Eva Derous

Eva Derous
Ghent University | UGhent

Doctor of Psychology

About

132
Publications
32,530
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,576
Citations

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
Both older and younger job seekers face difficulties when entering the workforce. Qualification‐based targeted recruitment (QBTR) might be used to attract older/younger job seekers, yet how this strategy is perceived by older/younger job seekers has not been considered before. The present study fills this gap and investigated effects of negatively...
Article
Age discrimination may explain lower labour market chances of older and younger job seekers. What remains underresearched, however, is how older/younger job seekers might self‐select out from early recruitment procedures due to stigmatizing information in job ads. Building on theories of metastereotypes and the linguistic category model, two experi...
Article
Polynomial regression is a proven method to calculate person-environment (PE) interest fit between the RIASEC (realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising and conventional) interests of a student and the RIASEC profile of a study program. The method has shown much larger effects of PE interest fit on academic achievement than earlier a...
Article
Full-text available
To mitigate ethnic labour market discrimination, it is essential to understand its underlying mechanisms because different mechanisms call for different counteracting measures. To this end, we reviewed the recent literature that confronts the theories of taste-based and statistical discrimination against the empirical reality. Whereas the empirical...
Article
Full-text available
Why does someone thrive in intercultural situations; while others seem to struggle? In 2014, Leung and colleagues summarized the literature on intercultural competence and intercultural effectiveness into a theoretical framework. This integrative framework hypothesizes that the interrelations between intercultural traits, intercultural attitudes an...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this research was to develop an implicit association test for honesty-humility (IAT-HH) and assess its validity. Construct validity was established by conducting correlations and confirmatory factor analysis. A model with honesty-humility facets measured by two related but distinct method factors (self-report vs. implicit) showed superi...
Article
Student fail rates in the first year of open access academic higher education can become dramatically high. The present study in Flanders, Belgium examines how performance on program-specific basic skillsets can identify students at risk at the start of their curriculum in 21 bachelor programs (N = 6,624), months before actually failing their exams...
Article
Purpose: Burnout literature has primarily studied determinants and rehabilitation. Remarkably, ways to enable qualitative return to work after burnout are considered considerably less and were studied here. Specifically, building on the Job Demands-Resources model and Effort-Recovery model, this study investigated determinants of the quality of re...
Article
Full-text available
Using a choice experiment, we test whether taste-based employee discrimination against ethnic minorities is susceptible to loss aversion. In line with empirical evidence from previous research, our results indicate that introducing a hypothetical wage penalty for discriminatory choice behaviour lowers discrimination and that higher penalties have a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Diversity sensitive task perception and diversity sensitive behavioural intentions are strong predictors of diversity sensitive care. Nevertheless, it has been less clear which psychosocial determinants are affecting these concepts in health care providers. This article also explores whether there are differences in relationships betwee...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Although they can take on a wide variety of forms and can occur at different parts of a selection process, job interviews are perhaps the most common method used to select employees across cultures. Although research has examined best practice solutions for maximizing the utility of interviews in general (e.g., increasing interview structure; Huffc...
Article
Full-text available
Many companies recruit employees from different parts of the globe, and faking behavior by potential employees is a ubiquitous phenomenon. It seems that applicants from some countries are more prone to faking compared to others, but the reasons for these differences are largely unexplored. This study relates country-level economic variables to faki...
Article
STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) enrolments in higher education are declining while the STEM gender gap of female underrepresentation seems to widen. The present study addresses both issues by exploring how the fit between a student's vocational interests and the STEM field contributes to a (non-) STEM study choice. Data was...
Article
Full-text available
Hiring discrimination towards (former) burnout patients has been extensively documented in the literature. To tackle this problem, it is important to understand the underlying mechanisms of such unequal hiring opportunities. Therefore, we conducted a vignette experiment with 425 genuine recruiters and jointly tested the potential stigma against job...
Preprint
Full-text available
Hiring discrimination towards (former) burnout patients has been extensively documented in the literature. To tackle this problem, it is important to understand the underlying mechanisms of such discrimination. Therefore, we conducted a vignette experiment with 425 genuine recruiters and jointly tested the potential stigma against job candidates wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent studies have explored hiring discrimination as an obstacle to former burnout patients. Many workers, however, return to the same employer, where they face an even more severe aftermath of burnout syndrome: promotion discrimination. To our knowledge, we are the first to directly address this issue in research. More specifically, we conducted...
Chapter
Het selecteren van goede werknemers is van groot belang voor het garanderen van goed functionerende organisaties. Allereerst bekijken we de huidige wetenschappelijk stand van zaken met betrekking tot het selecteren van werknemers. We bespreken de verschillende fases van een selectieprocedure, perspectieven om naar selectie te kijken en het selectie...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using a choice experiment, we test whether taste-based employee discrimination against ethnic minorities is susceptible to loss aversion. In line with empirical evidence from previous research, our results indicate that introducing a hypothetical wage penalty for discriminatory choice behaviour lowers discrimination and that higher penalties have a...
Article
Full-text available
Resume-screening by human raters is vulnerable to hiring discrimination but recruiter training as a way to overcome biased resume-screening is under-researched. The present study addresses this gap. Building on key cognitive processes that steer discriminatory decision-making in resume-screening and insights from diversity literature, we investigat...
Article
Full-text available
This study uses survey data among both a random sample (N = 500) and a convenience sample (N = 2,919) of Flemish adults to assess public support for 24 potential labour market reforms. The results show that there is a lot of public support for (both encouraged and mandatory) training and community service for the unemployed and for the so-called 'j...
Article
Dit artikel gebruikt resultaten van een survey van zowel een toevalssteekproef (N = 500) als een gemakssteekproef (N = 2919) bij meerderjarige Vlamingen om het draagvlak voor 24 potentiële arbeidsmarkthervormingen na te gaan. Enerzijds tonen de resultaten aan dat er een groot draagvlak is voor (aangemoedigde én verplichte) opleiding en gemeenschaps...
Article
The job interview is still one of the most widely used personnel selection tools that might, however, be prone to bias especially when stigmatized applicants are being evaluated. In response to the growing concerns regarding labour market shortages and adverse impact in personnel selection, we conducted two experimental studies that investigated po...
Preprint
Full-text available
Scholars have gone to great lengths to chart the incidence of ethnic labour market discrimination. To effectively mitigate this discrimination, however, we need to understand its underlying mechanisms because different mechanisms lead to different counteracting measures. To this end, we reviewed the recent literature that confronts the seminal theo...
Article
Researchers agree that employers should differentiate themselves from their competitors to become the employer of choice. However, from the recruitment literature, it is not clear how employers should differentiate their employment offers. Building upon the structural alignment theory, we investigated in two experimental studies whether offering so...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on hiring discrimination typically consider 1 diversity dimension at a time. Building on a multiple categorization and cognitive matching perspective, this study investigated how applicants’ gender intersects with other status characteristics (ethnicity) and cognitive job demands for a better understanding of gender discrimination in resumé...
Article
Impliciete tests winnen aan populariteit binnen de arbeids- en organisatiepsychologie. Ondanks deze groeiende populariteit is nog relatief weinig bekend over de verschillende soorten impliciete tests, de constructen die ermee gemeten worden en de mate waarin ze relevant gedrag in organisaties voorspellen. In dit artikel bespreken we eerst wat impli...
Article
Full-text available
Implicit tests are increasingly being used and discussed in the field of Industrial-Organizational psychology. Despite their growing popularity, little is known about the types of implicit tests that exist, how they operationalize constructs, and how to improve their usefulness to predict relevant organizational behavior. We provide a timely contri...
Article
Full-text available
Applicant fairness perceptions of asynchronous job interviews were assessed among panelists (Study 1, N = 160) and highly educated actual applicants (Study 2, N = 103). Furthermore, we also examined whether personality explained applicants’ perceptions. Participants, particularly actual applicants, had negative perceptions of the fairness and proce...
Article
Full-text available
Technological advances in assessment have radically changed the landscape of employee selection. This paper focuses on three areas where the promise of those technological changes remains undelivered. First, while new ways of measuring constructs are being implemented, new constructs are not being assessed, nor is it always clear what constructs th...
Article
Full-text available
Resume screening is the first hurdle applicants typically face when they apply for a job. Despite the many empirical studies showing bias at the resume‐screening stage, fairness at this funnelling stage has not been reviewed systematically. In this paper, a three‐stage model of biased resume screening is presented. We first discuss relevant theoret...
Article
Full-text available
Building on career self-management perspectives, this study extends the literature on the link between personality and income as an indicator of objective career success by tracking income over time and by studying not only explicit but also implicit personality constructs, separately and integrated. Hypotheses on effects of explicit (Big Five trai...
Article
Full-text available
Qualification-based targeted recruitment strategies aim to increase the number of qualified applicants from certain social groups, such as women. Typically, such strategies assume that individuals are more likely to apply for a job when they possess the requirements needed for that job. However, how job seekers react to requirements in job ads is n...
Article
Het realiseren van diversiteit in organisaties start met de instroom van nieuwe medewerkers en het implementeren van selectieprocedures die vrij zijn van discriminatie. Deze studie onderzoekt de mate waarin sollicitanten zonder en met een visueel stigma (nl. een wijnvlek of een tattoo) kans hebben om uitgenodigd te worden voor een vervolggesprek. O...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was aimed at investigating the mediating role played by job crafting and career competencies (i.e., knowing why, knowing how, and knowing whom) within the negative relation between boundaryless career orientation and job insecurity. A sample of 267 Italian employees fulfilled an online self-report questionnaire. Results of bootstr...
Article
Full-text available
As collegiate cheating is a growing concern across the world, researchers have started to explore personality traits for a better understanding of why students engage in such behavior. While prior studies investigated the relationship between personality and general academic dishonesty criteria (viz., counter-academic behavior), this study aimed to...
Chapter
This chapter discusses perspectives and empirical findings on ethnic discrimination during the resume screening phase. First, the labor market position of ethnic minorities is discussed and two prominent hypotheses on the disadvantaged labor market position of ethnic minorities are presented, namely the human capital versus hiring discrimination hy...
Article
Targeted recruitment strategies aim to communicate job vacancies to specific groups of job seekers that organizations wish to attract, such as qualified ethnic minorities. Typically, these strategies do not consider how person requirements are communicated in job advertisements and how job seekers from different ethnic groups react to such requirem...
Article
Full-text available
Anonymous resume screening, as assumed, does not dissuade age discriminatory effects. Building on job market signaling theory, this study investigated whether older applicants may benefit from concealing explicitly mentioned age signals on their resumes (date of birth) or whether more implicit/subtle age cues on resumes (older-sounding names/old-fa...
Article
Whether recruiters accurately infer personality from resumes is currently a topic of great interest in the light of technological advancements and new types of resume formats (like video resumes) that are increasingly being used. Based on predictions from the realistic accuracy model and the media richness theory, we investigated whether real recru...
Article
Objectives: As diversity management activities become more prominent worldwide it is important to understand psychological reactions to them to ensure success, but empirical evidence is lacking. This study investigated employees' and managers' intentions and behavior to promote cultural diversity at work in a variety of organizations in the Nether...
Article
Full-text available
Much has been speculated regarding the influence of cultural norms on the acceptance and use of personnel selection testing. This study examined the cross-level direct effects of four societal cultural variables (performance orientation, future orientation, uncertainty avoidance and tightness-looseness) on selection practices of organizations in 23...
Article
Full-text available
Cross-cultural impression management (IM) has not been considered much, which is remarkable given the fast rate at which the labor market is becoming multicultural. This study investigated whether ethnic minorities and majorities differed in their preference for IM-tactics and how this affected ethnic minorities’ interview outcomes. A preliminary s...
Article
Recent technological developments and media applications, such as the use of social media and the internet in the selection process, have created a new type of résumés: the video résumés. In this study, a comparison was made between paper résumés and video résumés. Using a 2 (résumé type: paper versus video) by 2 (self-promotion: present versus abs...
Article
Recent technological developments and media applications, such as the use of social media and the internet in the selection process, have created a new type of resumes: the video resumes. In this study, a comparison was made between paper resumes and video resumes. Using a 2 (resum type: paper versus video) by 2 (self-promotion: present versus abse...
Article
Full-text available
Systematic research considering job context as affecting ethnic discrimination in hiring is limited. Building on contemporary literature on social categorization and cognitive matching, the interactive effect of context characteristics (client contact; industry status) and person characteristics (i.e. ethnic cues: Maghreb/Arab vs Flemish-sounding n...
Article
This study investigated the accuracy of 14 university teachers’ judgments. Early in the first year, university teachers rated the chance each university student in their group would successfully complete their first year as well as the entire bachelor’s program. Results show that university teachers’ chance ratings were predictive of actual academi...
Article
Building on a metacognitive framework of heuristic judgments, we investigate the effect of applicant stigma on interviewers’ overconfidence in their (biased) judgments. 193 experienced interviewers conduced a face-to-face interview with an applicant who was facially stigmatized or not, and who was either visible (traditional interview) or not (part...
Article
In this article we highlight five tensions that exist in recruitment and selection (R&S) research and practice today and that are centered around the ‘efficiency press’ and so called ‘research–practice’ gap. Identified tensions are desires for (1) innovation and efficiency, (2) customization and consistency, (3) transparency and effectiveness, (4)...
Article
The job interview is one of the most widely used assessment tools in the selection process. Despite its popularity in practice, interview outcomes can be prone to bias. Although our knowledge of stigmatizing applicant characteristics that elicit subgroup differences has grown exponentially, research continuously highlights the need for a framework...
Article
Samenvatting In dit artikel worden aan de hand van vier studies de resultaten van een onderzoek besproken waarin met behulp van het duaalprocesmodel onderzocht werd hoe visuele stigma’s (wijnvlekken, tatoeages) interviewbias (d.w.z. afwijkende beoordelingen tijdens het selectie-interview) veroorzaken. Het onderzoek toont aan dat interviewbias al vr...
Article
This study examined antecedents of organizational citizenship behavior (i.e., reward for application; religiosity beliefs and employees' relational identification with their supervisor) among Turkish white-collar employees in The Netherlands (n=103) and Turkey (n = 147). OCB related positively to reward for application (both samples) but not to rel...
Article
Full-text available
Internet and multi-media are increasingly being used for recruitment and selection, such as in video résumé screening. This paper presents the general findings and rationale of a dissertation on fairness perceptions of video résumés vis-à-vis paper résumés. Potential hiring discrimination was also considered. Applicant perceptions of video résumés...
Article
Internet and multi-media are increasingly being used for recruitment and selection, such as in video resume screening. This article presents the general findings and rationale of a dissertation on fairness perceptions of video resumes vis-a-vis paper resumes. Potential hiring discrimination was also considered. Applicant perceptions of video resume...
Article
Paper and video résumé screening: Is it fair? Paper and video résumé screening: Is it fair? Internet and multi-media are increasingly being used for recruitment and selection, such as in video résumé screening. This article presents the general findings and rationale of a dissertation on fairness perceptions of video résumés vis-à-vis paper résumés...
Article
In problem-based learning students are responsible for their own learning process, which becomes evident when they must act independently, for example, when selecting literature resources for individual study. It is a matter of debate whether it is better to have students select their own literature resources or to present them with a list of manda...
Article
Full-text available
Recent technological developments and the increased use of internet-based applications have resulted in the emergence of so-called video résumés. This chapter first presents the characteristics of video résumés as a selection instrument by comparing the instrument with other, related selection tools, like the job interview. The chapter proceeds wit...
Article
Building on the dual process theory, this dissertation investigated how visual stigma (port-wine stains, tattoos) resulted in biased interview outcomes. At the core of dual process theory are two processes or distinct ways to process information, namely intuitive/reflexive processes (i.e., Type 1 processes) and more thoughtful/reactive processes (i...
Article
Problem-based learning (PBL) requires students to formulate learning issues that need to be answered by studying multiple literature resources. Advocates of high instructional guidance argue that this is too cognitively demanding for students and ineffective for learning. Therefore, we examined the effects of studying an integrated model answer in...
Article
Two studies investigated the importance of initial topic interest (i.e., expectation of interest) and tutors’ autonomy-supportive or controlling instructional styles for students’ motivation and performance in problem-based learning (PBL). In Study 1 (N = 93, a lab experiment), each student participated in a simulated group discussion in which tuto...
Conference Paper
The current research studies the effect of stigma onset controllability on recruiters’ hiring decisions. Study 1 applied an in-person audit technique in which confederates registered at branches of a large recruitment agency. Study 2 applied an experimental field study in which HR-professionals assessed videotaped job interviews. Contrary to previo...
Conference Paper
We set out to investigate how interviewers would react to the stigmatized applicants in a formal job interview setting. The second goal of this study was to investigate how an alternate interview procedure (i.e., partially-blind interviewing) would affect these reactions by interviewers. In this study 190 experienced interviewers conduced a face-to...
Article
This study examines whether tutors (N = 15) in a problem-based learning curriculum were able to predict students' success in their first year and their entire bachelor programme. Tutors were asked to rate each student in their tutorial group in terms of the chance that this student would successfully finish their first year and the entire bachelor...