# Ernst-Michael IlgenfritzJoint Institute for Nuclear Research | jinr ОИЯИ · Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of High Energy Physics

Ernst-Michael Ilgenfritz

Dr. habil.

## About

266

Publications

9,172

Reads

**How we measure 'reads'**

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more

5,812

Citations

## Publications

Publications (266)

In this paper we study thermodynamic properties of dense cold SU(2) QCD within lattice simulation with dynamical rooted staggered quarks which in the continuum limit correspond to Nf=2 quark flavours. We calculate baryon density, renormalized chiral and diquark condensates for various baryon chemical potentials in the region μ∈(0,2000) MeV. It is f...

In this paper we study thermodynamic properties of dense cold $SU(2)$ QCD within lattice simulation with dynamical rooted staggered quarks which in the continuum limit correspond to $N_f=2$ quark flavours. We calculate baryon density, renormalized chiral and diquark condensates for various baryon chemical potentials in the region $\mu \in (0,\,2000...

Topological lumps are known to be present in gluonic fields of SU(3) gluodynamics. Near the transition temperature they were classified either as constituents of nondissociated (anti)calorons, or as constituents of (anti)dyon pairs, or as isolated (anti)dyons. In this paper we study the density and correlation functions of these objects at temperat...

Topological lumps are known to be present in gluonic fields of SU(3) gluodynamics. Near the transition temperature they were classified either as constituents of nondissociated (anti)calorons, or as constituents of (anti)dyon pairs, or as isolated (anti)dyons. In this paper we study the density and correlation functions of these objects at temperat...

A bstract
In this paper we study the interactions among a static quark-antiquark pair in the presence of dense two-color quark matter with lattice simulation. To this end we compute Polyakov line correlation functions and determine the renormalized color averaged, color singlet and color triplet grand potentials. The color singlet grand potential a...

In this paper we study the interactions among a static quark-antiquark pair in the presence of dense two-color quark matter with lattice simulation. To this end we compute Polyakov line correlation functions and determine the renormalized color averaged, color singlet and color triplet grand potentials. The color singlet grand potential allows us t...

In this report we study the properties of the dense SU(2) QCD. The lattice simulations are carried out with improved gauge action and smaller lattice spacing as compared to our previous work. This allowed us to approach closer to the continuum limit and reach larger densities without lattice artifacts. We measured string tension and Polyakov loop a...

We study the topological structure of $SU(3)$ lattice gluodynamics by cluster analysis. This methodological study is meant as preparation for full QCD. The topological charge density is becoming visible in the process of overimproved gradient flow, which is monitored by means of the the Inverse Participation Ratio (IPR). The flow is stopped at the...

A bstract
In this paper we study the confinement/deconfinement transition in lattice SU(2) QCD at finite quark density and zero temperature. The simulations are performed on an 32 ⁴ lattice with rooted staggered fermions at a lattice spacing a = 0.044 fm. This small lattice spacing allowed us to reach very large baryon density (up to quark chemical...

We present the results of a low-temperature scan of the phase diagram of dense two-color QCD with Nf = 2 quarks. The study is conducted using lattice simulation with rooted staggered quarks. At small chemical potential we observe the hadronic phase, where the theory is in a confining state, chiral symmetry is broken, the baryon density is zero and...

We study lattice QCD with $N_f=2$ Wilson fermions at nonzero imaginary chemical potential and nonzero temperature. We relate the Roberge - Weiss phase transition to the properties of dyons which are constituents of the KvBLL calorons. We present numerical evidence that the characteristic features of the spectral gap of the overlap Dirac operator as...

In this paper we carry out a low-temperature scan of the phase diagram of dense two-color QCD with $N_f=2$ quarks. The study is conducted using lattice simulation with rooted staggered quarks. At small chemical potential we observe the hadronic phase, where the theory is in a confining state, chiral symmetry is broken, the baryon density is zero an...

The phase diagram of two-color QCD with a chiralchemical potential is studied on the lattice. The focus is on the confinement/deconfinement phase transition and the breaking/restoration of chiral symmetry. The simulations are carried out with dynamical staggered fermions without rooting. The dependence of the Polyakov loop, the chiral condensate an...

In this paper we report on lattice simulations of SU(3)-QCD with non-zero
chiral chemical potential. We focus on the influence of the chiral chemical
potential on the confinement/deconfinement phase transition and the
breaking/restoration of chiral symmetry. The simulation is carried out with
dynamical Wilson fermions. We find that the critical tem...

We study the topological structure of QCD by cluster analysis. The fermionic
topological charge density is constructed from low lying modes of overlap Dirac
operator for three types of temporal boundary conditions for fermion field.
This gives the possibility to mark all three dyon constitutents of KvBLL
caloron in gluonic fields. The gluonic topol...

We present an ongoing project aimed at determining the thermodynamic Equation
of State (EoS) of quark--gluon matter from lattice QCD with two generations of
dynamical quarks. We employ the Wilson twisted mass implementation for the
fermionic fields and the improved Iwasaki gauge action. Relying on $T=0$ data
obtained by the ETM Collaboration the st...

We present results for the topological susceptibility at nonzero temperature
obtained from lattice QCD with four dynamical quark flavours. We apply
different smoothing methods, including gradient Wilson flow and over--improved
cooling, before calculating the susceptibility. It is shown that the considered
smoothing techniques basically agree among...

Based on the constituent quasiparticle model of the quark–gluon plasma (QGP), a color quantum path-integral Monte-Carlo (PIMC) method for calculation of the thermodynamic properties of the QGP is developed. We show that the PIMC method can be used for calculations of the equation of state at zero and non-zero baryon chemical potential not only abov...

We report on lattice QCD results for the thermodynamic equation of state of
quark-gluon matter obtained with Nf=2 degenerate quark flavors. For the fermion
field discretization we are using the Wilson-twisted mass prescription.
Simulations have been carried out at three values of the bare quark masses
corresponding to pion masses of 360, 430 and 64...

The phase diagram of two-color QCD with non-zero chiral chemical potential is
studied by means of lattice simulation. We focus on the influence of a chiral
chemical potential on the confinement/deconfinement phase transition and the
breaking/restoration of chiral symmetry. The simulation is carried out with
dynamical staggered fermions without root...

The topological structure of lattice gluodynamics is studied at intermediate
resolution scale in the deconfining phase with the help of a cluster analysis.
UV filtered topological charge densities are determined from a fixed number of
low-lying eigenmodes of the overlap Dirac operator with three types of temporal
boundary conditions applied to the...

In this talk we report on our study of two-colour lattice QCD with N_f=4
staggered fermion degrees of freedom with equal electric charge q in a
homogeneous magnetic field B at non-zero temperature T. We find indications for
a non-monotonic behaviour of the critical temperature as a function of the
magnetic field strength and, as a consequence, for...

In this contribution we extend our unquenched computation of the Landau gauge
gluon and ghost propagators in lattice QCD at non-zero temperature. The study
was aimed at providing input for investigations employing continuum functional
methods. We show data which correspond to pion mass values between 300 and 500
MeV and are obtained for a lattice s...

Two-color lattice QCD with N_f=4 staggered fermion degrees of freedom (no
rooting trick is applied) with equal electric charge q is studied in a
homogeneous magnetic background field B and at non-zero temperature T. In order
to circumvent renormalization as a function of the bare coupling we apply a
fixed-scale approach. We study the influence of t...

Topological objects of SU(3) gluodynamics are studied near the transition
temperature with the help of zero and near-zero modes of the overlap Dirac
operator. We construct UV filtered topological charge densities for three
versions of temporal boundary conditions applied to this operator, for which
zero modes are known to be located on correspondin...

Gluodynamics and two-flavor QCD at non-zero temperature are studied with the
so-called overimproved cooling technique under which caloron solutions may
remain stable. We consider topological configurations either at the first
occuring stable plateau of topological charge or at the first (anti)selfdual
plateau and find the corresponding topological...

We continue the systematic computation of Landau gauge gluon and ghost
propagators of SU(2) gluodynamics using a sequence of increasing lattice
sizes L^4 up to L=112 with corresponding \beta-values chosen to keep the
linear physical size a(\beta)L ~ 9.6 fm fixed. To extremize the Landau
gauge functional we employ simulated annealing combined with s...

We study finite (physical) volume and scaling violation effects of Landau
gauge ghost propagator as well as of the running coupling alpha_s(p) in the
SU(2) lattice gauge theory. We consider lattices with physical sizes between 3
and 7 fm and values of spacing a between 0.2 and 0.07 fm. To fix the gauge we
apply an efficient gauge fixing method aime...

We investigate the temperature dependence of the Landau gauge gluon and ghost
propagators in lattice QCD with two flavors of maximally twisted mass fermions.
For these propagators we provide and analyze data which corresponds to pion
mass values between 300 and 500 MeV. For the gluon propagator we find that both
the longitudinal and transversal com...

Using a standard cooling method for SU(3) lattice gauge fields constant
Abelian magnetic field configurations are extracted after dyon-antidyon
constituents forming metastable Q=0 configurations have annihilated. These
so-called Dirac sheets, standard and non-standard ones, corresponding to the
two U(1) subgroups of the SU(3) group, have been found...

We calculate Wilson loops of various sizes up to 20 loops in SU(3) pure
lattice gauge theory at different lattice sizes for Wilson gauge action using
the technique of numerical stochastic perturbation theory. This allows us to
investigate the perturbative series for various Wilson loops at high loop
orders. We observe differences in the behavior of...

In this paper we investigate the influence of a constant external magnetic
field on the finite-temperature phase structure and the chiral properties of a
simplified lattice model for QCD. We assume an SU(2) gauge symmetry and employ
dynamical staggered fermions of identical mass without rooting, corresponding
to Nf=4 flavors of identical electric c...

The behavior of the Landau gauge gluon and ghost propagators is studied in
pure SU(3) gauge theory at non-zero temperature on the lattice. We concentrate
on the momentum range [0.6, 2.0] GeV. For the longitudinal as well as for the
transverse component of the gluon propagator we extract the continuum limit. We
demonstrate the smallness of finite-si...

We summarize the higher‐loop perturbative computation of the ghost and gluon propagators in
SU
(3)
Lattice Gauge Theory. Our final aim is to compare with results from lattice simulations in order to expose the genuinely non‐perturbative content of the latter. By means of Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory we compute the ghost and gluon pro...

We investigate the thermal QCD transition with two flavors of maximally
twisted mass fermions for a set of pion masses, 300 MeV \textless $m_\pi$
\textless 500 MeV, and lattice spacings $a$ \textless 0.09 fm. We determine the
pseudo-critical temperatures and discuss their extrapolation to the chiral
limit using scaling forms for different universal...

This is the second of two papers devoted to the perturbative computation of the ghost and gluon propagators in SU(3) Lattice Gauge Theory. Such a computation should enable a comparison with results from lattice simulations in order to reveal the genuinely non-perturbative content of the latter. The gluon propagator is computed by means of Numerical...

This is the first of a series of two papers on the perturbative computation of the ghost and gluon propagators in SU(3) Lattice Gauge Theory. Our final aim is to eventually compare with results from lattice simulations in order to enlight the genuinely non-perturbative content of the latter. By means of Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory we c...

By means of Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory (NSPT), we calculate the
lattice gluon propagator up to three loops of perturbation theory in the limits
of infinite volume and vanishing lattice spacing. Based on known anomalous
dimensions and a parametrization of both the hypercubic symmetry group H(4) and
finite-size effects, we calculate the...

We calculate perturbative Wilson loops of various sizes up to loop order $n=20$ at different lattice sizes for pure plaquette and tree-level improved Symanzik gauge theories using the technique of Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory. This allows us to investigate the behavior of the perturbative series at high orders. We observe differences in...

We utilise a recently developed minimal MOM scheme to determine the QCD Lambda parameter from the gluon and ghost propagators in lattice Landau gauge. We discuss uncertainties in the analysis and report our preliminary zero and two flavour results, which are r_0*LambdaMS^{(0)}=0.62(1) and r_0*LambdaMS^{(2)}=0.60(3)(2), with the second error due to...

We calculate the gluon structure function of a color dipole in a new approach evaluating the matrix elements of SU(2) gluon field operators separated along a direction close to the light cone. As vacuum state in the pure glue sector, we use a variational ground state of the near-light-cone Hamiltonian. With a mean momentum fraction of the gluons fi...

Lattice results for the gluon propagator in SU(2) pure gauge theory obtained on large lattices are presented. Simulated annealing is used throughout to fix the Landau gauge. We concentrate on checks for Gribov copy effects and for scaling properties. Our findings are similar to the ones in the SU(3) case, supporting the decoupling-type infrared beh...

Overlap fermions preserve a remnant of chiral symmetry on the lattice. They
are a powerful tool to investigate the topological structure of the vacuum of
Yang-Mills theory and full QCD. Recent results concerning the localization of
topological charge and the localization and local chirality of the overlap
eigenmodes are reported. The charge distrib...

We calculate the gluon structure function of a color dipole in a new approach evaluating the matrix elements of SU(2) gluon field operators separated along a direction close to the light cone. As vacuum state in the pure glue sector, we use a variational ground state of the near-light-cone Hamiltonian. With a mean momentum fraction of the gluons fi...

We present numerical results for the phase diagram of lattice QCD at finite temperature in the formulation with twisted mass Wilson fermions and a tree-level Symanzik-improved gauge action. Our simulations are performed on lattices with temporal extent Ntau=8, and lattice coupling beta ranging from strong coupling to the scaling domain. Covering a...

We calculate Wilson loops of various sizes up to loop order $n=20$ for lattice sizes of $L^4 (L=4, 6, 8, 12)$ using the technique of Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory in quenched QCD. This allows to investigate the behaviour of the perturbative series at high orders. We discuss three models to estimate the perturbative series: a renormalon i...

We complete our high-accuracy studies of the lattice ghost propagator in Landau gauge in Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory up to three loops. We present a systematic strategy which allows to extract with sufficient precision the non-logarithmic parts of logarithmically divergent quantities as a function of the propagator momentum squared in...

We calculate the gluon structure function of a color dipole in
near-light-cone SU(2) lattice QCD as a function of $x_B$. The quark and
antiquark are external non-dynamical degrees of freedom which act as sources of
the gluon string configuration defining the dipole. We compute the color dipole
matrix element of transversal chromo-electric and chrom...

We study the momentum dependence of the ghost propagator and of the space and time components of the gluon propagator at equal time in pure SU(3) lattice Coulomb gauge theory carrying out a joint analysis of data collected independently at RCNP Osaka and Humboldt University Berlin. We focus on the scaling behavior of these propagators at beta=5.8,....

We present recent results for the Landau-gauge gluon and ghost propagators in SU(3) lattice gluodynamics obtained on a sequence of lattices with linear extension ranging from L=64 to L=96 at β=5.70, thus reaching “deep infrared” momenta down to 75 MeV. Our gauge-fixing procedure essentially uses a simulated annealing technique which allows us to re...

We present higher loop results for the gluon and ghost propagator in Landau gauge on the lattice calculated in numerical stochastic perturbation theory. We make predictions for the perturbative content of those propagators as function of the lattice momenta for finite lattices. To find out their nonperturbative contributions, the logarithmic defini...

We describe the recently found non-selfdual axially symmetric caloron solutions of SU(2) gluodynamics with trivial holonomy. We present the local Polyakov loop together with the action and topological charge density. Different from the well-known KvBLL calorons, the calorons considered here are composed out of pseudoparticle constituents carrying i...

We present one- and two-loop results for the ghost propagator in Landau gauge calculated in Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory (NSPT). The one-loop results are compared with available standard Lattice Perturbation Theory in the infinite-volume limit. We discuss in detail how to perform the different necessary limits in the NSPT approach and d...

In the deconfinement phase of quenched SU(2) Yang-Mills theory the spectrum and localization properties of the eigenmodes of the overlap Dirac operator with antiperiodic boundary conditions are strongly dependent on the sign of the average Polyakov loop, $ $. For $ > 0$ a gap appears with only few, highly localized topological zero and near-zero mo...

We study SU(2) gluodynamics at finite temperature on both sides of the deconfining phase transition. We create the lattice ensembles using the tree-level tadpole-improved Symanzik action. The Neuberger overlap Dirac operator is used to determine the following three aspects of vacuum structure: (i) The topological susceptibility is evaluated at vari...

We study the finite-temperature behavior of the A^2 condensate in the Landau gauge of SU(2) Yang--Mills theory on the lattice in a wide range of temperatures. The asymmetry between the electric (temporal) and magnetic (spatial) components of this unconventional dimension-2 condensate is a convenient ultraviolet-finite quantity which possesses, as w...

We present clear evidence of strong effects of Gribov copies in Landau gauge gluon and ghost propagators computed on the lattice at small momenta by employing a new approach to Landau gauge fixing and a more effective numerical algorithm. It is further shown that the new approach substantially decreases notorious finite-volume effects.

A detailed comparison is made between the topological structure of
quenched QCD as revealed by the recently proposed over-improved
stout-link smearing in conjunction with an improved gluonic definition
of the topological density on one hand and a similar analysis made
possible by the overlap-fermionic topological charge density both with
and withou...

We study the infrared behavior of the effective Coulomb potential in lattice SU(3) Yang-Mills theory in the Coulomb gauge. We use lattices up to a size of 48^4 and three values of the inverse coupling, beta=5.8, 6.0 and 6.2. While finite-volume effects are hardly visible in the effective Coulomb potential, scaling violations and a strong dependence...

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.77.039902

We report on work in progress in which we calculate the gluon structure function of a color dipole in near light cone SU(2) lattice QCD. The color dipole is represented by a high (nearly infinite) momentum q ¯ q state added to the vacuum. We use as vacuum state a variational ground state of the near light cone Hamiltonian. We compute the color dipo...

We study the finite-temperature behavior of the A2 condensate in the Landau gauge of SU(2) Yang-Mills theory on the lattice in a wide range of temperatures. The asymmetry between the electric (temporal) and magnetic (spatial) components of this unconventional dimension-2 con- densate is a convenient, ultraviolet-finite quantity which possesses, as...

We present the near light cone Hamiltonian $H$ in lattice QCD depending on the parameter $\eta$, which gives the distance to the light cone. Since the vacuum has zero momentum we can derive an effective Hamiltonian $H_{eff}$ from $H$ which is only quadratic in the momenta and therefore solvable by standard methods. An approximate ground state wave...

The SU(2) gluon propagator in Landau gauge is studied on the lattice. Our gauge fixing procedure employs simulated annealing and Z(2)-flips. It finds higher maxima of the gauge functional compared with those obtained with the standard overrelaxation and leads to systematic deviations of the gluon propagator in the infrared region. In particular, fi...

We study SU(2) gluodynamics at finite temperature near the deconfining phase transition. We create the lattice ensembles using the tadpole improved Luscher-Weisz action. The overlap Dirac operator is used to determine the following three aspects of vacuum structure: (i) The topological susceptibility is evaluated at various temperatures across the...

Overlap fermions are particularly well suited to study the finite temperature dynamics of the chiral symmetry restoration transition of QCD, which might be just an analytic crossover. Using gauge field configurations on a 24^3x10 lattice with N_f=2 flavours of dynamical Wilson-clover quarks generated by the DIK collaboration, we compute the lowest...

We present selected recent results of the QCDSF collaboration on the localization and dimensionality of low overlap eigenmodes and of the topological density in the quenched SU(3) vacuum. We discuss the correlations between the topological structure revealed by overlap fermions without filtering and the confining monopole and P-vortex structure obt...

We present recent results of the Landau gauge gluon and ghost propagators in SU(3) pure gauge theory at Wilson \beta=5.7 for lattice sizes up to 80^4 corresponding to physical volumes up to (13.2 fm)^4. In particular, we focus on finite-volume and Gribov copy effects. We employ a gauge fixing method that combines a simulated annealing algorithm wit...

The Landau-gauge gluon propagator is computed for the SU(3) gauge theory on lattices up to a size of $32^3 \times 200$. We use the standard Wilson action at $\beta = 6.0$ and compare our results with previous computations using large asymmetric and symmetric lattices. In particular, we focus on the impact of the lattice geometry and momentum cuts t...

We calculate loop contributions up to four loops to the Landau gauge gluon propagator in numerical stochastic perturbation theory. For different lattice volumes we carefully extrapolate the Euler time step to zero for the Langevin dynamics derived from the Wilson action. The one-loop result for the gluon propagator is compared to the infinite volum...

We discuss the use of Wilson fermions with twisted mass for simulations of QCD thermodynamics. As a prerequisite for a future analysis of the finite-temperature transition making use of automatic O(a) improvement, we investigate the phase structure in the space spanned by the hopping parameter kappa, the coupling beta, and the twisted mass paramete...

We give a status report of our work on light cone Hamiltonian lattice QCD. We have derived an effective Hamiltonian $H_{eff}$ which is only quadratic in the momenta and therefore can be simulated by standard methods. For this Hamiltonian we determine variationally an approximate ground state wave functional in the light cone limit.