Evelyn L Forget

Evelyn L Forget
University of Manitoba | UMN · Department of Community Health Sciences

PhD (Economics), University of Toronto
Officer of the Order of Canada; Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada

About

229
Publications
69,302
Reads
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1,355
Citations
Introduction
How can we best ensure that everyone has access to the tools and resources they need to live a full life? _Basic Income for Canadians: from the Covid-19 emergency to financial security for all"_ is available at amazon.ca and indigo.ca. _Radical Trust: basic income for complicated lives_, with Hannah Owczar, is available from Indigo.ca. Happy to announce I've been elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and Officer of the Order of Canada!
Additional affiliations
July 2013 - present
University of Manitoba
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2003 - present
Manitoba Centre for Health Policy
Position
  • Adjunct Scientist
July 2000 - present
University of Manitoba
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (229)
Article
Full-text available
This paper has two purposes. First, it documents the historical context of MINCOME, a Canadian guaranteed annual income field experiment (1974 to 1979). Second, it uses routinely collected health administration data and a quasi-experimental design to document an 8.5 percent reduction in the hospitalization rate for participants relative to controls...
Article
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Background: Mental health outcomes vary widely among high-income countries, although mental health problems represent an increasing proportion of the burden of disease for all countries. This has led to increased demand for healthcare services, but mental health outcomes may also be particularly sensitive to the availability of social services. Th...
Article
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We examine the typologies of workplaces for sex workers in Dnipro, Ukraine as part of the larger Dynamics Study, which explores the influence of conflict on sex work. We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 560 women from September 2017 to October 2018. The results of our study demonstrate a diverse sex work environment with heterogeneity across...
Article
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Little is known about the impact of military conflict on sex work from the perspective of sex workers. We attempt to explore the meaning of conflict on sex work by asking women about the changes that they have experienced in their lives and work since the beginning of the 2014 military conflict in eastern Ukraine. The findings in this article are b...
Conference Paper
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This chapter examines the intellectual trajectory of Margaret Gilpin Reid from her earliest years studying home economics as an undergraduate, through her doctoral work with Hazel Kyrk at the University of Chicago, her collaborations with Elizabeth Hoyt and others, to her seminal empirical work at the University of Chicago in collaboration with Mil...
Article
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This essay is the introduction to the 2022 supplemental issue of History of Political Economy, titled Women and Economics: New Historical Perspectives. We first reflect on the historiography of economics and the relative absence of women and gender in the mainstream of the field. Three approaches to the history of women and economics are delineated...
Article
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Public health in Canada is at a turning point. Frank et al. (2022) suggest that Canadian public health practice should be reformed by incorporating three key principles: recognition of health inequities, complex causation and coordinated upstream intervention. This response suggests that there is far too little focus on implementing automatic stabi...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses the value of basic income experiments.
Chapter
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This chapter addresses the potential of basic income in Canada.
Preprint
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This essay is the introduction to the History of Political Economy Annual Supplement on “Women and Economics: New Historical Perspectives.” We first reflect on the historiography of economics and the relative absence of women and gender in the mainstream of the field. Three approaches to the history of women and economics are delineated: making vis...
Book
By approaching basic income through the voices of the unhoused, disabled, formerly incarcerated and other marginalized people, Radical Trust makes a unique and convincing case for an economic policy that represents a huge step toward decent and dignified living for all.
Article
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COVID-19 has shone a harsh light on the extent of poverty in Canada. When normal economic activity was interrupted by the exigencies of public health driven lockdowns, the shutdown disproportionately affected people who, before the pandemic, were living on incomes beneath the poverty line or dependent upon low-paying hourly remunerated jobs, usuall...
Article
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The BC panel on Basic Income issued a report Jan 28, 2021. This debate about Basic Income in Canada between Armine Yalnyzian (arguing Basic Income should be buried) and Evelyn Forget (arguing that the evidence suggests it could be transformative) appeared in the Toronto Star newspaper.
Technical Report
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COVID-19 has exposed the inadequacy of Canada’s crisis response infrastructure and policies. But it has exposed much broader and deeper systemic problems that flow from how we have chosen to organize our society. We have discovered the scale and depth of the Canadian precariat—those individuals and households who live with combinations of insecure...
Article
Full-text available
https://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/november-2020/a-guaranteed-minimum-income-would-be-more-effective-than-current-government-programs/
Technical Report
Full-text available
https://rsc-src.ca/en/research-and-reports/federal-basic-income-within-post-covid-19-economic-recovery-plan
Book
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This book examines how society would benefit from transforming the emergency income supports put in place during the pandemic into a permanent guaranteed minimum income.
Article
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https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2020-10-08/basic-income-has-its-moment
Article
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This article highlights the roles played by knowledge brokers in the history of economics. Knowledge creation is the joint product of teams of people engaged in parallel work. Economists do their professional work, whether that involves creating elaborate theories, gathering and interpreting data, or conducting experiments, all the while creating a...
Presentation
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Article
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Basic income experiments tend to show some decline in work hours, but less is known about how that nonwork time is spent. This article uses data from a randomized controlled trial of a guaranteed annual income to examine the activities of recipients who left the labor force for some amount of time. In particular, we analyze the reasons respondents...
Article
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Objectives The objectives of this study were to: (1) examine whether the smoking status of the Canadian population is associated with a reduction in health-related quality of life (HRQoL); (2) calculate the overall economic burden of loss in HRQoL using a commonly accepted $100,000 willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold to gain one quality-adjusted lif...
Preprint
This is the History of Economics presidential address delivered at Chicago in June 2018. It will appear in JHET, June 2020.
Presentation
Full-text available
In 2017, the province of Ontario Canada began to conduct a negative income tax experiment. Almost immediately, a group of participants self-organized and called themselves Living Proof. They made themselves available to the press, took on an advocacy role and declared themselves the ultimate arbiters of the success or failure of the experiment. I s...
Chapter
The role that work plays in organizing our lives and our society is changing rapidly. Workers displaced by technology need secure incomes as regular jobs with good wages and decent benefits disappear and are replaced by part-time and contingent work. Simultaneously, the polarization of the labor market has increased the material and social gaps bet...
Conference Paper
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Background Ukraine has the highest HIV and HCV rates in Europe. Initially driven by unsafe injection use, more recent studies have documented the ongoing transmission of HIV via unprotected sex work. This paper describes the profile of clients of female sex workers (FSWs) in eastern Ukraine and their HIV and HCV prevalence and risk factors. Method...
Conference Paper
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Background Armed conflict erupted in eastern Ukraine in 2014. Ukraine has the highest HIV rates in Europe, there is concern that the epidemic can worsen in the current climate. Past research on HIV prevalence in conflict zones has been limited and the few studies that exist yield contradictory results. In this paper we describe the historical event...
Conference Paper
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Background The environmental contexts and interactions between people within that environment impact a female sex worker’s (FSW) individual behaviour and likelihood of HIV acquisition. Understanding how the environment shapes HIV risk can provide important information for HIV prevention programs that go beyond behaviour-based interventions and addr...
Article
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Background: Armed conflict erupted in eastern Ukraine in 2014 and still continues. This conflict has resulted in an intensification of poverty, displacement and migration, and has weakened the local health system. Ukraine has some of the highest rates of HIV and Hepatitis C (HCV) in Europe. Whether and how the current conflict, and its consequences...
Article
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Background: To improve public access to oral health care, dental hygienists have been identified for practice expansion, and, therefore, they must demonstrate decision-making capacity. This study aimed to identify and test potentially influential factors in dental hygiene decision making. Organizational and gender factors were hypothesized to be m...
Book
This podcast by Etienne Tabbagh is available for free download through Amazon. https://www.amazon.ca/s%C3%A9rieux-cette-histoire-revenu-universel/dp/B07CPQ1B1G/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1543174602&sr=1-2&keywords=evelyn+forget
Article
Full-text available
http://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/november-2018/quand-un-projet-pilote-heurte-des-valeurs-politiques/
Book
This book explores basic income from a Canadian perspective. It reports on research from the original test in Manitoba in the 1970s to the Ontario initiative launched by the Wynne government, then killed by the Ford Tories. The evidence shows that basic income improves family and community health and well being, improves financial resilience, and i...
Article
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Calls for evidence-informed policymaking have grown louder in recent decades. Advocates argue that the systematic use of the best available scientific evidence can help us avoid harm and achieve social policy goals while avoiding the deliberate manipulation of scientific evidence to achieve political ends. The Basic Income experiments taking place...
Article
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Reprinted in several newspapers.
Article
https://evidencenetwork.ca/an-open-letter-to-premier-ford-and-minister-macleod-on-basic-income/
Article
https://evidencenetwork.ca/international-researchers-shocked-at-cancelation-of-basic-income-pilot/
Article
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https://evidencenetwork.ca/lettre-ouverte-au-premier-ministre-ford-et-a-la-ministre-macleod-sur-le-revenu-de-base/
Article
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Objectives To investigate the price and income elasticities of adolescent smoking initiation and intensity to determine the extent to which increased pocket money leads to greater smoking among youth, and whether higher taxes can mitigate this effect. Methods We used the 2012/2013 Canadian Youth Smoking Survey including students in grades 7–12. Th...
Presentation
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This essay contains a brief history of what we have learned about Basic Income from the negative income tax experiments in North America and from some of the unconditional cash transfer programs in low-income countries, and argues that we might still want to conduct further experiments in high income countries to: update findings in particular cont...
Article
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Objective: COPD is a high-cost disease and results in frequent contacts with the healthcare system. The study objective was to compare the accuracy of classification models with different covariates for classifying COPD patients into cost groups. Methods: Linked health administrative databases from Saskatchewan, Canada, were used to identify a c...
Technical Report
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Pendant que les provinces au Canada continuent le débat entourant le revenu de base garanti (RBG), le deuxième rapport de la série du RBG, sorti de l'Institut des politiques du Nord, traite de l’expérience de Mincome au Manitoba, et l’auteure fait valoir que, s’il est bien conçu, un RBG peut offrir une gamme d’avantages à un coût réaliste pour les...
Technical Report
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Almost forty years ago, Canada experimented with Basic Income Guarantee (B.I.G.) in a field experiment in Manitoba called Mincome. That project ended and, despite periodic revivals of interest over the years, no general programme was introduced in Canada. Now, the idea has re-emerged with new vigour; jurisdictions around the world are introducing e...
Research
Full-text available
Interview summarizing the results of her research into the Basic Income experiment (Mincome) in the 1970s and comments related to Ontario's basic income experiment.
Data
Scatter plot of difference in expected costs versus difference in expected quality-adjusted life-years for alternative strategies for vaccination against meningococcal disease in Canada. (TIFF)
Data
Derivation of IMD incidence rates by serogroup. (DOCX)
Data
Derivation of IMD incidence rates by age and serogroup. (DOCX)
Data
Acceptability curves for cost-effectiveness (cost per QALY) for alternative strategies for vaccination against meningococcal disease in Canada. (TIF)
Article
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Background: Public health programs to prevent invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) with monovalent serogroup C meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV-C) and quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccines (MCV-4) in infancy and adolescence vary across Canadian provinces. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of various vaccination strategies aga...
Article
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Objectives This project links data on acute inpatient hospitalizations from the Canadian Discharge Abstract Database (DAD) with data on income and employment from various taxation- and employment-based administrative files. The goal was to create a linked database that will support research on the labour market and financial outcomes experienced by...
Article
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This essay argues that Jane Marcet was engaged in the work of the knowledge broker – facilitating the creation, sharing and use of economic knowledge. She created and maintained social and intellectual networks between and among scientists and the larger public. Knowledge sharing was based upon the personal and social connections she facilitated by...
Presentation
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Discussion of the mincome project
Conference Paper
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This article examines three basic income experiments to begin in 2017 – Finland, Ontario and Oakland – through the lens of the narratives offered by the responsible parties to justify the experiment. Each narrative identifies the social problem to be solved, the structure of basic income, the nature and agency of recipients, the agent responsible f...
Presentation
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Interview on basic income, the role of the material in life and why jobs matter.
Technical Report
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In its 2016 budget, the Government of Ontario committed to conducting a basic income pilot project as part of its preparations for comprehensive reform of its social assistance programs. Taking particular note of “today’s dynamic labour market” and a need to “strengthen the attachment to the labour force”, the government pledged to work with resear...
Research
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a presentation prepared for a symposium on the planned Basic Income pilot in Ontario
Article
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A plain language summary of MINCOME and the Guaranteed Annual Income debate in Canada.
Presentation
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This 36-minute podcast puts Evelyn Forget’s work on guaranteed annual income (GAI) into historical perspective, and links it to contemporary experiments being conducted in Europe, Ontario, and by the California venture capital firm Y Combinator. Freakonomics is a popular podcast among policy analysts and economists in North America. Dr. Forget has...
Article
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Healthcare pathways are important to measure because they are expected to affect outcomes. However, they are challenging to define because patients exhibit heterogeneity in their use of healthcare services. The objective of this study was to identify and describe healthcare pathways during episodes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ex...
Article
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Schoorl Evert, Jean-Baptiste Say: Revolutionary, Entrepreneur, Economist (London and New York: Routledge, 2013), pp. xix, 210, $150. ISBN 978-0-415-66517-9. - Volume 37 Issue 3 - Evelyn L. Forget
Article
Full-text available
http://umanitoba.ca/outreach/evidencenetwork/archives/26405
Book
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Conclusion Across all analyses—estimated population based, matched, and propensity score—we found that smoking was associated with an increased burden on the healthcare system. The dichotomous ever-versus-never-smoked analyses consistently showed that individuals who reported having ever smoked used more health services than those who reported havi...
Article
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Background Hospital readmission is costly and potentially avoidable. The concept of virtual wards as a new model of care is intended to reduce hospital readmissions by providing short-term transitional care to high-risk and complex patients in the community. In order to provide information regarding the development of virtual wards in the Winnipeg...
Article
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A number of predictive models have been developed to identify patients at risk of hospital readmission. Most of these have focused on readmission within 30 days of discharge. We used population-based health administrative data to develop a predictive model for hospital readmission within 12 months of discharge in Winnipeg, Canada. This was a retros...
Article
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Both of these books examine the Alaska model — the combination of a publicly held asset fund financed by income from publicly held assets and known as the Alaska Permanent Fund (APF), and the dividend paid from that fund to all citizens of the state, called the Permanent Fund Dividend (PFD). Part I of the first book discusses the history and impact...
Article
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Objectives: To synthesize the current literature detailing the cost-effectiveness of the herpes zoster (HZ) vaccine, and to provide Canadian policy-makers with cost-effectiveness measurements in a Canadian context. Methods: This article builds on an existing systematic review of the HZ vaccine that offers a quality assessment of 11 recent articl...
Article
Objective To compare methods of characterizing intensive care unit (ICU) bed use and estimate the number of beds needed.Study SettingThree geographic regions in the Canadian province of Manitoba.Study DesignRetrospective analysis of population-based data from April 1, 2000, to March 31, 2007.Methods We compared three methods to estimate ICU bed req...
Article
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Smoking during pregnancy may cause many health problems for pregnant women and their newborns. However, there is a paucity of research that has examined the predictors of smoking during pregnancy in Canada. This study used data from the 2009-2010 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) to estimate the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy and exam...