Evan M Koch

Evan M Koch
Harvard Medical School | HMS · Department of Biomedical Informatics

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26
Publications
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154
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have found evidence that GWAS loci experience negative selection, which increases in intensity with the effect size of identified variants. However, there is also accumulating evidence that this selection is not entirely mediated by the focal trait and contains a substantial pleiotropic component. Understanding how selective constr...
Article
Biological mechanisms underlying human germline mutations remain largely unknown. We statistically decompose variation in the rate and spectra of mutations along the genome using volume-regularized nonnegative matrix factorization. The analysis of a sequencing dataset (TOPMed) reveals nine processes that explain the variation in mutation properties...
Article
Full-text available
Many diseases exhibit population-specific causal effect sizes with trans-ethnic genetic correlations significantly less than 1, limiting trans-ethnic polygenic risk prediction. We develop a new method, S-LDXR, for stratifying squared trans-ethnic genetic correlation across genomic annotations, and apply S-LDXR to genome-wide summary statistics for...
Article
Full-text available
The rate at which plants grow is a major functional trait in plant ecology. However, little is known about its evolution in natural populations. Here, we investigate evolutionary and environmental factors shaping variation in the growth rate of Arabidopsis thaliana . We used plant diameter as a proxy to monitor plant growth over time in environment...
Article
Full-text available
During range expansion, edge populations are expected to face increased genetic drift, which in turn can alter and potentially compromise adaptive dynamics, preventing the removal of deleterious mutations and slowing down adaptation. Here, we contrast populations of the European sub-species Arabidopsis lyrata ssp petraea, which expanded its Norther...
Preprint
Full-text available
The rate at which plants grow is a major functional trait in plant ecology. However, little is known about its evolution in natural populations. Here, we investigate evolutionary and environmental factors shaping variation in the growth rate of Arabidopsis thaliana . We quantified variation in plant growth in two light environments, across a set of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many diseases and complex traits exhibit population-specific causal effect sizes with trans-ethnic genetic correlations significantly less than 1, limiting trans-ethnic polygenic risk prediction. We developed a new method, S-LDXR, for stratifying squared trans-ethnic genetic correlation across genomic annotations, and applied S-LDXR to genome-wide...
Preprint
Full-text available
During range expansion, edge populations are expected to face increased genetic drift, which in turn can alter and potentially compromise adaptive dynamics, preventing the removal of deleterious mutations and slowing down adaptation. In plants, range expansion is often concomitant with a shift in mating system. In the Northern American subspecies A...
Article
Knowledge of mutation rates is crucial for calibrating population genetics models of demographic history in units of years. However, mutation rates remain challenging to estimate because of the need to identify extremely rare events. We estimated the nuclear mutation rate in wolves by identifying de novo mutations in a pedigree of seven wolves. Put...
Article
Neutral models for quantitative trait evolution are useful for identifying phenotypes under selection. These models often assume normally distributed phenotypes. This assumption may be violated when a trait is affected by relatively few variants or when the effects of those variants arise from skewed or heavy tailed distributions. Molecular phenoty...
Preprint
Full-text available
Neutral models for quantitative trait evolution are useful for identifying phenotypes under selection in natural populations. Models of quantitative traits often assume phenotypes are normally distributed. This assumption may be violated when a trait is affected by relatively few genetic variants or when the effects of those variants arise from ske...
Article
Full-text available
When mutations have small effects on fitness, population size plays an important role in determining the amount and nature of deleterious genetic variation. The extent to which recent population size changes have impacted deleterious variation in humans has been a question of considerable interest and debate. An emerging consensus is that the Out-o...
Article
Full-text available
A report on the 64th annual American Society of Human Genetics meeting held in San Diego, USA, 18-22 October, 2014.
Article
Full-text available
Long-range linkage disequilibria (LRLD) between sites that are widely separated on chromosomes may suggest that population admixture, epistatic selection, or other evolutionary forces are at work. We quantified patterns of LRLD on a chromosome-wide level in the YRI population of the HapMap dataset of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We calcu...
Article
Chromosomal inversions are common in natural populations and are believed to be involved in many important evolutionary phenomena, including speciation, the evolution of sex chromosomes and local adaptation. While recent advances in sequencing and genotyping methods are leading to rapidly increasing amounts of genome-wide sequence data that reveal...

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