Eugenia Gimeno-García

Eugenia Gimeno-García
University of Valencia | UV

Doctor of Biology

About

59
Publications
10,016
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1,538
Citations

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Rainfall is the key factor to understand soil erosion processes, mechanisms, and rates. Most research was conducted to determine rainfall characteristics and their relationship with soil erosion (erosivity) but there is little information about how atmospheric patterns control soil losses, and this is important to enable sustainable environmental p...
Article
Soil degradation by water is a serious environmental problem worldwide, with specific climatic factors being the major causes. We investigated the relationships between synoptic atmospheric patterns (i.e. weather types, WTs) and runoff, erosion and sediment yield throughout the Mediterranean basin by analyzing a large database of natural rainfall e...
Article
Soil degradation by water is a serious environmental problem worldwide, with specific climatic factors being the major causes. We investigated the relationships between synoptic atmospheric patterns (i.e. weather types, WTs) and runoff, erosion and sediment yield throughout the Mediterranean basin by analyzing a large database of natural rainfall e...
Conference Paper
This contribution results from international collaborative efforts of different research groups around the Mediterranean basin focusing on soil conservation and water management. We will present the most complete database of runoff and soil erosion information and analyze the records from 68 locations, including more than 22458 detail events betwee...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Coastal wetlands are areas that suffer different type of pressures. Much of it due to the rapid development of the surrounding artificial landscapes, where socio-economic factors lead to alterations in the nearby environment, affecting the quality of natural and agricultural systems, being artificial surfaces under the process known as Anthropogeni...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The management of the natural capital of fluvio-littoral Mediterranean landscapes, and the flow of ecosystem services that are generated, are key concepts for the functionality and sustainability of these areas. The sustainable management of these resources has been a topic of continued concern, in part due to the complex and dynamic socio-ecologic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Erosion processes and land degradation are recognized as one of the most significant environmental problems worldwide. In the Mediterranean region, intense erosion processes occur as a consequence of complex interactions between environmental conditions (e.g. climate, lithology) and human-related factors (e.g. history of human activity, land use ch...
Data
Erosion processes and land degradation are recognized as one of the most significant environmental problems worldwide. In the Mediterranean region, intense erosion processes occur as a consequence of complex interactions between environmental conditions (e.g. climate, lithology) and human-related factors (e.g. history of human activity, land use ch...
Presentation
Full-text available
Erosion processes and land degradation are recognized as one of the most significant environmental problems worldwide. In the Mediterranean region, intense erosion processes occur as a consequence of complex interactions between environmental conditions (e.g. climate, lithology) and human-related factors (e.g. history of human activity, land use ch...
Article
The occurrence of 17 relevant pharmaceuticals and 7 heavy metals in the waters of the Pego-Oliva Marsh Natural Park (Valencia Community, Spain) were monitored. Thirty four zones (including the lagoon and the most important irrigation channels), covering the main land uses and water sources, were selected for sampling. Thirty three of them were cont...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Soil water repellency (SWR) in Mediterranean sub-humid environments is poorly studied in soils derived from basic bedrock. This study addressed this gap by comparing SWR in soil samples collected before/after a prescribed burning in a Mediterranean shrubland overlaying limestone. Methods Sampling was performed on two adjacent slopes (NE/SW) un...
Article
Coastal wetlands are areas that suffer from great pressure. Much of it is due to the rapid development of the surrounding artificial landscapes, where socio-economic factors lead to alterations in the nearby environment, affecting the quality of natural and agricultural systems. This work analyses interconnections among landscapes under the hypothe...
Article
The heating effect on aggregation and cementing agents of a Mediterranean soil was studied in two fractions (macro- and microaggregates) in different environments: under Quercus coccifera soil (UQ), under Rosmarinus officinalis soil (UR) and between plants or bare soil (BS). Samples were heated under laboratory conditions at different temperatures...
Article
Full-text available
Forest fires are an important problem in the Mediterranean and change our forest topsoils with still unknown consequences for important ecosystem services, such as water availability, plant growth and carbon sequestration. The total area affected by forest fires in Mediterranean countries of the European Union has declined since 1980, and the numbe...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal wetlands, despite the importance of their environmental and ecological functions, are areas that suffer of great pressures. Most of them are produced by the rapid development of the surrounding artificial landscapes. Socio-economic factors such as population growth and urban-industrial surfaces expansion introduce pressures on the nearby en...
Article
Full-text available
Heavy metals have been during decades a result of the human fingerprint on the ecosystems, mainly in waters, soils or vegetation, being considered as a major s threat also on human health. However, the increasing in human population shows other aspect, such as the so called "emerging contaminants". They constitute an increasing group of compounds t...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most important issues in environmental conservation nowadays is the preservation of wetlands, mainly the coastal ones. This becomes more imperative in the Mediterranean. These particular ecosystems have suffered during the last decades an increasing human pressure. This has been reflected through the intensification of agriculture and co...
Article
Variations in the distribution pattern of soil water repellency (SWR) and soil moisture are of major importance for the hydrological and geomorphological processes in Mediterranean burned areas, and also for their ecological implications concerning to re-establishment of the vegetation cover. This paper studies the influence of Rosmarinus officinal...
Article
Full-text available
Land use changes, including land abandonment, and forest fires have been two key factors that have characterized the evolution of Mediterranean ecosystems. This work studies the evolution in the hydrologic characteristics and the erosive response of a Mediterranean forest soil, which has undergone during years changes in its forest use and the fire...
Article
Full-text available
The rainfall-runoff conversion is analysed taking in consideration the contributing area and hydrological connectivity, factors needing better understanding. Within the same basin, the Barranc del Carraixet near Valencia, has been selected three scales of work: four experimental plots (8 x 40 m), micro-basin (17.01 ha) and small drainage basin (127...
Article
Full-text available
The rainfall-runoff conversion is analysed taking in consideration the contributing area and hydrological connectivity, factors needing better understanding. Within the same basin, the Barranc del Carraixet near Valencia, has been selected three scales of work: four experimental plots (8 x 40 m), micro-basin (17.01 ha) and small drainage basin (127...
Article
The effect of a repeated burning on soil hydrology and erosive parameters was studied on a Mediterranean forest soil (Rendzic leptosol) with the aim of identifying the effects of the fire and climatic parameters related to the post-fire runoff and soil loss. The study was carried out in an Experimental Permanent Field Station (La Concordia), close...
Article
An experimental study based on the effects of fire on soil hydrology was developed at the Experimental Station of ‘La Concordia’ (Valencia, Spain). It is located on a calcareous hillside facing SSE and composed of nine erosion plots (4 × 20 m). In summer 2003, after eight years of soil and vegetation recovery from previous fires in 1995 (with three...
Article
Full-text available
Land use changes, including land abandonment, and forest fires have been two key factors that have characterized the evolution of Mediterranean ecosystems. This work studies the evolution of the hydrologic dynamics and the erosive response of a Mediterranean forest soil (Rendzic Leptosol), which has undergone during years changes in its forest use...
Article
Full-text available
The objectives of the work are to assess the relevance of western Mediterranean wildfires in the context of northern hemisphere countries (North America, Europe and CIS countries) and to evaluate the type of causes and erosion effects using as study case the administrative area of the Valencian Community in Spain. To accomplish the first objective...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean semi-arid landscapes are characterised by the patchiness of the vegetation cover, in which variations in the distribution pattern of soil water repellency (SWR) can be of major importance for their hydrological and geomorphological effects in burned areas, and also for their ecological implications concerning to the re-establishment o...
Article
Soil macroaggregation in relation to soil organic matter (SOM) and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) content was studied, before and after experimental fires of different intensities, in two environments (under canopy and on bare soil). In 1995, two experimental fire treatments, based on the addition of different biomass amounts, were applied on a set of n...
Article
Full-text available
Variations in soil macroaggregate (0>0.25 mm) stability (SMS) in relation to organic matter (SOM) and calcium carbonate (CaC03) content were studied in a Mediterranean forest soil, after having been affected by experimental fires of different intensities. In 1995, two experimental fire treatments based on the addition of different biomass amounts w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
1. Abstract Wildfires are one of the most threatening environmental hazards in Mediterranean areas, which-apart from the threat to human welfare and lives-produce a general deterioration of ecosystems affecting directly to landscapes patterns and structures, the hydrological cycle and the alteration of the soils erosivity. In order to assess the im...
Article
This paper reports the influence that vegetation recovery has exerted on the soil behaviour to erosion by water during both the first and eight years after experimental fires. The work was carried out at La Concordia Experimental Station (Valencia, Spain), which includes nine plots (4 m wide×20 m long) installed on a calcareous hillside representat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Soil macroaggregation in relation to soil organic matter (SOM) and calcium carbonate (CaC03) was studied before and after experimental fires of different intensities under canopy and on bare soil. In 1995, two experimental fire treatments based on the addition of different biomass amounts were applied on a set of plots in the Permanent Field Statio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The repeated incidence of fires impact in the Mediterranean area tends to magnify runoff rates in forest slopes. It is strongly linked to changes in soil physical properties produced by the passing of fire. Water infiltration is a key process in the rainfall-runoff relationship in burned areas, partially determining the soil wetness regime and the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When repeated fires occurs in the same area, significant changes can be induced in the physical, chemical, and biological soil properties that are relevant to the future productivity, biological diversity, and watershed hydrological response. This paper reports the immediate and long term effects of repeated fires on soil organic matter, total and...
Article
The influence of vegetation cover on soil hydrological properties and its response to the impact of different fire intensities, in a Mediterranean forest environment, has been evaluated. The study was carried out in the Permanent Experimental Field Station of La Concordia (Llíria–Valencia, Spain), on a set of nine erosion plots (4 × 20 m²). The Sta...
Article
In the Mediterranean area, forest fires have become a first-order environmental problem. Increased fire frequency progressively reduces ecosystem recovery periods. The fire season, usually followed by torrential rains in autumn, intensifies erosion processes and increases desertification risk. In this work, the effect of repeated experimental fires...
Article
The influence of two Mediterranean shrub species (Rosmarinus officinalis and Ulex parviflorus) on soil chemical properties in a typical pine (Pinus halepensis) forest hillside was studied. This study was conducted also in the adjacent openings of these plants. The seasonal evolution of the selected soil chemical properties was monitored during one-...
Chapter
Full-text available
Fire is one of the most important determining factors in the evolution of Mediterranean ecosystems. Its effects on soil are plural and diverse, acting on structure, chemical and physical properties, biota etc. Among them, the induced variations on soil water dynamics are of key importance for the recovery of the entire ecosystem and in the soil res...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The immediate and subsequent changes induced by a repeated fire on soil structure and organic matter were evaluated under canopy and on bare soil on a set of plots in the Permanent Field Station of La Concordia, Valencia, Spain. In 1995, two fire treatments based on the addition of different biomass amounts were applied. Three plots were burned wit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Mediterranean basin, the occurrence of repeated forest fires on the same area has magnified erosion processes, reducing the vegetation recovery periods and modifying soil hydrological properties. The aim of this research is to asses the impact of a repeated experimental fire on soil hydrology and runoff generation in a Mediterranean forest e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work, the effect of the water erosion processes on a Mediterranean forest soil (Rendzic leptosol) affected by a repeated fire, after eight years of recovering from previous fires of moderate and high intensities occurred in 1995, has been studied. The research was developed in a Permanent Experimental Field Station of La Concordia (Valencia...
Article
The main objective of this paper is to assess the spatial patterns of temperature distribution at the soil surface after a shrubland fire in a typical Mediterranean environment. The study was carried out by making experimental fires at a permanent field station (La Concordia, Valencia, Spain) in a typical Mediterranean forest slope. The set up cons...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Mediterranean area, actually, forest fires have been considered as a first order magnitude environmental problem. The increase in its frequency progressively reduces the recovery periods of the ecosystems. This last fact is critical in the Mediterranean countries where the fire season (spring- summer) is usually followed by torrential rains...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Forest fires have become usual phenomena during summer in many European countries, causing not only substantial environmental and economic losses but also the loss of human lives. Their effects are most patent on fragile environments like those characteristics of the Mediterranean area. The immediate effects are the loss of the protective vegetatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Forest fires have become of great concern at world-wide level during the 1st decades, being alarming in the Mediterranean areas. The development of new policies on fire management and ecosystems restoration would be impossible without a sound basis of knowledge about fire effects on the land and their response to those impacts. The most effective w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work, the effect of water erosion processes on a Mediterranean forest soil (Rendzic Leptosol) during 2000-2002, five years after the impact of forest fires of different intensities, has been studied. The research has been carried out in a permanent experimental field station (La Concordia, Valencia, España). Changes in the rain regime and i...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, the temporal evolution of the incidence of fire on water erosion in a typical Mediterranean forest environment has been evaluated. The effects of fire intensity on soil and its influence on water erosion have been studied on a permanent field station (La Concordia, Valencia, SPAIN) equipped with devices to study climatic, soil and wat...
Article
Fire affects large parts of the dry Mediterranean shrubland, resulting in erosion and losses of plant nutrients. We have attempted to measure these effects experimentally on a calcareous hillside representative of such shrubland. Experimental fires were made on plots (4 m × 20 m) in which the fuel was controlled to obtain two different fire intensi...
Article
Total and EDTA-extractable concentrations of Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in rice-farming soils and their distribution in the profile depth were evaluated. The temporal variability of metal concentrations in the superficial horizon was studied during 1991–1995. Results show that the highest metal concentrations correspond to Zn, Pb, and Cu, for total...
Article
Runoff yield and sediment delivery are compared in three shrub species (Medicago arborea, Atriplex nummularia, and Psoralea bituminosa) with natural (matorral) vegetation in an experimental plot set. The planted species are arranged in discontinuous rows perpendicular to the slope, acting as barriers to the direction of the surface water flow. The...
Article
The levels and availability of six heavy metals cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in calcareous orchard soils were measured in an investigation of a method for the determination of total content and extractable fraction of these metals by atomic absorption spectrometry. The digestion step was performed co...
Article
The concentrations of Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Fe and Mn in different inorganic fertilizers (urea, calcium superphosphate, iron sulphate and copper sulphate) and in pesticides (two herbicides and one fungicide) are evaluated together with the contribution of these metals in soils from their use. The study was made in rice farming areas to the north...
Chapter
The presence of Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Fe and Mn in different inorganic fertilizers (urea, calcium superphosphate, iron sulphate and copper sulphate) are evaluated and the contribution of these metals to the soils in this way is estimated. The studied zone corresponds to rice farming and is at the north of Albufera Natural Park (Valencia, Spain)....
Article
The distribution of Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Mn, and Fe in soils dedicated to rice crops have been studied. Total content and extractable fraction have been determined by acid digestion and extraction with EDTA, respectively. A method of selective sequential extraction (SSE) has been applied to determine the fraction of the metals bound to organic m...
Article
Full-text available
When studying surface runoff processes, measurement of the soil moisture content (SMC) at the surface could be used to identify sinks and sources areas of runoff. Surface soil moisture patterns variability have been studied in a burned Mediterranean semi-arid area. Since surface SMC and soil water repellency (SWR) are influenced by fire and vegetat...
Conference Paper
To study the influence of forest fires on water erosion two permanent experimental field stations were established. One of these corresponds to an area burnt 14 years previously (Porta-Coeli), in which a system of four experimental plots (40 m x 8 m) was set up in 1988, and in one of those experimental burning was performed in late 1996. At the sec...

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Projects (3)
Project
ANTROPOCEN @ develops intelligent tools for the sustainable management of the environment that support efficient management change in the use of resources and low carbon emissions, generating a system of support of decision-making, easily applicable in management programs and to act for the benefit of its citizens, companies and communities. This product of the study, in line with the European Digital Agenda, develop and exploit the opportunities provided by the progress of technologies of information and communication (technology ICT)
Project
Restore desertified areas with an innovative tree growing method across the Mediterranean border to increase resilience
Project
Innovative approach that integrates the concepts of natural capital, flow of ecosystem services derived from this capital, contaminants, ecological risk assessment, environmentalomics, environmental fingerprint, economic analysis and participatory process in conservation and environmental restoration programs