Ethel Quayle

Ethel Quayle
The University of Edinburgh | UoE · School of Health in Social Science

Doctor of Psychology

About

124
Publications
97,472
Reads
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3,117
Citations
Citations since 2017
41 Research Items
1742 Citations
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Publications

Publications (124)
Article
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Individuals with Intellectual Disability (ID) value romantic and sexual expression, however often face barriers to developing relationships. Family caregivers play a significant role in supporting them with such matters throughout adulthood. In order to understand how to best support individuals with ID in this sphere of their lives, it is therefor...
Article
Child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) investigations have emerged as an area of specialization that combines multiple skillsets. Recent research has reshaped how we view CSEM offenders-they have different offense-supportive cognitions from contact sex offenders, their use of technology is no longer based on anecdotal evidence, and approaches to...
Article
Deterrence, treatment and legal response to online child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) offenders is enhanced by the joint consideration of technological behaviours and cognitions. CSEM offenders choose an environment based on both psychosexual needs and utility, and in turn that environment shapes future behaviour and reinforces cognitive dis...
Article
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Converging sources of data would suggest that the volume of images and videos which involve minors is increasing and places a burden on law enforcement in terms of victim identification as well as prosecution. The terminology used in relation to these activities is problematic, as reference to self-produced sexual images would seem to result in vic...
Article
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Understanding the prevalence of suicidal ideation in Child Sexual Exploitation Material (CSEM) offenders and their psychological concerns provides the basis for early treatment and intervention. This research solicited responses (n = 78) via an anonymous, web-based survey from adults in the United States previously convicted of CSEM offences. Signi...
Article
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Violence risk assessment and management is at the forefront of the work of mental health professionals in forensic mental health settings. Staff working in these settings are presented with many challenges. This review explores how mental health professionals working in forensic mental health settings experience the violence risk assessment and man...
Article
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Violence risk assessment and management is central to the lives of forensic mental health service users. Whilst studies have explored mental health professionals’ experiences of violence risk assessment and management, research regarding service user views is largely absent from the literature. Using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, the cu...
Article
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Individuals detained within forensic mental health services in Scotland, under Compulsion and Restriction Orders (COROs), have the greatest theoretical constraints on their liberty of any patients within Scotland’s mental health system. COROs function to aid patients’ recovery but also to prevent harm to the public; unlike civil compulsion where ou...
Article
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Understanding the public’s perceptions of child pornography helps identify gaps in awareness and knowledge, impacts legislative decision making, quantifies stigmatization, and provides a baseline for identifying differences between lay and offender populations for clinical purposes. This research provides a comprehensive public survey assessing the...
Article
An exploration of the technological behaviours of previously convicted child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) offenders provides a foundation for future applied research into deterrence, investigation, and treatment efforts. This study evaluates the technology choices and transitions of individuals previously convicted of CSEM offenses. Based on...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying the self-perceptions of child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) consumers compared to a reference population of non-consumers is critical in establishing distorted cognitions that may not be elucidated when comparison is made with groups who have committed other offenses. This exploratory work utilizes a quantitative approach toward i...
Chapter
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Desde los primeros años de su desarrollo, la psicoterapia analítico-funcional (PAF) ha sido apreciada por su innovación clínica y su poder de transformación con clientes con todo tipo de problemáticas. Basándose en los fundamentos de sus anteriores volúmenes sobre esta versátil terapia, los editores de La práctica de la psicoterapia analítico-funci...
Article
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In the past decade, there has been an increase in child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) offenses and convictions. Although research shows that individuals with CSEM offence histories generally are at low risk of reoffending, certain factors do increase in CSEM convictions, in order to assist with case prioritization, management and supervision,...
Article
Background: Early maladaptive schemas (EMS) are self-perpetuating dysfunctional cognitive structures that have been linked with youth psychological health and play a significant role in developing and maintaining psychological distress, including anxiety symptoms. Method: The present meta-analysis synthesises the existing literature to evaluate...
Preprint
Deterrence, treatment and legal responses to online child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) offenders is enhanced by the joint consideration of technological behaviours and cognitions. CSEM offenders choose an environment based on both psychosocial needs and utility, and in turn that environment shapes future behaviour and reinforces cognitive di...
Article
Background The collecting behaviors of child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) offenders provide insight into their cognitions and motivations that have clinical applications. Objective This study analyzed the CSEM collecting and viewing behaviors of previously convicted offenders. Participants and settings A postal letter soliciting participat...
Chapter
In September 2019, The New York Times reported that in the previous year, technology companies reported to the US National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC) over 45 million photographs and videos of children being sexually abused, which was more than double what had been reported in the previous year (Keller & Dance, 2019). This hard-...
Article
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Staff working with individuals with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) play an important role in enabling them to fulfill their sexual and romantic needs. Given the lack of recent reviews providing a synthesis of qualitative research in this population, the present review explored how staff working with individuals with ID in a variety of capacities (e...
Article
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European law has recognised the need for international cross-disciplinary collaboration to both identify, locate and safeguard victims and prevent, investigate and prosecute online child exploitation and abuse (OCSEA). However, there is evidence that these crimes are continuing to increase and develop in step with technological advances. Changing t...
Article
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Objective: Despite the increased interest globally in youth mental health, there is a lack of culturally-adapted psychometric measures for use with adolescents within the South Asian context in general, and Pakistan specifically. To address this gap one of the most efficient and cost effective methodological developments is to translate and validat...
Poster
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Correspondence: simran@exseed.ed.ac.uk Research into adolescent mental health has tended to focus on primary attachment relationships. However, the effect of secondary attachment relationships and the role of culture remain under-explored. Importantly, 38% of Pakistani population are adolescents but relevant mental health research and services are...
Article
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Objectives: Adaptive coping varies across cultures, underscoring the need to validate this construct cross-culturally. However, there is a lack of psychometrically sound measures of coping adapted for use with adolescents in South Asian countries, such as Pakistan. Method: The current study translated the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations 2...
Article
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Definitions of sexual deviance have changed over time and the more recent use of paraphilia and paraphilic disorder in the development of DSM‑5 has been met with criticism. The larger context of this discussion lies in the use of sexually explicit media (SEM), whether this can be seen as normative rather than deviant, and its relationship with sexu...
Article
Starting with electronic Bulletin Board Systems (BBSs), Usenet and email, the adoption and continued use of technology to facilitate the viewing and possession of child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) has been of research interest for investigation, treatment, intervention, and interdiction purposes, and has been used in developing risk assessm...
Article
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Objectives Research into adolescent mental health has tended to focus on primary attachment relationships. However, the effect of secondary attachment relationships and the role of culture remain under‐explored. This study examined the associations between primary attachment, secondary attachment, and coping strategies (task‐focused, emotion‐focuse...
Article
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The European Sexual Medicine Network, “ESMN” is an international Network of medical science researchers and practitioners, educators and social service professionals involved with sexual health and medicine [1, 2]. ESMN allows its members to pool their talents, training and time in order to expand and deliver up-to-the-minute sexual health and medi...
Article
The aim of this review was to analyse and synthesize the results of prior research into the cognitive distortions present in online child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) consumers. A systematic search of databases containing peer reviewed articles as well as grey literature was conducted for prior studies involving the cognitions of CSEM offend...
Article
This is a narrative review of literature on therapeutic interventions with child and adolescent survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). This is a step towards investigating the existing evidence-base for the therapeutic interventions, including various approaches to therapy and modalities, practiced by professionals with child and adolescent sur...
Article
There is an increased availability of online child abuse images, a proportion of which is created by young people in coercive and non- coercive relationships (sexting). Objectives This Delphi study with adolescents as "experts" who had taken and shared sexual images, was conducted to identify appropriate responses to sexting where images are share...
Technical Report
The aim of this report was to look at the impact of public health campaigns to promote help seeking for viewing child sexual abuse images (CSAI). A public health model was adopted based on the premise that many offenders are unknown to law enforcement and that recidivism for viewing CSAI is low. Therefore, enabling people to access support may be a...
Technical Report
This study is part of a larger programme of research into deterrents to viewing child sexual abuse images (CSAI) and specifically focuses on the accounts of people who had been charged with the offense of possession of child sexual abuse images and, in some instances, convicted.
Article
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en The complexity of the phenomenon of child sexual abuse images online (CSAIO) benefits from cross‐disciplinary collaboration across law enforcement, child protection, and children's mental health. Through focus groups with professionals working in these fields, this article focuses on when and whether professionals who work with child sexual abus...
Article
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Background: Evidence indicates that the viewing of indecent images of children (IIOC) has increased due to the emergence of, and increased access to, the Internet. Over the last 20 years there has been a high level of collaboration between various stakeholders to prevent and restrict access to IIOC. Nevertheless, there is no comprehensive review of...
Article
Background The transition to adulthood has been described as a difficult time in the lives of young people with intellectual disability. There has been little emphasis on young people with severe or profound intellectual disability specifically, even though their pathways may differ, due to greater support needs across the life course. Methods A s...
Article
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Rape myth acceptance is considered an established risk factor for male-on-female sexual violence, and is therefore the target of a number of primary prevention programmes. However, there is not a clear evidence base substantiating the role of rape myth acceptance in sexual violence, nor any reviews of recent literature. This review systematically s...
Article
‘Cyberspace’ has added a dimension to the ecology of the child and should be a starting point for practitioners (including police) to think about digital media in the context of child sexual abuse. While there is no evidence to suggest that online abuse and exploitation is a more serious offence than crimes occurring offline, the behaviours enabled...
Article
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Child sexual abuse and exploitation material has drawn concern and legislative attention since the turn of the century, and the work to identify children in the images has been a prioritised task through international cooperation. The International Child Sexual Exploitation Image Database (ICSE DB) includes more than 8000 identified victims from ne...
Article
Social climate is a commonly evaluated aspect of inpatient forensic mental health settings. However, there is little clarity in the literature on the components of social climate. To identify these components, qualitative studies of staff and patient experiences of social climate were systematically reviewed using best fit framework synthesis. An a...
Article
Background: The recovery approach is increasingly popular among mental-health services, but there is a lack of consensus about its applicability and it has been criticised for imposing professionalised ideas onto what was originally a service-user concept. Aims: To carry out a review and synthesis of qualitative research to answer the question: “Wh...
Article
Forensic clinical psychology is a complex and fascinating field with far-reaching impact. Our fourth research group introduces its work.
Article
Our third research group explains its focus – and reveals how it has involved more than 80,000 learners around the globe.
Article
How can Experts by Experience – and the wider public – become more involved in the research process? We explain how we are striving to address this vital question.
Article
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There is a growing body of research on sexually motivated online communication with minors that has been variously described as luring, grooming and solicitation. Evidence from US studies would suggest an increase in aggressive sexual solicitations, with adolescent girls being more likely to be targeted. Existing research has involved adolescent as...
Article
Despite increasing public interest and concern about young people's involvement in the self-production of sexual images (or 'sexting'), there remains a dearth of research into their reasons for making and sending images, the processes involved, and the consequences arising from their experiences. This article reviews the motivational, lifestyle and...
Article
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Purpose – Previously, diversion from the criminal justice system for people with learning disability (LD) and serious forensic needs in Scotland meant hospitalisation. More recently new legislation has meant that community-based rehabilitation is possible for this group. The purpose of this paper is to qualitatively explore the views of people wit...
Article
The objective of this article is to present a thematic review of literature that pertains to the role of child sexual abuse images in online coercive and non-coercive relationships with adolescents, synthesize and contextualize current research on this topic, and identify some of the complexities in the self-production of sexual images by adolescen...
Article
Full-text available
For centuries, print media controlled by powerful gatekeepers have played a dominant part in the recording and construction of history. Digital media open up new opportunities for the social construction of historical narratives that reveal personal and situated viewpoints. In January 2012, work began at the University of Edinburgh on the design, d...
Chapter
The last decade has seen a growing preoccupation with the harms associated with sexual photographs of children. Concerns have been raised as to whether the proliferation of child pornography laws is potentially problematic because it makes us look at children through paedophilic eyes. Does this preoccupation divert attention and resources away from...
Article
Sexual images have long been associated with sexual interest and behaviour with minors. The Internet has impacted access to existing content and the ability to create content which can be uploaded and distributed. These images can be used forensically to determine the legality of the behaviour, but importantly for psychiatry, they offer insight int...
Article
Positive interpersonal relationships have been found to enhance an individual's quality of life. However, people with intellectual disabilities (PWID) often have restricted social networks, and little is known about their views on close social relationships. The study aimed to explore how this group perceives and experiences close relationships. Te...
Article
For innovative up-to-date research in an area to be developed, it is important to systematically, and critically evaluate the previous research. Sexual violence against children is one of the most serious crimes, with detrimental psychological and physical consequences on the victims. Contemporary theories of the development and maintenance of sexu...
Article
This article documents findings, from one of the first studies in this field of research, considering young people with Additional Support Needs’ use of the internet and how this might contribute to the development of identity and social connectedness. Six focus groups, including 36 young people with Additional Support Needs (aged 13-18) were compl...
Article
Purpose: The present review aimed to summarize and critique existing qualitative studies that have examined typically-developing students' views of inclusive education (i.e. the policy of teaching students with special educational needs in mainstream settings). Methods: Guidelines from the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination were followed, outl...
Article
This chapter critically examines the case of a 51-year-old man who was convicted for the possession of child abuse images for which he received a short custodial sentence. The case describes the assessment, case formulation and planned intervention with this offender and notes the challenges of addressing both his sexual interests and behaviors, as...
Article
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The limited research on online sexual grooming has largely focused on the stages of grooming, typologies of offenders, or comparisons with people who download abusive sexual images of children. Little attention has been paid to Internet affordances and the role these might play in the offending behavior, the development of expertise and the avoidan...
Article
This article discusses the researcher's experience of conducting research within a Polish migrant community. The methods employed and challenges faced are discussed. Finally, recommendations for conducting research with migrant populations are suggested, drawing on the lessons learned from the research process.
Article
This critical commentary assesses the research currently published on workplace violence towards social workers in child and family services. A literature search identified seven relevant studies. Verbal aggression and threats towards child and family social workers were found to be commonplace, had the most detrimental consequences, and were the h...
Article
This qualitative study explored the lived experiences of bereavement of 13 adults with an intellectual disability and found that their experiences could be situated within the concept of disenfranchised grief. The latter mediated participants' meaning making of the grieving process illustrated in the themes of intra- and interpersonal bereavement e...
Article
Research indicates that service utilization rates in migrant groups are low, although levels of distress appear high when compared with host populations. This paper systematically reviews quantitative and qualitative literature on factors associated with attitudes toward seeking psychological help among working age migrants. Data were extracted fro...
Chapter
This article describes the importance of child pornography as a digital artifact of online sex offending, and contextualizes this in international law. In relation to such laws, consideration is given to how one thinks about ‘harm’ and what little one knows about the children depicted in child pornography and how this compares to an increasing body...
Article
Various conceptualisations of identity development emphasise the internal world of adolescents while others place more emphasis on the social world. Previous findings highlight the impact of stigmatisation and how this may hinder positive identity development in adolescents in foster care; the significance of peer interactions has also been underli...
Article
Violent behaviour is a serious problem in terms of the impact on victims, quality of life for perpetrators, and the financial burden on the prison service, the health sector, and society generally. However, to date there is not a general consensus as to how this can be managed other than removing the perpetrators from communities. Incarceration can...
Article
To explore the experiences and perceptions of close and sexual relationships of people with an intellectual disability. Positive interpersonal relationships are beneficial for people with an intellectual disability, acting as a protective barrier against, social stigma and negative outcomes such as physical and mental health problems. The social ne...
Article
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The Risk for Sexual Violence Protocol is a structured professional judgement (SPJ) tool that aids risk assessment of sexual violence. It is widely used internationally. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical practice of SPJ risk assessment and risk management through qualitative analysis of the accounts of users of these assessments. Que...
Article
The family support needs of parents with an intellectual disability (ID) are relatively unknown. This paper reviewed two types of intervention for parents with ID: those designed to strengthen social relationships and those teaching parenting skills. A literature search was conducted using electronic databases and a limited number of evaluative stu...
Article
Studies suggest that Computerised Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CCBT) is an effective self-help approach with or without therapist guidance for mild to moderate anxiety and depression. According to media reports, CCBT will be offered to patients across National Health Service (NHS) Scotland to save costs and as a solution to the long waiting lists...
Article
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Research from the general population indicates an important role for self-esteem in mental health, but limited research in this area exists in the cystic fibrosis (CF) literature. This study aimed to explore the predictive value of self-esteem and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in mental health symptoms in adults with CF. Seventy-four parti...
Article
This paper explores ways in which the Internet itself might be thought to contribute to the commission of criminal behaviour, such as the trade in abuse images of children. In doing so, it identifies a number of characteristics or qualities of the Internet that might be thought to facilitate the commission of criminal acts. The discussion is framed...
Article
Antonovsky (1979, 1987) developed the concept of Salutogenesis and Sense of Coherence (SOC) from his observations of distressed populations. SOC is the core construct of the Salutogenic model that is health orientated rather than pathogenically derived. Antonovsky (1979) hypothesised that SOC provided a global orientation related to one’s location...
Article
This special issue of The Irish Journal of Psychology is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Elizabeth Dunne, our friend and colleague, and especially to her commitment to the application of psychology. It celebrates her particular contribution by surveying the variety of ways in which psychology is applied through, for example, practical problem solvin...
Article
Objective: there is growing evidence that many parents with intellectual disabilities can parent successfully when given adequate support. This paper aims to explore the postnatal care experiences of mothers with an intellectual disability. Design: a qualitative design was used and data were collected using a semi-structured interview format and...
Article
An Evolving IssueTechnology in the WorkplaceAbusive ImagesSextingGroomingStalkingAdult PornographyMisuse of Social MediaThe Individual and Organisational AbuseSituational Factors and Technology Mediated Organisational AbuseGuidelines on Child Protection Policies and Procedure in Relation to TechnologyConclusion References
Article
IntroductionDemographic Profile and Offending Patterns of Professional PerpetratorsPsychometric Comparisons with Intra- and Extra-Familial Child AbusersRationale for a Qualitative MethodologyMotivation to Sexually OffendVictim Selection, Grooming and AbuseManipulation StylesConclusions Multi Disciplinary IssuesFuture DirectionsReferences
Book
Over the last decade there has been dramatically increased interest in the ways that technology has been used in the abuse and exploitation of children, due in part to increasing numbers of convictions for child pornography-related offenses. Opinion swings between those who feel that there is a danger of distorting the threat posed to children by...
Article
Information risk security management is an area that is constantly moving to respond to new threats, standards and technologies. Security is now a part of information risk management, which in turn has a place in the overall business risk management ...
Article
Accessible summaryThe number of parents with a learning disability in the United Kingdom (UK) is growing.Parents with a learning disability do have some difficulties.Parents with a learning disability see that their learning disability is separate to being a mum or dad.Becoming a parent is important to people with a learning disability. SummaryTher...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The same roles adopted by people involved in mass media enterprises, such as producers or distributors of feature films, are involved in practices surrounding personal memory artefacts such as photographs, home videos or diary entries. When the social context of such practices changes, these roles are renegotiated in relation to the people with who...
Article
This paper addresses commonalities between two different forms of exploitation of young people – child abuse images and online solicitation and radicalisation. A number of areas of similarity are identified, and the implications of these commonalities are discussed. The role of social networking as a critical factor is particularly explored.
Article
Full-text available
Despite an increase in research on child abuse images and sex offender risk, we still lack specific data about the characteristics of the children found within these images. Such data would assist us with understanding the exploitation of children through abusive images and the choice of images by offenders. We accessed sexualized child images subm...
Article
You cannot have freedom of speech without the option to remain anonymous. Most censorship is retrospective, it is generally much easier to curtail free speech by punishing those who exercise it afterward, rather than preventing them from doing it in the first place. The only way to prevent this is to remain anonymous. (The Free Network Project) The...
Chapter
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In discussing transcultural functional analytic psychotherapy (FAP), the treatment of clients from culturally diverse backgrounds, we draw upon not only the experiences of FAP therapists outside the United States (e.g., Carrascoso , 2003; Ferro , Valero, & Vives , 2006; López , Ferro, & Calvillo , 2002; Ferro , Valero , & López Bermúdez , 2009),...
Article
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In 1999, Durkin and Bryant analysed an online ''boy love'' support forum and categorized justifications given by self-identified paedophiles for their sexual interest in children. The present study replicates this to identify how this forum is currently being used, given the changes in technology over the intervening years. It remains unclear wheth...
Article
Aim. This paper reports on the uptake of a two-day late-life depression training programme with primary care nurses and its impact on knowledge, attitudes and the use of a brief screening protocol following training. Background. Late-life depression is a common condition associated with medical illnesses, impaired psychosocial functioning and risk...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, a plethora of research studies have attempted to delineate the grief experiences associated with suicide from those of other sudden traumatic deaths. The emerging consensus suggests that bereavement through suicide is more similar than different to other bereavements, but is characterized by the reactions of shame, stigma, and self...