosmological and astrophysical importance. In this work we report the first detection of deuterated molecules and a search for lithium hydride, ⁷ LiH, at redshift z = 0.89 in the spiral galaxy intercepting the line of sight to the quasar PKS 1830−211. We used ALMA to observe several submillimeter lin...
Preprint
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Deuterium and lithium are light elements of high cosmological and astrophysical importance. In this work we report the first detection of deuterated molecules and a search for lithium hydride, 7LiH, at redshift z=0.89 in the spiral galaxy intercepting the line of sight to the quasar PKS1830-211. We used ALMA to observe several submillimeter lines o...
Article
Complex nitriles, such as HC₃N, and CH₃CN, are observed in a wide variety of astrophysical environments, including at relatively high abundances in photon-dominated regions (PDRs) and the ultraviolet exposed atmospheres of planet-forming disks. The latter have been inferred to be oxygen-poor, suggesting that these observations may be explained by o...
Article
Full-text available
Context. The ortho-to-para ratio (OPR) of water in the interstellar medium (ISM) is often assumed to be related to the formation temperature of water molecules, making it a potentially interesting tracer of the thermal history of interstellar gas. Aims. A very low OPR of 0.1–0.5 was previously reported in the Orion Bar photon-dominated region (PDR)...
Preprint
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Complex nitriles, such as HC3N, and CH3CN, are observed in a wide variety of astrophysical environments, including at relatively high abundances in photon-dominated regions (PDR) and the UV exposed atmospheres of planet-forming disks. The latter have been inferred to be oxygen-poor, suggesting that these observations may be explained by organic che...
Preprint
Full-text available
The high spectral resolution R about 45,000 provided by IGRINS (Immersion Grating INfrared Spectrometer) at MacDonald Observatory and R 100,000 achieved by CRIRES (CRyogenic high-resolution InfraRed Echelle Spectrograph) at VLT (Very Large Telescope) challenges the present knowledge of infrared spectra. aims We aim to predict the full infrared spec...
Preprint
Full-text available
(abridged) The far-UV wavelength range (912-2000A) provides access to atomic and molecular transitions of many species the interstellar medium (ISM), circumgalactic medium (CGM), and intergalactic medium, within phases spanning a wide range of ionization, density, temperature, and molecular gas fraction. Far-UV space telescopes have enabled detaile...
Article
Full-text available
Context . The high spectral resolution R ∼ 45 000 provided by IGRINS (Immersion Grating INfrared Spectrometer) at MacDonald Observatory and R ∼ 100 000 achieved by CRIRES (CRyogenic high-resolution InfraRed Echelle Spectrograph) at VLT (Very Large Telescope) challenges the present knowledge of infrared spectra. Aims . We aim to predict the full inf...
Article
Full-text available
We use observations of chlorine-bearing species in molecular absorbers at intermediate redshifts to investigate chemical properties and ³⁵ Cl/ ³⁷ Cl isotopic ratios in the absorbing sightlines. Chloronium (H 2 Cl ⁺ ) is detected along three independent lines of sight in the z = 0.89 and z = 0.68 molecular absorbers located in front of the lensed qu...
Preprint
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We use observations of chlorine-bearing species in molecular absorbers at intermediate redshifts to investigate chemical properties and $^{35}$Cl/$^{37}$Cl isotopic ratios in the absorbing sightlines. Chloronium (H$_2$Cl$^+$) is detected along three independent lines of sight in the z=0.89 and z=0.68 molecular absorbers located in front of the lens...
Preprint
A very low ortho-to-para ratio (OPR) of 0.1-0.5 was previously reported in the Orion Bar photon-dominated region (PDR), based on observations of two optically thin $\mathrm{H_2^{18}O}$ lines which were analyzed by using a single-slab large velocity gradient model. The corresponding spin temperature does not coincide with the kinetic temperature of...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Sulphur is one of the most abundant elements in the Universe (S/H∼1.3×10 -5 ) and plays a crucial role in biological systems on Earth. The understanding of its chemistry is therefore of major importance. Aims: Our goal is to complete the inventory of S-bearing molecules and their abundances in the prototypical photodissociation region...
Preprint
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Aims. Our goal is to complete the inventory of S-bearing molecules and their abundances in the prototypical photodissociation region (PDR) the Horsehead nebula to gain insight into sulphur chemistry in UV irradiated regions. Based on the WHISPER millimeter (mm) line survey, our goal is to provide an improved and more accurate description of sulphur...
Article
Full-text available
We have developed the first gas-grain chemical model for oxygen fractionation (also including sulphur fractionation) in dense molecular clouds, demonstrating that gas-phase chemistry generates variable oxygen fractionation levels, with a particularly strong effect for NO, SO, O2, and SO2. This large effect is due to the efficiency of the neutral 18...
Preprint
Non-thermal desorption from icy grains containing H$_2$CO has been invoked to explain the observed H$_2$CO gas phase abundances in ProtoPlanetary Disks (PPDs) and Photon Dominated Regions (PDRs). Photodesorption is thought to play a key role, however no absolute measurement of the photodesorption from H$_2$CO ices were performed up to now, so that...
Article
Non-thermal desorption from icy grains containing H2CO has been invoked to explain the observed H2CO gas phase abundances in ProtoPlanetary Disks (PPDs) and Photon Dominated Regions (PDRs). Photodesorption is thought to play a key role, however no absolute measurement of the photodesorption from H2CO ices were performed up to now, so that a default...
Article
An exhaustive chemical characterization of dense cores is mandatory to our understanding of chemical composition changes from a starless to a protostellar stage. However, only a few sources have had their molecular composition characterized in detail. Here we present a λ 3 mm line survey of L483, a dense core around a Class 0 protostar, which was o...