Estefanía Caamaño-Martín

Estefanía Caamaño-Martín
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid | UPM · Instituto de Energía Solar (IES)

PhD on Telecommunications Engineering

About

81
Publications
19,508
Reads
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1,875
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2000 - November 2016
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Position
  • Associate Professor and Principal Researcher
August 2000 - November 2016
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Position
  • Associate Professor and Senior Researcher
August 2000 - present
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (81)
Article
Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems provide the people working/living inside buildings with ‘conditioned air’ so that they will have a comfortable and safe environment. Thermal comfort is considered as an aspect of a sustainable building in almost all sustainable building evaluation methods and tools. In fact, in the building...
Chapter
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1. Introduzindo o conceito de edifícios solares fotovoltaicos Entre as preocupações atuais mais importantes da humanidade estão as con-sequências da geração de energia no meio ambiente natural e a escassez de com-bustíveis fósseis. Essa consciência está referendada por acordos internacionais e legislações que preconizam a diminuição no consumo de e...
Article
Solar energy, as main energy supply that sustains life on Earth, is also an unavoidable component of the complex strategy in achieving a clean and fair energy transition and goals for sustainable development by 2030. The present work studies the potential of installing Photovoltaic Distributed Generation at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid – Ciuda...
Book
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Este livro aborda conceitos, tecnologias e métodos relacionados aos aspectos energético, higrotérmico e lumínico, apresentando como pano de fundo o uso de programas de simulação computacional, diagramas e ferramentas simplificadas para estudos analíticos, aplicados ao espaço construído em diferentes climas. Na primeira parte do livro, "Inputs-confo...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the use of artificial neural networks (ANNs) is proposed to manage the local demand of different electric grid elements to smooth their aggregated consumption. The ANNs are based on the load automation of the local electric behavior, following a local strategy but affecting to the global system. In an electrical grid, there is no pos...
Article
Full-text available
The fragile ecosystem of the Galapagos Islands is being affected by population growth, intensive tourism, the exploitation of local resources and the high consumption of imported fossil fuels. This unsustainable development model makes the provision of services such as electricity a challenge. This research investigates the hybrid renewable mini-gr...
Article
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There are 17 million people without access to electricity services in Latin America. This population lives in small isolated and scattered communities with low incomes where it is difficult to achieve 100% access to electricity by the grid extension. Therefore, it is necessary to create market mechanisms and promote off-grid electrification in whic...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este informe nace de la necesidad, por parte del Ministerio de Fomento, de conocer la capacidad de aprovechamiento de las cubiertas de los edificios de viviendas para la generación de energía térmica y eléctrica mediante instalaciones solares térmicas y fotovoltaicas. Posteriormente se pretende plantear la inclusión de estas soluciones en la nueva...
Conference Paper
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In this paper, we present a grid-connected PV-battery systems simulator called PVbat. PVbat was designed to simulate the power flows between the PV system, building loads, the battery system and the utility grid. In addition, PVbat uses ageing battery models in order to calculate the battery lifetime. An economic analysis is also performed taking i...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on a multi-agent coordination for demand-side management in electrical grids with high penetration rates of distributed generation, in particular photovoltaic generation. This coordination is done by the use of swarm intelligence and coupled oscillators, proposing a novel methodology, which is implemented by the so-call SwarmGrid...
Conference Paper
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Este artículo analiza la viabilidad de plantear estrategias de rehabilitación energética que contemplen la integración arquitectónica de tecnología fotovoltaica en un tipo de edificios de especial interés desde la perspectiva de las posibilidades de implantación existente en España, a saber, los edificios de oficinas. A través de un caso de estudio...
Conference Paper
This paper presents theoretical and experimental work that was carried out in a grid-connected residential building demonstrator at the 'Instituto de Energía Solar'. The house is provided with a building-integrated PV system coupled to a battery energy storage system (BESS), and a heating, ventilation, and airconditioning system (HVAC) based on two...
Article
Full-text available
On-site photovoltaic (PV) and battery systems intend to improve buildings energy performance, however battery costs and monetary incentives are a major drawback for the introduction of these technologies into the electricity grids. This paper proposes an energy refurbishment of an office building based on multi-objective simulations. An innovative...
Article
Full-text available
Self-consumption is modifying the classical structure of the electrical grids worldwide. This energy supply method allows a distributed energy generation and the possibility of involving citizens in the electrical grid. Many countries have defined or are defining rules regarding self-consumption because of the evidence of its unstoppable growth. Fr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents theoretical and experimental works that are being carried out in a grid-connected residential building prototype available at the Solar Energy Institute. The house is provided with five rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems distributed on different planes, a battery energy storage system (BESS) and heating, ventilation and aircondit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyzes four scenarios of PV system configuration and proposes an optimized hybrid PV system size in order to improve Load Matching and Grid Interaction (LMGI) indicators, describing the yearly and daily variations of the indexes. A net plus-energy house is modeled in EnergyPlus under humid subtropical and dry tropical climates and elec...
Article
The coordination of multiagent systems in real environments receives considerable attention from research and industry. The design of coordination mechanisms should take into account the nature of the environment where the system is embedded. In this paper, the multiagent system is in an environment that features periodic properties. This environme...
Article
In this paper, the electricity demand for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems of an office building located in two Ecuadorian cities (Quito and Guayaquil) has been analyzed. To perform the analysis, two scenarios have been considered: in the first, energy required for HVAC is entirely supplied from the grid; in the second, the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Whereas the modern architecture trends to an extensive use of glazing elements, buildings are increasingly required to minimize the external energy demand, cutting down the energy needed and covering the residual demand using local energy generation solutions. In this context, the integration of optimized Semi-Transparent Photovoltaic (STPV) elemen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) systems, the use of semi-transparent photovoltaic (STPV) elements presents a promising energy saving potential based on the close relationship existing between these multifunctional systems and the overall building energy balance. This work analyses the global energy performance (heating, cooling...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumen: De acuerdo a cifras del parque edificatorio a nivel mundial, entre el 40% y el 60% de la energía utilizada en los edificios comerciales se destina al acondicionamiento térmico. En este contexto, la subida de los precios de la electricidad experimentada en los últimos años, conjuntamente con la disminución de los precios de la tecnología fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Según los datos publicados por el IDAE en el Plan de Acción de Ahorro y Eficiencia Energética 2011-20, el 58% de la energía utilizada en edificios comerciales españoles se destina al acondicionamiento térmico (HVAC). En este contexto, la subida de los precios de la electricidad experimentada en los últimos años, y la disminución de los precios de l...
Article
Full-text available
Division of labor is a widely studied aspect of colony behavior of social insects. Division of labor models indicate how individuals distribute themselves in order to perform different tasks simultaneously. However, models that study division of labor from a dynamical system point of view cannot be found in the literature. In this paper, we define...
Article
One of the main characteristics of the Solar Decathlon Europe houses is that they run exclusively on solar energy, as part of the requirements of this worldwide competition for universities. This obligation stimulates the university Teams to search for innovative solutions to integrate photovoltaic technologies in their houses, searching for the be...
Article
Solar Decathlon Europe is an international competition among universities which promotes interdisciplinary learning in engineering and architecture. Students from different disciplines participate in teams guided by several professors during a 29 month preparation period plus five weeks of on-site contest. The educational project involves designing...
Article
Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems are a relevant application of photovoltaics. In countries belonging to the International Energy Agency countries, 24% of total installed PV power corresponds to BIPV systems. Electricity losses caused by shadows over the PV generator have a significant impact on the performance of BIPV systems, being...
Article
During the last decades, the photovoltaic (PV) modules and their associated architectural materials are increasingly being incorporated into the construction of the building envelope such as façade, roof and skylights in the urban centers. This paper analyzes the-state-of-the-art of the PV elements and construction materials which are advertised as...
Article
ABSTRACTA photovoltaic (PV) hybrid system combines PV with other forms of electricity generation, usually a diesel generator. The system presented in this paper uses concentration photovoltaic (CPV) as the main generator in combination with a storage system and the grid, configured as the backup power supply. The load of the system consists of an a...
Article
Over the past years, the photovoltaic (PV) market has been invaded with numerous power optimizers and micro-inverters that claim large energy gains when used in PV generators with shading or module mismatch. These products provide distributed maximum power point tracking (DMPPT), normally at module level, allowing the maximum power to be extracted...
Article
In Brazil, a low-latitude country characterized by its high availability and uniformity of solar radiation, the use of PV solar energy integrated in buildings is still incipient. However, at the moment there are several initiatives which give some hints that lead to think that there will be a change shortly. In countries where this technology is al...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Several cities worked together through the European cooperation project POLIS on the identification of active and passive solar potential. Different studies were set up within a specific framework, using different methodologies in order to reach the shared goal. The following paper presents initiatives in Malmö (Sweden), Vitoria-Gasteiz (Spain), Ly...
Conference Paper
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POLIS (Identification and mobilization of solar potentials via local strategies) is funded under the Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) Programme aiming at the implementation of strategic town planning and local policy measures to activate the solar ability of urban structures in European cities (www.polis-solar.eu). The aim is to present and evaluate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
PV Off-Grid systems have demonstrated to be a good solution for the electrification of remote areas [1]. A hybrid system is one kind of these systems. The principal characteristic is that it uses PV as the main generator and has a backup power supply, like a diesel generator, for instance, that is used when the CPV generation is not enough to meet...
Article
In this paper, we describe the development of a control system for Demand-Side Management in the residential sector with Distributed Generation. The electrical system under study incorporates local PV energy generation, an electricity storage system, connection to the grid and a home automation system. The distributed control system is composed of...
Article
The influence of different façade integrated photovoltaic solutions on the building energy consumption is not easy to assess under real operating conditions. Thermal aspects, inside temperatures or luminance level that can be expected using building integrated PV (BIPV) modules are not well-known. The BIPV Env-lab “BIPV Controlled Environment Test...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A PhotoVoltaic (PV) hybrid system combines PV with other forms of electricity generation, usually a diesel generator. However, a concentrating PhotoVoltaic (CPV) hybrid system substitutes the PV generator for a CPV generator. The system presented in this paper uses CPV as the main generator in combination with a storage system and the grid. The sys...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present a heterogeneous collaborative sensor network for electrical management in the residential sector. Improving demand-side management is very important in distributed energy generation applications. Sensing and control are the foundations of the "Smart Grid" which is the future of large-scale energy management. The system pres...
Article
With the rising prices of the retail electricity and the decreasing cost of the PV technology, grid parity with commercial electricity will soon become a reality in Europe. This fact, together with less attractive PV feed-in-tariffs in the near future and incentives to promote self-consumption suggest, that new operation modes for the PV Distribute...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the self-consumption possibilities of the local electricity generated in a grid-connected to low voltage PV system. In particular, it focuses on theoretical and simulated studies of the energy flows and exchanges that take place within the system and the influence that Demand-Side Management and storage systems have. Different f...
Article
This paper presents the operation of an Electrical Demand-Side Management (EDSM) system in a real solar house. The use of EDSM is one of the most important action lines to improve the grid electrical efficiency. The combination between the EDSM and the PV generation performs a new control level in the local electric behavior and allows new energy p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El sistema GeDELOS-FV es un ejemplo de valor añadido de la energía solar fotovoltaica que combina tecnología fotovoltaica híbrida de última generación con estrategias de Gestión de la Demanda Eléctrica. En este trabajo se ha configurado el sistema con el objetivo de maximizar la cantidad e energía fotovoltaica generada localmente y consumida por la...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Because of the recent technological developments within the field of power conditioning and the progressive decrease of incentives for PV electricity in grid-connected markets, new operation modes for PV systems should be explored beyond the traditional maximization of PV electricity feed-in. We have developed the GeDELOS-PV system as an example of...
Data
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Because of the recent technological developments within the field of power conditioning and the progressive decrease of incentives for PV electricity in grid-connected markets, new operation modes for PV systems should be explored beyond the traditional maximization of PV electricity feed-in. We have developed the GeDELOS-PV system as an example of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An Active Demand Side Management system that combines new PV hybrid technology with Demand Side Management strategies has been presented: the “GeDELOS-PV” system. In this study the system has been programmed to maximise the amount of PV electricity used on-site (self-consumption), either directly or indirectly through battery storage. Simulations h...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
En el presente trabajo presentamos un sistema de control distribuido para la gestión de la demanda en el sector residencial. La mejora de la gestión de la demanda es muy importante en aplicaciones de generación distribuida. La propuesta de este trabajo es la implementación de un sistema de control que genere automáticamente una planificación óptima...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
En el presente artículo se justifica la oportunidad y pertinencia de investigar nuevas estrategias de gestión de instalaciones fotovoltaicas combinadas con mecanismos de gestión de la demanda. Se presenta un sistema de gestión de la demanda doméstica capaz de desplazar la curva de carga en función de necesidades del usuario, la disponibilidad de ge...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With recent technological developments within the field of power conditioning and the progressive decrease of incentives for PV electricity in grid-connected markets, new operation modes for PV systems should be explored beyond the traditional maximization of PV electricity feed-in. An example can be found in the domestic sector, where the use of m...
Article
Electricity power systems worldwide have traditionally been designed to a vertically connected scheme characterised by centralised generation. Over the last few decades, several factors have dictated a gradual shift from the central-control approach to a more distributed layout where distributed generation (DG) technologies are effectively integrat...
Article
La Universidad Politécnica de Madrid ha sido seleccionada para participar en un concurso internacional de diseño, construcción y demostración de una vivienda solar autosuficiente que, sin renunciar a las comodidades de un hogar moderno, sepa conciliar la integración de nuevas tecnologías y el respeto a su entorno. La aventura, denominada Solar Deca...