Eva Pilot

Eva Pilot
Maastricht University | UM · Health Ethics and Society, CAPHRI Care And Public Health Research Institute

Public Health Surveillance Beyond Numbers and Borders

About

48
Publications
14,626
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
I am interested in the field of health geography, urban health, health equity, health information ecosystems, environment and health and public health surveillance. My research focuses on the link between place, policies and health equity from a social, spatial and political perspective.I am a active member of the International Geographical Union Commission on Health and the Environment www.IGUHEP.org. and co-chair the Network on Health Geography Research www.healthgeography.org
Additional affiliations
July 2014 - April 2020
Maastricht University
Position
  • Researcher
January 2012 - July 2014
Maastricht University
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
This chapter provides an overview of the role of primary care in the context of global health. Universal health coverage is a key priority for WHO and its member states, and provision of accessible and safe primary care is recognised as essential to meet this important international policy goal. Nevertheless, more than three decades after Alma Ata,...
Article
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Infectious disease surveillance, timely detection and early warning of outbreaks present a complex challenge to health authorities in India. Approaches based on the use of unexplored data sources, like emergency medical services (EMS) data, can contribute to the further advancement of public health surveillance capacities in India and support and s...
Article
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Background Risk assessment and early warning (RAEW) are essential components of any infectious disease surveillance system. In light of the International Health Regulations (IHR)(2005), this study compares the organisation of RAEW in China and the Netherlands. The respective approaches towards surveillance of arboviral disease and unexplained pneum...
Article
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Objective: The first wave of the coronavirus SARS-COV-2 pandemic has revealed fragmented governance within the European Union (EU) to tackle public health emergencies. This qualitative study aims 1) to understand the current EU position within the field of public health emergencies taking the case of the COVID-19 as an example by comparing and cont...
Article
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Background Dutch breastfeeding rates are below World Health Organization’s recommendations and targets despite the benefits for individuals and society. Increasing the rates is complex due to multiple breastfeeding determinants, of which maternal education and employment are dominant. This study aimed to identify the perceptions and experiences of...
Article
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Background An effective emergency medical dispatch process is vital to provide appropriate prehospital care to patients. It increases patient safety and ensures the sustainable use of medical resources. Although Copenhagen has a sophisticated emergency medical services (EMS) system with a significant focus on public welfare, more than 10% of emerge...
Article
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Background In the Euregio-Meuse-Rhine (EMR), cross-border collaboration is essential for resource-saving and needs-based patient care within the emergency medical service (EMS) systems and interhospital transport (IHT). However, at the onset of the novel coronavirus SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic, differing national measures highlighted the fragmen...
Article
Qualitative work with students who use prescription medicines for academic purposes is limited. Thus, a more nuanced understanding of tertiary students’ experiences is urgently needed. Our study – which draws on five semi-structured interviews with New Zealand university students, complemented with information from local newspapers, blog entries an...
Article
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Background Dengue is a prioritized public health concern in China. Because of the larger scale, more frequent and wider spatial distribution, the challenge for dengue prevention and control has increased in recent years. While land use and land cover (LULC) change was suggested to be associated with dengue, relevant research has been quite limited....
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective An effective emergency medical dispatch process is vital to provide appropriate prehospital care to patients. It increases patient safety and ensures the sustainable use of medical resources. Although Copenhagen has a sophisticated emergency medical services (EMS) system with a significant focus on public welfare, more than 10% of emergen...
Article
Full-text available
In 2006, a policy reform restructured the maternal and perinatal healthcare system, including closing smaller maternity units, to further improve care in Portugal. This study aimed to investigate the effects of the 2006 National Program of Maternal and Neonatal Health policy on spatial inequalities in access to care and consequently avoidable infan...
Chapter
Vast differences in environmental exposures exist between socioeconomic groups at the global, regional, and local level. The associated adverse health outcomes are largely avoidable by policy decisions and therefore unfair and unjust. The definitions of environmental inequality and environmental justice are not clear-cut and depend on the local con...
Article
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Ambient air pollution is a global health threat that causes severe mortality and morbidity from respiratory, cardiovascular, and other diseases. Its impact is especially concerning in cities; as the urban population increases, especially in low-and middle-income countries, large populations risk suffering from these health effects. The Economic Com...
Article
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Background: Climate change may contribute to higher incidence and wider geographic spread of vector borne diseases (VBDs). Effective monitoring and surveillance of VBDs is of paramount importance for the prevention of and timely response to outbreaks. Although international regulations exist to support this, barriers and operational challenges wit...
Article
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Whereas the heart of the purpose and activity of the European Union is concerned with economic harmonisation, its internal market, and the freedom of movement of people, goods, services, and capital, necessarily require public health measures. The EU is committed to both human rights and to “Health in All Policies”. This paper considers how that ag...
Article
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Dengue's re-emerging epidemiology poses a major global health threat. India contributes significantly to the global communicable disease burden has been declared highly dengue-endemic, exposing public health authorities to severe challenges. Our study aims to provide a deeper understanding of India’s urban dengue surveillance policies as well as to...
Article
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Dengue's increasing trends raise concerns over global health and pose a challenge to the Brazilian health system, highlighting the necessity of a strong surveillance system to reduce morbidity, mortality, and the economic burden of this disease. Although the Brazilian surveillance system reports more dengue cases than any other country, recent stud...
Article
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Social, economic, and environmental differences across the European Union significantly affect opportunities to move forward in achieving greater equity in health. Cohesion Policy (CP) funds can contribute positively through investments in the main determinants of health. The aim of this study is to analyze to what extent the planned investments fo...
Article
Studies of the health effects of air pollution have traditionally controlled for ambient temperature as a confounder, and vice versa. However, season might be an important factor contributing to adverse health effects of air pollution. Given the current inconsistencies in results of previous studies on the effect modification of air pollution on mo...
Article
Social capital influences adolescents' licenses for active transport and independent mobility, through parental decision making and safety concerns, and may contribute to increasing adolescents' physical activity. Drawing on 20 parental interviews and 11 focus groups (73 adolescents) from rural New Zealand, this paper shows the importance of social...
Article
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Background: Syndromic surveillance can supplement conventional health surveillance by analyzing less-specific, near-real-time data for an indication of disease occurrence. Emergency medical call centre dispatch and ambulance data are examples of routinely and efficiently collected syndromic data that might assist in infectious disease surveillance...
Article
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Background: Since 2007, trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) has been provided free-of-charge to primary, middle school and high school students in Beijing. However, there have been few school-based studies on influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE). In this report we estimated influenza VE against laboratory-confirmed influenza illness among...
Article
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Background: The ability to measure regional health inequalities across Europe and to build adequate population health indices depends significantly on the availability of reliable and comparable data at the regional level. Within the scope of the EU-funded project EURO-HEALTHY, a Population Health Index (PHI) was built. This model aggregates 39 in...
Article
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Dengue´s re-emerging epidemiology poses a major global health threat. In India, dengue contributes significantly to the global communicable disease burden, and has been declared highly endemic. This study aims to identify and critically appraise India’s dengue surveillance system. We conducted a systematic literature review, searching Medline, Web...
Article
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Background The current migration flow into Europe is leading to a growing ethnically diverse population in many European countries. Now more than ever, those populations have different healthcare needs, languages, traditions, and previous level of care. This higher level of diversity is likely to increase health inequalities that might challenge he...
Article
Background: Stroke is the second leading cause of death in the world. It has multiple risk factors of which some, such as ambient temperature, are less well documented. Objective: We aimed to examine the association between diurnal temperature range (DTR) and stroke mortality, and to test the possible effect modification of this association acco...
Article
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Background & objectives: The first chikungunya (CHIK) epidemic in the Americas was reported in December 2013. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) causes an acute febrile illness and is transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. Although earlier studies have described long-term clinical manifestations of CHIK patients infected with the East/Central/South Afri...
Article
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Due to rapid urbanization, industrialization and motorization, a large number of Chinese cities are affected by heavy air pollution. In order to explore progress, remaining challenges, and sustainability of air pollution control in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region after 2013, a mixed method analysis was undertaken. The quantitative analysis c...
Book
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Despite the significant advances that have been made at the European Union (EU) level in terms of health inequality measurement, there is still a lack of comparable health-related data across countries and regions 1. Existing measures and indicators of health status and quality of life are considered inadequate2 to capture the holistic understandin...
Article
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Information on morbidity burden of seasonal influenza in China is limited. A multiplier model was used to estimate the incidence and number of outpatient visits for seasonal influenza by age group for the 2015–2016 season in Beijing, the capital of China, based on reported numbers of influenza-like illness consultations and proportions of positive...
Article
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Background: The recent economic and financial crisis in Portugal urged the Portuguese Government in April 2011 to request financial assistance from the troika austerity bail out program to get aid for its government debt. The troika agreement included health reforms and austerity measures of the National Health Service (NHS) in Portugal to save non...
Article
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Air pollution is an important public health problem in Europe and there is evidence that it exacerbates health inequities. This calls for effective strategies and targeted interventions. In this study, we conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of strategies relating to air pollution control on public health and health equity in...
Article
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Effectiveness of current passive zoonotic disease surveillance systems is limited by the under-reporting of disease outbreaks in the domestic animal population. Evaluating the acceptability of passive surveillance and its economic, social and cultural determinants appears a critical step for improving it. A participatory rural appraisal was impleme...
Chapter
Public Health Surveillance (PHS) is of primary importance in this era of emerging health threats like Ebola, MERS-CoV, influenza, natural and man-made disasters, and non-communicable diseases. Transforming Public Health Surveillance is a forward-looking, topical, and up-to-date overview of the issues and solutions facing PHS. Research and innovati...
Article
In this study, spatiotemporal patterns and health effects in all-cause mortality of air pollutants (CO, NO2, and SO2) during 2013 in Shenzhen were investigated. Spatiotemporal characteristics of air quality index (AQI) and air quality are also addressed. The results show that daily averages were 10.9 μg/m3 for SO2, 39.6 μg/m3 for NO2, and 1.2 mg/m3...
Article
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) samples in particles were collected with a PM10 sampler in rural areas of Beijing. PAH samples collected on quartz fiber filters were first extracted using dichloromethane with ultrasonic methods, and then were fractionated on an alumina-silica column. Finally, the aromatic and n-alkane fractions were analyzed...
Book
The book " Health and Envrionemntal Change in Urban" consists of a collection of articles addressing important issues of urban health. The book originated in a series of scientific symposia which took place at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, China.
Chapter
Full-text available
Recently a number of innovative surveillance approaches have been piloted or implemented in several parts of the country. Though Chinese cities have usually a sufficient health infrastructure that is included in the national surveillance system, the differences in treatment seeking behavior of a diverse urban population and the still unresolved iss...
Chapter
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Infectious disease outbreaks like H1N1and more recently Ebola, have once more highlighted that health surveillance and early detection are critical core functions to improve the capacity, preparedness and responsiveness of the Indian public health system. The systematic use of routinely collected health care information to enhance and complement th...
Article
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Abstract Parents of children with hearing impairment are at increased risk of mental health morbidities. We examined the predictive factors associated with caregiver's strain and psychological morbidities in parents and family caregivers of children with hearing impairment. In total, n = 201 parents and family caregivers of children with and withou...
Chapter
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Two examples of disease surveillance in India are presented and discussed in this paper. 1. The leading emergency medical service provider in India, GVK Emergency Management and Research Institute (GVK EMRI), routinely collects electronic information on each medical emergency case in its dispatch centres. A pilot study assessed the potential of th...
Chapter
Full-text available
The administrative responsibility for disease surveillance in India is shared between the central government and the respective state governments.This leads to a high variability in the comprehensiveness and efficacy of the surveillance systems. Though the Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) has tried to overcome some of these problems v...

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
This project goal is to review current knowledge on the organization, implementation, functioning and gaps in dengue surveillance in India.