Ernest Reig

Ernest Reig
University of Valencia | UV · Departamento de Economía Aplicada

PhD

About

72
Publications
15,230
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1,665
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 1991 - present
January 1987 - present
University of Valencia
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Urban areas are hubs of economic activity, but also consumption centers where a high quality of life may attract human capital and increase prospects of economic growth and well-being. We rank 73 Spanish cities on the basis of 35 individual indicators covering three basic facets of quality of life: socio-economic performance, general livability con...
Article
Sustainability analysis requires a joint assessment of environmental, social and economic aspects of production processes. Here we propose the use of Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), a metafrontier (MF) directional distance function (DDF) approach, and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), to assess technological and managerial differences in eco-efficiency b...
Book
Full-text available
La sociedad española no puede aspirar simplemente a regresar a la situación previa a la reciente crisis, en que el crecimiento se asentaba sobre un modelo de baja productividad, condicionado por un peso insuficiente del capital vinculado a las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones (TIC), y un esfuerzo limitado en I+D. Ha surgido así un...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to establish criteria for rigorously define what constitutes a rural or urban area, given the limitations of traditional methodologies. Secondly, a rural / urban typology is proposed at the municipal level for Spain taking into account three criteria: demographics - combining densities with minimum population thresholds — informat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El presente informe tiene como propósito establecer una tipología de los espacios rurales/urbanos españoles más completa y detallada que la que puede obtenerse haciendo uso de los criterios tradicionales, que han otorgado una importancia decisiva a la densidad demográfica como dimensión diferenciadora. Utilizando técnicas derivadas de los sistemas...
Article
Cities are key players with regards to modern economic growth. They are also the places where most of the problems of modern societies, like pollution, social exclusion, insecurity, unemployment and poverty, show up to influence people’s quality of life. For a long time it was considered that the main strength of urban areas, including metropolitan...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to establish criteria for rigorously define what constitutes a rural or urban area, given the limitations of traditional methodologies. Secondly, a rural/urban typology is proposed at the municipal level for Spain taking into account three criteria: demographics-combining densities with minimum population thresholds — information...
Article
Full-text available
This paper compares the organic and conventional citriculture systems in Spain from the perspective of their technical efficiency. The primary objective of the research is to compare the relative efficiency of these two systems in relation to a metafrontier that envelops both technologies. In addition, the article analyses how efficient each growin...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The institutional and economic strategies implemented by private and public agents should aim at smart development. How can this be achieved? Combining three elements: (i) a growth based on productive factors of quality —especially human and technological capital— and the continuous improvement of organizations’ productivity; (ii) policies aimed at...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The 2013 Fundación BBVA-Ivie report Crecimiento y competitividad examines the tests in the way of Spain’s recovery. It confirms that the Spanish economy has emerged from recession but not from the crisis. For this to happen, it must confront a long list of challenges in the medium and long term which will call for far-reaching changes in education...
Book
Full-text available
La sostenibilidad de la agricultura es un tema de debate actual, tanto en el ámbito académico como en el político y social. Sin embargo, se trata de un debate complejo, en la medida que el concepto de sostenibilidad abarca múltiples dimensiones. Una de las más conocidas es la que tiene que ver con su capacidad para incrementar la producción de alim...
Article
Full-text available
Organic farming is increasing its share of total world food output and receiving growing support from policymakers concerned with agricultural sustainability issues. This paper studies the characteristics of citrus farmers in the Spanish region of Valencia that affect their probability of becoming organic farmers. A fair understanding of these char...
Article
Full-text available
Olive farming represents an important source of income and employment in the rural areas of Andalusia (Spain), which is the most important olive oil-producing region in the world. Unfortunately, it also exerts important environmental pressures with regard to soil erosion, use of polluting inputs, excessive water consumption and biodiversity reducti...
Article
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This paper calculates a human Wellbeing Composite Index (WCI) for 42 countries, belonging to the European Economic Space, North Africa and the Middle East, as an alternative to the shortcomings of other well-known measures of socio-economic development (i.e. Gross Domestic Product per head and Human Development Index). To attain this goal, differen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper calculates a human Wellbeing Composite Index (WCI) for 42 countries, belonging to the European Economic Space, North Africa and the Middle East, as an alternative to the shortcomings of other well-known measures of socio-economic development (i.e. Gross Domestic Product per head and Human Development Index, HDI). To attain this goal, dif...
Article
Full-text available
This paper uses directional distance functions to extend the non-parametric metafrontier approach to efficiency measurement proposed by OÕDonnell et al. (2008) to the assessment of technological differences in eco-efficiency between groups of producers. Furthermore, eco-efficiency is assessed at the level of specific environmental pressures managem...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El tejido productivo de la economía española está realizando cambios positivos en varias direcciones, pero sus progresos se ven obstaculizados por la desfavorable coyuntura macroeconómica, el fuerte ritmo de ajustes fiscales impuesto por la Unión Europea (UE) y la prolongación de las dificultades financieras. Este es uno de los mensajes del segund...
Article
Full-text available
The assessment of sustainability at farm level has been growing in popularity over the last few years. This article contributes to this line of research by building up composite indicators for different facets—social, economic, environmental, and global—of farm sustainability using a methodological approach that combines data envelopment analysis (...
Article
This paper assesses farming eco-efficiency using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) techniques. Eco-efficiency scores at both farm and environmental pressure-specific levels are computed for a sample of Spanish farmers operating in the rain-fed agricultural system of Campos County. The determinants of eco-efficiency are then studied using truncated re...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainability of local farming systems and technologies is a very important issue that faces notorious measurement difficulties. Multi-criteria methods may help researchers to solve empirical problems in the construction of composite sustainability indicators and in ranking agricultural technologies according to their sustainability. This paper sh...
Chapter
Competitiveness is a widely popular concept, which has saved in practise, to denote efficient economic behaviour. The wide dissemination of the competitiveness ranking of countries published annually by the World Economic Forum of Davos (Switzerland), or the fact that the European Union defines some of the global problems, which affect the countrie...
Article
Full-text available
Beyond the conventional role of providing food, rice farming in European Mediterranean wetlands performs a valuable non-marketable function related to the provision of environmental services. Rice and biodiversity are jointly produced, so that provision of flooded-ricefields based environmental services depends crucially on private profitability of...
Conference Paper
https://www.cladea.org/es/component/content/article/112-servicios/1420-track-7-liderazgo-y-desarrollo-del-talento
Article
Full-text available
This paper combines policy analysis matrix and data envelopment analysis techniques to model the analysis of profitability from farming. Policy analysis matrices are computed for a sample of rice growers located in the wetland of the Albufera (Eastern Spain) under observed conventional and profit-efficient farming conditions. While conventional ana...
Article
Full-text available
The notion of agriculture's Multifunctionality (MF) emerged in the 1980s. It then followed two trajectories since the 1990s: a conflicting period linked to its use in the international trade negotiations on the one hand, a spreading in terms of meaning, use and geographically on the other hand. Specific meanings appeared in connection with policy m...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a mapping of the different uses of the word multifunctionality. To explore the diversity of meanings and interpretations, a comparative analysis was conducted through five national case studies in France, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Switzerland. The analysis conducted at national level makes it possible to identify eight...
Article
Full-text available
In addition to its traditional purpose of producing food and raw materials, agriculture plays an important role in terms of supplying public goods, generally in the form of externalities deriving from farming activities. These goods may be predominantly economic and social –rural development– or environmental –protection of biodiversity or landscap...
Book
Full-text available
El presente volumen se enmarca dentro de la amplia línea de investigación en economía regional desarrollada conjuntamente por la Fundación BBVA y el Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas (Ivie), tomando como referencia el concepto de competitividad. Los autores han pretendido clarificar las condiciones en que tiene sentido hablar de co...
Article
Environmental externalities in agriculture, and the choice of suitable instruments to integrate environmental concerns into agricultural policies, are a matter of interest for the Common Agricultural Policy. In this paper, we use Data Envelopment Analysis techniques to assess the impact on farms' performance of two environmentally-friendly regulati...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses the profitability of rice farming in the Albufera, a protected wetland site located in Eastern Spain, under the post-2003 Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) policy scenario. The interest in analysing this agricultural system derives from its ability to produce positive externalities that can be regarded as public goods. The method...
Article
Outsourcing in agriculture has traditionally been seen as a managerial strategy of smaller farms to achieve higher levels of efficiency. In this article, we provide empirical evidence supporting the existence of a positive relationship between outsourcing and efficiency in Spanish citrus farming. Outsourcing is measured by the proportion of outsour...
Article
Full-text available
Economic activity takes place in a scenario characterized by an increasing number of environmental regulations aimed at bringing under control the emission of contaminating wastes. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of transforming a code of good practice in nitrogen fertilization on Spanish citrus fruit farms into an environmental regulation of...
Article
Full-text available
The analytical, conceptual or theoretical aspects of the MF of agriculture have not until now constituted a research topic of great importance in Spain. The few studies directly concerned with MF have adopted an approach close to that used by the OECD. They therefore deal with problems relating to the joint production of public and private goods by...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Capitalisation of research results on the multifunctionality of agriculture and rural areas Definitions, references and interpretations of the concept of multifunctionality and its contributions to a sustainable development Summary report: International analysis of MFA, international negotiations and sustainable development Work package : WP1 Deliv...
Article
In this paper we use directional technology distance functions to evaluate the impact of environmental regulations on firms’ performance. Following Färe et al. [Färe, R., Grosskopf, S., Lovell, C.A.K., Pasurka, C., 1989. Multilateral productivity comparisons when some outputs are undesirable: a nonparametric approach. The Review of Economics and St...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the calculation of shadow wages for family labour in agriculture. Using the existence of a duality between input distance and cost functions, we use the former to derive individual labour shadow prices for a sample of Spanish citrus fruit producers. Our results show that the average shadow price representing the opportunity co...
Article
Résumé - Cet article s'intéresse au calcul des prix virtuels du travail familial en agriculture. En utilisant l'existence d'une dualité entre la fonction de distance d'inputs et la fonction de coût, nous employons la première pour dériver les prix virtuels individuels du travail pour un échantillon des producteurs espagnols d'agrumes. Nos résultats...
Article
Farming systems in the Mediterranean agricultural areas of Spain are frequently characterised by the small size of the production units and a widespread strategy of externalisation of many growing tasks which could be seen as a way of allowing farms to remain competitive. In this paper, we suggest Data Envelopment Analysis as an appropriate analyti...
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo se describen las bases conceptuales de la multifuncionalidad de la agricultura, y se analiza hasta qué punto pueden servir para justificar la intervención pública en apoyo del sector. A continuación, se destacan algunos aspectos concretos que tienen que ver con la multifuncionalidad en las áreas relacionadas con la biodiversidad, e...
Article
This paper deals with the calculation of shadow prices for two industrial wastes generated on their production processes by 18 firms belonging to the Spanish ceramic pavements industry. These prices are then used to calculate an extended productivity index which takes into consideration wastes going with the production of marketable goods. We follo...
Article
This paper proposes an extension of the enhancedefficiency indices of Färe, Grosskopf, Lovell andPasurka (1989) that considers undesirable outputsasymmetrically by assuming that firms can freelydispose of some undesirable productions, but areduction of other bad outputs generates a cost interms of desirable outputs. This methodologicalapproach is u...
Article
Full-text available
The present work examines the reasons that gave rise to European Regional Policy and describes its principles and basic objectives, as well as the operational transformations it underwent from the 1988 Structural Fund reform till the approval of the Agenda 2000. Its ability to correct regional imbalances is subsequently compared with the limited ab...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the calculation of shadow prices for two industrial wastes generated on their production processes by a sample of eighteen firms belonging to the Spanish ceramic pavements industry. These prices are used to construct a corrected index of productivity which allows for considering wastes going with the production of marketable g...
Article
The completion of the European Single Market should bring out an exploitation of comparative advantages in production and trade. It is usually assumed that, given the predominance of intraeuropean trade flows in the global import figures of the European Union, efficiency gains from trade creation could be potentially important. However, the analysi...
Article
Full-text available
In this work a non parametric approach is used in order to evaluate the relative efficiency of a sample of firms producers of wooden goods, in presence of non desirable outputs. As main results, we find that the consideration of several restrictions on the expansion of non desirable outputs reduces the inefficiency indexes obtained under the tradit...
Article
Full-text available
Human nutrition can be the object of economic analysis. There are perfect distinguishable patterns to be found in the changes of a society food diet as economic development makes progress, as well as a relationship, specially in low income countries, between the populations food diet and the country social stratification. The purpose of this paper...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analizes the main aspects that have helpedto shape the process of mechanization of valencian agriculture. Thetime path of severa1 mechanization indexes have been taken intoaccount for the 1961-88 period and differences in machinery use atsubregional level have also been stu-died. A model based in a CESproduction function is used to estim...
Chapter
The contribution of trade strategies to the promotion of economic development, constitutes one of the focal points of modern economic literature, with the debate centering on the respective merits of import substitution and the promotion of exports.
Article
Full-text available
si-niestrabilidad laboral. Palabras clave: Crecimiento regional; Productividad Total de los Factores; funciones distancia direcionales, índices Malmquist-Luenberger; siniestralidad laboral. Clasificación JEL: O47; R11; C61; I12. ABSTRACT This paper deals with the calculation of the Total Factors Productivity growth for the Spanish regions during th...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar el impacto de la regulación ambiental sobre las empresas a través de una metodología basada en el uso de funciones distancia direccionales. Se asume que la minimización en el vector de outputs no deseables viene exigida por la normativa ambiental y puede representar un coste en términos del output de...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental externalities in agriculture, and the choice of suitable instruments to integrate environmental concerns into agricultural policies, are a matter of interest for the Common Agricul- tural Policy. In this paper, we evaluate the impact on farms' performance of two environmentally- friendly policy instruments aimed at abating consumption...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses technological differences between traditional rain-fed olive growing systems in terms of their economic-ecological efficiency. In doing so, a sample of Spanish olive producers belonging to both traditional mountain and traditional plain growing systems is analysed. Directional distance functions are used to extend the non-parame...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Estudiar las características de las áreas urbanas funcionales españolas desde la perspectiva de los efectos de escala, especialización y diversificación, grado de penetración de la Economía del Conocimiento y calidad de vida