Ester Higueras Garcia

Ester Higueras Garcia
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid | UPM · Departamento de Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio

PhD. Senior Lecturer

About

91
Publications
61,334
Reads
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895
Citations
Citations since 2016
55 Research Items
834 Citations
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Introduction
Ester Higueras Garcia currently works at the Departamento de Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Ester does research in Environmental Planning, Healthier community networks, and Green infraestructures. Her current project is urban health in dense cities. https://blogs.upm.es/urb-healthier/videos/
Additional affiliations
April 2001 - present
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Environmental planning. Solar urban potencial in cities.

Publications

Publications (91)
Article
Full-text available
The concept of dementia-friendly cities and communities has achieved great dissemination in the international context since 2016. Although it is usually related with community networks and services, evidence and guidelines show the close relationship between the built environment design, health promotion, and the preservation of relationships with...
Chapter
The rapid growth of the population and densification in cities is creating new challenges in a transforming scenario, where care systems’ frailty, climate change and unhealthy lifestyles triggers well-being. Taking into consideration the demographic trends and the need to reduce health inequities the need for a common objective for improving qualit...
Chapter
This book contributes to the current dialogue of the post-pandemic cities. Although healthy urban environments were already acknowledging the need for an intertwined perspective addressing both health and urban planning, it has been the COVID-19 outbreak crisis that has accelerated this process. The pandemic has supposed the highlight of many vulne...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Este número especial consta de una selección de las ponencias que serán presentadas en el Congreso ISUF-H 2022, que tendrá lugar en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid del 29 de septiembre al 1 de octubre de 2022. El ISUF-H es la red regional de la organización ISUF para los países de lengua española. Dedicado a la forma...
Article
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Resumen Este número especial se compone de una selección de comunicaciones que han respondido a la convocatoria del VI Congreso ISUF-H que tendrá lugar en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid) del 29 de septiembre al 1 de octubre de 2022.
Chapter
There is a two-way interaction between the climate and the city. Significant thermal differences may appear between one area and another in big urban areas with diverse urban fabric. This research determines the bioclimatic characterisation of all city neighbourhoods, focusing on the case study of the city of Málaga (Spain) using the definition of...
Article
Full-text available
Urban planning has formed a binomial with health since its origins as a discipline. The demands derived from the welfare society, environmental sustainability and the health circumstances of COVID-19 testify to the need to update this relationship. The aim of the URB_HealthSproject is to study the ways of endorsing health in the contemporary city t...
Article
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El artículo tiene como objetivo diseñar las renovaciones de barrios en ciudades consolidadas, desde el espacio público, buscando mejorar el ambiente urbano y por ende la salud de sus habitantes. La investigación se basa en varias premisas en salud urbana: (i) el urbanismo es una disciplina capaz de resolver los problemas derivados de las actividade...
Article
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Principles of sustainability defend compactness, density and diversity as main characteristics of the optimal development of cities. These factors support public transport efficiency, economic activity, accessibility to equipments and services, proximity and walkability of streets and social exchanges in open public spaces. The Covid-19 pandemic cr...
Book
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Although the effects of urban form on local climate have been studied extensively in the last 50 years, deliberate design interventions to harness theoretical knowledge on climate-sensitive design on large (urban and neighbourhood) scales as well as specific policy options for mitigation remain few and far between. This is especially the case in th...
Article
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Several policies have been developed to improve the quality of life for older adults in cities, with soundscape being one of the factors that most influence general comfort. This work aims to present a systematic review based on PRISMA methodology, of the existing scientific literature that identifies the differences in sensitivity, noise annoyance...
Article
Currently, many children live in extreme poverty and high-risk neighbourhoods, who are among the most vulnerable group in society. However, they are the link between the past and future generations. Accordingly, planning for neighbourhood sustainability as the first public place for interactive experiences of children, inside the framework of a chi...
Article
Cities must adapt to aging populations and mitigate the effects of climate change and urbanization on health. This study analyses the outdoor thermal and acoustic comfort of older adults in public spaces in Madrid. We compared the subjective perception with real environmental conditions measured in-situ and two thermal comfort indices Physiological...
Article
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Most recent research on urban health has primarily been focused on non-communicable diseases related to sedentary lifestyles, unbalanced diets and the high concentration of pollutants derived from anthropogenic activities. Cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, heatstroke and cold-related problems and injuries and accidents due to road traffic we...
Article
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The combined effects of global warming and increasing urban heat islands (UHIs) on air temperature and heat stress in cities are notable physical and mental health implications for citizens. With research having shown the effective role of urban green spaces in decreasing urban heat, this study investigated the cooling effect of a large urban park...
Article
Full-text available
Background In densely populated urban centers, increased air temperature due to urban heat island (UHI) effect can undermine the thermal comfort and health of citizens. Research has shown that large urban parks can mitigate the effect of UHIs and improve thermal comfort, especially in the warmer months of the year when temperature changes are more...
Presentation
Full-text available
Articulo de divulgación en prensa nacional sobre la importancia de pensar el espacio público de las ciudades desde una movilidad no contaminantes
Preprint
Full-text available
The combined effects of global warming and increasing urban heat islands (UHIs) on air temperature and heat stress in cities are notable physical and mental health implications for citizens. With research having shown the effective role of urban green spaces in decreasing urban heat, this study investigated the cooling effect of a large urban park...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In densely populated urban centers, increased air temperature due to urban heat island (UHI) effect can undermine the thermal comfort and health of citizens. Research has shown that large urban parks can mitigate the effect of UHIs and improve thermal comfort, especially in the warmer months of the year when temperature changes are more...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In densely populated urban centers, increased air temperature due to urban heat island (UHI) effect can undermine the thermal comfort and health of citizens. Research has shown that large urban parks can mitigate the effect of UHIs and improve thermal comfort, especially in the warmer months of the year when temperature changes are more...
Article
Full-text available
Rigor académico, oficio periodístico El avance de la pandemia de COVID-19 ha hecho evidente la necesidad de transformar las ciudades en lugares más saludables. Distintos países están poniendo en marcha medidas destinadas a promocionar la bicicleta y los desplazamientos a pie como medios de transporte seguros y saludables. Algunos están aprovechando...
Article
Full-text available
Rigor académico, oficio periodístico La disciplina urbanística nació para reducir o controlar las enfermedades infecciosas que asolaban a la población durante la Revolución Industrial (s. XIX). Las primeras leyes urbanísticas fueron las higiénicas o sanitarias. Regulaban determinadas actividades fuera de las zonas más densas de población, incluían...
Article
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Reflexiones a la luz del I Seminario Internacional de Paisajes Culturales de la Sal Artesanal en España e Iberoamérica
Article
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Although the recent housing boom & bust in Spain has triggered significant transformations in its urban fabric, the geographical dimensions of this economic phenomenon and its spatial impacts on the local urban structure have not yet been described in depth. Following the latest published data from CORINE Land cover (2012), this study undertakes a...
Article
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Adapting to the ageing population is one of the biggest challenges for 21st-century cities. This research was focused on the thermal and acoustic comfort perception of older adults in two outdoor public spaces in the city of Newcastle Upon Tyne in the United Kingdom, through a mixed methodology including environmental measurements and questionnaire...
Article
Full-text available
International policies are challenged to create urban environments that foster active and healthy aging. This study seeks to determine the environmental and design factors that determine the use of public spaces by the elderly, using a mixed methodology that includes measurements of environmental parameters, observations and interviews with 200 eld...
Article
Full-text available
Las condiciones ambientales de los barrios determinan la salud de sus residentes. El ruido, la contaminacion, la ausencia de zonas verdes, la inaccesibilidad para ir andando...hace que las personas llevemos un estilo de vida urbano muy sedentario y estemos sometidas a importantes impactos negativos para nuestra salud. No se trata solo de vivir más,...
Article
Full-text available
This empirical study investigates large urban park cooling effects on the thermal comfort of occupants in the vicinity of the main central park, located in Madrid, Spain. Data were gathered during hot summer days, using mobile observations and a questionnaire. The results showed that the cooling effect of this urban park of 125 ha area at a distanc...
Preprint
Full-text available
This empirical study investigates large urban park cooling effects on the thermal comfort of occupants in the vicinity of the main central park, located in Madrid, Spain. Data were gathered during hot summer days, using mobile observations and a questionnaire. The results showed that the cooling effect of this urban park of 140 ha area at a distanc...
Article
Full-text available
Considering citizens’ perceptions of their living environment is very helpful in making the right decisions for city planners who intend to build a sustainable society. Mental map analyses are widely used in understanding the level of perception of individuals regarding the surrounding environment. The present study introduces Aram Mental Map Analy...
Article
Full-text available
By 2050, people over 65 years old will represent 66% of the world's population. Thermal comfort both indoors and outdoors is one of the most influential factors to improve their quality of life in cities. The aim of this paper is to present a systematic review of the literature that identifies differences in thermal comfort temperature between olde...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to the urban heat island (UHI) the citizens' lives have faced many problems, including loss of physical and psychological comfort. However, urban green spaces are always considered as a productive way to reduce the adverse effects of heat islands. Urban green space has a cooling effect that varies depending upon the size, shape, density of vege...
Preprint
Full-text available
Considering citizens' perceptions of their living environment is very helpful in making the right decisions for city planners who intend to build a sustainable society. Mental map analyses are widely used in understanding the level of perception of individuals regarding the surrounding environment. The present study introduces Aram Mental Map Analy...
Article
Full-text available
Urban green spaces are considered an appropriate way to reduce urban heat island effects and provide comfort to the nearby occupants. In addition to cooling the actual space, urban green spaces are also able to influence the surrounding area, and this phenomenon is called the urban green space cooling effect. The most important issues with regard t...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of the study is to determine the Solar Potential of the Residential Complex La Paragua, in the city of Maracaibo (Venezuela), using methods to evaluate the solar resource in order to get maximum advantage of energy. Physical and climate parameters of the place were respectively estimated to obtain sunlight conditions and solar capture...
Method
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Metodología para abordar la rehabilitación en escala urbana y arquitectónica con criterios de sostenibilidad. Escrito por profesores de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Chapter
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Since the European Landscape Convention, where everything is culture and everything is landscape, the need to provide strategies of integrated action between both realities is a highly desirable goal. The structure to log it adopts the following sequence: 1.Knowledge of the place, as physical-spatial, landscape and historical interaction. We propos...
Conference Paper
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Para el año 2066 en España el porcentaje de personas mayores a 65 años alcanzará el 34,6% (INE, 2016). Actualmente en la ciudad de Madrid, representan el 20,5% (Área de Gobierno de Economía y Hacienda, 2017). Consecuentemente, como manera de adaptación a este panorama se han desarrollado políticas internacionales como läRed Mundial de Ciudades y Co...
Article
Full-text available
The mangrove landscapes of the Ratones River and Itacorubi, located in the Municipality of Florianópolis, South of Brazil, are environmentally fragmented due to anthropogenic use of the soil, which hinders the dispersal of their native species. For the maintenance of ecological connectivity, this paper aims to identify the most critical habitat fra...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen El tiempo de permanencia de las personas en el espacio público es un indicador que también permite medir su calidad. De hecho, es una dimensión crucial para construir una experiencia que facilite estar con otras personas, ver el entorno y procesar las impresiones visuales. En este sentido, el presente estudio aplica el método descriptivo pa...
Code
Aram Mental Map Analyzer (AMMA) is an open-source program, which allows researchers to use special features and new analytical methods to receive outputs in numerical data and analytical maps with greater accuracy and speed. www.AramMMA.com
Article
Urban green spaces (UGS) can help to moderate the urban heat island effect and thus thermal comfort through the impact of landscape design parameters with regard to the land cover features. The current work investigates the thermal comfort modification potential of a long belt-shaped park (around 9 km) in Beijing and the effects of its landscape pa...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Los nueve manglares existentes de la Región Metropolitana de Florianópolis se encuentran en diferentes estados de degradación ambiental por la ocupación inadecuada del entorno físico a lo largo de la historia. Dentro de este marco, esta investigación tiene como objetivo caracterizar espacialmente el paisaje cultural de los manglares de la R...
Article
Full-text available
La investigación aborda el problema de la insostenibilidad de la periferia espontánea en las ciudades intermedias latinoamericanas, cuya informalidad ha determinado un crecimiento discontinuo, una baja densidad y el déficit de infraestructuras y dotaciones; a esto, se suman los riesgos futuros por desastres de origen natural asociados al cambio cli...
Article
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Se presentan resultados de una investigación que analiza el comportamiento morfotérmico de edificaciones, relacionado con la percepción de usuarios en cuatro (4) desarrollos residenciales de bloque abierto, aplicando modelos estadísticos de análisis prospectivo (Modelo Sistémico de Confort Térmico - Social, MSCTS). La metodología plantea cuatro eta...
Article
Urban green spaces have been demonstrated to bring environmental benefits from the distinctive effects of various landscape parameters. The current study investigates the cooling and energy saving effect of landscape parameters in an urban park of Beijing during a hot summer. Continuous in-site microclimate data of individual parameters including g...
Article
Full-text available
Since 2012 a Parallel Virtual Urban Workshop (PVW) has been developed at the Department of Urban and Regional Planning (School of Architecture of Madrid, UPM). It was created by a group of professors in the framework of the Postgraduate Program. In 2014 this project became a consolidated Group of Educational Innovation called Urban Net-Working Work...
Conference Paper
This research study is focused on the study of the bioclimatic effects that shopping centers buildings have in their respective urban background in the city of Sao Paulo. The chose of Shopping malls as the object of analysis, is due to they tend to be large buildings with a high rate in the usage of mechanical installations generating heat (air con...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart cities are a necessary step towards a new sustainability scenario that accommodates the objectives of sustainability from a cross and synergistic perspective, with the support of new technologies, networks and more efficient large-scale systems (such as a minimum unit neighborhood). This paper addresses the urban renovation of the actual city...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The smart cities as a necessary step towards a new sustainability scenario where accommodates the objectives of sustainability from a cross and synergistic perspective, with the support of new technologies, networks and more efficient large-scale systems (such as minimum unit neighborhood). This paper address the urban renovation of the actual city...
Article
Full-text available
The urban microclimate plays an important role in building energy consumption and thermal comfort in outdoor spaces. Nowadays, cities need to increase energy efficiency, reduce pollutant emissions and mitigate the evident lack of sustainability. In light of this, attention has focused on the bioclimatic concepts use in the urban development. Howeve...
Article
Full-text available
Desde finales del siglo anterior, el desarrollo sostenible se ha mostrado como el camino necesario para afrontar los grandes retos de las ciudades. Con más de veinte años transcurridos desde la emblemática Cumbre de Rio de Janeiro (1992), en 2015 se pueden evaluar las fortalezas y debilidades que se han abierto con este nuevo objetivo global para s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The educational realm in Urban Planning needs a review because of the global challenges that human settlements will face in the near future. In this scenario, international boards of research call for the development of common frameworks of research, accreditation, and planning best-practices, that need to transcend the limits of local competences,...
Conference Paper
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The current report focuses in the analysis of a theoretical case of ecological refurbishment applied on the Iparralde Civic Center in Vitoria Gastéiz. This analysis, which was focused in the accomplishment of the aims within 20-20-20 Directive, has as main objective the demonstration of the efficacy of mixed solutions of refurbishment. Whereas, an...
Article
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New information and communication technologies (ICTs) are offering unprecedented opportunities and challenges for innovating in a collaborative way at the academic and research realm. With the purpose of taking advantage of these opportunities, a project called 'Parallel Virtual Workshop (PVW)' has been set in a Master's Program to pursue academic...
Conference Paper
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En las ciudades de bloque abierto existe una gran dificultad en gestionar, acondicionar o proponer nuevas soluciones en estos espacios abiertos, numerosos cuantitativamente y que acaban desestructurando las zonas residenciales. El articulo propone una metodología novedosa en base a la delimitación de unidades espaciales, y en la determinación de la...
Conference Paper
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Academic internationalization, professional orientation and multidisciplinary approach to handle complex urban problems are the three aims of Parallel Virtual Urban Workshops (PVW), a methodology developed at UPM using simple and low-cost information and communication technologies (ICTs).
Chapter
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Indice: .-¿Qué es una Agenda 21 y para qué sirve? .-Aportaciones del arquitecto a las Agendas 21. .-Una Agenda no es un Plan. .-El proceso de redacción de una Agenda 21 .-La diagnosis de la Agenda Local 21 .-Los indicadores ambientales desde el urbanismo para las Agendas 21 .-Indicadores de sostenibilidad desde el urbanismo para las Agendas 21 .-El...
Article
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Se realiza una evaluación comparativa sobre varias herramientas y programas de software relacionados con la evaluación del microclima urbano local. No existe hoy día una herramienta perfecta. Cada una tiene unas ventajas e inconvenientes que es preciso conocer según el tipo de investigación o proyecto que vayamos a realizar
Article
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This article summarizes a preliminary research work developed between 2010 and 2012 with internal funds provided by Finis Terrae University. Its goal was to learn about the principles of aerodynamic urbanism. The study is focused on understanding the relationship between urban morphology and its geo-climatic environment, and the relevance of public...