Evelyn B Parr

Evelyn B Parr
Australian Catholic University | ACU · Exercise and Nutrition Research Program, Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research

PhD, MPhEd (Ex Sci), BPhEd, BSc

About

48
Publications
16,702
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Citations
Introduction
Evelyn B Parr currently works at the Exercise and Nutrition Research Program, Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University. Evelyn does research in Nutrition and Exercise Physiology. Evelyn's current project involves time-restricted eating and glycemic control.
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - October 2015
Australian Catholic University
Position
  • PhD Student and Tutor
June 2011 - December 2013
RMIT University
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Objective Advances in the field of metabolomics and the concomitant development of bioinformatics tools constitute a promising avenue towards the development of precision medicine and personalized profiling for numerous disease states. Studies in animal models have strengthened this concept, but the application in human subjects is scarce. Methods...
Article
Full-text available
We compared the impact of a high versus low energy intake first meal on glucose and insulin responses during prolonged sitting in individuals with prediabetes. Thirteen adults with overweight/obesity and prediabetes (mean ± SD age: 60 ± 6 years, BMI: 33 ± 4 kg/m2; 2 h OGTT: 8.9 ± 1.1 mmol/L) completed two randomised trials: 10 h uninterrupted sitti...
Article
Full-text available
We determined the effects of altering meal timing and diet composition on temporal glucose homeostasis and physical activity measures. Eight sedentary, overweight/obese men (mean ± SD, age: 36 ± 4 years; BMI: 29.8 ± 1.8 kg/m2) completed two × 12-day (12-d) measurement periods, including a 7-d habitual period, and then 5 d of each diet (high-fat die...
Article
High-fat, low-carbohydrate (CHO) diets increase whole-body rates of fat oxidation and down-regulate CHO metabolism. We measured substrate utilization and skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiration to determine whether these adaptations are driven by high fat or low CHO availability. In a randomized crossover design, 8 male cyclists consumed 5 d of a...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study determined the effects of 16-week high-dairy-protein, variable-carbohydrate (CHO) diets and exercise training (EXT) on body composition in men and women with overweight/obesity. Methods: One hundred and eleven participants (age 47 ± 6 years, body mass 90.9 ± 11.7 kg, BMI 33 ± 4 kg/m(2) , values mean ± SD) were randomly stra...
Article
Full-text available
Cachexia is a prevalent muscle wasting syndrome among people with advanced cancer that profoundly impacts patient quality of life (QoL) and physical function. Exercise can improve QoL, physical function, and overall health in people with cancer and may be an important addition to treatment approaches for cancer cachexia. Greater understanding of pa...
Article
Time-restricted eating (TRE) is a popular dietary strategy that emphasises the timing of meals in alignment with diurnal circadian rhythms, permitting ad libitum energy intake during a restricted (∼8-10 h) eating window each day. Unlike energy-restricted diets or intermittent fasting interventions that focus on weight loss, many of the health-relat...
Article
Purpose: Exercise training is recommended to improve cardiometabolic health and fertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), yet there are few randomized controlled trials on the effects of different exercise protocols on clinical reproductive outcomes. Our aim was to determine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIT) on m...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Whether short-term, single-mode exercise training can improve physical fitness prior to a period of reduced physical activity (e.g. post-surgery recovery) is not well characterized in clinical populations nor middle-age adults. We investigated skeletal muscle adaptive responses following endurance exercise training (ENT), high-intens...
Article
Full-text available
Aims/hypothesis We determined whether the time of day of exercise training (morning vs evening) would modulate the effects of consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) on glycaemic control, whole-body health markers and serum metabolomics. Methods In this three-armed parallel-group randomised trial undertaken at a university in Melbourne, Australia, ov...
Article
Full-text available
Exercise training in combination with optimal nutritional support is an effective strategy to maintain or increase skeletal muscle mass. A single bout of resistance exercise undertaken with adequate protein availability increases rates of muscle protein synthesis and, when repeated over weeks and months, leads to increased muscle fiber size. While...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) require a long-term dietary strategy for blood glucose management and may benefit from time-restricted eating (TRE, where the duration between the first and last energy intake is restricted to 8–10 h/day). We aimed to determine the feasibility of TRE for individuals with T2D. Participants with T2D (HbA1c >6.5...
Article
Full-text available
Time-restricted feeding (TRF) improves metabolism independent of dietary macronutrient composition or energy restriction. To elucidate mechanisms underpinning the effects of short-term TRF, we investigated skeletal muscle and serum metabolic and transcriptomic profiles from 11 men with overweight/obesity after TRF (8 h day-1) and extended feeding (...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. In women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), several miRNAs are differentially expressed compared to women without PCOS, suggesting that miRNAs may underpin the pathophysiology of this condition. Exercise training modulates miRNA abundance and is r...
Article
Full-text available
We determined the effects of time-restricted feeding (TRF; 8 h/d) versus extended feeding (EXF; 15 h/d) on 24-h and postprandial metabolism and subjective opinions of TRF in men with overweight/obesity. In a randomized crossover design, 11 sedentary males (age 38 ± 5 y; BMI: 32.2 ± 2.0 kg/m2) completed two isoenergetic diet protocols for 5 days, co...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age and the leading cause of anovulatory infertility. Women with PCOS have a 15-fold higher prevalence of infertility, compared with women without PCOS, independent of body mass index (BMI). A healthy lifestyle is recommended to improve overall hea...
Article
Full-text available
This Perspectives for Progress provide a synopsis for the potential of time-restricted eating (TRE) to rescue some of the deleterious effects on circadian biology induced by our modern-day lifestyle. We provide novel insights into the comparative and potential complementary effects of TRE and exercise training on metabolic health.
Data
List of significant gradient serum metabolites under HFD.
Data
List of significant gradient muscle metabolites under HCD.
Data
List of significantly changed serum metabolites in the morning by nutritional challenges.
Data
List of significant gradient muscle metabolites under HFD.
Data
Figure S1: Experimental overview of human morning-evening metabolomics study. (A and B) Overview of the experimental design. (A) Each participant (n = 8) completed the experimental conditions in a random order. Human subjects consumed HFD and HCD in a randomized, crossover study with a 7-day washout between each dietary challenge. (B) Serum and mus...
Data
List of significant gradient serum metabolites under HCD.
Data
List of significantly changed serum metabolites in the evening by nutritional challenges.
Data
List of significantly changed muscle metabolites in the morning by nutritional challenges.
Data
Characteristics of study participants at baseline.
Data
List of significantly changed muscle metabolites in the evening by nutritional challenges.
Article
Full-text available
When ingested alone, beetroot juice and sodium bicarbonate are ergogenic for high-intensity exercise performance. This study sought to determine the independent and combined effects of these supplements. Eight endurance trained (V̇O2max 65 mL·kg·min(-1)) male cyclists completed four x 4-km time trials (TT) in a double-blind Latin square design supp...
Article
Purpose: To compare energy use and substrate partitioning arising from repeated lower- versus upper-body sprints, or endurance exercise, across a 24-h period. Methods: Twelve untrained males (24±4 y) completed three trials in randomized order: (1) repeated sprints (five 30-s Wingate, 4.5-min recovery) on a cycle ergometer (SITLegs); (2) 50-min c...
Article
Alcohol ingestion decreases post-exercise rates of muscle protein synthesis, but the mechanism(s) (e.g., increased protein breakdown) underlying this observation are unknown. Autophagy is an intracellular "recycling" system required for homeostatic substrate and organelle turnover; its dysregulation may provoke apoptosis and lead to muscle atrophy....
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Exercise reduces arterial and central venous blood pressures during recovery, which contributes to its valuable anti-hypertensive effects and to facilitating hypervolemia. Repeated sprint exercise potently improves metabolic function, but its cardiovascular effects (esp. hematological) are less well-characterized, as are effects of e...
Article
Full-text available
Interactions between diet, physical activity and genetic predisposition contribute to variable body mass changes observed in response to weight loss interventions. Circulating microRNAs (c-miRNAs) may act as 'biomarkers' that are associated with the rate of change in weight loss, and/or play a role in regulating the biological variation, in respons...
Data
Raw Ct data for the 13 plasma c-miRNA abundance measured pre and post a 16 wk diet and exercise intervention in low (LoRes) and high (HiRes) responders for weight loss. (XLSX)
Data
Raw participant characteristics, blood markers and aerobic capacity measured pre and post a 16 wk diet and exercise intervention in low (LoRes) and high (HiRes) responders for weight loss. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: We determined the effect of suppressing lipolysis via administration of Nicotinic acid (NA) and pre-exercise feeding on rates of whole-body substrate utilisation and cycling time trial (TT) performance. Methods: In a randomised, single-blind, crossover design, eight trained male cyclists/triathletes completed two series of TTs in which...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Long-haul air travel imposes multiple stressors, arising from prolonged immobility, low humidity, modest hypobaria, circadian disruption and oxidative stress from food and cosmic radiation [1]. We developed a beverage system (Flyhidrate™ a) to counteract such effects, using ingredients shown in previous research to be effective when used acutely in...
Article
Full-text available
Carbohydrate metabolism has been observed to be altered in males exercising in the cold. Whether metabolism is affected in females in the cold is unknown, therefore, the present study was conducted. Female cyclists (n=11) conducted two trials of 75 min cycling (74±4% VO 2max) each followed by a 4-km time-trial, at 5 ºC (Cold) and 15 ºC (Temperate),...
Article
Full-text available
The culture in many team sports involves consumption of large amounts of alcohol after training/competition. The effect of such a practice on recovery processes underlying protein turnover in human skeletal muscle are unknown. We determined the effect of alcohol intake on rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) following strenuous exercise wi...
Article
Full-text available
Two independent but inter-related conditions that have a growing impact on healthy life expectancy and health care costs in developed nations are an age-related loss of muscle mass (i.e., sarcopenia) and obesity. Sarcopenia is commonly exacerbated in overweight and obese individuals. Progression towards obesity promotes an increase in fat mass and...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project involves an international network of researchers, led by the University of Copenhagen, with collaborators from Karolinska Institutet and University of California, Irvine. The aim is to further understand the health promoting effects of exercise in people with type 2 diabetes by determining the interaction between circadian rhythms and the metabolic response to exercise and nutrition. This will allow us to define potent, practical, time efficient use of fitness and nutrition that can be implemented to prevent insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. We will take a “bench to bedside” approach and identify the time of day for optimal exercise-nutrient interventions to induce the greatest improvement of insulin sensitivity in people with type 2 diabetes. Funding: Novo Nordisk Foundation Challenge Grant. Funding: Collaborative Research Network Grant Duration: 2014-2016