Ethemcan Turhan

Ethemcan Turhan
University of Groningen | RUG · Department of Spatial Planning and Environment

Doctor of Philosophy

About

48
Publications
18,855
Reads
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676
Citations
Citations since 2016
46 Research Items
670 Citations
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Introduction
I am an assistant professor of environmental planning at the University of Groningen (NL). Previously, I was based in KTH Environmental Humanities Laboratory (SE). My research & teaching focuses on the broadly defined political ecology realm, mainly on topics at the intersection of climate justice & energy democracy. I received my master and PhD in environmental studies from ICTA, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ES) and B.Sc. in enviro. engineering from Middle East Technical University (TR).

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
The contours of Turkey's climate policy have remained almost intact over the past two decades. Being an Annex I party without any mitigation commitments, Turkey maintains a peculiar position under UNFCCC. Subsequent to 12 years of delay in signing both the Framework Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, Turkey had the highest rate of increase in green...
Article
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Global energy geographies are changing, call it by will or by market forces. As coal production declines or consumption is phased out in parts of the Global North, the future of coal will likely be decided in the Global South. In this article, we explore energyscapes, as multiple and nested sites of connectivity over energy, and their relation to e...
Article
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Borders are back with a vengeance. From the Americas to the Mediterranean, borders cut through the increasingly integrated world in a way that exposes the inside-outside logic of contemporary capitalism. All this happens on a backdrop where cities are becoming the key sites of contestation since borders and levees do not suffice to keep them intact...
Book
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This book is an exploration of the environmental makings and contested historical trajectories of environmental change in Turkey. Despite the recent proliferation of studies on the political economy of environmental change and urban transformation, until now there has not been a sufficiently complete treatment of Turkey's troubled environments, whi...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses the politics of energy in post-1980 Turkey from a social science perspective. In particular, it offers an explanation of the decisions characterizing Turkey’s high-carbon energy pathway over the years, by building on some conceptual lenses: geopolitical interstate relations, sociopolitical and sociotechnical imaginaries, prod...
Chapter
While the building global momentum is calling for decarbonizing energy systems as in the cases of the Green New Deal, the European Green Deal, and more radical transformation options, Turkey’s energy futures hang on a tightrope. As a country once hailed as an economic miracle, Turkey today witnesses a failing economic model based on credit-expansio...
Article
Climate change is disproportionately affecting vulnerable communities, increasing existing risks and leading to further global inequalities. Drawing on the concept of urban adaptation justice, we evaluated the inclusion of vulnerable communities in the climate change adaptation planning process of İstanbul, a European coastal megacity with consider...
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The potential of geothermal energy for energy transition is increasingly recognized by governments around the world. Whether geothermal energy is a sustainable source of heat and/or electricity depends on how it is deployed in specific contexts. Therefore, it is striking that there is only limited attention to geothermal energy from a social scienc...
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This paper aims to explore how under authoritarian regimes, undergoing reform processes, divergent forms of environmental activism may emerge. Two severe cases of environmental degradation serve as our starting points: the marine disaster in the central coast of Vietnam in 2016 and the Mekong Delta's ongoing environmental degradation. While the for...
Article
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Urban climate insurgency refers to the ensemble of grassroots initiatives aiming to tackle climate change from a radical point of view. Insurgency in this case does not imply violence but rather refers to the radical rejection of the current socioecological system. While explicitly challenging planetary ecocide and climate-change effects, these for...
Article
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Migration and climate change are hot topics generating widespread concerns and fears in European public opinion. However, a striking difference between them is the 'efficacy' of the fears that surround the two topics. For migration, the spectre of a looming invasion and similar narratives translate into immense impacts and a securitisation of the m...
Chapter
The Pluriversity for stuck humxns is an exploratory dialogue between early career researchers and established researchers. It responds to the concern that dominant forms of knowledge production are not assisting us to move towards life affirming ways of being and that alternatives are possible. The production of this chapter is one of many new acts...
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Guest editorial on climate justice perspectives for post-pandemic world
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Quantitative systems modelling in support of climate policy has tended to focus more on the supply side in assessing interactions among technology, economy, environment, policy and society. By contrast, the demand side is usually underrepresented, often emphasising technological options for energy efficiency improvements. In this perspective, we ar...
Chapter
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Climate change is a risk to human security (medium confidence). Climate change threatens human security by a) undermining livelihood, culture, and human rights (Sections 5.3.2.1; 5.3.2.2); b) increasing migration (Section 5.3.2.3); and c) indirectly influencing violent conflict (Section 5.3.2.4). The impact of climate change on human security depen...
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This perspective piece sets out to contribute to the academic and practitioner debates around energy transitions and democracy initiatives in the age of a climate crisis. For tackling present-day energy challenges in a democratic, equitable and just manner, critical social science and humanities research on meaning and materialities, new actors and...
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Misleading claims about mass migration induced by climate change continue to surface in both academia and policy. This requires a new research agenda on ‘climate mobilities’ that moves beyond simplistic assumptions and more accurately advances knowledge of the nexus between human mobility and climate change.
Article
Misleading claims about mass migration induced by climate change continue to surface in both academia and policy. This requires a new research agenda on ‘climate mobilities’ that moves beyond simplistic assumptions and more accurately advances knowledge of the nexus between human mobility and climate change.
Chapter
This chapter presents a case study on labour‐intensive agriculture to explore the importance of local power asymmetries as determinants of multiple and overlapping vulnerabilities. Understanding multiscalar, multidimensional vulnerabilities and mechanisms giving way to them beyond the biophysical and livelihood aspects are essential to address ‘mor...
Chapter
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In this chapter, we take a critical look at the historical transformation of grassroots mobilization and political engagement in Aliağa in the period between these two historical moments (1990 and 2016) by using archival material from two national newspapers with wide circulation, secondary literature, and indepth interviews with some of the key ac...
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The cement industry is one of the most energy intensive in the world, contributing significantly to global greenhouse gas emissions. The use of refuse-derived fuels (RDF) in cement kilns is increasingly portrayed as a sustainable solution to reduce emissions while dealing with different types of waste. Nevertheless, the use of RDF in cement plants...
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The turmoil in Turkey’s domestic politics has been exacerbating at an unforeseen pace since the Gezi protests in 2013. What made this protest period particularly remarkable was the multiplicity and diversity of youth discourses, that crossed the borders of a single issue-based opposition. The Gezi period and its aftermath in this sense can be under...
Book
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Las geografías globales de la energía están cambiando, sea por la política climática o por las fuerzas del mercado. Gradualmente la producción y consumo del carbón está disminuyendo en el Norte Global, entonces el futuro del carbón probablemente se decidirá en el Sur Global. En este Libro, se explora las nuevas geografías del carbón, como sitios mú...
Book
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This study identifies and explores the new geography of coal in the emerging South-South relationship, that of coal extracted in Colombia and coal consumed in coal fired power plants (CFPPs) in Turkey. Through the analysis of the coal chain between the two countries, it is evident how the exploitation and consumption of coal for the production of e...
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Despite concerns on their effectiveness and legitimacy, carbon markets are often presented as the main tool of climate policy. Developing countries are particularly eager to establish and interlink their carbon markets to benefit from global climate investment flows. Turkey is a belated but willing player in this endeavor. In tracing the ambivalent...
Chapter
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At the root of energy policy are fundamental questions about the sort of social and environmental futures in which people want to live and how decisions over different energy pathways and energy futures are made. The interdisciplinary field of political ecology has the capacity to address such questions, while also challenging how energy policy con...
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A transformation to sustainability calls for radical and systemic societal shifts. Yet what this entails in practice and who the agents of this radical transformation are require further elaboration. This article recenters the role of environmental justice movements in transformations, arguing that the systemic, multi-dimensional and intersectional...
Article
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In this article we introduce a Special Issue of Energy Research and Social Science focused on energy infrastructure and the political economy of national development. Many countries are experiencing transformational growth in energy infrastructure, such as transmission and distribution systems; import, export and storage facilities; the development...
Chapter
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China may be halting construction of coal-fired power at home but abroad it’s still investing in coal, even as it pushes aggressively into renewable energy markets. In the years ahead, the kind of investments China makes in Turkey will prove an important test of its emerging leadership on energy and climate.
Article
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The green economy is often defined as an economic configuration that results in improved human wellbeing and social equity, while reducing (or at least decoupling from) environmental risks. It is elusive, and can be read as a new way of ensuring and maintaining capital accumulation accompanied by neoliberal austerity policies, where a green rationa...
Technical Report
Full-text available
İnsan kaynaklı iklim değişikliğinin etkileri giderek belirginleşiyor. 2016 yılı bugüne kadar kayıtlara geçen en sıcak yıl oldu. Bu bir istisna değildi. NASA verilerine göre 2016 yılı aletsel sıcaklık ölçümünün yapıldığı 1880’den bu yana en sıcak yıl olurken, en sıcak 17 yılın 16’sı 21. yüzyılda yaşandı. 2017 yılı içerisinde ise hem ülkemiz hem de d...
Article
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Right here, right now: a call for engaged scholarship on climate justice in Turkey - Volume 56 - Ethemcan Turhan
Article
Climate change policy in Turkey: current opportunities, persistent problems - Volume 56 - Ethemcan Turhan
Article
There is an increased recognition and attention on human values with respect to their role in shaping climate change adaptation policies. Furthermore, as the recent literature suggests, values held by policy actors are centrally located in the debates linking adaptation to development. However, different values tend to give way to diverging adaptat...
Article
There is a growing interest in the connection between climate change and migration, but literature so far has mostly focused on climate refugees, permanent migrants, and the implications for destination countries. Seasonal workers, one of the most vulnerable groups in the agricultural sector, have received scant attention. Nonetheless, several gove...
Article
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Zaman ve mekanın sıkışması olarak görülebilecek olan neoliberal küreselleşme ile “tüketerek modernleşme” algısı kaynaklı küresel çevresel değişim, her ne kadar çoğunlukla ayrı ayrı ele alınsalar da nedenleri ve etkilerinin kesişim noktalarında derin olarak bağlıdırlar. Bu neden ve etkilerinde belirgin bir sınıf farklılaşması görülebilir. Buna örnek...

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Projects (3)
Project
Extractive activities, including mineral, biomass and fossil fuel extraction, cause wide-ranging social and environmental impacts, from the depletion of natural resources to social tensions and conflicts through threats to territories, communities and lifestyles. Community responses to these activities call into question who has the right to decide and whether any one vision of development should be imposed over others; at times they also present alternative perspectives on well-being. In the face of global state and market failure to address the environmental crisis, a global movement for Environmental Justice (EJ) has been expanding and diversifying in recent years. This network will emphasize and dissect the processes of knowledge production against ‘extractivism’ and towards transformative sustainability from the ground up, based on the assumption that therein lies the greatest potential for action and agency for dealing with environmental and social crises today. Building on and broadening the path-breaking work on mapping global ecological conflicts of the Atlas of Environmental Justice, combined with in-depth collaborative research on how EJ is enacted in specific locations, the network emphasizes the transformative potential of citizen movements, ‘participatory’ approaches to environmental politics, and new institutional practices born from diverse knowledge systems, showing how alternatives are often born from resistance. The network also aims to create a forum for dialogue amongst alternative and transformative visions in various parts of the world.