Ernest Harburg

Ernest Harburg
University of Michigan | U-M · Department of Epidemiology

Ph.D.

About

40
Publications
1,120
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1,837
Citations

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Objective: Research in psychosomatic medicine includes a long history of studying how responses to anger-provoking situations are associated with health. In the context of a marriage, spouses may differ in their anger-coping response style. Where one person may express anger in response to unfair, aggressive interpersonal interactions, his/her par...
Article
In this article rates of attrition and aspects of college performance are compared between two groups of Black college students in a Northeast urban, commuter college setting. These data were used as a test of Ogbu's "cultural-ecological" model regarding the effect on educational achievement of being a "voluntary" or "involuntary" immigrant. Black...
Article
The authors identified variables that enhance the predictability of academic performance and retention in an urban, commuter college. They used a longitudinal design with 2 waves of data collection: prior to 1st-semester attendance and again 6 semesters later. The results support the following conclusions: (a) After controlling for precollege indic...
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This study examined (1) the construct validity of an observational skin colour measure and (2) the interrelationships of skin colour, measures of socioeconomic status (SES), and blood pressure (BP) in a random survey of black male (n = 354) and black female (n = 641) household residents aged 18-86 in Erie County, NY. Significant associations betwee...
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This study examines (1) the construct validity of a rank-order skin color measure and (2) interrelationships of skin color, ancestry, and blood pressure in a random survey of 763 white non-Hispanic and white Hispanic household residents in Erie County, NY. Skin color was significantly lighter among older respondents (P < .001) and among females (P...
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Data from a random survey of household residents in the urban area of Buffalo, stratified by race and education, showed relations between anger-coping styles and age-weight adjusted blood pressure (BP) among males (N = 720). Findings show that older black males with a high reflective mode of anger (constrain anger and try to solve the problem) had...
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Imitation/non-imitation by adult offspring of alcohol-related parent behavior was examined in the context of the 'fall-off effect' and of sensible/problem alcohol use, two processes which tend to constrain drinking. Evidence indicates there is more imitation by adult offspring of abstemious parents (both abstainer and low volume) than of high volum...
Article
The "fall-off" effect, when offspring respond to parental high-volume levels by moderating their own drinking, appears highly predictable across generations and is mediated both by subsequent parent drinking level and offspring's perception of problematic intake by their parents. This fall off by adult offspring appears to follow community norms; i...
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A sample of 420 three-member sets of father, mother and adult offspring was drawn from a list of respondents from two rounds of a longitudinal health study in Tecumseh, Michigan. Parents' self-reported drinking practices in 1960 were compared with those of their adult offspring 17 years later in 1977. A positive association between the drinking lev...
Article
The Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (SMAST), often given to clinical samples to detect alcoholics, was used in a survey of a randomly selected sample (N = 1,266) in a small midwestern town, with a population of about 10,000. The specific aims were: (1) to test if scores on the SMAST would be related to these normal subject's levels of drin...
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This study examined prospectively (1971-1983) the relationship between anger-coping types, blood pressure, and all-cause mortality in a sample of men and women aged 30-69 (n = 696) of the Tecumseh Community Health Study. Subjects who indicated that they were likely to suppress their anger in response to two hypothetical anger-provoking situations h...
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This article describes the transformation of reported alcohol consumption into a quantitative variable, Standardized Alcohol Intake (SAI), which is used to investigate various sociodemographic and psychosocial factors as correlates of alcohol use in a total community sample (N = 1672), in Tecumseh, Michigan. Statistically significant relations were...
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This paper reviews research addressing the relationship between alcohol usage and blood pressure levels. In non-alcoholic samples, the heaviest drinkers have the highest mean blood pressure when compared to moderate or light drinkers. These results appear to be stronger for systolic than for diastolic. Several studies show a less clear pattern, par...
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Studies of the health effects associated with alcohol consumption often use a single non-drinker category as a referent. In this community study (N = 1,672) from Tecumseh, Michigan, past drinkers (N = 191) and life-long abstainers (N = 215) differed substantially for certain behavioral and psychosocial factors. In addition, 65 per cent of the male...
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A multidisciplinary working group discussed the conceptual and methodologic issues involved in studying the role of socioeconomic and sociocultural influences in coronary heart disease (CHD) in blacks. Social status was defined as a multidimensional construct with sociostructural and personal, sociopsychological components. A nine-factor conceptual...
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Left-handed men under age 40 were heavier consumers of alcohol than right-handed men (nonsignificant difference). Differences by handedness are not as great in women; however, a greater proportion of right-handed women abstain.
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Blood pressure levels and the correlates of age, height, weight, skin color and smoking were studied in a sample of 230 adult and adolescent residents on the island of Maupiti in French Polynesia (1973). Blood pressures were found to increase with age and to be positively related to weight in both male and female adults. For females, height and ski...
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This project tested the association of 12 blood marker systems with the Eysenck Extraversion-Introversion/Neuroticism forms and the Buss-Plomin Temperament forms. The sample was about 400 males and 470 females who were given medical examinations during the Tecumseh Community Health Study (Michigan). ANOVA and Scheffe tests were used to test for sig...
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Among normal drinkers of both sexes, negative life events, neuroticism, guilt about drinking, and depression or anger while drinking were positively related to development of hangover symptoms regardless of whether the subject was a heavy, moderate or light drinker; heavier drinkers reported more severe hangover symptoms.
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Blood types Ss, P negative and Rh negative occurred more frequently among heavy drinkers than among moderate drinkers or abstainers.
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This work showed that more sinestrals both smoke and drink together more and abstain less in both uses than dextrals. This association is stronger for females than men, regardless of age. The sample included whites, 18 to 69 yr. old, who were residents of Tecumseh, Michigan (N = 1,153).
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Examined the effects of increasing age and acculturation on stress levels resulting from the filial responsibilities toward aged parents of 510 Chinese-American Ss (aged 18 yrs and older). Ss were administered a bilingual, self-administered questionnaire. ANCOVA was computed using 4 acculturation levels (least, more, most, totally) as independent v...
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This research examines the relationship between alcohol usage and blood pressure in the adult population of a small community in Michigan. Findings suggest that blood pressure varies with alcohol usage linearly for men with a slight dip at 1-2 drinks per week, and curvilinearly for women with a low point at about 4 drinks per week. A method to meas...
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Full-text available
Blood pressures (BPs) of 755 Detroit, Michigan, area females have been analyzed in relation to parity, race and residential stress. Mean BP values have been adjusted by standard methods of covariance analysis for differing effects of age and body size among various groups being compared. Adjusted systolic and diastolic BPs are found to be significa...
Article
Two hypotheses about coping with an arbitrary authority, an angry boss, were tested: (1) styles of handling anger vary with social status, and (2) these styles are in turn related to blood pressure levels. Two styles of coping were tested: model R-R, Resentful vs. Reflective, and model I/O/R, Anger-In, Anger-Out, and Reflective. Handling an angry b...
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This article reports the observation that proportionately more left-handed persons smoke than dextrals, and a greater proportion of left-handers than right-handers smoke 10 or more cigarettes daily, regardless of sex, race, stress of residence (or social class), and prior history of smoking. This association is especially strong among males and per...
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Census areas in Detroit were ranked for their stress scores based on instability (e.g., crime, marital break up) and socioeconomic status. Four areas were selected for detailed study: 1) high stress, population predominantly black, 2) white, 3) low stress, population predominantly black, 4) white. A sample was drawn from each area of persons of the...
Article
Census areas in Detroit were ranked for their stress scores based on instability (e.g., crime, marital break up) and socioeconomic status. Four areas were selected for detailed study: 1) high stress, population predominantly black and 2) white, and 3) low stress, population predominantly black and 4) white. A sample was drawn from each area of pers...
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The mediating impact of sex role attitudes on psychological outcomes for black and white women experiencing marital dissolution is investigated. Findings are based on a sample of 253 women interviewed twice during the divorce process: when they first contacted a court-related marriage counseling service and then four months later. Findings indicate...
Article
To determine whether the elevated plasma renin activity in some cases of mild essential hypertension expresses sympathetic-nervous-system over-activity, we compared indexes of sympathetic activity in 16 patients with mild high-renin essential hypertension, 15 hypertensive patients with normal plasma renin activity and 20 normal subjects. Patients w...
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Interviews assessing perceptions and evaluations of the residential environment and selected indicators of mental health and well being were conducted with 1000 residents of 4 carefully selected census tracts of Detroit. Two tracts were 'high stress' (low on socioeconomic indices and high on rates of crime and marital and residential instability) a...
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A study of various perceptions of the neighborhood indicates that such perceptions are related to each other and to the desire to move out of the neighborhood. The study sample included 1000 adults, twenty-five to sixty years old, married, and living with their spouse. One half of the respondents lived in high stress census tracts (that is, charact...
Article
The processes of planned organizational change are still insufficiently understood by executives and managers. Folklore abounds attesting to management's desires and efforts to reorganize, but all too frequently little discernible change occurs. Part of this failure rests in the mistaken belief that the structure of an organization can be modified...
Article
"This experiment was designed to test the following hypothesis: conflict generated by increasing the resistance of subordinate members of a group to a solution offered by member in an authority position increases the frequency of high quality solutions. The supplementary hypothesis that mixed-sex composition in interaction with such conflict furthe...

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