Evalyne Muiruri

Evalyne Muiruri

Doctor of Philosophy

About

23
Publications
7,189
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
312
Citations

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Full-text available
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a severe childhood neuromuscular disease for which two genetic therapies, Nusinersen (Spinraza, an antisense oligonucleotide), and AVXS-101 (Zolgensma, an adeno-associated viral vector of serotype 9 AAV9), have recently been approved. We investigated the pre-clinical development of SMA genetic therapies in rodent mo...
Article
Seawater chlorination is widely used for coastal, marine industries for the prevention of fouling. Using a choice chamber system, we investigated the influence of chlorinated seawater at typical concentrations occurring near chlorinated cooling water discharges, on the behaviour of juvenile seabass (Dicentrachus labrax). These studies showed that t...
Article
An inhomogeneous continuous‐time Markov chain model is proposed to quantify animal preference and avoidance behaviour in a choice experiment. We develop and apply our model to a choice flume experiment designed to assess the preference or avoidance responses of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) exposed to chlorinated seawater. Due to observed fluctua...
Article
1. Associational resistance theory predicts that insect herbivory decreases with increasing tree diversity in forest ecosystems. However, the generality of this effect and its underlying mechanisms are still debated, particularly since evidence has accumulated that climate may influence the direction and strength of the relationship between diversi...
Article
Modifying the design and selectivity of commercial fishing gears can reduce unwanted catches. Most gear selectivity research focusses on trawl gears, and there are relatively few examples of modified static nets, such as gill and trammel nets, which are used all over the world. Fishers operating in the southeast England’s common sole (Solea solea)...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims Large clades of angiosperms are often characterized by diverse interactions with pol-linators, but how these pollination systems are structured phylogenetically and biogeographically is still uncertain for most families. Apocynaceae is a clade of >5300 species with a worldwide distribution. A database representing >10 % of speci...
Article
Full-text available
Insect herbivore damage and abundance are often reduced in diverse plant stands. However, few studies have explored whether this phenomenon is due to plant diversity effects on host plant traits. We explored indirect effects of tree species diversity on herbivory via changes in leaf traits in a long‐term forest diversity experiment in Finland. We m...
Article
Full-text available
We aimed to identify priority research questions in the field of biodiversity, ecosystem services and sustainability (BESS), based on a workshop held during the NRG BESS Conference for Early Career Researchers on BESS, and to compare these to existing horizon scanning exercises. This work highlights the need for improved data availability through c...
Article
Full-text available
The diversity of plant neighbors commonly results in direct, bottom-up effects on herbivore ability to locate their host, and in indirect effects on herbivores involving changes in plant traits and a top-down control by their enemies. Yet, the relative contribution of bottom-up and top-down forces remains poorly understood. We also lack knowledge o...
Article
Full-text available
Neighbouring heterospecific plants are often observed to reduce the probability of herbivore attack on a given focal plant. While this pattern of associational resistance is frequently reported, experimental evidence for underlying mechanisms is rare particularly for potential plant species diversity effects on focal host plants and their physical...
Article
Full-text available
1. Insectivorous birds are increasingly recognised for the crucial pest control services they provide to agroecosystems. While both the foraging activity and functional diversity of birds are enhanced by multi-scale habitat heterogeneity, little is known about how these relationships may influence avian top–down control of insects. Specifically, in...
Article
Full-text available
The enemies hypothesis states that reduced insect herbivory in mixed-species stands can be attributed to more effective top–down control by predators with increasing plant diversity. Although evidence for this mechanism exists for invertebrate predators, studies on avian predation are comparatively rare and have not explicitly tested the effects of...
Article
Full-text available
Producer diversity is known to affect a wide range of ecosystem processes including plant growth and insect pest resistance. Consumers such as mammalian herbivores too have been shown to modify plant growth and insect herbivory by triggering changes in host plants. However, few studies have investigated whether consumer effects interact with plant...
Poster
Full-text available
Insect herbivory on a focal plant is often reduced in mixed-species stands. One of the main mechanisms put forward to explain this pattern is the enemies hypothesis which predicts more effective top-down control by predators in diverse stands. Whilst there is evidence for this mechanism for invertebrate predators, studies of effects of diversity on...

Network

Cited By