Ernesto Panadero

Ernesto Panadero
University of Deusto | DEUSTO

Ph.D.

About

96
Publications
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5,221
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Publications

Publications (96)
Article
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The use of learning strategies is crucial for students' academic performance and promoting deeper learning approaches. The self-regulated learning models offer comprehensive theoretical backgrounds. These enable more holistic approaches to the use of learning strategies. In this paper, Zimmerman's (2000; 2003; Zimmerman & Moylan, 2009) cyclical mod...
Article
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Higher education students need to be more autonomous when they change to this new learning environment. This is one of the reasons why many students find the transition to higher education a challenging experience, also shown by the high dropout rate in the first year of higher education. Researchers in this area have pointed out different academic...
Article
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This study explores the effects of the shift to emergency remote teaching on assessment practices due to COVID-19 lockdown. A total of 936 Spanish teachers from all educational levels ranging from early childhood to university participated in this nationwide survey. Four aspects were explored: (1) changes in the use of assessment instruments (e.g....
Article
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This study explores the effects of the shift to emergency remote teaching (ERT) on teachers' levels of well-being, emotions, and motivation. A total of 936 Spanish teachers participated in this nationwide survey from all educational levels, thus allowing comparison among levels, which is a novelty and strength of our study. Four aspects were explor...
Article
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The positive effect of feedback on students’ performance and learning is no longer disputed. For this reason, scholars have been working on developing models and theories that explain how feedback works and which variables may contribute to student engagement with it. Our aim with this review was to describe the most prominent models and theories,...
Article
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The analysis of exemplars of different quality is a potentially powerful tool in enabling students to understand assessment expectations and appreciate academic standards. Through a systematic review methodology, this paper synthesises exemplar-based research designs, exemplar implementation and the educational effects of exemplars. The review of 4...
Article
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A number of models has been proposed to describe various types of feedback along with mechanisms through which feedback may improve student performance and learning. In this review we compare fourteen most prominent models with the goal to classify and integrate shared elements into a new comprehensive model. As a result of our synthesis, we offer...
Article
The role of the academic discipline is a major factor in the assessment design and implementation in higher education. Unfortunately, a clear understanding of how teachers from different disciplines approach assessment is still missing; this information can lead to teacher training programmes that are better designed and more focussed. The present...
Article
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This study examined differences in the assessment criteria used by the USA and Spanish university instructors to assign course grades. The US sample included two hundred and fifty course syllabi (159 from universities and 91 from 4-year colleges) developed by randomly selected instructors from five academic disciplines (education, math, science, ps...
Article
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Formative assessment practices have been theoretically connected to the development of self-regulation with mounting empirical evidence. Co-regulation is the process whereby a more capable individual (e.g., teacher or peer) attunes the behaviours, emotions, or cognitive processes of an individual (a student) to align with goals or expectations and...
Article
This study aims to identify different profiles of higher education teachers based on the way they design their assessment methods. It also explores differential characteristics in each profile and differences in the assessment methods preferred by the teachers and those implemented in their subjects. Seventeen teachers from four universities partic...
Article
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Processes involved in the regulation of learning have been researched for decades, because of its impact on academic and workplace performance. In fact, self‐regulated learning is the focus of countless studies in health professions education and higher education in general. While we will always need competent individuals who are able to regulate t...
Article
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The literature regarding formative assessment and Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) has focused on the ways in which formative assessment improves SRL. This study, on the other hand, evaluated whether SRL characteristics impact successful engagement with formative assessment, and subsequent summative performance in both online and blended learning cont...
Article
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Teachers are playing crucial roles in the implementation of formative assessment, which has been widely recognised as a valuable strategy in enhancing students' learning outcomes. However, systematic analysis on factors that might facilitate or hinder teachers' intentions and implementations regarding formative assessment is scarce. This review cov...
Article
Resumen Medir el aprendizaje autorregulado es fundamental para mejorar nuestras intervenciones educativas. Los cuestionarios de autoinforme han sido el principal método para su evaluación, con la mayoría de los instrumentos construidos a partir de modelos teóricos generales. Frente a estos, el presente estudio valida un modelo basado en situaciones...
Article
Measuring self-regulated learning is crucial to improve our educational interventions. Self-report has been the major data collection method and a number of questionnaires exist. Importantly, the vast majority of the questionnaires are constructed from general theoretical models. Our aim was to develop a model and its questionnaire –i.e. Deep Learn...
Article
The effects of relevant factors related to self-assessment have not been systematically investigated. We explored four factors and their effects on self-assessment and self-efficacy: (1) feedback (with vs without), (2) subject matter (Spanish vs mathematics), (3) year level (K7 vs K10 vs K11), and (4) gender. The participants included 64 secondary...
Article
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Final Year level of the University Preparatory cycle (FYUP) –in Spanish 2º Bachillerato– is one of the most challenging academic courses. It is extremely demanding academically in itself and by the end of it students must also pass the university entry exam. Yet research has not investigated how students experience this year. We thus explored, usin...
Article
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Over the past few decades, educational research has made considerable progress in describing activities that promote more effective student learning. Two fields of research that have made significant contributions to this progress have been self-regulated learning (SRL) (Panadero, 2017; Schunk & Greene, 2018a) and educational assessment (Brown, 201...
Article
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This study’s aim was to analyse the decisions higher education students make about learning strategies. We focus on research questions related to the strategies that students report, their strategy adaptability to different learning situations, and the association of learning strategies with students’ self-regulated learning and academic performanc...
Article
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Self-regulated learning (SRL) is associated with increased academic achievement and improved learning outcomes for students. Thus, it is import to find ways to improve SRL, such as through training. Face-to-face training, discipline-dependent training, and paper-and-pencil diaries are limited in the number of students they can reach. The current ra...
Article
Teachers’ conceptions can affect any teaching practice, including assessment. Compared with the previous learning stages in Spain, the accreditation-based focus increases in secondary education. Therefore, it is necessary to study the conceptions teachers have of assessment during this stage and the role these play in their teaching practices. The...
Conference Paper
Many interventions have been designed to facilitate higher education students’ self-regulation, so it would be beneficial to identify what approaches have been evaluated in previous research, and understand more about the components of self-regulation they have targeted. This study presents a systematic review of this previous research. A search of...
Article
Teaching style is conceptualized as the teacher’s specific instructional approach that influences students’ motivation, learning, and performance. The main aim of this study is to explore the sources of structural validity of the of the Teaching Styles Inventory for Higher Education (TSIHE) using confirmatory techniques. A total of 3312 university...
Article
Rubrics are widely used in classrooms at all educational levels across the globe, for both summative and formative purposes. Although the empirical support for the benefits of using rubrics has been steadily growing, so have the critiques. The aim of this review is to explore the concerns and limitations of using rubrics as proposed by the critics,...
Article
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Título: Desarrollo y validación del Inventario de Estilos de Enseñanza pa-ra Educación Superior (IEE). Resumen: El Estilo de enseñanza se entiende como la forma particular de enseñar del docente, influyendo en la motivación, el aprendizaje y el ren-dimiento. El articulo presenta el estudio sobre las fuentes de validez estruc-tural del Inventario de...
Chapter
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This chapter proposes moving our conceptualization of self-assessment to that of self-feedback, in which the final goal is for students to produce and search for feedback to close the gap between their current and desired performance. We propose six main venues to achieve self-feedback: (a) making the implicit aspects of self-assessment explicit to...
Article
Peer assessment has proven to have positive learning outcomes. Importantly, peer assessment is a social process and some claim that the use of anonymity might have advantages. However, the findings have not always been in the same direction. Our aims were: (a) to review the effects of using anonymity in peer assessment on performance, peer feedback...
Article
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Peers carry potential in enhancing students’ self-assessment development, but few studies have explored how peer scaffolding is enacted in the process. This qualitative study explores peer assessment effects on the self-assessment process of 11 first-year undergraduates and the factors limiting peer influence. Drawing on the data from students’ jou...
Article
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Classroom assessment is crucial to understand how students approach course materials, even more so in a competitive environment such as higher education. Our aim was to explore the current situation of assessment in higher education to consider further institutional and training actions. Every syllabus from all public universities in Spain was ente...
Article
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Recently, the concept of evaluative judgement has gained attention as a pedagogical approach to classroom formative assessment practices. Evaluative judgement is the capacity to be able to judge the work of oneself and that of others, which implies developing knowledge about one’s own assessment capability. A focus on evaluative judgement helps us...
Article
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This paper has two aims: (1) to characterize the research done on self-regulated learning competencies and (2) to describe the characteristics, limitations and orientations of intra-curricular programs for the promotion of self-regulated learning in university students. The method is a systematic review of articles published between 2010 and 2016,...
Chapter
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Self-assessment is a crucial skill that students need to develop during their educational years, especially at those educational levels where the curriculum leads to future jobs. By being able to assess their own performance, students can become self-regulated learners and continue their professional development throughout their careers. This chapt...
Article
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El Proceso de Bolonia concibe la evaluación como parte del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, denominándose ‘evaluación formativa’, pudiendo ser la autoevaluación una parte esencial del mismo. Esta se entiende como dos acciones: metodología de enseñanza-aprendizaje; o autocalificación, evaluándose cuantitativamente con repercusión en la nota final....
Article
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Evaluative judgement is the capability to make decisions about the quality of work of oneself and others. In this paper, we propose that developing students’ evaluative judgement should be a goal of higher education, to enable students to improve their work and to meet their future learning needs: a necessary capability of graduates. We explore eva...
Article
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The Bologna Process understands assessment as a part of the teaching and learning process. It is so-called formative assessment, being self-assessment an essential part of it. Self-assessment can be conceived having two potential actions. First, as a teaching and learning method, being its purpose to teach students how to assess their own work. Sec...
Article
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We have known for a long time that a relationship exists between how learning is assessed and the learning processes and strategies students employ when engaged in those assessments. Black and Wiliam pointed out in 1998 that self-regulated learning should be a primary goal of formative assessment (FA). Since then, a growing body of research on this...
Article
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Teaching a large class can present real challenges in design, management and standardisation of assessment practices. One of the main dilemmas for university teachers is how to implement effective formative assessment practices with accompanying high-quality feedback consistently over time with large classroom groups. This article reports on how el...
Article
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Although previous research has indicated that providing anonymity is an effective way to create a safe peer assessment setting, continuously ensuring anonymity prevents students from experiencing genuine two-way interactive feedback dialogues. The present study investigated how installing a transitional approach from an anonymous to a non-anonymous...
Article
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La rúbrica es un instrumento de evaluación que permite transmitir las expectativas sobre una tarea a los estudiantes y que, de este modo, puedan planificar adecuadamente su trabajo y evaluar su progreso. Sin embargo, únicamente su empleo desde la perspectiva de la evaluación formativa garantiza un incremento en el aprendizaje y el rendimiento acadé...
Research
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tMAIL [Teacher Mobile Application for Innovative Learning] developed and tested a mobile application and online platforms supporting policy, teacher education, and primary school teachers in implementing classroom practices that stimulate students’ self-regulated learning (SRL). The tMAIL theoretical framework explains the underlying principles, ro...
Article
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This study explores the relationship between students’ perceptions of peer assessment (PA) and its social nature. A quantitative survey study (N = 3680) was conducted in secondary education in Flanders, examining the students’ perceptions of PA interpersonal variables and their beliefs on the educational value of PA. The structural equation modelin...
Article
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The aim of this study was to compare the effects of co-creating rubrics against just using rubrics. By co-creating rubrics, the students might have the opportunity to better internalize them and have a voice in the assessment criteria. Two groups undertaking a degree in Sport Sciences (N = 65) participated. Results showed that the students who co-c...
Article
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Self-regulated learning (SRL) includes the cognitive, metacognitive, behavioral, motivational, and emotional/affective aspects of learning. It is, therefore, an extraordinary umbrella under which a considerable number of variables that influence learning (e.g., self-efficacy, volition, cognitive strategies) are studied within a comprehensive and ho...
Article
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Read full publication via http://bit.ly/2lSnkTX This study explores the effects of peer assessment (PA) practice on peer feedback (PF) quality of 11th grade secondary education students (N = 36). The PA setting was synchronous: anonymous assessors gave immediate PF using mobile response technology during 10 feedback occasions. The design was quasi...
Article
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First-year higher education (HE) students experience different challenges during their studies. These challenging learning situations can trigger self-regulated learning (SRL) skills, which students use to handle these situations. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate (a) first-year HE students’ cognitive, motivational and emotional challen...
Article
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Peer assessment (PA) is one of the central principles of formative assessment and assessment for learning (AfL) fields. There is ample empirical evidence as to the benefits for students’ learning when AfL principles are implemented. However, teachers play a critical role in mediating the implementation of intended policies. Hence, their experiences...
Article
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This paper reviews current known issues in student self-assessment (SSA) and identifies five topics that need further research: (1) SSA typologies, (2) accuracy, (3) role of expertise, (4) SSA and teacher/curricular expectations, and (5) effects of SSA for different students. Five SSA typologies were identified showing that there are different conc...
Poster
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This poster was presented at the 8th Biennal Conference of EARLI SIG1, in Munich. The poster is connected to my Master Thesis: it investigated on the use of SSA on Higher Education students, Spanish and Italian. The research has done through a collaboration between Universidad Autonoma de Panadero (Superviso: Ernesto Panadero) and Università degli...
Chapter
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Although the focus on feedback and student involvement in Assessment for Learning (AfL) appears to align very well with theories of Self-Regulated Learning (SRL), and also seems to be the main reason for many researchers' interest in formative assessment, the actual relationship between AfL and SRL is an issue of debate. In this chapter, we therefo...
Book
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This book is the first book to explore assessment issues and opportunities occurring due to the real world of human, cultural, historical, and societal influences upon assessment practices, policies, and statistical modeling. With chapters written by experts in the field, the book engages with numerous forms of assessment: from classroom-level form...
Article
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Measurement is a central issue for the self-regulated learning (SRL) field as SRL is a phenomenon difficult to measure in a reliable and valid way. Here, 3 waves in the history of SRL measurement are identified and profiled. Our focus lies on the third and newest one, which combines measurement and intervention within the same tools. The basis for...
Chapter
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Rubrics are assessment instruments designed to assist in identifying and evaluating qualitative differences in student performance. Research into scoring rubrics has shown that they can serve two purposes: (1) aid assessors in achieving higher levels of consistency when scoring performance tasks and (2) promote learning and/or improve instruction b...
Article
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This study explored the relationship between individual self-regulated learning (SRL), socially shared regulation of learning (SSRL), and group performance plus the effect of an intervention promoting SSRL. We hypothesized that SRL would influence SSRL and group performance as groups with high SRL students will be better regulated and that the inte...
Article
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Collaborative groups encounter many challenges in their learning. They need to recognize challenges that may hinder collaboration, and to develop appropriate strategies to strengthen collaboration. This study aims to explore how groups progress in their socially shared regulation of learning (SSRL) in the context of computer-supported collaborative...
Article
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For effective computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL), socially shared regulation of learning (SSRL) is necessary. To this end, this article extends the idea first posited by Järvelä and Hadwin (Educ Psychol 48(1):25–39, 2013) that successful collaboration in CSCL contexts requires targeted support for promoting individual selfregulatory s...
Article
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Socially shared regulation of learning (SSRL) has been recognized as a new and growing field in the framework of self-regulated learning theory in the past decade. In the present review, we examine the empirical evidence to support such a phenomenon. A total of 17 articles addressing SSRL were identified, 13 of which presented empirical evidence. T...
Article
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This study has two objectives, first, to develop and validate the “Emotion and Motivation Self-regulation Questionnaire” (EMSR-Q), and second, to analyze (in the context of the questionnaire validation process) the relationships between self-regulation styles (SRS) rooted in goal orientations, and classroom motivational climate (CMC). A total of 66...
Article
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La autorregulación es una competencia que permite a los alumnos activar las estrategias de aprendizaje necesarias para alcanzar los objetivos establecidos. Se pueden distinguir siete grandes teorías sobre autorregulación: operante, fenomenológica, procesamiento de la información, sociocognitiva, volitiva, vygotskiana y constructivista (Zimmerman, 2...
Article
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EXTENDED ABSTRACT (2000 WORDS) AT THE END OF THE PDF. Self-regulation is a skill that allows students to activate the corresponding learning strategies to achieve the established goals. There are seven major theories about self-regulation: operant, phenomenological, socio-cognitive, information processing, volition, Vygotskian, and constructive the...