Eva Czarnecka-Verner

Eva Czarnecka-Verner
University of Florida | UF · Department of Microbiology and Cell Science

Ph.D

About

39
Publications
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Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Huanglongbing (HLB or citrus greening) is a disease caused by an insect-transmitted bacterial pathogen Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas). Thermotherapy has been successfully used by others to reduce the population of CLas bacteria in HLB-affected citrus trees under greenhouse studies. Thermotherapy is the application of heat as a strategy to...
Article
Full-text available
A vision sensor was introduced and tested for early detection of citrus Huanglongbing (HLB). This disease is caused by the bacterium Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas) and is transmitted by the Asian citrus psyllid. HLB is a devastating disease that has exerted a significant impact on citrus yield and quality in Florida. Unfortunately, no cur...
Article
Full-text available
The Agrobacterium tumefaciens VirG response regulator of the VirA/VirG two-component system was adapted to function in tobacco protoplasts. The subcellular localization of VirG and VirA proteins transiently expressed in onion cells was determined using GFP fusions. Preliminary studies using Gal4DBD-VP16 fusions with VirG and Escherichia coli UhpA,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Citrus greening or Huanglongbing (HLB) is a destructive citrus disease with no effective treatment that annually costs the state of Florida one billion dollars in lost output and over 8000 jobs. The HLB pathogen Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus grows in the phloem of citrus trees and reduces the function of the plant vascular system. Starch accumu...
Data
VirA-VirG two-component system of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. VirA is a membrane-imbedded sensor histidine kinase that detects phenolic compounds produced by wounded plant cells (Lee et al. 1995). Detection of acetosyringone ultimately induces a conformational change in VirA resulting in autophosphorylation that triggers a subsequent phosphor residu...
Article
We have designed and tested a transcriptional autofeedback loop that could be used to engineer plants to sense the presence of bacteria. The signal amplification circuit was built based on the biological switch responsive to the presence of bacterial flagellin. Several flagellin- and E. coli-inducible Arabidopsis promoters were cloned and tested in...
Article
General transcription factor IID (TFIID) is a multisubunit protein complex involved in promoter recognition and is fundamental to the nucleation of the RNA polymerase II transcriptional preinitiation complex. TFIID is comprised of the TATA binding protein (TBP) and 12-15 TBP-associated factors (TAFs). While general transcription factors have been e...
Article
Plant heat shock transcription factors (HSFs) regulate transcription of heat shock (HS) genes. In Arabidopsis thaliana, 21 HSFs have been classified into groups A-C. Members of class A act as typical transcriptional activators, whereas B HSFs function as coactivators or repressors depending on promoter context. The function of class C HSFs is still...
Article
Plant heat shock transcription factors (HSFs) are capable of transcriptional activation (class A HSFs) or both, activation and repression (class B HSFs). However, the details of mechanism still remain unclear. It is likely, that the regulation occurs through interactions of HSFs with general transcription factors (GTFs), as has been described for n...
Article
Based on phylogeny of DNA-binding domains and the organization of hydrophobic repeats, two families of heat shock transcription factors (HSFs) exist in plants. Class A HSFs are involved in the activation of the heat shock response, but the role of class B HSFs is not clear. When transcriptional activities of full-length HSFs were monitored in tobac...
Article
Full-text available
The TATA binding protein (TBP) and transcription factor IIB (TFIIB) play crucial roles in transcription of class II genes. The requirement for TBP-TFIIB interactions was evaluated in maize cells by introducing mutations into the Arabidopsis TBP (AtTBP2) within the C-terminal stirrup. Protein binding experiments indicated that amino acid residues E-...
Chapter
The heat shock (HS) response is a well established phenomenon that occurs in all organisms when subjected to a sudden elevation of temperature or certain other forms of physiological stress (Basra, 1994; Nover et al., 1990; Schlesinger et al., 1982). It manifests itself by changes in the normal pattern of protein and mRNA synthesis; heat shock prot...
Article
Full-text available
We have examined reporter gene (beta-gal) expression directed by human heat shock transcription factors 1 and 2 (HSF1 and HSF2) in HeLa cells and in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Transcriptional activation domains of both HSFs were mapped to the C-termini using chimeric proteins containing the GAL4 DNA binding domain (GAL4-DBD). Deletion analys...
Article
Six heat shock transcription factors (HSFs) have been isolated and characterized from soybean and two from Arabidopsis (Czarnecka-Verner et al. 1995; Barros, Czarnecka-Verner and Gurley, unpublished). Based on a phylogeny analysis of the DNA binding domains and organization of oligomerization domains, they have been assigned to classes A2 and B of...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the partial or complete sequences of 14 plant heat stress transcription factors (Hsfs) from tomato, soybean, Arabidopsis and maize we propose a general nomenclature with two basic classes, i.e. classes A and B each containing two or more types of Hsfs (HsfA1, HsfA2 etc.). Despite some plant-specific peculiarities, essential functional doma...
Article
Thermal stress in soybean seedlings causes the activation of pre-existing heat shock transcription factor proteins (HSFs). Activation results in the induction of DNA binding activity which leads to the transcription of heat shock genes. From a soybean cDNA library we have isolated cDNA clones corresponding to six HSF genes. Two HSF genes are expres...
Article
A 33 bp double-stranded oligonucleotide homologous to two AT-rich sequences located upstream (−907 to −889 and −843 to −826) to the start of transcription of heat shock gene Gmhsp17.5E of soybean stimulated transcription when placed 5′ to a truncated (−140) maize Adh1 promoter. The chimeric promoter was assayed in vivo utilizing anaerobically stres...
Article
A total of 32 mutations were generated within the TATA-proximal site 1 (-72 to -47) of soybean heat shock gene Gmhsp17.5E in order to functionally define the optimal configuration of sequences within the heat shock element (HSE). Mutants were tested in vivo utilizing sunflower tumors transformed by a T-DNA based vector. Promoter activity was determ...
Article
Full-text available
Proteins present in crude nuclear extracts of soybean (Glycine max) plumules were shown to bind in vitro to the 5' flanking sequences of the soybean heat shock gene Gmhsp17.5E. The specificity of binding activity present in extracts from both control (28 degrees C) and heat shocked (40 degrees C) tissues was demonstrated by reciprocal competition e...
Article
Full-text available
Promoter domains required for in vivo transcriptional expression of soybean heat shock gene Gmhsp17.5-E were identified by insertion-deletion mutagenesis with transgenic expression monitored in Agrobacterium tumefaciens-incited tumors of sunflower. Removal of the TATA-distal domain from position -1175 to position -259 had little effect on overall a...
Article
Promoter domains required for in vivo transcriptional expression of soybean heat shock gene Gmhsp17.5-E were identified by insertion-deletion mutagenesis with transgenic expression monitored in Agrobacterium tumefaciens-incited tumors of sunflower. Removal of the TATA-distal domain from position -1175 to position -259 had little effect on overall a...
Article
Full-text available
Northern blot hybridization analyzes revealed that poly(A(+)) RNAs homologous to eight heat shock (HS)-specific cDNA clones were induced by arsenite (As) or Cd treatments. The mRNAs accumulated slower, and maximum accumulations were consistently lower than HS-induced levels. Prolonged treatment with low concentrations (50-100 micromolar) of As for...
Article
Full-text available
We determined the DNA sequence and mapped the corresponding transcripts of a genomic clone containing the Gmhsp26-A gene of soybean. This gene is homologous to the previously characterized cDNA clone pCE54 (E. Czarnecka, L. Edelman, F. Schöffl, and J. L. Key, Plant Mol. Biol. 3:45-58, 1984) and is expressed in response to a wide variety of physiolo...
Article
We determined the DNA sequence and mapped the corresponding transcripts of a genomic clone containing the Gmhsp26-A gene of soybean. This gene is homologous to the previously characterized cDNA clone pCE54 (E. Czarnecka, L. Edelman, F. Schöffl, and J. L. Key, Plant Mol. Biol. 3:45-58, 1984) and is expressed in response to a wide variety of physiolo...
Chapter
The following discussion represents a brief summary of some aspects of the heat shock (HS) response, emphasizing observations made using soybean seedlings as the primary experimental system.
Article
Full-text available
A soybean gene (Gmhsp17.5-E) encoding a small heat shock protein was introduced into primary sunflower tumors via T-DNA-mediated transformation. RNA blot hybridizations and S1-nuclease hybrid protection studies indicated that the heat shock gene containing 3.25 kilobases of 5'-flanking sequences was strongly transcribed in a thermoinducible (40 deg...
Article
A soybean gene (Gmhsp17.5-E) encoding a small heat shock protein was introduced into primary sunflower tumors via T-DNA-mediated transformation. RNA blot hybridizations and S1-nuclease hybrid protection studies indicated that the heat shock gene containing 3.25 kilobases of 5'-flanking sequences was strongly transcribed in a thermoinducible (40 deg...
Article
Full-text available
Soybeans, Glycine max, synthesize a family of low-molecular-weight heat shock (HS) proteins in response to HS. The DNA sequences of two genes encoding 17.5- and 17.6-kilodalton HS proteins were determined. Nuclease S1 mapping of the corresponding mRNA indicated multiple start termini at the 5' end and multiple stop termini at the 3' end. These two...
Article
Soybeans, Glycine max, synthesize a family of low-molecular-weight heat shock (HS) proteins in response to HS. The DNA sequences of two genes encoding 17.5- and 17.6-kilodalton HS proteins were determined. Nuclease S1 mapping of the corresponding mRNA indicated multiple start termini at the 5' end and multiple stop termini at the 3' end. These two...
Article
Full-text available
The DNA sequence of a gene (Gmhsp17.5-E) encoding a small heat shock protein of soybean, Glycine max, has been determined. Nuclease S1 mapping of the 5' terminus of the corresponding RNA indicates that the start site for transcription is located 82 bases upstream from the coding region and 24 bases downstream from a "TATA"-like region (-T-T-T-A-A-A...
Article
Soybean seedlings were subjected to a wide range of physical (abiotic) or environmental stresses. Cloned cDNAs to heat shock (hs)-induced mRNAs were used to assess whether these diverse stresses induced the accumulation of poly(A)RNAs in common with those induced by hs. Northern blot hybridization analyses indicated that a wide range of stress agen...
Article
The ferric form of the haem undecapeptide, derived from horse cytochrome c by peptic digestion, undergoes at least three pH-induced transitions with pK values of 3.4, 5.8 and 7.6. Temperature-jump experiments suggest that the first of these is due to the binding of a deprotonated imidazole group to the ferric iron while the second and third arise f...

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