Ester Livshits

Ester Livshits
The University of Edinburgh | UoE · School of Informatics

PhD

About

24
Publications
471
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103
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Introduction
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Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Quantifying the inconsistency of a database is motivated by various goals including reliability estimation for new datasets and progress indication in data cleaning. Another goal is to attribute to individual tuples a level of responsibility to the overall inconsistency, and thereby prioritize tuples in the explanation or inspection of dirt. Theref...
Preprint
Full-text available
Operational consistent query answering (CQA) is a recent framework for CQA, based on revised definitions of repairs and consistent answers, which opens up the possibility of efficient approximations with explicit error guarantees. The main idea is to iteratively apply operations (e.g., fact deletions), starting from an inconsistent database, until...
Preprint
Full-text available
A key task in the context of consistent query answering is to count the number of repairs that entail the query, with the ultimate goal being a precise data complexity classification. This has been achieved in the case of primary keys and self-join-free conjunctive queries (CQs) via an FP/#P-complete dichotomy. We lift this result to the more gener...
Article
We investigate the application of the Shapley value to quantifying the contribution of a tuple to a query answer. The Shapley value is a widely known numerical measure in cooperative game theory and in many applications of game theory for assessing the contribution of a player to a coalition game. It has been established already in the 1950s, and i...
Article
Database tuples can be seen as players in the game of jointly realizing the answer to a query. Some tuples may contribute more than others to the outcome, which can be a binary value in the case of a Boolean query, a number for a numerical aggregate query, and so on. To quantify the contributions of tuples, we use the Shapley value that was introdu...
Article
We study the problem of counting the repairs of an inconsistent database in the case where constraints are Functional Dependencies (FDs). A repair is then a maximal independent set of the conflict graph, wherein nodes represent facts and edges represent violations. We establish a dichotomy in data complexity for the complete space of FDs: when the...
Preprint
Quantifying the inconsistency of a database is motivated by various goals including reliability estimation for new datasets and progress indication in data cleaning. Another goal is to attribute to individual tuples a level of responsibility to the overall inconsistency, and thereby prioritize tuples in the explanation or inspection of dirt. Theref...
Preprint
A common interpretation of soft constraints penalizes the database for every violation of every constraint, where the penalty is the cost (weight) of the constraint. A computational challenge is that of finding an optimal subset: a collection of database tuples that minimizes the total penalty when each tuple has a cost of being excluded. When the...
Article
The problem of mining integrity constraints from data has been extensively studied over the past two decades for commonly used types of constraints, including the classic Functional Dependencies (FDs) and the more general Denial Constraints (DCs). In this paper, we investigate the problem of mining from data approximate DCs, that is, DCs that are "...
Preprint
Full-text available
The problem of mining integrity constraints from data has been extensively studied over the past two decades for commonly used types of constraints including the classic Functional Dependencies (FDs) and the more general Denial Constraints (DCs). In this paper, we investigate the problem of mining approximate DCs (i.e., DCs that are "almost" satisf...
Article
In its traditional definition, a repair of an inconsistent database is a consistent database that differs from the inconsistent one in a “minimal way.” Often, repairs are not equally legitimate, as it is desired to prefer one over another; for example, one fact is regarded more reliable than another, or a more recent fact should be preferred to an...
Article
We investigate the complexity of computing an optimal repair of an inconsistent database, in the case where integrity constraints are Functional Dependencies (FDs). We focus on two types of repairs: an optimal subset repair (optimal S-repair), which is obtained by a minimum number of tuple deletions, and an optimal update repair (optimal U-repair),...
Preprint
The Shapley value is a conventional and well-studied function for determining the contribution of a player to the coalition in a cooperative game. Among its applications in a plethora of domains, it has recently been proposed to use the Shapley value for quantifying the contribution of a tuple to the result of a database query. In particular, we ha...
Preprint
We investigate the application of the Shapley value to quantifying the contribution of a tuple to a query answer. The Shapley value is a widely known numerical measure in cooperative game theory and in many applications of game theory for assessing the contribution of a player to a coalition game. It has been established already in the 1950s, and i...
Preprint
How should a cleaning system measure the amount of inconsistency in the database? Proper measures are important for quantifying the progress made in the cleaning process relative to the remaining effort and resources required. Similarly to effective progress bars in interactive systems, inconsistency should ideally diminish steadily and continuousl...
Conference Paper
We investigate the complexity of computing an optimal repair of an inconsistent database, in the case where integrity constraints are Functional Dependencies (FDs). We focus on two types of repairs: an optimal subset repair (optimal S-repair) that is obtained by a minimum number of tuple deletions, and an optimal update repair (optimal U-repair) th...
Article
We investigate the complexity of computing an optimal repair of an inconsistent database, in the case where integrity constraints are Functional Dependencies (FDs). We focus on two types of repairs: an optimal subset repair (optimal S-repair) that is obtained by a minimum number of tuple deletions, and an optimal update repair (optimal U-repair) th...
Article
For a relation that violates a set of functional dependencies, we consider the task of finding a maximum number of pairwise-consistent tuples, or what is known as a "cardinality repair." We present a polynomial-time algorithm that, for certain fixed relation schemas (with functional dependencies), computes a cardinality repair. Moreover, we prove t...
Conference Paper
In the traditional sense, a subset repair of an inconsistent database refers to a consistent subset of facts (tuples) that is maximal under set containment. Preferences between pairs of facts allow to distinguish a set of preferred repairs based on relative reliability (source credibility, extraction quality, recency, etc.) of data items. Previous...
Article
In its traditional definition, a repair of an inconsistent database is a consistent database that differs from the inconsistent one in a "minimal way". Often, repairs are not equally legitimate, as it is desired to prefer one over another; for example, one fact is regarded more reliable than another, or a more recent fact should be preferred to an...

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