Esther Landesman-Bollag

Esther Landesman-Bollag
Boston University | BU

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26
Publications
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Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
Self-renewing, chemoresistant breast cancer stem cells are believed to contribute significantly to cancer invasion, migration and patient relapse. Therefore, the identification of signaling pathways that regulate the acquisition of stem-like qualities is an important step towards understanding why patients relapse and towards development of novel t...
Article
Full-text available
Here we show that CK2 inhibition by CX-4945 destabilizes NOTCH1 and synergizes with JQ1 to induce apoptosis in human T-ALL cells, implicating an alternative strategy to target NOTCH1 signaling in refractory/relapsed T-ALL.
Article
CK2 Overexpression in Human Cancer CK2 Is Overexpressed in Animal Models of Cancer CK2 Overexpression in Transgenic Mice Leads to Cancer Possible Targets of CK2 in Cancer: Wnt, NF-κB, and PI3-Kinase Pathways
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Induction of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by TGF-β1 requires Ras signaling. We recently identified the transcriptional repressor Blimp1 (PRDM1) as a downstream effector of the NF-κB, RelB/Bcl-2/Ras-driven pathway that promotes breast cancer cell migration. As the RelB/Blimp1 pathway similarly required Ras signaling activation, we test...
Article
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The CK2 α and α' catalytic gene products have overlapping biochemical activity, but in vivo, their functions are very different. Deletion of both alleles of CK2α leads to mid-gestational embryonic lethality, while deletion of both alleles of CK2α' does not interfere with viability or development of embryos; however, adult CK2α'-/-males are infertil...
Article
Protein kinase CK2 is a highly conserved and ubiquitous serine-threonine kinase. It is a tetrameric enzyme that is made up of two regulatory CK2beta subunits and two catalytic subunits, either CK2alpha/CK2alpha, CK2alpha/CK2alpha', or CK2alpha'/CK2alpha'. Although the two catalytic subunits diverge in their C termini, their enzymatic activities are...
Article
Full-text available
Protein kinase CK2 (formerly casein kinase II) is a highly conserved and ubiquitous serine/threonine kinase that is composed of two catalytic subunits (CK2α and/or CK2α′) and two CK2β regulatory subunits. CK2 has many substrates in cells, and key roles in yeast cell physiology have been uncovered by introducing subunit mutations. Gene-targeting exp...
Article
Aberrant activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) transcription factors has been implicated in the pathogenesis of breast cancer. We previously showed elevated activity of IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha), IKKbeta, and protein kinase CK2 in primary human breast cancer specimens and cultured cells. A novel inducible IKK protein termed IKK-i/IK...
Article
Full-text available
Classical NF-κB (p65/p50) transcription factors display dynamic induction in the mammary gland during pregnancy. To further elucidate the role of NF-κB factors in breast development, we generated a transgenic mouse expressing the IκB-α S32/36A superrepressor (SR) protein under control of the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) long terminal repeat pro...
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Recent studies have implicated ectopic activation of the Wnt pathway in many human cancers, including breast cancer. beta-catenin is a critical coactivator in this signaling pathway and is regulated in a complex fashion by phosphorylation, degradation, and nuclear translocation. Glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta) phosphorylation of the NH2-t...
Article
CK2 is upregulated in rapidly dividing cells including most human tumours. Transgenic overexpression of CK2 in lymphoid or mammary lineages predisposes to transformation. Multiple signalling and oncogene pathways could be regulated by CK2 in this process. Our studies suggest that phosphorylation of critical oncogenes by CK2, as well as by other ser...
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Amplification, overexpression, or rearrangement of the c-rel gene, encoding the c-Rel NF-kappaB subunit, has been reported in solid and hematopoietic malignancies. For example, many primary human breast cancer tissue samples express high levels of nuclear c-Rel. While the Rev-T oncogene v-rel causes tumors in birds, the ability of c-Rel to transfor...
Article
The Her-2/neu oncogene, the second member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor family, encodes a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor. Overexpression of Her-2/neu in approximately 30% of breast cancers is associated with poor overall survival. Recently, we have found that Her-2/neu activates nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB via a phosphatidyli...
Article
To study phenotype-genotype correlations, ErbB/Ras pathway tumors (transgenic for ErbB2, c-Neu, mutants of c-Neu, polyomavirus middle T antigene (PyV-mT), Ras, and bi-transgenic for ErbB2/Neu with ErbB3 and with progesterone receptor) from four different institutions were histopathologically compared with Wnt pathway tumors [transgenes Wnt1, Wnt10b...
Article
Full-text available
The Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway controls cell fate and neoplastic transformation. Expression of an endogenous stabilized beta-catenin (DeltaE3 beta-catenin) in mammary epithelium leads to the transdifferentiation into epidermis- and pilar-like structures. Signaling molecules in the canonical Wnt pathway upstream from beta-catenin induce glan...
Article
To study phenotype-genotype correlations, ErbB/Ras pathway tumors (transgenic for ErbB2, c-Neu, mutants of c-Neu, polyomavirus middle T antigene (PyV-mT), Ras, and bi-transgenic for ErbB2/Neu with ErbB3 and with progesterone receptor) from four different institutions were histopathologically compared with Wnt pathway tumors [transgenes Wnt1, Wnt10b...
Article
Full-text available
Breast cancer is a major cause of cancer death in women, and the genetic abnormalities leading to the common sporadic forms of the disease are still under active investigation. CK2 has been reported to be upregulated in human breast cancer, which these studies confirm; CK2 is also upregulated in rat carcinogen-induced breast tumors. Transgenic mice...
Article
Full-text available
Protein kinase CK2 is a ubiquitous and evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinase that is upregulated in many human cancers and can serve as an oncogene in lymphocytes. Recently, we have demonstrated that CK2 potentiates Wnt/beta-catenin signaling in mammary epithelial cells. To determine whether CK2 overexpression contributes to mammary tumo...
Article
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)/Rel transcription factors regulate genes that control cell proliferation, survival, and transformation. In normal breast epithelial cells, NF-kappaB/Rel proteins are mainly sequestered in the cytoplasm bound to one of the specific inhibitory IkappaB proteins, whereas in breast cancers they are activated aberrantly....
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Full-text available
Human SIX1 (HSIX1) is a member of the Six class of homeodomain proteins implicated in muscle, eye, head, and brain development. To further understand the role of HSIX1 in the cell cycle and cancer, we developed an HSIX1-specific antibody to study protein expression at various stages of the cell cycle. Our previous work demonstrated that HSIX1 mRNA...
Article
Protein kinase CK2 (casein kinase II) is a serine-threonine protein kinase with a wide range of substrates, many of which are involved in cell cycle regulation. CK2 activity is elevated in a variety of human tumors and we have used a transgenic mouse model to demonstrate that dysregulated expression of CK2 can induce lymphoma. Thus, CK2 fulfills th...
Chapter
Protein kinase CK2 (casein kinase II) is a serine-threonine protein kinase with a wide range of substrates, many of which are involved in cell cycle regulation. CK2 activity is elevated in a variety of human tumors and we have used a transgenic mouse model to demonstrate that dysregulated expression of CK2 can induce lymphoma. Thus, CK2 fulfills th...
Article
Full-text available
MRL-lpr/lpr mice have a Fas receptor mutation that leads to abnormalities of apoptosis, lymphoproliferation, and a lupus-like autoimmune disease associated with the production of autoantibodies. Other than Fas pathway defects, little is known about molecular abnormalities that predispose to autoimmunity. Protein kinase CK2 (also termed casein kinas...
Article
Full-text available
Protein kinase CK2 (casein kinase II) is a serine-threonine protein kinase with many substrates, some of which are involved in cell cycle regulation. CK2 activity is elevated in human solid tumors and leukemia, and dysregulated expression of CK2 induces lymphoma in transgenic mice. Mice that are deficient in p53 also develop lymphomas, and p53 acti...