Eulogio Valentin

Eulogio Valentin
University of Valencia | UV · Department of Microbiology and Ecology

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82
Publications
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2,238
Citations
Citations since 2017
8 Research Items
774 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
Objective The objective of the present study was to determine the in vitro Azole antifungals susceptibility of Candida spp. strains isolated from HIV-positive patients with periodontitis. Methods Oral examination was performed in 500 HIV-positive patients, of which 228 were included in the study for having periodontitis which and separated in two...
Article
Full-text available
Candida auris has arisen as an important multidrug-resistant fungus because of several nosocomial outbreaks and elevated rates of mortality. Accurate and rapid diagnosis of C. auris is highly desired; nevertheless, current methods often present severe limitations and produce misidentification. Herein a sensitive, selective and time-competitive bios...
Article
Background The pathogen Candida auris is rapidly gaining clinical importance because of its resistance to antifungal treatments and its persistence in hospital environments. Early and accurate diagnosis of C. auris infections is crucial, and however, the fungus has often been misidentified by commercial systems. Objectives To develop conventional...
Article
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Background: Chronic periodontitis (CP), caused by bacteria and fungi, appears in up to 66% of HIV-patients. The impact and association of HIV-treatment (HAART) and Candida itself has not been properly evaluated in the development and progression of CP. The immunopathogenesis is characterized by CD4+ T-cells activation and the balance between the T-...
Article
Candida albicans is a predominant cause of fungal infections in mucosal tissues as well as life-threatening bloodstream infections in immunocompromised patients. Within the human body, C. albicans is mostly embedded in biofilms, which provides increased resistance to antifungal drugs. The glyoxalase Glx3 is an abundant proteomic component of the bi...
Article
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The emerging multidrug-resistant pathogenic yeast Candida auris causes life-threatening invasive infections and shows a capacity for hospital transmission that is uncommon in other Candida species. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of C. auris infections is crucial; however, the fungus is frequently misidentified. Here, we present a rapid and easily app...
Article
The walls of both, yeast and mycelial cells of Candida albicans possess a species specific antigen that is recognized by a monoclonal antibody (MAb 3H8). This antigen can be extracted in the form of a very high Mr complex, close or over 106 Da, by treatment, with β-1,3 glucanase, β mercaptoethanol or dithothreitol, or mild alkali, but not by satura...
Article
Purpose: To determine the fungicidal activity by time-killing assays of amphotericin B (AMB) combined with anidulafungin (ANF) against biofilms of 2 clinical isolates of Candida tropicalis and the reference strain ATCC® 750, developed on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and titanium, using the CDC Biofilm Reactor (CBR) as an in vitro model. Methods...
Article
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By 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry we have characterized the polypeptide species present in extracts obtained by 60% ethanol treatment of whole mature (48 h) biofilms formed by a reference strain (CAI4-URA3) and four C. albicans null mutants for cell wall-related genes (ALG5, CSA1, MNN9 and PGA10). Null mutants form f...
Article
Candida albicans Gca1p is a putative glucoamylase enzyme which contains 946 amino acids, 11 putative sites for N-glycosylation and 9 for O-glycosylation. Gca1p was identified in β-mercaptoethanol extracts from isolated cell walls of strain C. albicans SC5314 and it is involved in carbohydrate metabolism. The significance and the role of this protei...
Chapter
Cell walls are essential organelles for fungi; they define cell shape during growth and provide osmotic integrity and protection against harmful influences in the growth environment. Fungal walls also play an important role in developing fungal infections as they form the first contact between the pathogen and the host immune system. In many ascomy...
Article
A double homozygous atc1Δ /atc1Δ /ntc1Δ /ntc1Δ mutant (atc1Δ /ntc1Δ KO) was constructed in the pathogen opportunistic yeast Candida parapsilosis by disruption of the two chromosomal alleles coding for NTC1 gene (encoding a neutral trehalase) in a Cpatc1Δ /atc1Δ background (atc1Δ KO strain, deficient in acid trehalase). The Cpatc1Δ /ntc1Δ KO mutant...
Article
Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a common infection among women worldwide, being Candida albicans the most commonly isolated species. Therefore, controlling this opportunistic yeast is one of the key factors for reducing nosocomial infection.AimsWe investigated several virulence properties of 28 vaginal strains of Candida spp. isolated from Tunisian wom...
Article
Full-text available
An ORF named CPAR2-208980 on contig 005809 was identified by screening a Candida parapsilosis genome data base. Its 67% identity with the acid trehalase sequence from C. albicans (ATC1) led us to designate it CpATC1. Homozygous mutants that lack acid trehalase activity were constructed by gene disruption at the two CpATC1 chromosomal alleles. Pheno...
Article
This work describes the results obtained by analyzing the human pathogen Candida albicans cell wall subproteome by mass spectrometry using extraction procedures aimed to release proteins bound by disulphide bridges (RAE-CWP) or alkali-labile ester linkages (ALS-CWP). Eleven of the total proteins released from the wall by β-ME and/or NaOH contained...
Article
Full-text available
We report in this work the antifungal and antioxydant activities of Juglans regia L. natural and treated barks on several vaginal Candida isolates and Candida type strains. Water, methanol, ethyl acetate and diluted acetone extracts of natural and colored J. regia barks were screened for in vitro activity against vaginal Candida strains. These plan...
Article
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Validamycin A has been successfully applied in the fight against phytopathogenic fungi. Here, the putative antifungal effect of this pseudooligosaccharide against the prevalent human pathogen Candida albicans was examined. Validamycin A acts as a potent competitive inhibitor of the cell-wall-linked acid trehalase (Atc1p). The estimated MIC50 for th...
Article
Full-text available
Somatostatin/growth hormone-inhibiting hormone is the peptide that inhibits secretion of somatotropin/growth hormone. Solid-phase synthesis methods are being currently used to produce somatostatin. Recombinant peptide synthesis is widely described for the production of small proteins and peptides; however, the production at industrial scale of pept...
Article
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Protein electrophoresis has been of great value for the delineation of fungi taxonomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protein polymorphism degree among thirteen oral Candida strains belonging to six species and isolated from adult patients submitted to the Dental Hospital of Monastir (Tunisia) and suffering from denture stomatitis using...
Article
The fungal cell wall is an essential organelle required for maintaining cell integrity and also plays an important role in the primary interactions between pathogenic fungi and their hosts. PGA13 encodes a GPI protein in the human pathogen Candida albicans, which is highly up-regulated during cell wall regeneration in protoplasts. The Pga13 protein...
Article
Full-text available
Eucalyptus globulus and Melaleuca alternifolia essential oils has been of interest to researchers because they are traditionally used for the treatment of fungal infections and especially candidiasis. The chemical composition of hydrodistilled essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and their antifungal activit...
Article
Although Candida parapsilosis is the most prevalent among the 3 species of the *psilosis group, studies applying DNA-based diagnostic techniques with isolates previously identified as C. parapsilosis have revealed that both C. orthopsilosis and C. metapsilosis account for 0-10% of all these isolates, depending on the geographical area. Differences...
Article
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Genotypic and phenotypic characterization as well as studies on the virulence factors of Candida albicans isolates obtained from oral cavity of patients was carried out using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting and epithelial cells adherence assay, respectively. RAPD patterns revealed the presence of 13 C. albicans genotypes sepa...
Article
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The purpose of the present study is to investigate the ability of oral Candida albicans strains to adhere to Caco-2 and Hep-2 epithelial cells, to produce slime using Congo red and Safranin methods and to form a biofilm on polymethylmethacrylate. A total of 20 C. albicans strains were tested in the present work. The biofilm formed by C. albicans is...
Article
The Candida albicans gene PGA26 encodes a small cell wall protein and is upregulated during de novo wall synthesis in protoplasts. Disruption of PGA26 caused hypersensitivity to cell wall-perturbing compounds (Calcofluor white and Congo red) and to zymolyase, which degrades the cell wall β-1,3-glucan network. However, susceptibility to caspofungin,...
Article
Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic relatedness between Candida albicans isolates and to assess their nosocomial origin and the likeliness of cross‐transmission between health care workers (HCWs) and hospitalized neonates in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Methods: We retrospectively analysed 82 isolates obtained from 4...
Article
Full-text available
Salvadora persica and Juglans regia L. are traditionally used for the treatment of oral infections. The anticandidal; antibacterial and antioxidant activities of diluted acetone extract of S. persica (dry stems) and ethyl acetate extract of Tunisian Juglans regia L. bark were tested. The chemical composition of the volatile oil of the stems of S. p...
Article
Although the cell wall is very important in yeasts, relatively little is known about the relationship between its structure and function. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a family of 55 transcription factor proteins unique to fungi, so-called zinc cluster proteins, has been described. Of these, Rds2 has been identified as an activator/inhibitor of gluc...
Article
Full-text available
We report in this work, and for the first time, the potent antifungal activities of Salvadora persica and Juglans regia L. on different Candida species. Methanol, ethyl acetate, and diluted acetone extracts of S. persica (fresh and dry plant) and J. regia L. were screened for in vitro activity against some Candida species. These plants were selecte...
Article
Several virulence factors in Candida albicans strains such as production of hydrolytic enzymes and biofilm formation on surfaces and cells can contribute to their pathogenicity. For this, control of this opportunistic yeast is one of the factors reducing the nosocomial infection. The aim of this study was to investigate biofilm formation on polysty...
Article
This work focuses on the development of a method for the identification of pathogenic yeast. With this aim, we target the nucleotide sequence of the RPS0 gene of pathogenic yeast species with specific PCR primers. PCR analysis was performed with both the genomic DNA, whole cells of clinical isolates of Candida species and clinical samples. A single...
Article
This report describes an investigation into the genetic profiles of 38 Candida albicans and 19 Candida glabrata strains collected from a dental hospital of Monastir (Tunisia) and the Laboratory of Parasitology, Farhat Hached Hospital of Sousse (Tunisia), using two typing methods: random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and contour-clamped homogenou...
Article
Two enzymes endowed with trehalase activity are present in Candida albicans. The cytosolic trehalase (Ntc1p), displayed high activity in exponential phase regardless of the carbon source (glucose, trehalose or glycerol). Ntc1p activity was similar in neutral (pH 7.1) or acid (pH 4.5) conditions, strongly inhibited by ATP, weakly stimulated by dival...
Article
The Cwt1 transcription factor is involved in cell wall architecture of the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans. We demonstrate here that deficiency of Cwt1 leads to decreased beta1,6-glucan in the cell wall, while mannoproteins are increased in the cell wall of exponentially growing cells and are released into the medium of stationary phase cell...
Article
Considering the importance of proteins in the structure and function of the cell wall of Candida albicans, we analyzed the cell wall subproteome of this important human pathogen by LC coupled to MS (LC-MS) using different protein extraction procedures. The analyzed samples included material extracted by hydrogen fluoride-pyridine (HF-pyridine), and...
Article
Full-text available
Although the cell wall is very important in yeasts, relatively little is known about the relationship between its structure and function. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a family of 55 transcription factor proteins unique to fungi, so-called zinc cluster proteins, has been described. Of these, Rds2 has been identified as an activator/inhibitor of gluc...
Article
Global transcription profiling during regeneration of Saccharomyces cerevisiae protoplasts was explored. DNA microarrays measured the expression of 6388 genes and wall removal resulted initially in over-expression of 861 genes that decayed later on, a behaviour expected from a transient stress response. Kinetics of expression divided the genes into...
Article
Full-text available
In Candida albicans, the ATC1 gene, encoding a cell wall-associated acid trehalase, has been considered as a potentially interesting target in the search for new antifungal compounds. A phenotypic characterization of the double disruptant atc1Delta/atc1Delta mutant showed that it was unable to grow on exogenous trehalose as sole carbon source. Unli...
Article
CaCwt1p is a Candida albicans putative transcriptional factor homologue to Rds2p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The lack of this protein in S. cerevisiae leads to a pleiotropic resistance to drugs and defects in cell wall architecture that are also detectable in C. albicans. It is also known that CaCwt1p is mainly expressed in the stationary growth p...
Article
Transcription profiling of Candida albicans cells responding to the elimination of the wall (protoplasts) and posterior regeneration was explored. DNA microarrays were used to measure changes in the expression of 6039 genes, and the upregulated genes during regeneration at 28 degrees C were assigned to fourteen categories. A total of 407 genes were...
Article
Candida albicans is one of the most important opportunistic pathogenic fungi. Weakening of the defense mechanisms of the host, and the ability of the microorganism to adapt to the environment prevailing in the host tissues, turn the fungus from a rather harmless saprophyte into an aggressive pathogen. The disease, candidiasis, ranges from light sup...
Article
Incorporation into the wall of Candida albicans Ssr1, a GPI-dependent protein, was investigated by construction of different truncated genes for which the three potential omega sites (S199, S215 and G216) and the corresponding omega+1 and omega+2 were eliminated or modified. Cells of the C. albicans ssr1Delta mutant were transformed with pADH-pl ha...
Article
Full-text available
A total of 6047 open reading frames in the Candida albicans genome were screened for Zn(II)2C6-type zinc cluster proteins (or binuclear cluster proteins) involved in DNA recognition. These fungal proteins are transcription regulators of genes involved in a wide range of cellular processes, including metabolism of different compounds such as sugars...
Article
Full-text available
CandidaDB is a database dedicated to the genome of the most prevalent systemic fungal pathogen of humans, Candida albicans. CandidaDB is based on an annotation of the Stanford Genome Technology Center C.albicans genome sequence data by the European Galar Fungail Consortium. CandidaDB Release 2.0 (June 2004) contains information pertaining to Assemb...
Article
Full-text available
Searches in a Candida albicans database (http://genolist.pasteur.fr/CandidaDB/) identified two Individual Protein Files (IPF 15363 and 19968) whose deduced amino acid sequences showed 42 % and 45 % homology with Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pir4. The two DNA sequences are alleles of the same gene (CaPIR1) but IPF 19968 has a deletion of 117 bases. IPF...
Article
Full-text available
After screening a Candida albicans genome data base, the product of an open reading frame (IPF 19760/CA2574) with 41% identity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae vacuolar acid trehalase (Ath1p) was identified and named Atc1p. The deduced amino acid sequence shows that Atc1p contains an N-terminal hydrophobic signal peptide and 20 potential sites for N-gly...
Article
After screening a Candida albicans genome database the product of an open reading frame (ORF) (CA2880) with 49% homology to the product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae YPL133c, a putative transcriptional factor, was identified. The disruption of the C. albicans gene leads to a major sensitivity to calcofluor white and Congo red, a minor sensitivity to...
Article
Full-text available
The genomes of two hemiascomycetous yeasts (Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans) and one archiascomycete (Schizosaccharomyces pombe) have been completely sequenced and the genes have been annotated. In addition, the genomes of 13 more Hemiascomycetes have been partially sequenced. The amount of data thus obtained provides information on t...
Article
Full-text available
After screening of a Candida albicans genome database, the product of an ORF (IPF 3054) that has 62 % homology with Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ssr1p, an internal cell-wall protein, was identified and named CaSsr1p. The deduced amino acid sequence shows that CaSsr1p contains an N-terminal hydrophobic signal peptide, is rich in Ser and Thr amino acids...
Article
Identification of PIR/CIS3 gene was carried out by amino-terminal sequencing of a protein band released by beta-mercaptoethanol (beta-ME) from S. cerevisiae mnn9 cell walls. The protein was released also by digestion with beta-1,3-glucanases (laminarinase or zymolyase) or by mild alkaline solutions. Deletion of the two carboxyterminal Cys residues...
Article
After screening a Candida albicans genome database the product of an open reading frame (ORF) (CA2880) with 49% homology to the product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae YPL133c, a putative transcriptional factor, was identified. The disruption of the C. albicans gene leads to a major sensitivity to calcofluor white and Congo red, a minor sensitivity to...
Article
A collection of transposon-mutagenized strains of Yarrowia lipolytica was screened for wall defects by determination of their sensitivity to calcofluor white. A number of strains were hypersensitive, whereas others were resistant. Different non-allelic mutants displayed increased sensitivity to autolysis and lytic enzymes, independently of whether...
Article
A single pair of primers, deduced from the intron nucleotide sequence of the Candida albicans CaYST1 gene, was used in PCR analysis performed with both genomic DNA and whole cells of clinical isolates of Candida species and other microorganisms. All the clinical C. albicans isolates generated the expected 310 bp amplicon; other Candida species as w...
Article
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RPS0 A and B genes encode proteins essential for maturation of the 40S ribosomal subunit precursors. We have isolated a homologue of the RPS0 gene from Candida tropicalis, which we named CtRPS0. The C. tropicalis RPS0 encodes a protein of 261 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular weight of 28.65 kDa and an isoe...
Article
Linkages of Ywp1 to other components of the Yarrowia lipolytica mycelial cell wall were studied by extraction with beta-mercaptoethanol and zymolyase (a beta-glucanase complex) and by the use of rabbit polyclonal antibody preparation raised against Ywp1. Ywp1 complexed with an N-glycosylated cell wall protein(s) to form supramolecular complexes thr...
Article
Full-text available
Candidiasis are among the fungal infections the most difficult to diagnose and treat. Research focused on specific fungal components which are absent in the host, such as the cell wall has lead to a better understanding of Candida albicans pathogenicity and clinical impact. The cell wall is responsible for antigenic expression and primary interacti...
Article
Full-text available
A cDNA encoding a 37 kDa protein was isolated from an expression library using antibodies raised against mycelial cell walls from Candida albicans. The 37 kDa protein has over 60% sequence identity with the 37 kDa laminin-binding protein (LBP) from humans and over 80% identity with the Yst proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The C. albicans prote...
Article
A Candida albicans expression library was constructed from RNA isolated from regenerating protoplasts. A 1.4-kb cDNA clone was used to isolate a genomic fragment. Sequence analysis revealed an open reading frame of 593 amino acids with an overall identity of 63.6% with the phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase beta subunit (FRS1) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
Article
A Candida albicans expression library was constructed from RNA isolated from regenerating protoplasts. A 1.4-kb cDNA clone was used to isolate a genomic fragment. Sequence analysis revealed an open reading frame of 593 amino acids with an overall identity of 63.6% with the phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase β subunit (FRS1) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. W...
Article
The YWP1 gene encoding a specific mycelial cell wall protein of Yarrowia lipolytica has been cloned and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using different episomal plasmids. Because the plasmids pYAE35BB and pYAE35ES carrying the YWP1 gene (including the 5' noncoding promoter sequences) failed to express it, the YWP1 gene was cloned under the co...
Article
A cDNA clone specifying a cell wall protein was isolated from a Yarrowia lipolytica cDNA library. The cDNA library was constructed in the expression vector lambda gt 11, with the RNA isolated from actively growing mycelial cells. The deduced amino acid sequence shows that the encoded protein contains an N-terminal hydrophobic signal peptide. We hav...
Article
A cDNA clone specifying a cell wall protein was isolated from a Yarrowia lipolytica cDNA library. The cDNA library was constructed in the expression vector λgt11, with the RNA isolated from actively growing mycelial cells. The deduced amino acid sequence shows that the encoded protein contains an N‐terminal hydrophobic signal peptide. We have desig...
Article
A cDNA clone specifying a cell wall protein was isolated from a Yarrowia lipolytica cDNA library. The cDNA library was constructed in the expression vector λgt11, with the RNA isolated from actively growing mycelial cells. The deduced amino acid sequence shows that the encoded protein contains an N-terminal hydrophobic signal peptide. We have desig...
Article
Two cDNA libraries were constructed from mRNAs obtained from yeast cells and germ-tubes of Candida albicans in lambda gt11. Immunoscreening with polyclonal antibodies raised against cell wall components allowed the detection of 29 positive clones. Two of these clones were selected for their specific reactivity with antisera either from yeast (clone...
Article
Development of new effective antifungal drugs is limited by the absence of specific target sites in the fungal cells. Knowledge of the funcgal cell wall structure and biosynthesis is of interest in searching for a potential target site for new chemotherapeutic agents. Our group has demonstrated that the fungal cell wall is a metabolically active st...
Article
Full-text available
Saccharomyces cerevisiae byp1-3 mutants displayed a long lag phase when shifted from a nonfermentable carbon source to a medium containing glucose. The byp1-3 mutation also caused several defects in regulatory phenomena which occur during the transition from the derepressed state to the repressed state. As opposed to wild-type cells, the addition o...
Article
The RPS5 gene has been characterised through its ability to reduce invertase production by the SUC5 gene. In this paper we show that RPS5 acts by maintaining low levels of SUC5 mRNA. We also show that RPS5 acts on the SUC1 and SUC4 genes but not on SUC2 and SUC3, which are members of the SUC family. RPS5 also shows a pleiotropic effect on the amoun...