Esteban Chirino

Esteban Chirino
Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí (ULEAM) · Faculty of Agricultural Science

Ph.D. Biology

About

93
Publications
29,702
Reads
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1,717
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
838 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
November 2016 - present
Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí (ULEAM)
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Professor of Geology, Biology and Natural Resources Conservation.
February 2015 - February 2016
Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo
Position
  • Senior Researcher Prometheus Project
Description
  • I was the researcher leader of VULCRES Project “Vulnerability to Climate Change of Native Plant Species in a Climatic Gradient Between the Provinces of Chimborazo and Tungurahua. (I) Response to Extreme Drought Events”
December 2013 - present
University of Alicante
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Ecohydrology, soil erosion, functional ecology; nursery seedlings; root architecture, ecological restoration of drylands
Education
September 1978 - September 1983
Agrarian University of the Havana
Field of study

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Full-text available
Coastal dune landscapes are subject to morphological and ecological changes. In many parts of the world, coastal dunes are under severe pressure. The present study illustrates an integrated remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) approach, i.e., geospatial techniques for assessing land-cover dynamics in Zouaraa coastal dunes, locat...
Article
Monospecific pine forests are widespread due to extensive afforestation efforts and natural colonization of abandoned croplands in the Mediterranean Basin. It was originally thought that pines would facilitate the natural colonization of native late-successional resprouter species (e.g., hardwoods), but these species can be compromised if competiti...
Article
Full-text available
In the climate change context, the severity and duration of drought periods are expected to increase. Forests are known to be extremely sensitive to climate change, especially in the Mediterranean Basin, and particularly in Tunisia, where climate is characterized by dry hot summers which will intensify and prolong due to climate change effects. A b...
Article
Full-text available
Transpiration is a crucial component in the hydrological cycle and a key parameter in many disciplines like agriculture, forestry, ecology and hydrology. Sap flow measurements are one of the most widely used approaches to estimate whole-plant transpiration in woody species; this is due to their applicability in different environments and in a varie...
Article
Full-text available
Cork oak (Quercus suber L.) is a suitable species for restoring Mediterranean ecosystems due to its capacity to resprout after wildfires and its economic importance for the use of cork. Several studies have focused on improving the seedling quality and abiotic conditions at the outplanting site to favour the field performance of Q. suber, however,...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Resprouter species, by regenerating rapidly, can maintain an optimal carbon balance and improve the resilience of ecosystems that have been disturbed or are at high risk of fire. Objective: To assess the effect of light availability and soil moisture on the ecophysiological variables of six resprouter species planted under cover of P...
Article
Full-text available
Whole-plant transpiration is a crucial component in the hydrological cycle and a key parameter in many disciplines like agriculture, forestry and ecology. Sap flow measurements are one of the most widely used methods to estimate whole-plant transpiration in woody species due to its wide application range and its ready automation for continuous data...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing the vulnerability of forest ecosystems in the climate change context is a challenging task as the mechanisms that determine this vulnerability cannot be directly observed. Based on the ecological interrelationships between forests and climate, the present review focused on providing current information about vulnerability assessments of c...
Presentation
Actual evapotranspiration (eta) is a key parameter to understand the soil-water balance in wild-vegetation ecosystems. Estimating the eta is, therefore, becoming increasingly important for sustainable water and land use management, particularly in water-limited areas. This study analyses the temporal-spatial variability of eta in pine forests in a...
Article
Full-text available
Forests provide many environmental services, especially those related to the water cycle. In semiarid areas where water is a limiting factor for ecosystem functioning, forested areas can have a strong impact on ground water recharge. In these areas, proper knowledge of forests’ water balance is necessary to promote management practices that may ens...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated stem radial growth and water storage dynamics of two conifer species differing in hydraulic‐carbon strategies, Juniperus monosperma and Pinus edulis, under conditions of ambient, drought (∼45% reduction in precipitation), heat (∼4.8 °C temperature increase) and the combination of drought+heat, in 2013 and 2014. Juniper maintained lo...
Chapter
Oak forests can naturally regenerate from seed or from sprouts. Both strategies result in the establishment of a tree layer, but they involve a crucial difference: i.e. regeneration from seeds affects population genetics while sprouting assures the recovery of biomass after a disturbance but it does not involve sexual reproduction. In addition the...
Chapter
Oak forests can naturally regenerate from seed or from sprouts. Both strategies result in the establishment of a tree layer, but they involve a crucial difference: i.e. regeneration from seeds affects population genetics while sprouting assures the recovery of biomass after a disturbance but it does not involve sexual reproduction. In addition the...
Poster
Full-text available
Mediterranean plants are subjected to high levels of drought stress during summer periods and, in some cases, dry conditions surpass security levels producing xylem cavitation. One of the key questions when analyzing the capacity of survival is: what is the capacity to recover xylem functionality after intense drought events with high levels of xyl...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Proyecto VERSUS-CGL2015-67466-R Mejora de la Vigilancia y prEdicción regional de Riesgos atmosféricos. Evaluación del papel de cambioS de los Usos del Suelo en la acumulación y realimentación de vapor de agua y contaminantes Este es el informe de la caracterización biofísica de seis parcelas experimentales localizadas a lo largo del valle costero d...
Article
Tropical Andean ecosystems have been identified as very vulnerable to climate change. Changes in climatic conditions, especially drought as envisaged by climate change projections, could affect the establishment of new individuals that are responsible for ensuring the persistence of species and plant communities. The aim was to study the main morph...
Article
Full-text available
Predictions of climate change have a high interest in semiarid regions like the province of Alicante (SE Spain). It is expected that the decrease of precipitation and the increase of air temperature according to climate change forecasts, could impact on the recharge to aquifers. In this context, the aim of this study was explore the possible impact...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Predictions of climate change have a high interest in semiarid regions like the province of Alicante (SE Spain). It is expected that the decrease of precipitation and the increase of air temperature according to climate change forecasts, could impact on the recharge to aquifers. In this context, the aim of this study was explore the possible impact...
Data
The forest container determines the morph-functional characteristics of saplings in general, the quality of plants produced. Dispose of a long main root in plants produced can determine its survival in regions with strong hydric constrains. Technology transfer is a way to bring society the investigations result. This study shows the preliminary res...
Article
Full-text available
The present work aims to assess the likely effects of climate change on the length of growing period (LGP) of crops in Marina Baixa (SE, Spain). LGP can be assessed by a balance between preci- pitation and reference evapotranspiration. Less rainfall and an increased evapotranspiration, forecast by Global Climate Models (GCMs), are considered as a h...
Article
In dryland areas, knowledge of plant water requirements and water use strategies of species are essential for use in afforestation, to ensure the establishment of seedlings in the first summer after planting. In this context, we used minilysimeters to estimate the daily whole-plant transpiration requirements in seedlings of Pinus halepensis, Pistac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Water is a limited resource in the semiarid areas, which affects both, the population services (blue water), and the natural ecosystems stability (green water). In this context, an accurate knowledge of soil water balance and role of vegetation cover contribute to improve the management of water and forest resources. These studies are increasingly...
Article
Full-text available
Key message Aleppo pine stands resilience can be increased by introducing local resprouting hardwood species. Pine density management impacts seedlings establishment by modifying resources availability and abiotic stress. Under Mediterranean conditions moderate pine density should be preferred to promote seedlings establishment. Abstract Context:...
Article
Full-text available
III Reunión del Grupo de Trabajo de Hidrología Forestal: La hidrología forestal: ciencia y técnicas útiles Balance hídrico del suelo en pinares con diferente densidad de arbolado. Efectos sobre el establecimiento de brinzales de especies rebrotadoras bajo el dosel Resumen El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar el balance hídrico del suelo...
Article
Full-text available
El agua es un recurso limitado en las zonas semiáridas, que afecta a los servicios a la población y a la estabilidad de los ecosistemas, especialmente en la cuenca Mediterránea dada la escasez hídrica que se prevé según el IPCC. En este contexto, un conocimiento del balance hídrico en el suelo y su relación con la cubierta vegetal contribuye a mejo...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change forecasts in a semiarid region are of much interest to academics, managers and governments. A significant decrease in annual precipitation and an increase in mean annual air temperature are expected; consequently, changes in the soil water balance and groundwater recharge to aquifers are expected as a response to climate change forec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar el balance hídrico del suelo en bosques de pino carrasco con diferente densidad de arbolado utilizando el modelo ecohidrológico HYDROBAL, y evaluar sus efectos sobre la introducción y establecimiento bajo el dosel, de brinzales de especies ampliamente utilizadas en la restauración forestal. En est...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Predictions of climate change have a high interest in semiarid regions like the province of Alicante (SE Spain). It is expected that the decrease of precipitation and the increase of air temperature according to climate change forecasts, could impact on the recharge to aquifers. In this context, the aim of this study was explore the possible impact...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The HYDROBAL software is a useful eco-hydrological model with daily resolution for assessing water balances in different vegetation types in a semiarid region of south-eastern Spain. Based on two models, hydrobal and DISRUM (raster model), it calculates water balance on two scales (vegetation plots and watershed). Designed with a modular structure,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
http://medpine5.ctfc.es/ Session Stand dynamics and forest management, Thursday 25 th Sept 56 Developing silvicultural methods to adapt pine forests to climate change has become a priority. Recommended management include in particular stand thinning in order to reduce competition for water and re-introduction of resprouting hardwood species to prom...
Article
Full-text available
Efectos del uso de contenedor profundo en quercus suber. Resultados prelimina-res de un proyecto de transferencia de tecnología (sierra calderona, españa). Effects of deep containers use in quercus suber. Preliminary results from a technology transfer project (sierra calderona, spain).
Article
Full-text available
Las predicciones sobre cambio climático tienen un gran interés en regiones como la provincia de Alicante cuya economía está basada en gran medida en las aguas subterráneas. A priori un descenso en la precipitación y un aumento de la temperatura podría generar impactos sobre la recarga de los acuíferos. En este contexto, el objetivo de este estudio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Water is a limited resource in the semiarid areas, which affects both, the population services, the economic growth, like the natural ecosystems stability. In this context, an accurate knowledge of soil water balance and role of the vegetation cover contribute to improve the management of resources water and forest. These studies are increasingly i...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Estimating groundwater recharge is essential to ensure the sustainable use of groundwater resources, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions. Soil water balances have been frequently advocated as valuable tools to estimate groundwater recharge. This article compares the performance of three soil water balance models (Hydrobal, Visual Ba...
Article
Mediterranean aquifers are frequently subject to the joint effect of intensive exploitation and low recharge values. Besides, groundwater is the only available water resource in many Mediterranean regions. Groundwater recharge studies are therefore necessary to underpin water management practices. This manuscript presents a methodology to estimate...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumen La reforestación es uno de los métodos más ampliamente utilizados para la recuperación de los ecosistemas degradados. En ambientes mediterráneos, las limitaciones impuestas por el clima y, en algunos casos, la severidad de los procesos de degradación hacen que los resultados de las reforestaciones sean pobres. Por otro lado, el seguimiento...
Data
Mediterranean aquifers are frequently subject to the joint effect of intensive exploitation and low recharge values. Besides, groundwater is the only available water resource in many Mediterranean regions. Groundwater recharge studies are therefore necessary to underpin water management practices. This manuscript presents a methodology to estimate...
Chapter
Full-text available
Water deficit is considered the main limiting factor for the establishment, survival, and growth of plants mainly in water-limited ecosystems. Plants have evolved a wide range of morphologic and functional mechanisms to adapt to arid environments. However, if the tension in the xylem conduits becomes too high, thus xylem cavitation can occur i.e.,...
Article
Full-text available
Reforestation efforts in dryland ecosystems frequently encounter drought and limited soil productivity, although both factors usually interact synergistically to worsen water stress for outplanted seedlings. Land degradation in drylands (e.g. desertification) usually reduces soil productivity and, especially, soil water availability. In dry sub-hum...
Article
Full-text available
A soil water balance model, HYDROBAL, has been used to quantify recharge in a karst aquifer under dry weather conditions. The model has also been useful to establish the importance of variables such as vegetation types and soil moisture on aquifer recharge rates. Two simulations were carried out. The first one assumes no vegetation cover, while the...
Conference Paper
El primer paso para poder planificar las medidas de adaptación adecuadas para afrontar las embestidas del cambio climático es la evaluación de los escenarios climáticos futuros, que a cincuenta o a cien años vista, se deben considerar para contar con una eficiente alerta en el tiempo y dar paso a las acciones y prevenciones que emanen de ese diagnó...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The estimation of aquifer recharge is one of the aspects needed to quantify the availability of groundwater resources. This is especially important in arid and semiarid climate, with scarce surface water, and which economy is based on those resources. In the literature, there is a wide range of methodologies and tools used to improve the knowledge...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The estimation of aquifer recharge is one of the aspects needed to quantify the availability of groundwater resources. This is especially important in arid and semiarid climate, with scarce surface water, and which economy is based on those resources. In the literature, there is a wide range of methodologies and tools used to improve the knowledge...
Article
Full-text available
In dryland ecosystems, post-transplant water stress produces high seedling mortality after the first summer following outplanting. Our aim was to assess the effects of clay and hydrogel, both on the water holding capacity of the growing media and on various morphological and physiological characteristics of Quercus suber seedlings in the nursery an...
Article
Full-text available
Daily sap flow rate was determined in five Mediterranean species (Pinus halepensis, Quercus coccifera, Pistacia lentiscus, Erica multiflora, and Stipa tenacissima) under two slope aspects (north- and south-facing) in a semi-arid area (Alicante, SE Spain). Sap flow velocity was measured in January, May, August and October of two consecutive years (1...
Article
Full-text available
As the main forestry species in the Canary Islands (Spain), Pinus canariensis is frequently used in afforestation programs. Several nursery techniques are commonly employed to modify its morphology and physiology with the aim of improving post-planting survival and growth. In this work, we studied how fertilization and light regime treatments appli...
Article
Differences in morphology, biomass allocations and physiological responses were investigated in seedlings of Mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus L.) and Cork oak (Quercus suber L.) submitted to contrasting fertilization and light regimes during early growth. These species are two evergreen sclerophyllous Mediterranean species frequently used inMediterr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ecological restoration represents an important tool for combating land degradation and increasing ecosystem resistance and resilience to disturbance, thus favoring the recovery of functions and services. Degraded drylands constitute very harsh conditions for the natural regeneration and rangeland restoration of the ecosystems. Scarcity of rainfall...
Chapter
Full-text available
Long-term post-fire restoration not only aims to restore the ecosystem structure and function, but also endeavors to recover ecosystem fire resilience and reduce future fire propogation potential. This generally requires restoration strategies that promote secondary succession towards more mature, more resilient plant communities at a landscape sca...
Article
Full-text available
Una de los principales riesgos para la supervivencia de los brinzales en las reforestaciones corresponde al shock post-transplante, producido por el cambio brusco en el régimen h'idrico entre el vivero y la disponibilidad h'idrica en campo. La utilización de substratos que mejoren la disponibilidad de agua en las plantaciones durante las primeras e...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the last chapter of Part II the topic was passive restoration and autoregeneration, eg., through encouraging natural dispersal of acorns by animals and the subsequent colonization of trees. In Part III we address seeding and planting techniques, used for afforestation and the active restoration of cork oak woodlands. Both processes entail severa...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, reforestation and afforestation programs are being carried out mainly with containerized seedlings. Container design determines the morphological and physiological characteristics of seedlings. However, container characteristics are often the same for plant species with very different growth strategies. The most commonly used n...
Article
Full-text available
Durante los últimos dos siglos, el alcornoque ha visto reducida su masa forestal y en la región mediterránea ha sufrido un proceso general de abandono. Con el objetivo de desarrollar técnicas de recuperación del alcornocal, el grupo de Restauración Forestal de la Fundación CEAM, a través del proyecto europeo CREOAK, ha desarrollado diversos experim...
Article
Full-text available
Afforestation and reforestation have been the more extended practices of forest restoration in most of Mediterranean countries. The establishment of the different species depends on both abiotic and biotic factors, the later including morphofunctional characteristics of each species. Target species and stock quality of seedlings are two of the main...
Article
Full-text available
El proyecto de demostración de Albatera se ha implementado en una pequeña cuencade 25 ha localizada en la vertiente sur de la Sierra de Crevillente-Albatera, al sur de la provincia de Alicante. La zona muestra un alto grado de degradación, consecuencia de las condiciones climáticas y edáficas limitantes, y de la acción antrópica. El proyecto de dem...
Article
Full-text available
En las últimas décadas, la comarca Marina Baixa ha sido objeto de una significativa transformación socioeconómica; lo cual ha diferenciado cambios demográficos, cambios en los usos del suelo y, en consecuencia, cambios en los usos y demanda de agua. Esta transformación ha generado 3 unidades ambientales de referencia (interior, intermedia y litoral...
Article
Forest management policies in Mediterranean areas have traditionally encouraged land cover changes, with the establishment of tree cover (Aleppo pine) in natural or degraded ecosystems for soil conservation purposes: to reduce soil erosion and to increase the vegetation structure. In order to evaluate the usefulness of these management policies on...
Chapter
Full-text available
Our region is characterized by a significant water deficit and consequently, water is a scarce resource. From time to time this factor is a fundamental constraint for some of the specific economic activities of the region. In this context, individual importance is paid to the study of indicators and technologies for the sustainable use of water. At...
Article
Full-text available
El acuífero del Ventós-Castellar es un pequeño acuífero kárstico de la provincia de Alicante, de especial importancia para el abastecimiento de Agost. A pesar de que las extracciones no son demasiado elevadas, las escasas entradas que recibe y, sobre todo, la irregularidad de las mismas, han hecho que en los últimos años se haya producido un descen...