Eva Jaspers

Eva Jaspers
Utrecht University

PhD

About

41
Publications
24,008
Reads
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667
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
Utrecht University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2007 - January 2010
Radboud University
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
We study avoidance tie closure in balance triads among pupils in two Dutch secondary schools using stochastic actor-oriented models (SAOMs). We find that pupils were likely to avoid the friends of those they avoided but not enough evidence is found to either fully accept or refute the idea that pupils disagree with their friends on whom to avoid. M...
Article
Studies on the relationship between racial composition and interracial hate crimes are largely cross-sectional, while little is known about longitudinal developments. This paper examines the impact of longitudinal changes in the racial composition of regions on interracial hate crimes in the USA. We use official statistics on 120,000 White on Black...
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Positive contact between members of different groups reduces prejudice and increases cooperation, findings known as intergroup contact effects. Yet in real-world settings not only positive, but also negative intergroup contact occurs, which have opposing effects. To date little is known about whether and how an individual’s valenced history of inte...
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Our aim is to explain negative networks in Dutch high schools, using three-wave stochastic actor oriented models (SAOMs). We differentiate between avoidance, antipathy, and aggression based on how costly and visible these behaviours are. Our results show that pupils’ ethnicity does not explain negative ties. Moreover, we do not find that negative t...
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This study concerns how male and female same-sex couples across countries organize their paid and household labor. Using unique data compiled from multiple national surveys in 7 western countries (N = 723), we examined same-sex couples’ paid and household task allocation and evaluate descriptively how this is associated with countries’ gender egali...
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As discussed extensively in this volume, policies have important implications for how families are formed and how they live their lives. Family leave policies, among other things, enable parents to take job-protected leaves from work to care for a newly born or adopted child and/or to take time off from work when a child is ill. However, factors su...
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Women in positions of authority: Description and explanation of developments in the Netherlands from 1985 to 2008 Women still have limited access to positions of authority in the workplace. Although the slow progress in this regard is much debated, research shedding light on trends in women’s workplace authority remains scarce, particularly outsid...
Chapter
Despite six decades of research in the field of intergroup contact, the special role of the school setting as a key context for mixing has, after an initial focus on studies of school desegregation in the U.S., received relatively little attention, especially in Europe. In this chapter, we will explain why the school setting can provide particularl...
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The critical years hypothesis is an influential hypothesis in the social sciences. According to this hypothesis, events occurring during adolescence or young adulthood are most important. This hypothesis is significant because if generations do indeed differ from each other because they were socialized in different contexts, the succession of gener...
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The study explores how parents’ occupational field affects gender differences in educational fields. On the one hand, the theory of direct transfer predicts that adolescents enter fields similar to those of their parents because of intergenerational transmission of occupation-specific resources and that adolescents are more likely to draw upon the...
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Traditionally, studies of intergroup contact have primarily relied on self-reports, which constitute a valid method for studying intergroup contact, but has limitations, especially if researchers are interested in negative or extended contact. In three studies, we apply social network analyses to generate alternative contact parameters. Studies 1 a...
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This study examined interethnic prejudice among 4,238 secondary school pupils in the Netherlands. It builds upon previous research in two ways. First, it advances our understanding of the interplay between positive and negative intergroup contact experiences by testing whether positive intergroup contact serves as a buffer for the prejudice-enhanci...
Article
Commemorations of shared national history are important to the process of nation-building. Support for such national commemorations is not, however, evenly distributed in societies. Because this could endanger the possible integrative function of commemorative ceremonies, it is important to understand the sources of structural differences in suppor...
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This study explores to what extent varying levels of host national day participation among immigrants can be explained by previous participatory experiences related to their country of origin, in addition to socio-cultural factors related to the current country of residence. Utilising data from a large online immigrant panel, we concentrate on two...
Article
This study aims to explain why boys and girls in secondary education choose different educational tracks. We argue that adolescents internalise gender expectations as to what is “appropriate” male and female behaviour in their gender ideology. Gender ideology can affect educational choices by influencing (1) how adolescents evaluate their competenc...
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This article examines support for radical left ideologies in 32 European countries. It thus extends the relatively scant empirical research available in this field. The hypotheses tested are derived mainly from group-interest theory. Data are deployed from the 2002-2010 European Social Surveys (N = 174,868), supplemented by characteristics at the c...
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It is often found that religious people are underrepresented among the radical right electorate, despite radical right parties’ claim of being defenders of the Judeo-Christian society. This study investigates this paradoxical finding and examines to what extent two dimensions of religion – practice and belief – play a role in voting for a radical r...
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In this study, we set out to explain extreme left-wing and extreme right-wing ideologies within and between 30 European countries in a multi-level frame-work. To test our hypotheses, we use data from the European Social Surveys of 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010 (N = 176.803), enriched with country characte-ristics. Our results show that lower educ...
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This study examines the division of paid labor among gay male and lesbian couples in the Netherlands. We hypothesize that same-sex couples have a more equal division of paid labor than different-sex couples, partly because of lower marriage and fertility rates, and partly because equity norms are more strongly embraced regardless of family stage. F...
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With a unique longitudinal data set covering a time-span of 18 years, we test to what extent euroscepticism evolved among the Dutch between 1990 and 2008. We compare Eurosceptic attitudes on the eve of the signing of the Treaty of Maastricht with attitudes after the Dutch 'no' in the referendum on the European Constitution. We find a strong increas...
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This study explores explanations for the approval of euthanasia by assessing differences among individuals and countries, using four main arguments used by opponents and proponents in the public debate over euthanasia. We performed multilevel analysis on data from thirty-three countries, obtained from the European Values Study 1999/2000 and the Wor...
Article
This study explores explanations for the approval of euthanasia by assessing differences among individuals and countries, using four main arguments used by opponents and proponents in the public debate over euthanasia. We performed multilevel analysis on data from thirty-three countries, obtained from the European Values Study 1999/2000 and the Wor...
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Two years after the legalization of same-sex marriages in the Netherlands, 65% of the Dutch population largely or completely disagrees with the statement “gay marriage should be abolished.” This article shows, by way of multinomial logistic regression analysis of survey data, which socializing agents influence one’s attitude toward same-sex marriag...
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In this article, we investigate changes in public opinion in the Netherlands toward two controversial issues: homosexuals and euthanasia. We find that a rapid decrease in opposition to both issues in the seventies and early eighties was followed by a period of a stable minority opposition. We identify relevant period and cohort indicators to test w...
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We compare retrospective attitudinal accounts that were gathered in 2006 to the contemporaneous attitudes people had in 1995 towards euthanasia, homosexuality, and the presence of migrants. We study the usefulness of recalled attitudes for descriptive purposes on the individual level, as well as on the aggregate level, and the value of statisticall...
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In deze bijdrage stellen we drie vragen aan de orde. Ten eerste of er electorale overlap bestaat tussen de CD, LPF en PVV of ToN. We onderzoeken in hoeverre kiezers voor de CD, LPF hebben gestemd in 2002, en in hoeverre LPF-stemmers op de PVV of ToN zouden stemmen. Ten tweede vragen we ons af of verklaringen voor het stemmen op ver rechtse partijen...
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Social i zatioti as the source of continuity hetween generations and a buffer for social change has received tnuch attentioti over more than a century (Beck, Bruner, and Dobson, 1975; Giddings, 1897; Jennings and Niemi, 1981 ). Every socialization theory gives importance to the transmission of values, beliefs, traditions and attitudes from parents...
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The Netherlands, as many other Western countries, has experienced large shifts in intolerance in only a few decades. Aggregate opinions on euthanasia and homosexuality have become more accommodating over time, whereas the general opinion on the presence of ethnic minorities has become much more critical. This book describes observed trends and seek...
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Reacties op het nieuws: discriminatie op de arbeidsmarkt Het nieuws Op 1 november jongstleden verstuurde het Ministerie van Economische Zaken een persbericht met als titel ‘Scholing belangrijker dan afkomst’. Uit onderzoek van SEO zou blijken dat voor personeel op de lagere functies opleiding en werkervaring de belangrijkste beoordelingsfactoren zi...
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Gay marriage after its introduction: supporters and objectors Sixty-five percent of the Dutch population disagrees largely or completely with the statement that gay marriage should be abolished, whereas sixteen percent agrees to it. In this article, we show which characteristics increase the likelihood to reject gay marriage. With information on fa...
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The Netherlands has seen a rapid decline in opposition toward homosexuals since the sixties, and is now one of the most tolerant countries in the world with respect to homosexuality. We propose that part of this rapid shift may be explained by increased exposure to homosexuals in ordinary circumstances. In this paper we test whether contact with ga...
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Through the looking-glass: majority attitudes in minority perception and intention to vote AEL It is said that Moroccans turn away from Dutch society because of negative stereotyping among the native Dutch. In this contribution we focus on the perception among Moroccans of attitudes that the Dutch have towards them. Based on data from 213 relativel...

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