Esther Dalfo

Esther Dalfo
Universitat de Vic-Universitat Central de Catalunya and Autonomous University of Barcelona · Faculty of Medicine

PhD

About

51
Publications
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3,120
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Publications

Publications (51)
Article
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Parkinson’s disease is associated with intracellular α-synuclein accumulation and ventral midbrain dopaminergic neuronal death in the Substantia Nigra of brain patients. The Rho GTPase pathway, mainly linking surface receptors to the organization of the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons, has been suggested to participate to Parkinson’s disease pa...
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X-linked Adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a neurometabolic disorder caused by a defective peroxisomal ABCD1 transporter of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs). We have characterized a nematode model of X-ALD with loss of the pmp-4 gene, the worm orthologue of ABCD1. These mutants recapitulated the key hallmarks of X-ALD and importantly mitochondria...
Article
Adrenoleukodystrophy is a neurometabolic disorder caused by a defective peroxisomal ABCD1 transporter of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs). Its pathogenesis is incompletely understood. Here we characterize a nematode model of X-ALD with loss of the pmp-4 gene, the worm orthologue of ABCD1. These mutants recapitulate the hallmarks of X-ALD: i) VL...
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Full-text available
α-Synuclein (α-Syn) forms toxic intracellular protein inclusions and transmissible amyloid structures in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Preventing α-Syn self-assembly has become one of the most promising approaches in the search for disease-modifying treatments for this neurodegenerative disorder. Here, we describe the capacity of a small molecule (ZPD-...
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterized by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons, a process that current therapeutic approaches cannot prevent. In PD, the typical pathological hallmark is the accumulation of intracellular protein inclusions, known as Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites, which are mainly composed of α-synuclein. Here, we exploited...
Article
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With the author(s)' decision to opt for Open Choice the copyright of the article changed on March 2018 to
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Classical Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurodevelopmental disorder where most of cases carry MECP2 mutations. Atypical RTT variants involve mutations in CDKL5 and FOXG1. However, a subset of RTT patients remains that do not carry any mutation in the described genes. Whole exome sequencing was carried out in a cohort of 21 female probands with clinical...
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Apoptotic cell death is an integral part of cell turnover in many tissues, and proper corpse clearance is vital to maintaining tissue homeostasis in all multicellular organisms. Even in tissues with high cellular turnover, apoptotic cells are rarely seen because of efficient clearance mechanisms in healthy individuals. In Caenorhabditis elegans, tw...
Article
Tauopathies are degenerative diseases characterized by the accumulation of phosphorylated tau in neurons and glial cells. With some exceptions, tau deposits in neurons are mainly manifested as pretangles and tangles unrelated to the tauopathy. It is thought that abnormal tau deposition in neurons occurs following specific steps, but little is known...
Article
Parkinson disease (PD) is a systemic disease with variegated non-motor deficits and neurological symptoms, including impaired olfaction, autonomic failure, cognitive impairment and psychiatric symptoms, in addition to the classical motor symptoms. Many non-motor symptoms appear before or in parallel with motor deficits and then worsen with disease...
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Parkinson disease (PD) is no longer considered a complex motor disorder characterized by parkinsonism but rather a systemic disease with variegated non-motor deficits and neurological symptoms, including impaired olfaction, sleep disorders, gastrointestinal and urinary abnormalities and cardiovascular dysfunction, in addition to other symptoms and...
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Phosphorylation of tau and phosphorylation of alpha-synuclein are crucial abnormalities in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and alpha-synucleinopathies (Parkinson's disease: PD, and dementia with Lewy bodies: DLB), respectively. The presence and distribution of phospho-tau were examined by sub-fractionation, gel electrophoresis and Western blotting in the...
Article
Nonenzymatic protein modifications are generated from direct oxidation of amino acid side chains and from reaction of the nucleophilic side chains of specific amino acids with reactive carbonyl species. These reactions give rise to specific markers that have been analyzed in different neurodegenerative diseases sharing protein aggregation, such as...
Article
Previous studies in Lewy body diseases (LBDs), including Parkinson's disease (PD) and Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), have shown oxidative stress damage more extended than the expected for the distribution of Lewy pathology. Since malondialdehyde (MDA) can form adducts with lysine residues of proteins, MDA-Lys immunoprecipitation and alpha-synucle...
Article
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative disorder pathologically characterized by neuronal loss and gliosis mainly in specific subcortical nuclei, but also in the cerebral cortex. In addition to neuron loss, hyperphosphorylated tau deposition is found in neurons, astrocytes and coiled bodies. Limited studies have shown that certa...
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The occurrence of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the sporadic form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is unknown, despite it has been recently documented in experimental models of the familial form. Here we show that spinal cord from patients with sporadic ALS showed signs of ER stress, such as increased levels of ER chaperones such as pr...
Article
Prohibitin and ATP synthase protein levels were examined in the substantia nigra and frontal cortex (area 8) in five cases of Parkinson's disease (PD), five cases of dementia with Lewy bodies pure form (pDLB), five cases of early Alzheimer's disease (AD stage IIA, B), nine cases with advanced AD (stages V/VIC), and nine controls. A significant redu...
Article
Accumulating evidence has suggested that neurotrophins participate in the pathophysiology of mood disorders. We have developed transgenic mice overexpressing the full-length neurotrophin-3 receptor TrkC (TgNTRK3) in the central nervous system. TgNTRK3 mice show increased anxiety-like behavior and enhancement of panic reaction in the mouse defense t...
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Gel electrophoresis and Western blotting of frontal cortex homogenates have been carried out in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) cases and age-matched controls to gain understanding of the expression of glycation-end products (AGEs). N-Carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) and N-carboxyethyl-lysine (CEL) were used as markers of glycoxidation; 4-hydrox...
Article
Pick's disease is a subset of fronto-temporal dementia characterised by severe atrophy of the temporal and frontal lobes due to marked neuronal loss accompanied by astrocytic gliosis enriched in glial acidic protein. The remaining neurones have intracytoplasmic inclusions composed of hyperphosphorylated tau, called Pick bodies, in addition to hyper...
Article
In addition to genetic factors, environmental factors have long been suspected to contribute to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated the possible interaction between genetic factors and neurotoxins by testing whether alpha-synuclein A30P Tg5093 transgenic mice show increased sensitivity to secondary toxic insults like 1-met...
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Abnormal solubility and aggregation of alpha-synuclein have been observed in the frontal cortex in three cases with Pick's disease (PiD) when compared with age-matched controls. Bands of 45 kDa and higher molecular weight were detected in the SDS-soluble fractions only in PiD. Patterns in PiD differed from that observed in the cerebral cortex in Le...
Article
Parkinson disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are characterized by the accumulation of abnormal alpha-synuclein and ubiquitin in protein aggregates conforming Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-1 (UCHL-1) disassembles polyubiquitin chains to increase the availability of free monomeric ubiquitin to the ubiquit...
Article
The aim of the present work was to analyze the status of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in the frontal cortex (area 8) from ten cases with common form DLB (cDLB) and eleven cases with pure AD in comparison with five age-matched controls. mGluRs, determined by radioligand binding assays, were significantly decreased in cerebral cortex in...
Article
Oxidative stress has been well documented in the substantia nigra in Parkinson disease (PD), but little is known about oxidative damage, particularly lipoxidation, advanced glycation (AGE), and AGE receptors (RAGE) in other structures, including the cerebral cortex, in early stages of diseases with Lewy bodies. The present study was undertaken to a...
Article
Group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR1) regulate synaptic transmission through the stimulation of phospholipase Cbeta1 (PLCbeta1) and then by the activation of protein kinase C (PKC). Considering these properties, it is conceivable that major cortical functional deficits may be attributed to abnormal mGluR processing and signaling. The pr...
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Diverse oxidative pathways, such as direct oxidation of amino acids, glycoxidation, and lipoxidation could contribute to Alzheimer disease pathogenesis. A global survey for the amount of structurally characterized probes for these reactions is lacking and could overcome the lack of specificity derived from measurement of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine...
Article
Glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs) are characteristic protein deposits in multiple system atrophy (MSA), which are composed of abnormally phosphorylated, partially insoluble alpha-synuclein. In addition, recent studies have shown abnormal widespread accumulation of alpha-synuclein in neurons and neuronal processes, and in several regions including...
Article
Expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBP beta) and growth-arrest DNA damage-inducible 153/C/EBP beta homology protein (GADD153/CHOP) increased after incubation of human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells with a range of dopamine concentrations. Dopamine (100 microM) caused an increase in C/EBP beta expression between 2 and 12 h of treatmen...
Article
Deposition of amyloid-beta, the fibrillogenic product of the cell surface protein AbetaPP (amyloid-beta protein precursor), occurs in the cerebral cortex of patients with Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Amyloid deposition, basically in the form of senile plaques, occurs not only in the common form (DLBc), which is defined by changes consistent wit...
Article
Glutamate is the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the cerebral cortex. Altered glutamatergic transmission has been suggested as having a central role in many neurodegenerative diseases. Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are coupled to intracellular signal transduction via G proteins, and they mediate slower responses than ionotropic glut...
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Hyperphosphorylation and accumulation of tau in neurons (and glial cells) is one the main pathologic hallmarks in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other tauopathies, including Pick's disease (PiD), progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration, argyrophilic grain disease and familial frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromo...
Article
Diffuse Lewy body disease (DLBD) is a degenerative disease of the nervous system, involving the brain stem, diencephalic nuclei and cerebral cortex, associated with abnormal a-synuclein aggregation and widespread formation of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. DLBD presents as pure forms (DLBDp) or in association with Alzheimer disease (AD) in the comm...
Article
Hyperphosphorylated tau in neurites surrounding beta-amyloid (betaA) deposits, as revealed with phospho-specific anti-tau antibodies, are found in amyloid precursor protein (APP) Tg2576 mice. Because betaA is a source of oxidative stress and may be toxic for cultured cells, the present study examines the expression of phosphorylated (active) stress...
Article
Diffuse Lewy body disease (DLBD) is a degenerative disease of the nervous system, involving the brain stem, diencephalic nuclei and cerebral cortex, associated with abnormal α-synuclein aggregation and widespread formation of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. DLBD presents as pure forms (DLBDp) or in association with Alzheimer disease (AD) in the comm...
Article
The present study examines alpha-synuclein interactions with rab3a and rabphilin by antibody arrays, immunoprecipitation and pull-down methods in the entorhinal cortex of control cases and in diffuse Lewy body disease (LBD) cases. Alpha-synuclein immunoprecipitation revealed alpha-synuclein binding to rabphilin in control but not in LB cases. Immun...
Article
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Mutation A30P in the alpha-synuclein gene is a cause of familial Parkinson disease. Transgenic mice expressing wild mouse and mutant human A30P alpha-synuclein, Tg5093 mice (Tg), show a progressive motor disorder characterized by tremor, rigidity, and dystonia, accompanied by accumulation of alpha-synuclein in the soma and neurites and by a conspic...
Article
Transient focal ischaemia by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) may produce cell death, but the mechanisms leading to cell death differ in the infarct core and in the penumbra, the immediate zone surrounding the infarct core. In the present study, transient focal ischaemia to adult rats was produced by intraluminal occlusion of the middle cere...
Article
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Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) encodes a wide family of enzymes named E.C.1.4.3.6 [amine:oxygen oxidoreductase (deaminating) (copper containing)] that metabolises primary aliphatic and aromatic amines. It is present in almost all vascularised and nonvascularised mammalian tissues, and it is also present in soluble form in plasma. SSAO...
Article
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Focal ischemia induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) to adult rats results in necrosis at the infarct core and activation of complex signal pathways for cell death and cell survival in the penumbra. Upstream from the cell death promoters and executioners are several kinases that, once activated by phosphorylation, may activate several...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
In our group we are interested in deciphering molecular mechanisms associated with neurodegeneration and axonal damage, using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as the main tool of our research. We combine genetics and metabolomics to elucidate a lipidomic fingerprint characterizing neurodegenerative diseases.