Esther Rothblum

Esther Rothblum
San Diego State University | SDSU · Department of Women's Studies

About

207
Publications
127,048
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
9,513
Citations

Publications

Publications (207)
Article
Helicopter parents are highly involved parents who hover over and around their child, applying developmentally inappropriate levels of control and tangible assistance. Previous research with different-sex parent families indicates that helicopter parenting is particularly problematic in emerging adulthood as it may indirectly affect the offspring’s...
Article
Full-text available
The long-term impact of homophobic stigmatization on adolescents with lesbian parents has not been explored. This longitudinal study investigated the effects of homophobia experienced during adolescence on problem behavior among emerging adult offspring of lesbian parents. The 72 offspring (37 females and 35 males; all cisgender and 25 years old) w...
Article
Objective: To study differences by sperm donor type in the psychological adjustment of the U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study (NLLFS) offspring across three time periods from childhood to adulthood. Design: U.S.-based prospective cohort study. Setting: Paper and pencil questionnaires and protected online surveys. Patients: A cohort of...
Article
Full-text available
Studies have compared sexual minority mothers (mostly lesbian) to heterosexual mothers on mental health, but little research has compared sexual minority women with and without children. This was the first study to compare sexual minority women who did or did not have children, using a population-based sample with three age cohorts. Unlike prior co...
Article
Objective To study differences by sperm donor type in the psychological adjustment of the U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study (NLLFS) offspring across three time periods from childhood to adulthood. Design U.S.-based prospective cohort study. Setting Paper-and-pencil questionnaires and protected online surveys. Patient(s) A cohort of...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The current study examined whether achieving a sense of meaning in life moderated the association between experienced homophobic stigmatization and coping styles in emerging adult offspring of lesbian mothers. In the sixth wave of the U S National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study, completed in 2017, the 76 participating offspring were...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The study aimed to better understand the complexities of parental responses to coming out in the narratives from Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Queer, Pansexual, or Two‐Spirited (LGBQ+) individuals, and to examine whether those from recent cohorts experience a different parental response than those in older cohorts. Background Sexual minorities...
Article
Full-text available
Using a U.S. population-based sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual (LGB) and other sexual minority (e.g., queer-identified) people, we compared those who identified as asexual (n = 19; 1.66%) and those who were non-asexual (n = 1504; 98.34%). Compared to non-asexual respondents, asexual respondents were more likely to be women or gender non-binary and...
Article
Full-text available
Although queer identity has been used among sexual minorities for decades, little is known about the population of queer-identified people in the U.S. We compared people who identify as queer (unweighted n = 88; weighted % = 5.8%) with those who identify as lesbian/gay (n = 833; 46.9%), bisexual (n = 493; 40.6%) or other sexual minority identities...
Article
Full-text available
In the sixth wave of the U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study (NLLFS), when their offspring were 25 years old, the parents were asked to reflect on their most challenging and best experiences raising children in non-traditional families. The responses of 131 parents were interpreted through thematic analysis. The most challenging parenti...
Article
Esther Rothblum and Ellen Cole were coeditors of Women & Therapy from 1984-1995. In this article we describe the process of editing a feminist journal in the 1980s and 1990s, including how each of us came to be an editor. We discuss the challenges and opportunities in editing the journal in the early years of the feminist movement and before the In...
Article
Full-text available
We review methodological opportunities and lessons learned in conducting a longitudinal, prospective study of same-sex couples with civil unions, recruited from a population-based sample, who were compared with same-sex couples in their friendship circle who did not have civil unions, and heterosexual married siblings and their spouse. At Time 1 (2...
Article
Full-text available
Graduate programs in the mental health professions provide training in multicultural issues, but sizeism is rarely included in this training. Here we provide suggestions for fat-affirmative graduate training, including the Health at Every Size Movement, terminology about weight, women’s appearance in a cultural context, and the long-term failures o...
Article
Full-text available
This research focused on behavioral functioning of children conceived via gestational surrogacy and raised by gay fathers. Gay fathers from 68 families with children aged 3–10 years completed the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist. Their scores were compared to those from a normative sample of parents matched for parent’s occupation and children’s...
Article
Full-text available
Twenty-seven U.S. and Canadian participants who answered a call for interviews about asexual identity were asked about non-sexual aspects of their lives, including education, occupation, community, and religion. Many participants indicated that being asexual was not a factor in school or college. Others mentioned advantages such as having more time...
Chapter
This chapter presents seven scenarios that illustrate how stressors can place long-term LGBTQ relationships at risk for dissolution, and discusses the strategies couples implemented to navigate through these challenges. We engaged in conversations with at least one person in a series of LGBTQ couples (diverse in race, ethnicity, gender, gender iden...
Article
Full-text available
Research
The Journal of Lesbian Studies, a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Taylor and Francis, invites proposal submissions for a special issue on the subject of Understanding How the Scholarly Work of Woman-Identified Queer K-12 Education Researchers is Impacted by Racism, Homophobia, Transphobia, and Ableism. 500 word abstracts are due to the...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1950s, health and mental health professionals have criticized the conventional wisdom that permanent weight loss is possible. Clinical trials on weight loss have high dropout rates and rarely have participants move from “clinical” to “normal” body mass index levels, and the overwhelming majority of people who lose even 5–10% of body weigh...
Article
Full-text available
Although prior research has examined butch/femme identity among individual sexual minority women, this was the first study to examine these identities among partners in female same-sex relationships in a population-based study of couples (N = 376 women, mean relationship duration 20.5 years). Chi-square tests revealed that butch and femme women ten...
Article
Full-text available
Although divorce is relatively common, there is little research on long-term predictors of relationship dissolution among heterosexual married couples, and even less on same-sex couples. The present study examined longitudinal predictors of relationship dissolution among male–male couples, female–female couples, and heterosexual married couples ove...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides a thorough review of the literature on same-sex couples’ division of employment, housework, and childcare, focusing specifically on income and gender roles. It also presents some methodological challenges and opportunities in using same-sex couples as a model for division of labor in the home and in the workforce.
Article
Full-text available
Many same-sex couples had already established long-term relationships prior to the availability of civil marriage rights in the USA. The impact and possible benefits of marriage and marriage recognition for long-term couples was tested using data from a sample of couple members: 307 in a civil marriage and 50 with no legal relationship status. The...
Article
Full-text available
A U.S. national sample of 295 transgender adults (trans women, trans men, and genderqueer individuals) and their cisgender siblings completed the Bem Sex-Role Inventory about their siblings as well as themselves, which enabled a comparison between self-perceptions and sibling's perceptions of personality characteristics. Self-reported personality c...
Article
Full-text available
Intimates form stable impressions of their romantic partner’s conflict style, which may influence interactions during conflicts and shape expectancies regarding future disagreements. Despite a large body of work comparing relationship outcomes among heterosexual and same-sex couples, research has yet to examine how the validity of these perceptions...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research comparing children of same-sex and heterosexual couples is limited by methodological issues such as not including male same-sex couples and not using appropriate comparison groups of heterosexual parents. The current study addresses these limitations by examining differences in demographic characteristics between adult children of fe...
Article
Full-text available
In the emerging context of marriage equality, it is important to explore the reasons for and experience of marriage for long-term same-sex couples, including the role of minority stress. In Wave 3 of the population-based, longitudinal CUPPLES Study we interviewed 21 long-term same-sex couples (14 female, 7 male) who resided in 12 different states a...
Chapter
This article examines some of the themes in the special issue about the families of origin of people who are gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, or queer (GLBTQ). Coming out to families of origin is a pivotal event that changes the family system. Race, ethnicity, and immigration intersect with a family member's disclosure of sexuality and gender i...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term same-sex couples have maintained relationships within a sociopolitical environment that has historically stigmatized and provided little or no legal recognition for their relationship. In a qualitative interview study about relationships, 31 same-sex couples, in relationships lasting from 13 to 41 years (mean length = 22.6 years), were as...
Article
Full-text available
The U.S. Supreme Court decisions in U.S. v Windsor (570 U.S. 307) and Hollingsworth v Perry (570 U.S. 399) created a focal point for public discussion of marriage equality for same-sex couples. This article reports the results of an exploratory study of the reactions of individuals currently or previously in same-sex couple relationships and a hete...
Article
There is a general assumption that lesbians weigh more than heterosexual women and that, consequently, there is a need for “culturally sensitive” weight loss programs for lesbians. This commentary reviews some of the confounding variables in studies on weight, weight loss, and health among lesbians. It also reviews research on lesbians and body sat...
Article
This article examines some of the themes in the special issue about the families of origin of people who are gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, or queer (GLBTQ). Coming out to families of origin is a pivotal event that changes the family system. Race, ethnicity, and immigration intersect with a family member's disclosure of sexuality and gender i...
Article
This thematic issue of the Journal of Lesbian Studies focuses on the ways in which lesbian leaders have dealt with disease and disability. In the articles that follow, eight prominent lesbians describe what it means to cope with serious illness and medical treatment in the context of lesbian identity and community. This introduction provides an ove...
Article
Full-text available
The National Lesbian Health Care Survey (NLHCS) was the first major survey of lesbian and bisexual women's health and mental health, and was conducted in 1984–1985 with 1,927 participants from all U.S. states and several territories. The NLHCS included an open-ended item, about what had prevented respondents from becoming pregnant, that was never t...
Article
Full-text available
It is common to hear reference to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender "communities." But what exactly is meant by "community?" This chapter focuses on how community functions as a psychological entity, given that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people may not live in the same geographic area or have a common background. It shows that...
Article
Full-text available
After describing the history of the language of sexual orientation, this chapter focuses on three historical phenomena that have been important for the current understanding of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) mental health. The first factor consists of changing social roles—specifically concerning the economy, education, and the military. Second,...
Article
Full-text available
Although research and scholarship on weight-based stigma have increased substantially in recent years, the disproportionate degree of bias experienced by fat women has received considerably less attention. This paper reviews the literature on the weight-based stigma experienced by women in North America in multiple domains, including employment, ed...
Article
Full-text available
In our review of the literature on women and weight bias (Fikkan and Rothblum 2011), we attempted to cull findings from multiple disciplines that demonstrate the impact (social, educational, and financial) of the stigma of women’s weight. We undertook this for two purposes: the first was to address a gap in the weight bias literature, which tends t...
Article
Full-text available
ProgressIntersectionality as a ContinuumLocating Ourselves and Our Intersecting IdentitiesLooking to the FutureReferences
Article
Full-text available
Editorial Note: This essay on teaching lesbian studies is the first submission in a new feature in the Journal of Homosexuality, aimed at providing guidance to students and faculty who wish to teach courses in LGBT studies or to learn about basic concepts in the field such as minority stress, coming out models, heterosexism, etc. Esther D. Rothblum...
Article
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
People in the United States, regardless of their own weight, have strong negative attitudes about fat people, and the stigma of weight is particularly apparent for women. There is a huge economic market that depends on people wanting to lose weight, feeling dissatisfied with their bodies, and buying diet products. It is important to emphasize that...
Article
Full-text available
Quantitative surveys often end with an item asking respondents to write in “additional comments,” and this study analyzed these narrative comments of 659 women and men in same-sex couples who had civil unions in Vermont during the first year of that legislation. Our research question was to examine which novel themes not covered by the questionnair...
Article
Vermont was the first U.S. state to create a legal status for same-sex couples (civil unions). Same-sex couples who entered into civil unions during the first year of availability were asked to reflect on their relationship 3 years later. Written essays from 452 members of civil union couples were analyzed via thematic analysis. Most couple members...
Article
Full-text available
Sixty women (28 lesbian, 19 bisexual, three queer, and 10 heterosexual) were interviewed about their definition of and connection to 'community'. Women across sexual identities defined community according to support, similarity to others, physical proximity, and interlocking circles of closeness from family, friends, and lovers outwards to acquaint...
Article
Geographers and social scientists more generally have studied and located the lives of gay men and lesbians for well over 20 years now. However, the particular visibilities and invisibilities of gay life that geographers have mapped have only been possible if scholars created their own data, either by way of interviews or manipulating census data s...
Book
We have all seen the segments on television news shows: A fat person walking on the sidewalk, her face out of frame so she can't be identified, as some disconcerting findings about the 'obesity epidemic' stalking the nation are read by a disembodied voice. And we have seen the movies-their obvious lack of large leading actors silently speaking volu...
Article
Full-text available
A United States sample of 166 transgender adults including 50 male-to-females (MTFs), 52 female-to-males (FTMs), and 64 genderqueers (neither completely female nor completely male), were surveyed about identity development, levels of disclosure of transgender status, and relationship to community. There was no difference among transgender groups in...
Conference Paper
At a time when heterosexual marriage rates are declining, many countries and localities are advocating for the rights of lesbians and gay men to enter legalized relationships, including marriage. This talk will summarize research on same-sex couples in legalized relationships compared with same-sex couples not in legalized relationships, and hetero...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the research emphasis on depression among women, there has been virtually no focus on depression among lesbians. This article reviews evidence for factors that might place lesbians at increased risk for depression as well as factors that would protect lesbians for depression. Additionally, it dicesses the research on suicide attempts, alcoh...
Article
Full-text available
This study was a 3-year follow-up of 65 male and 138 female same-sex couples who had civil unions in Vermont during the 1st year of that legislation. These couples were compared with 23 male and 61 female same-sex couples in their friendship circles who did not have civil unions and with 55 heterosexual married couples (1 member of each was a sibli...
Article
Full-text available
This study compared 55 men and 78 women who had same-sex marriages in Massachusetts, 101 men and 120 women who had domestic partnerships in California, and 35 men and 86 women who had civil unions in Vermont, all in 2004. Couples were surveyed on demographic and relationship information, conflict, contact with family of origin, social support, poli...
Article
Full-text available
Reviews the book, Contacts Desired: Gay and Lesbian Communications and Community, 1940s-1970s by Martin Meeker (see record 2006-09853-000 ). In this book, Meeker articulates the development of sexual communication networks, communities, and identities formed by U.S. "homosexuals" in the period from the 1940s to the 1970s. The concept of community i...