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The primary visual cortex has the capacity to store stimulus-specific information locally. A new study reveals a direct role for the hippocampus in experience-dependent cortical plasticity when visual stimuli are presented in a predictable temporal order.
The potential for neuronal representations of external stimuli to be modified by previous experience is critical for efficient sensory processing and improved behavioral outcomes. To investigate how repeated exposure to a visual stimulus affects its representation in mouse primary visual cortex (V1), we performed two-photon calcium imaging of layer...
Our ability to learn relies on the potential of neuronal circuits to change through experience. Recent advances in genetic tools and in vivo imaging have enabled novel investigations into the mechanisms of plasticity at the level of neuronal circuits. This chapter describes an experimental method for long-term activity monitoring of large neuronal...
In vivo calcium imaging has become a method of choice to image neuronal population activity throughout the nervous system. These experiments generate large sequences of images. Their analysis is computationally intensive and typically involves motion correction, image segmentation into regions of interest (ROIs), and extraction of fluorescence trac...
Cortical responses to sensory stimuli are modulated by behavioral state. In the primary visual cortex (V1), visual responses of pyramidal neurons increase during locomotion. This response gain was suggested to be mediated through inhibitory neurons, resulting in the disinhibition of pyramidal neurons. Using in vivo two-photon calcium imaging in lay...
We investigated the responses of medullary lateral line units of the rudd, Scardinius erythrophthalmus, to bulk water flow (7 cm s−1) and to water flow that contained vortices shed by an upstream half cylinder (diameter 1, 2, and 3 cm). Thirty-five percent of the medullary units either increased or decreased their discharge rate with the increasing...
The avian magnetic compass works in a fairly narrow functional window around the intensity of the local geomagnetic field, but adjusts to intensities outside this range when birds experience these new intensities for a certain time. In the past, the geomagnetic field has often been much weaker than at present. To find out whether birds can obtain d...