Eugen R Lontis

Eugen R Lontis
Aalborg University · Department of Health Science and Technology

Ph.D.

About

57
Publications
16,131
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690
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2000 - present
Aalborg University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (57)
Conference Paper
Tongue based robotic interfaces have shown the potential to control assistive robotic devices developed for individuals with severe disabilities due to spinal cord injury. However, current tongue-robotic interfaces require invasive methods such as piercing to attach an activation unit (AU) to the tongue. A noninvasive tongue interface concept, whic...
Conference Paper
Previous studies have described inductive tongue computer interfaces (ITCI) as a way to manipulate and control assistive robotics, and at least one commercial company is manufacturing ITCI today. This case report investigates the influence of an ITCI on the speed and quality of speech. An individual with tetraplegia read aloud a short part of "The...
Article
Full-text available
Conventional transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been reported to effectively alleviate chronic pain, including phantom limb pain (PLP). Recently, literature has focused on modulated TENS patterns, such as pulse width modulation (PWM) and burst modulation (BM), as alternatives to conventional, non-modulated (NM) sensory neurostim...
Article
High level spinal cord injury drastically reduces the quality of life of the injured person. Various systems attempted to interface the still intact or residual abilities following injury in various monomodal or multimodal designs to compensate for the highly affected mobility. An intra-oral inductive tongue computer interface (ITCI) has been desig...
Article
Motor learning can improve movement performance and behavioral measurements, such as reaction time, by inducing brain plasticity. In this study, we investigated the effect of training with different task complexity on Electroencephalographic (EEG) signals. Two types of training (‘simple’ and ‘complex’) were performed by two groups of healthy volunt...
Article
Full-text available
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been reported to alleviate pain in chronic pain patients. Currently, there is limited knowledge how TENS affects can cause cortical neuromodulation and lead to modulation of non-painful and painful sensations. Our aim was therefore to investigate the effect of conventional, high-frequency TENS...
Conference Paper
Phantom limb pain (PLP) is pain felt in the missing limb in amputees. Somatosensory input delivered as high-frequency surface electrical stimulation may provoke a significant temporary decrease in PLP. Also, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a somatosensory input that may activate descending inhibitory systems and thereby reliev...
Conference Paper
Following amputation, almost two-thirds of amputees experience unpleasant to painful sensations in the area of the missing limb. Whereas the mechanism of phantom limb pain (PLP) remains unknown, it has been shown that maladaptive cortical plasticity plays a major role in PLP. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) generating sensory inp...
Conference Paper
Various mechanisms in generating phantom limb pain (PLP) have been hypothesized in the literature. However, there still is no clear understanding of how PLP develops and why it presents. Amputation leads to permanent anatomical and physiological changes of the neural path previously supplying the brain with sensory input, as well as to formation of...
Article
Movement related cortical potentials (MRCP) and sensorimotor oscillatory electroencephalographic (EEG) activity (event related desynchronization/synchronization ‐ ERD/ERS) provide complementary information of the associated motor activity. The aim of this study was to provide comparative spatio‐temporal analysis of both EEG phenomena associated wit...
Conference Paper
Electrical stimulation (ES) of referred sensation areas (RSAs) may provide sensory input attempting to alleviate phantom limb pain (PLP). Characterization of referred sensation areas (RSAs) in a 34 year-old male with transpelvic amputation is presented in this paper. PLP was experienced as cramps of muscles of phantom leg and as piercing sensation...
Conference Paper
Phantom limb pain (PLP) represents a major debilitating condition for amputees. No effective therapy has been reported. Non-painful surface electrical stimulation may induce temporary significant alleviation of PLP. Preliminary results of a study attempting to design a methodology for delivery and evaluation of possible quantifiable effects at the...
Chapter
Tetraplegia is a devastating condition, resulting in severe disability and isolation from social activities and entertainment. Drones may provide a severely paralyzed individual the possibility of participation in drone-sports and thereby in social interaction and further it may give a sense of freely moving. However, individuals with tetraplegia c...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Limb amputation traumatically alters body image. Sensations rapidly prevail that the limb is still present and 85% of patients portray phantom limb pain. Throughout the testimonies of amputated patients with intense phantom limb pain, we show the difficulty in treating this chronic pain with current pharmacological and nonpharmacological ther...
Conference Paper
This paper assesses the ability of speaking while using an inductive tongue-computer interface. Lately, tongue- computer interfaces have been proposed for computer/robotic interfacing for individuals with tetraplegia. To be useful in home settings these interfaces should be aesthetic and interfere as little as possible with the limited preserved fu...
Conference Paper
Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a frequent consequence of amputation. Recent evidence suggests that the pathophysiological mechanisms of PLP are related to neuroplastic changes in the cortex, as consequence of the lost sensory feedback. Formation of referred sensation areas (RSAs) may follow amputation. Sensations may be evoked in the lost body part upo...
Article
Full-text available
Background For an individual with tetraplegia assistive robotic arms provide a potentially invaluable opportunity for rehabilitation. However, there is a lack of available control methods to allow these individuals to fully control the assistive arms. Methods Here we show that it is possible for an individual with tetraplegia to use the tongue to f...
Chapter
The EPIONE consortium aims to evaluate the effect of artificial sensory stimulation using an operant conditioning paradigm as a therapy for Phantom Limb Pain (PLP). A uniform therapy /assessment protocol was developed for a multi-center study to evaluate the effect of the therapy on their (1) Phantom Limb Pain, (2) psychological state and (3) senso...
Conference Paper
This paper demonstrates how an assistive 6 DoF robotic arm with a gripper can be controlled manually using a tongue interface. The proposed method suggests that it possible for a user to manipulate the surroundings with his or her tongue using the inductive tongue control system as deployed in this study. The sensors of an inductive tongue-computer...
Article
For severely paralyzed individuals, alternative computer interfaces are becoming increasingly essential for everyday life as social and vocational activities are facilitated by information technology and as the environment becomes more automatic and remotely controllable. Tongue computer interfaces have proven to be desirable by the users partly du...
Article
Purpose: Individuals with tetraplegia depend on alternative interfaces in order to control computers and other electronic equipment. Current interfaces are often limited in the number of available control commands, and may compromise the social identity of an individual due to their undesirable appearance. The purpose of this study was to implement...
Chapter
In 2013–2014 we have advanced our MRCP-based BCI by demonstrating: (1) the ability to detect movement intent during dynamic tasks; (2) better detection accuracy than conventional approaches by implementing the locality preserving projection (LPP) approach; (3) the ability to use a single channel for accurate detection; and (4) enhanced neuroplastic...
Conference Paper
This work investigated the gender effect on discrimination of surface electrical stimulation applied on the human forearm. Three experiments were conducted to examine the abilty of discriminating stimulation frequency, location, or both parameters in 14 healthy subjects. The results indicated a statistically significant impact of gender on the disc...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of activating function for a long, myelinated nerve fiber with undulating path in transverse and longitudinal induced electric fields was performed. The induced electric field was computed using a finite element model composed by a round coil beneath a bath with saline solution. Longitudinal and transverse components of the induced electri...
Article
Full-text available
We present a feasibility study of inducing plasticity of the corticospinal tract to the flexor carpi radialis muscle by using EEG based Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) technology. The mental task that drives the proposed asynchronous BCI is hand motor imagery, which when detected activates a functional electrical stimulation induced matching movemen...
Article
Full-text available
A system providing disabled persons with control of various assistive devices with the tongue has been developed at Aalborg University in Denmark. The system requires an activation unit attached to the tongue with a small piercing. The aim of this study was to establish and evaluate a safe and tolerable procedure for medical tongue piercing and to...
Article
Intraoral target (typing) and on-screen target (pointing/tracking) selection tasks were performed by 10 participants during 3 consecutive day sessions. Tasks were performed using 2 different intraoral sensor layouts. Reduction of undesired sensor activations while speaking as well as the influence of intraoral temperature variation on the signals o...
Book
Full-text available
In this study we have explored the two EEG phenomena that accompany movement preparation and execution: movement related cortical potentials (MRCP) and event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS). The experiments comprised the two conditions for motor task initiation, self paced and cued. The aim of the study was to explore how the in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, we compared the effects of two imagery paradigms typically used within the field of brain computer interfaces on the detection of movement intention from scalp electroencephalography (EEG). This issue is important in the rehabilitation area because of its direct relation with appropriately timed neurofeedback. Subjects were asked to...
Chapter
A tongue controlled oral interface for control of assistive devices has been developed for disabled persons at Aalborg University. The interface consists of a mouthpiece attached to the palate of the oral cavity of the user with dental retainers, an activation unit attached to the tongue as the upper ball of a piercing and a central unit for signal...
Article
Two tetraplegic subjects performed typing tasks on a computer in an experiment using a tongue controlled oral interface. This paper reports mapping of the sensor activation time for a full alphabet text input using 10 inductive sensors. A small cylindrical piece of soft ferromagnetic material activated the sensors when placed at or glided along the...
Article
Given the evidence that the primary motor cortex (MI) consists of subpopulations of upper motor neurons tuned to different directional parameters of a motor movement, this study hypothesized that novel motor skill training involving either a bidirectional or more complex multidirectional tongue-typing movement should produce distinct training-relat...
Article
An inductive pointing device was designed and implemented successfully in a tongue controlled oral interface. Sensors were manufactured as an assembly of multilayer coils in the printed circuit board technology on two pads. The sensor pads were encapsulated together with electronics and battery in a mouthpiece, placed in the upper palate of the ora...
Article
Purpose: To investigate the effects of visual and tactile intra-oral sensor-position feedback for target selection tasks with the tip of the tongue. Method: Target selection tasks were performed using an inductive tongue-computer interface (ITCI). Visual feedback was established by highlighting the area on a visual display corresponding to the a...
Article
This study assessed the ability of the tongue tip to accurately select intraoral targets embedded in an upper palatal tongue-computer interface, using 18 able-bodied volunteers. Four performance measures, based on modifications to Fitts's Law, were determined for three different tongue-computer interface layouts. The layouts differed with respect t...
Chapter
This paper describes the development of a fuzzy inference system (FIS) for emulating an analog joystick using an inductive tongue-computer interface. The principle of operation of the interface and the inductive sensors signals are described. The FIS receives sensor signals and output the Cartesian position of the virtual joystick, which can be use...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Electrical stimulation is used in experimental human pain models. The aim was to develop a model that visualizes the distribution of electrical field in the esophagus close to ring and patch electrodes mounted on an esophageal catheter and to explain the obtained sensory responses. Methods. Electrical field distribution in esophageal...
Article
Full-text available
Alternative and effective methods for controlling powered wheelchairs are important to individuals with tetraplegia and similar impairments whom are unable to use the standard joystick. This paper describes a system where tongue movements are used to control a powered wheelchair thus providing users, with high level spinal cord injuries, full contr...
Article
Typing performance of a full alphabet keyboard and a joystick type of mouse (with on-screen keyboard) provided by a wireless integrated tongue control system (TCS) has been investigated. The speed and accuracy have been measured in a form of a throughput defining the true correct words per minute [cwpm]. Training character sequences were typed in a...
Article
The paper introduces a novel design of air-core inductive sensors in printed circuit board (PCB) technology for a tongue control system. The tongue control system provides a quadriplegic person with a keyboard and a joystick type of mouse for interaction with a computer or for control of an assistive device. Activation of inductive sensors was perf...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Typing performance of a full alphabet keyboard and a joystick type of mouse (with on-screen keyboard) provided by a wireless integrated tongue control system (TCS) has been investigated. The speed and accuracy have been measured in a form of a throughput defining the true correct words per minute [cwpm]. Training character sequences were typed in a...
Conference Paper
This work describes a novel fully integrated inductive tongue computer interface for disabled people. The interface consists of an oral unit placed in the mouth, including inductive sensors, related electronics, a system for wireless transmission and a rechargeable battery. The system is activated using an activation unit placed on the tongue, and...
Article
This paper presents the development of a character activation time prediction model for tongue-typing. This model is based on a modification of Fitts's law that is more suitable for tip-of-tongue selectivity tasks around the palatal area. The model was trained and evaluated with data from tongue-selectivity experiments using an inductive tongue-com...
Article
Full-text available
Effective human input devices for computer control are very important to quadriplegics and others with severe disabilities. This paper describes a framework for computer control without need for special PC software or drivers. The framework is based on a tongue control system recently developed at Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Aalborg...
Article
Experimental results for pointing tasks using a tongue control system are reported in this paper. Ten untrained subjects participated in the experiment. Both typing and pointing tasks were performed, in three short-term training sessions, in consecutive days, by each subject. The system provided a key pad (14 sensors) and a mouse pad (10 sensors wi...
Article
The induced electric field transverse to peripheral nerve trunks has been shown to lead to stimulation, contrary to predictions of the cable equation. Two possible mechanisms of activation have been documented in literature: the change in the transmembrane voltage due to an electric field transverse to the membrane of a cylindrical fiber and the tr...
Conference Paper
Experimental results for pointing tasks using a tongue control system are reported in this paper. Ten untrained subjects participated in the experiment. Both typing and pointing tasks were performed, in three short-term training sessions, in consecutive days, by each subject. The system provided a key pad (14 sensors) and a mouse pad (10 sensors wi...
Article
Full-text available
This work describes a novel fully integrated inductive tongue computer interface for disabled people. The interface consists of an oral unit placed in the mouth, including inductive sensors, related electronics, a system for wireless transmission and a rechargeable battery. The system is activated using an activation unit placed on the tongue, and...
Conference Paper
This study is motivated by the need to know the characteristics of the learning processes in tongue-computer interaction and to obtain a useful insight to a better design of the tongue-computer interface for computer text input. Tongue-typing can be a good alternative to hand input methods for physically disabled individuals or tasks where hand-typ...
Article
To evaluate the performance with respect to selectivity of the effect of the wings bending in the cone coil relative to the double coil in transcranial magnetic stimulation. The focal area and the width vector of the central lobe of the induced electrical field distributed along an elliptic surface approximating the cortex were computed for four co...
Article
There is no doubt that the transformation of a cardiac catheter into a conductance catheter that allows reliable and accurate assessment of lumen cross-sectional area (CSA) will provide a powerful diagnostic and treatment tool for the invasive cardiologist. The objective of this study was to develop a method based on the impedance catheter that all...
Article
Time frequency representations (TFR) have been assessed with respect to time and frequency resolution using a simulated and real heart rate variability data, HRV. The Wigner-Ville Distribution proved to have a difficult interpretation due to the presence of the cross-terms. Choi-Williams, CW, and Signal-dependent radially Gaussian kernel, SD, TFRs...
Article
The measurement of coronary lumen cross-sectional area (CSA) is important for coronary physiology and cardiology. The general objective of this study is to develop an accurate and reproducible method to measure the lumen CSA of left anterior descending (LAD) artery using an impedance or conductance catheter. The conductance catheter technique is ba...
Conference Paper
A system for the on-line monitoring in the intensive coronary unit of the heart rate variability (HRV) spectral parameters (very low, low and high frequency powers) is proposed. The system is based on a pentium PC at 133 MHz with a TMS 320C30 floating point digital signal processor (DSP) card. The ECG signal is pre-processed on the DSP and the RR i...

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