Eva Ballová Mikušková

Eva Ballová Mikušková
Slovak Academy of Sciences | SAV · Institute of Experimental Psychology

PhD.

About

42
Publications
12,195
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268
Citations

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
The study investigated antecedents of attitudes towards vaccines against COVID-19 and vaccination behaviour, and sought to identify areas where interventions aimed at increasing vaccination rates would be most effective. A sample of 500 Slovaks (250 women) responded to questions concerning their socio-demographic and personality characteristics, co...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated the relationship between outward orientation and COVID-related prosocial behavior, including adherence to containment measures, caring for others and providing support, limiting one’s social life and responsible purchasing behavior. A sample of 500 Slovaks (250 women) aged between 18 and 86 (M = 44.32, SD = 15.66) par...
Preprint
The purpose of this article is to investigate the role of different thinking preferences when employees make judgments about the credibility and accuracy of information privacy issues at work. We investigate the relationship between people's thinking processes and their perceived credibility of information with respect to collection of personal dat...
Article
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One of the appeals of conspiracy theories in times of crises is that they provide someone to blame for what has happened. Thereby, they increase distrust, negative feelings, and hostility toward implicated actors, whether those are powerful social outgroups or one’s own government representatives. Two studies reported here examine associations of C...
Article
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The present study investigated whether gender differences in wage expectations (reservation wage and expected wage level after probation) could be considered as a reliable explanation of the gender wage gap. First, whether women are willing to accept lower wage offers than men do was examined. Then socioeconomic and demographic factors that affect...
Preprint
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Background Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among the general population and patients with various diseases, but our understanding of the predictors of CAM use for the population of women with or without cancer diagnosis is still quite limited. This paper examines predictors of attitudes toward and use of CAM, including cogni...
Article
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The main aim of this paper was to examine the consistency of experts (N = 71) in evaluation in high-stakes real-life decision-making, and how their consistency relates to other psychological constructs such as cognitive reflection and overconfidence. A pool of top Slovak experts was assembled, and the AHP method for eliciting policy priorities was...
Preprint
Purpose: The study investigated antecedents of attitudes towards vaccines against COVID-19 and vaccination behaviour, and sought to identify areas where interventions aimed at increasing vaccination rates would be most effective. Methods: A sample of 500 Slovaks (250 women) responded to questions concerning their socio-demographic and personality c...
Preprint
This paper focuses on the science understanding (scientific reasoning and trust in science) and analytic thinking and their role in: 1) having less conspiracy and pseudoscientific beliefs about COVID-19, and 2) behavioral intentions in line with scientific consensus (i.e. following evidence-based guidelines and vaccination intentions). We examined...
Article
Full-text available
The study aims to verify the level of conspiracy beliefs and the relationship of conspiracy beliefs with the conspiracy mentality and analytic cognitive style. A total of 470 participants (49.4% women) aged 18-73 years old (M = 42.35; SD = 13.12) participated in the study. They completed the Slovak Conspiracy Belief Scale, the Conspiracy Mentality...
Article
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.584424.].
Article
To date, there has been inconclusive evidence on the predictive ability of health-related cognitive distortion, as measured by the Irrational Health Belief Scale (IHBS), regarding health behaviors (HBs). The aims of our study were to provide a validation of the Slovak translation of the IHBS and to assess the relationship of the IHBS with a wide ra...
Preprint
Full-text available
One of the appeals of conspiracy theories in times of crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, is that they provide a scapegoat – someone to blame for what has happened. By doing this, they increase distrust, negative feelings, and even hostility toward implicated actors, whether those are powerful social outgroups or one’s own government representat...
Article
Societal crises and stressful events are associated with an upsurge of conspiracy beliefs that may help people to tackle feelings of lack of control. In our study (N = 783), we examined whether people with higher feelings of anxiety and lack of control early in the COVID‐19 pandemic endorse more conspiracy theories. Our results show that a higher p...
Article
Full-text available
As the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (causing COVID-19) has begun to spread around the world, education has taken the form of distance education from one day to the next. To this day, little is known about distance education during the pandemic period from teachers’ point of view, so the study focused on perception and management of distance education...
Preprint
Full-text available
The purpose of this conference paper is to investigate the role of different thinking preferences with regard to personal data protection and digital literacy in the context of workplaces in Slovakia. We test the most well known concepts from intuition research and practice simultaneously. The study’s findings suggest that both intuitive and analyt...
Article
Full-text available
Belief in astrology remains strong even today, and one of the explanations why some people endorse paranormal explanations is the individual differences in analytical thinking. Therefore, the main aim of this paper was to determine the effects of priming an analytical or intuitive thinking style on the credulity of participants. In two experiments...
Article
We examined whether scientific reasoning is associated with health-related beliefs and behaviors over and above general analytic thinking ability in the general public (N = 783, aged 18–84). Health-related beliefs included: anti-vaccination attitudes, COVID-19 conspiracy beliefs, and generic health-related epistemically suspect beliefs. Scientific...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the application of expert decision methods for the formulation and prioritization of the long-term economic, social and environmental policies in the Slovak Republic. The Partnership Agreement for the Slovak Republic (PA) is an underlying strategy for investments from the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) in the pe...
Preprint
Full-text available
A sample of 155 HR managers participated in an experimental vignette study. In Task 1, they evaluated three CV resumes in terms of the applicants’ competence, hireability, likeability and wage proposal of three applicants applying for a regional sales manager post. Half of the sample received CVs presented as females’ and half as males’, otherwise...
Preprint
Full-text available
We examined whether scientific reasoning predicts health-related beliefs and behaviors over and above the general analytic thinking ability in general public (N = 783, aged between 18 – 84 years). Health-related beliefs included: the anti-vaccination attitudes, conspiracy beliefs related to the COVID-19 disease, and some generic epistemically suspe...
Preprint
Threatening events (hurricanes, disease outbreaks, famines) are associated with an upsurge of conspiracy beliefs that provide people with simple explanations to tackle the feelings of anxiety and lack of control. In our study (N = 783), conducted shortly after the first cases of COVID-19 were identified in our country, we examined whether people wi...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was focused on examination of conspiracy beliefs in a specific sample of future teachers. The main aims of the study were to explore whether and to what extent endorse future teachers to conspiracy beliefs, and whether cognitive abilities are related to future teachers’ conspiracy beliefs. In two studies 394 future teachers comple...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of the study was to explore managers’ decision-making process, focusing particularly on intuition in decision-making from a psychological perspective. A total of 20 managers (8 women) participated in individual in-depth interviews. Analysis of the interviews shows that managers a) did not have a clear preference for one decision-making...
Book
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„Nič neprekvapí ľudí viac ako zdravý rozum a jasné jednanie.“ Stefan Zweig Na Slovensku je dostatok odborných publikácií, ktoré sa zaoberajú myslením. Je však málo takých, ktoré by zrozumiteľne a na základe dôkazov pomáhali aplikovať metódy vedeckého myslenia v každodennom živote. Kolektív autorov ponúka túto „príručku zdravého rozumu“ nielen š...
Article
Full-text available
The aim in this paper was to explore the cognitive abilities of students of pedagogical faculty and their relationship with academic achievement and whether their cognitive abilities are related more to the traditional didactic test (reflecting learned, crystallized abilities) or to the measure of tacit knowledge (extra-class low-effort activities...
Article
Full-text available
There are several available measures that can help us to distinguish between two general types of processing, usually known as intuitive and deliberative. In the current study we examined two of them, Rationality-Experiantility Inventory and Preference for Intuition/Deliberation Scale in Slovak sample of 860 working adults and students (Study 1). I...
Article
Full-text available
People often pay too much attention to numerators and inadequate attention to denominators, this phenomenon is called denominator neglect. The aim of the study was mapping of frequency of denominator neglect, comparison of results with results of other studies and examination of possible moderators of denominator neglect. In two studies a total of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
What is rationality and what comprises rational behaviour of humans is in the centre of heated debate in judgement and decision making literature. Recently, Stanovich proposed a new tripartite model of human mind with an emphasis on “reflective mind” – our ability to reflect our goals and motives, which enables us to decide, when to act upon “intui...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study we tried to replicate the unconscious thought advantage (UTA), which states that complex decisions are better handled by unconscious thinking. We designed an experiment in e-prime using similar material as the original study (choosing between four different apartments, each described by 12 attributes). A total of 73 participants (52 w...
Article
Full-text available
Research concerning mindreading has dealt extensively with its (in)dependence on executive functions. However, surprisingly few studies focused on direct relationship of mindreading with intelligence, although it has been proposed that high level mindreading in older children and adults is dependent on general cognitive skills. In the study reporte...
Article
Full-text available
The Awkward Moments Test maps understanding of other's minds in older children and the aim of this study phase was to verify its psychometric parameters (in Slovak population). Participants were elementary school pupils (n = 312) between 10.58 and 15.92 years of age. AMT was administrated together with Imposing Memory Task and Basic Empathy Scale....

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
The key objective of the project is to verify the impact of personality traits, scientific thinking, cognitive reflection and executive functions, internal, external and altruistic motivation on shaping the professional competences (teaching style, interaction style, didactic competence) of future teachers / teachers in practice. The secondary objective is to monitor changes in research variables at the time of undergraduate preparation, and to compare these characteristics and competencies among future teachers in Slovakia and in Czech Republic. The research will be carried out on a set of teachers students in phases of study (first and third years of bachelor's study, first and second years of master's study) and on a sample of teachers in practice. The research will be of a cross-sectional nature with a vision for future longitudinal research (participants in the research as graduates practicing the teaching profession).
Project
The aim of the project is to examine factors that influence the spread of unfounded information regarding controversial topics. In the recent years, there was a lot of attention paid by media, society, and scientists to the rise of unfounded claims about various socially important issues – such as climate skepticism, conspiracy theories regarding the purposeful spread of viruses, or fake news that give rise to the fear of migrants. In our project, we integrate the most recent findings from several domains of research on unfounded beliefs, scientific reasoning, and cognitive biases with the aim of identifying the causes and consequences of the proliferation of such information in the society. Our research on this topic will include a focus on (1) potential recipients of unfounded information, (2) context and characteristics of the environment in which the spread of misinformation takes place, and (3) people who actively endorse unfounded beliefs and contribute to their proliferation.