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Ertl Peter

Ertl Peter
TU Wien | TU Wien · Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics

PhD (Chemistry), Grad. Eng. (Biotechnology)

About

128
Publications
25,866
Reads
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2,693
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2005 - December 2015
AIT Austrian Institute of Technology
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (128)
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to its ability to recapitulate key pathological processes in vitro, midbrain organoid technology has significantly advanced the modeling of Parkinson's disease over the last few years. However, some limitations such as insufficient tissue differentiation and maturation, deficient nutrient supply, and low analytical accessibility persist, altoge...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death worldwide; hence there is an increasing focus on developing physiologically relevant in vitro cardiovascular tissue models suitable for studying personalized medicine and pre-clinical tests. Despite recent advances, models that reproduce both tissue complexity and maturation are still limite...
Article
Full-text available
The re-creation of physiological cellular microenvironments that truly resemble complex in vivo architectures is the key aspect in the development of advanced in vitro organotypic tissue constructs. Among others, organ-on-a-chip technology has been increasingly used in recent years to create improved models for organs and tissues in human health an...
Article
Full-text available
Stem cell technology and embryonic stem cell models are of great interest in biomedical research since they provide deeper insights into, e.g., neurogenesis and early mammalian brain development. Despite their great scientific potential, the reliable establishment of three-dimensional embryoid bodies (EBs) remains a major challenge, and the current...
Article
Translation of advanced cell-based assays exhibiting a higher degree of automation, miniaturization, and integration of complementary sensing functions is mainly limited by the development of industrial-relevant prototypes that can be readily produced in larger volumes. Despite the increasing number of academic publications in recent years, the man...
Article
Full-text available
Rheumatoid arthritis is characterised by a progressive, intermittent inflammation at the synovial membrane, which ultimately leads to the destruction of the synovial joint. The synovial membrane as the joint capsule's inner layer is lined with fibroblast-like synoviocytes that are the key player supporting persistent arthritis leading to bone erosi...
Article
Owing to their self-renewal and multi-lineage differentiation capability, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) hold enormous potential in regenerative medicine. A prerequisite for a successful MSC therapy is the rigorous investigation of their function after in vitro cultivation. Damages introduced to mitochondria during cultivation adversely affect MSCs...
Article
Full-text available
The understanding that systemic context and tissue crosstalk are essential keys for bridging the gap between in vitro models and in vivo conditions led to a growing effort in the last decade to develop advanced multi-organ-on-a-chip devices. However, many of the proposed devices have failed to implement the means to allow for conditions tailored to...
Article
Full-text available
Cutaneous wound healing is a complex, multi-stage process involving direct and indirect cell communication events with the aim of efficiently restoring the barrier function of the skin. One key aspect in cutaneous wound healing is associated with cell movement and migration into the physically, chemically, and biologically injured area, resulting i...
Article
An impedimetric biosensor is used to measure electrical impedance changes in the presence of biomolecules from sinusoidal input voltages. In this paper, we present a new portable impedance-based biosensor platform to improve the sensitivity of immunoassays with microparticles as a label. Using a 2 × 4 interdigitated electrode array with a 10/10 μm...
Article
Full-text available
Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in both men and women worldwide. The high mortality rate in lung cancer is in part due to late-stage diagnostics as well as spread of cancer-cells to organs and tissues by metastasis. Automated lung cancer detection and its sub-types classification from cell’s images play a crucial role toward an early...
Preprint
Cutaneous wound healing is a complex multi-stage process involving direct and indirect cell communication events with the aim of efficiently restoring the barrier function of the skin. One key aspect in cutaneous wound healing is associated with cell movement and migration into the physically, chemically and biologically injured area resulting in w...
Article
Full-text available
Organ-on-a-chip technology promises to revolutionize how pre-clinical human trials are conducted. Engineering an in vitro environment that mimics the functionality and architecture of human physiology is essential toward building better platforms for drug development and personalized medicine. However, the complex nature of these devices requires s...
Article
Full-text available
Organ-on-a-chip technology has the potential to accelerate pharmaceutical drug development, improve the clinical translation of basic research, and provide personalized intervention strategies. In the last decade, big pharma has engaged in many academic research cooperations to develop organ-on-a-chip systems for future drug discoveries. Although m...
Preprint
Full-text available
After decades of simply being referred to as the body's sewage system, the lymphatic system has recently been recognized as a key player in numerous physiological and pathological processes. As an essential site of immune cell interactions, the lymphatic system is a potential target for next-generation drug delivery approaches in treatments for can...
Article
Full-text available
Physiological‐relevant in vitro tissue models with their promise of better predictability have the potential to improve drug screening outcomes in preclinical studies. Despite the advances of spheroid models in pharmaceutical screening applications, variations in spheroid size and consequential altered cell responses often lead to nonreproducible a...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the essential role secretory IgAs play in the defense against pathogenic invasion and the proposed value of recombinant secretory IgAs as novel therapeutics, currently there are no IgA-based therapies in clinics. Secretory IgAs are complex molecules and the major bottleneck limiting their therapeutic potential is a reliable recombinant prod...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rheumatoid arthritis is characterised by a progressive, intermittent inflammation at the synovial membrane, which ultimately leads to the destruction of the synovial joint. The synovial membrane, which is the joint capsule's inner layer, is lined with fibroblast-like synoviocytes that are the key player supporting persistent arthritis leading to bo...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we have aimed at developing a novel electrochemical sensing approach capable of detecting dopamine, the main biomarker in Parkinson’s disease, within the highly complex cell culture matrix of human midbrain organoids in a non-invasive and label-free manner. With its ability to generate organotypic structures in vitro, induced pluripo...
Article
Detection, quantification and monitoring of virus - host cell interactions are of great importance when evaluating the safety of pharmaceutical products. With the wide usage of viral based vector systems in combination with mammalian cell lines for the production of biopharmaceuticals, the presence of replication competent viral particles needs to...
Article
Luminescent chemical sensors have been proven to be a valuable asset in cell cultures and generally in microbiological studies. We present microfluidic cell culture devices with integrated optical chemical sensors. The integrated sensors offer the possibility to monitor dissolved oxygen and pH levels and enable the measurement of respiration and ac...
Article
Full-text available
Both cerium oxide (CeOx) nanoparticles and mefenamic acid (MFA) are known anti-inflammatory agents with hepatoprotective properties and are therefore prescribed for one of the major diseases in the world, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). To study the potential cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory effects as well as drug retention of a potent...
Article
Full-text available
Dermal fibroblast cell migration is a key process in a physiological wound healing. Therefore, the analysis of cell migration is crucial for wound healing research. In this study, lab-on-a-chip technology was used to investigate the effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), mitomycin C (MMC), MEK1/2 inhibitor (U0126) and fetal calf serum (F...
Article
Full-text available
Pichia pastoris has emerged in the past years as a promising host for recombinant protein and biopharmaceutical production. In the establishment of high cell density fed-batch biomanufacturing, screening phase and early bioprocess development (based on microplates and shake flasks) still represent a bottleneck due to high-cost and time-consuming pr...
Chapter
Organ-on-a-chip technology is ideally suited to cultivate and analyze 2D/3D cell cultures, organoids, and other tissue analogues in vitro, because these microphysiological systems have been shown to generate architectures, structural organization, and functions that closely resemble their respective human tissues and organs. Although great efforts...
Article
Full-text available
Microfluidics cell-based assays require strong cell-substrate adhesion for cell viability, proliferation, and differentiation. The intrinsic properties of PDMS, a commonly used polymer in microfluidics systems, regarding cell-substrate interactions have limited its application for microfluidics cell-based assays. Various attempts by previous resear...
Article
Full-text available
Glucose transport is key for cellular metabolism as well as physiological function and is maintained via passive facilitated and active sodium-glucose linked transport routes. Here, we present for the first time Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy as a novel approach for quantification of apical-to-basolateral glucose transport of in vitro cell...
Article
Arthritis is a chronic, systemic joint disease in which an autoimmune response translates into an inflammatory attack resulting in joint damage, disability and decreased quality of life. Despite recent introduction of therapeutic agents such as anti-TNFα, even the best current therapies fail to achieve disease remission in most arthritis patients....
Article
Full-text available
A key challenge for bioprocess engineering is the identification of the optimum process conditions for the production of biochemical and biopharmaceutical compounds using prokaryotic as well as eukaryotic cell factories. Shake flasks and bench‐scale bioreactor systems are still the golden standard in the early stage of bioprocess development, thoug...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung In diesem Artikel stellen wir die Entwicklung eines mikrofluidischen Microarray zum Immobilisieren und Analysieren einzelner Zellen vor. Das System besteht aus einem Hybridchip aus Polydimethylsiloxan und Glas mit einem mikrofluidischen Kanalnetz, welches mit hydrodynamischen Fallen ausgestattet ist. Der Mikrofluidik-Chip wurde mit...
Article
The human placenta is a unique organ serving as the lung, gut, liver, and kidney of the fetus, mediating the exchange of different endogenous as well as exogenous substances and gases between the mother and fetus during pregnancy. Additionally, the placental barrier protects the fetus from a range of environmental toxins, bacterial and viral infect...
Article
Full-text available
Organ-on-a-chip technology has gained great interest in recent years given its ability to control the spatio-temporal microenvironments of cells and tissues precisely. While physical parameters of the respective niche such as microchannel network sizes, geometric features, flow rates, and shear forces, as well as oxygen tension and concentration gr...
Preprint
Full-text available
With its ability to emulate microarchitectures and functional characteristics of native organs in vitro, induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology has enabled the generation of a plethora of organotypic constructs, including that of the human midbrain. However, reproducibly engineering and differentiating such human midbrain organoids (hMOs)...
Article
Full-text available
Structured metal thin-film electrodes are heavily used in electrochemical assays to detect a range of analytes including toxins, biomarkers, biological contaminants and cell cultures using amperometric, voltammetric and impedance-based (bio)sensing strategies as well as separation techniques such as dielectrophoresis. Over the last decade, thin-fil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We are developing an integrated microfluidic impedance-based biosensor that contains all necessary components to conduct a signal-amplified sandwich immunoassay using microparticle labeling method. A controlled capillary-driven force is utilized for fluidic manipulation and magnetic microparticles are adapted to enhance the impedance signals for Li...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we describe a microfluidic three-dimensional (3D) chondrocyte culture mimicking in vivo articular chondrocyte morphology, cell distribution, metabolism, and gene expression. This has been accomplished by establishing a physiologic nutrient diffusion gradient across the simulated matrix, while geometric design constraints of the microc...
Article
Full-text available
Synthetic biology aims to understand fundamental biological processes in more detail than possible for actual living cells. Synthetic biology can combat decomposition and build-up of artificial experimental models under precisely controlled and defined environmental and biochemical conditions. Microfluidic systems can provide the tools to improve a...
Article
Full-text available
Microfluidic study of transient cell-to-cell interaction cascades as a response to circulating factors during Type 1 allergic reactions are still in its infancy. Here, we report a fully-automated, miniaturized and...
Article
Full-text available
The enhanced predictive power of 3D multi-cellular spheroids in comparison to conventional monolayer cultures makes them a promising drug screening tool. However, clinical translation for pharmacology and toxicology is lagging its technological progression. Even though spheroids show a biological complexity resembling native tissue, standardization...
Article
Oxygen plays a pivotal role in cellular homeostasis and its partial pressure determines cellular function and fate. Consequently, the ability to control oxygen tension is a critical parameter for recreating physiologically-relevant in vitro culture conditions for mammalian cells and microorganisms. Despite its importance, most microdevices and orga...
Article
Full-text available
In view of the constant increase of nanotechnology and nanomaterials applications in our daily life, to determine whether they are safe, "in vitro" and "in vivo" screening methods are needed. Obviously, application of models that are similar to the physiological tissues process of the human body could be a better candidate. The three-dimensional sp...
Article
Full-text available
Mechanobiology-on-a-chip is a growing field focusing on how mechanical inputs modulate physico-chemical output in microphysiological systems. It is well known that biomechanical cues trigger a variety of molecular events and adjustment of mechanical forces is therefore essential for mimicking in vivo physiologies in organ-on-a-chip technology. Biom...
Article
Organ-on-a-chip technology offers the potential to recapitulate human physiology by keeping human cells in a precisely controlled and artificial tissue-like microenvironment. The current and potential advantages of organs-on-chips over conventional cell cultures systems and animal models have captured the attention of scientists, clinicians and pol...
Article
Full-text available
The assessment of drug-dose responses is vital for the prediction of unwanted toxicological effects in modern medicine. Three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures techniques can provide in vivo-like spheroids and microtissues that resemble natural tumor function. However, formation of necrotic core and diffusion limitation of chemical compounds within th...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge on the availability of dissolved oxygen inside microfluidic cell culture systems is vital for recreating physiological-relevant microenvironments and for providing reliable and reproducible measurement conditions. It is important to highlight that in vivo cells experience a diverse range of oxygen tensions depending on the resident tissue...
Article
Full-text available
ood are thereby separated at any time, by the so-called placental barrier. Current in vitro approaches fail to model this multifaceted structure, therefore research in the field of placental biology is particularly challenging. The present study aimed at establishing a novel model, simulating placental transport and its implications on development,...
Data
Images of microfluidic devices. (A) Microfluidic glass chip (76 mm × 26 mm × 2.3 mm) for monolayer culture containing eight chambers with a sensor spot centralized in each chamber. (B) Microfluidic glass chip (76 mm × 26 mm × 4.4 mm) for three-dimensional (3D) hydrogel cultures with four sensor spots in each chamber. Scale bar represent 10 mm.
Data
Partial oxygen pressure recorded during 3 h of cell seeding zoomed in to the first 50 min of oxygen monitoring.
Data
Finite volume simulation of oxygen distribution in 3D hydrogel after (A) 1 h, (B) 6 h, and (C) 12 h of medium perfusion without cells showing complete saturation of hydrogel with oxygen within 12 h.
Article
Reengineering functional vascular networks in vitro remains an integral part in tissue engineering, since the incorporation of non-perfused tissues results in restricted nutrient supply and limited waste removal. Microfluidic devices are routinely used to mimic both physiological and pathological vascular microenvironments. Current procedures eithe...
Chapter
Several techniques have been established over the last decades to produce three-dimensional (3D) cellular spheroids and each method has its advantages and limitations. The unique self-assembly properties of surface layer (S-layer) proteins have already been applied to a broad range of life science applications. The bacterial S-layer protein SbpA di...
Chapter
Over the last decades the application of cell-based assays and in vitro cell culture systems has fundamentally transformed our understanding of biological functions on a cellular and organism level. The resulting ubiquitous usage of cell-based assays in today’s scientific world has therefore generated a need for advanced in vitro diagnostic systems...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction The synovium is primarily built by fibroblast-like-synoviocytes (FLS). In the healthy synovium FLS form a complex tissue network via long-distance intercellular connexions (nanotubes). Using a 3D synovial micromass culture system, our previous research demonstrated that FLS exchange cytoplasmic cargo, i.e. organelles like mitochondria,...
Conference Paper
Introduction The synovium demonstrates a distinct cellular structure with a densely packed synovial lining layer that sits on top of a loosely organised sublining layer. In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), this tissue hosts the inflammatory reaction and undergoes drastic structural changes. We hypothesise that this inflammatory remodelling results in tis...
Article
In the present work, we combine experimental and computational methods to define the critical shear stress as an alternative pa-rameter for nanotoxicological and nanomedical evaluations using an in vitro microfluidic vascular model. We demonstrate that our complementary in vitro & in silico approach is well suited to assess the fluid flow velocity...
Book
This volume provides a comprehensive look at the current fabrication methods, materials, cell patterning techniques, and practical application of live-cell microarrays. The chapters in this book are categorized into six parts: introduction, biointerface engineering and live-cell microarrays, printing techniques for live-cell microarrays, live-cell...
Article
Full-text available
The human placenta plays a crucial role as the interface between mother and fetus. It represents a unique tissue that undergoes morphological as well as functional changes on the cellular and tissue level throughout pregnancy. To better understand how the placenta works, a variety of techniques has been developed to re-create this complex physiolog...
Article
Full-text available
Microfluidic cell cultures are ideally positioned to become the next generation in vitro diagnostic tools for biomedical research, where key biological processes such as cell signalling and dynamic cell-to-cell interactions can be reliably analysed under reproducible physiological cell culture conditions. In the last decade a large number of microf...